North Carolina Newspapers

    The Daily Tar Heel
Tuesday. August 31. 1971
Opinions of The Daily Tar Heel are expressed on its editorial page.
All unsigned editorials are the opinions of the editor. Letters and
columns represent only the opinions of the individual contributors.
Harry Bryan, Editor
Tuesday. August 31, 1971
University more
than a classroom
As the 1971-72 school year
begins, more than 4,300 students
will be attending classes on the
Chapel Hill campus for the first
time. Many are junior transfers who
already have two years of college
behind them. But the majority,
however, are freshmen, many of
whom have been thrown into a
completely different environment
from any other they have
Many freshmen have been told
by their high school teachers and
advisors that Carolina will be a
difficult school, that the freshman
will be forced to spend all his spare
time studying.
The freshman will soon realize,
however, that those teachers and
advisors are wrong, that Carolina is
not that tough, and that there are
many other activities available on
the Chapel Hill campus that will be
just as worthwhile, if not more so,
as spending every available hour
Certainly the classroom cannot
be ignored. That is presumably why
students are here in the first place.
And even the student who cares
little about course work must
maintain an average high enough to
allow him to stay in school.
However, the new student must
not let the classroom prevent him
from becoming active, both on the
campus and off it.
The activities in which the
freshman can become involved are
numerous, and they are as varied in
what they offer as the needs of the
individual student.
On campus activities include
such things as Student Government,
Student Legislature, The Daily Tar
Action conference
proved successful
Former New York Congressman
Allard K. Lowenstein talked last
spring with several student leaders
about the feasibility of holding a
conference for high school and
college students from all over North
The purpose of such a gathering
was to discuss political and
educational problems shared by
students at both the high school
and college level and to institute
plans to solve them.
Lowenstein's idea became a
reality several weeks aeo when the
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Harry Bryan. Editor
Mike Parnell Managing Ed.
Glenn Brank New s Editor
Lou Bonds Associate Ed.
Lana Starnes .... Associate Ed.
Mark Whicker Sports Ed.
Ken Ripley .... Feature Editor
Bob Chapman . . Natl. News Ed.
Bob Wilson Business Mgr.
Patti Hughes Adv. Mgr.
Heel. residence college work,
professional and social fraternities
and sororities and other student
committees and organizations.
Off campus there is the YMCA
tutorial program, the big brother
program and other activities, not to
mention political work in the
community, which is essential now
that 18-year-olds have been given
the right to vote and with national
elections coming in 1972.
Many freshmen will wait until
second semester before they
become active and perhaps they
are right in doing so. Many new
students will feel a need to
acclimate themselves to the
Carolina campus and its classrooms
before taking part in
extra-curricular activities.
But the freshman who sits in his
dormitory room doing nothing and
who continues that habit for the
rest of his college career is wasting a
priceless opportunity to gain
experiences that will benefit him in
the future.
The student who sits in his
dormitory room and does nothing
but complain about a given
situation or regulation on the
campus should spend that time
working to change it.
The student who has a new idea
concerning the way in which the
campus is run should not just sit
back and hope someone else will
push it through; he should work to
get it done himself.
The student who does not take
an active role outside the classroom
is not only cheating the campus and
the community; he is also cheating
Student Action Conference was
held on the Chapel Hill campus
with more than 300 students
attending. And from the response
of students who went to the
conference, the statewide meeting
proved probably more successful
than Lowenstein and student
organizers Charles Jeffries, Butch
Rooks and Rod Fonda had hoped.
Not only was a much-needed
exchange of ideas provided in many
of the discussion groups: plans for
further action throughout the year
were finalized and are now being
Among the post-conference
efforts planned were a vigorous
voter registration drive in North
Carolina and work towards more
student input in educational reform
in the state, including the
establishment of an advisory
committee of students to work
with state agencies involved in
planning and co-ordinating higher
Students also heard addresses by
Lowenstein and California
Congressman Paul N. McCloskey, a
Presidential hopeful in 1972.
Though it is not now certain
whether or not the programs begun
at the conference will prove
successful, the fact that such a large
number of North Carolina student
leaders did come together to talk
and join forces, as well as the fact
that they are now working
together, has made the conference a
Such a worthwhile gathering
should not be allowed to die: it
should become a tradition so that
students will remain united and
continue to work together.
Norman Black
Amateur Ase
"No nan's life, liberty, or property are
safe while the legislature is in session."
Since Judge Gideon J. Tucker of New
York uttered this appraisal 105 years ago,
state legislatures in the U.S. have
certainly improved.
But the improvement has not been
antionwide. Today, more than ever, the
state legislatures in this country axe vastly
And the N.C. General Assembly is an
excellent example.
Last February, the results of a
14-month study conducted by the
non-partisan Citizens Conference on State
Legislatures were announced. The
conference ranked each legislature in
descending order of quality. The N.C.
General Assembly was rated 47th out of
the 50 states.
As of January', 1971, 54 per cent of
the country's state legislatures were
meeting annually. The N.C. General
Assembly continues to meet biennially.
In terms of salary, 40 per cent of the
states pay their legislators over $5,000
per year. Legislators in 60 per cent of the
states now receive more than a North
Carolina legislator.
According to Sen. O'Neil Jones
(D -Anson), it boils down to the question
of amateur vs. professional.
'The people of this state expect their
legislators to be amateurs," Jones said.
'They feel there is enough glory and
prestige in the office-they can't
comprehend that it could be a burden."
When asked if he would run for
re-election, Jones was undecided.
"It's a tremendous strain. It costs the
businessman SI 0-1 2,000 just to be a
senator. You live in a motel for six
months, away from your family and
business, and you get paid S200 a
Jones then went on to question the
effectiveness of "amateur legislators."
"You end up with people who work in
their spare time. They are inadequately
prepared for what they must do," Jones
said. "It is all I can do to keep up with
my own pieces of legislation. I have no
staff, not even a secretary. I am not able
to really inform myself."
However, he was not sure a
professional legislature was the answer.
"If you create a professional
legislature, you cange the nature of the
man who comes down here to Raleigh.
You end up with a person who is in
politics for a future. 1 think the overall
quality would go down. There are a lot of
talented men who would not devote their
full time to this legislature.
"Yeah! Audita
by Lana Starnes
Dr. Takey Crist
Welcome back to UNC. We hope you
all have had an enjoyable summer and are
happy to be back. For those of you who
are here for the first time we welcome
you and hope that you'll find the
environment intellectually stimulating
and socially exciting.
For you freshmen and junior transfers
we would like to formally introduce you
to "Elephants and Butterflies."
Question: I am considering using the
diaphragm as a means of birth control
and I have some questions about this
method of contraception. How effective
is the diaphragm? I understand the
diaphragm must be kept in place at least
six hours after intercourse. Can one
shower and bathe during this period
without injuring its effectiveness? How
long before intercourse may the
diaphragm be inserted and still be
effective? Signed. Wondering.
Dear Wondering: Effectiveness depends
on the person using the contraceptive
method. Studies show that the diaphragm
"On the other hand, if you're a
professional, you have the time to devote
to research, deliberation, and keeping
yourself informed," Jones added.
In short, there is a definite need for
improvement in North Carolina.
First, as evidenced by this past session,
it is absurd to think that the necessary
state business can be properly conducted
by an assembly which meets once every
tw o years.
There was a time in the past when a
state legislature need only meet
biennially. But the pressure of the times
in which we live is reason enough for
establishing an annual session.
Secondly, there is a drastic need for a
larger and more professional staff to assist
As Senate President Pro-Tern Frank
Patterson (D -Stanly) simply put it,
"Many of us would like to have more
legislative information capability."
This is the same problem that was
underscored by Sen. Jones.
The Citizens Conference
recommended that the Tar Heel
legislature should strengthen their staff
by adding bill drafting experts, fiscal
analysts and research specialists. They
also felt that all legislators should have at
Howie Carr
1 sti
Coming to school with a new pair of
Nettletons and a freshly cut-off pair of
khakis with a flask protruding from the
monogrammed back-pocket, the new
freshman is soon bewildered by what
those of us who have been stuck here a
couple of years like to think is Chapel
Hill's urbanity and sophistication.
"Hot damn," thinks the average
freshman marooned in some place like
Ehringhaus. "I been here two weeks. I
organized my floor to chant 'James
sucks, I told everyone in the suite they
could spin my Motowns whether I was
there or not, and I've puked over the
balcony twice. And I still ain't got no
friends, not to mention no bush."
Depressed, the freshman returns home
to seek solace with some cheerleading
high school honey and his old Saturday
night cruisinMbr-burgers crowd, telling
everybody about the Chapel Hill no-bra
look and how he's seen all the football
players in the elevator.
But that kind of wasted freshman vear
3 to Sae
is around 80 to 85 per cent effective.
Most of the time when the method has
failed the reason has been neglected use,
not properly inserting the diaphragm or
not following explicit instructions of the
physician issuing the diaphragm.
You are correct. The diaphragm
should be left in place six to eight hours
after intercourse. Taking a shower or bath
during this period to our knowledge will
not decrease the chance of effectiveness.
The diaphragm may be inserted within
two hours before intercourse.
Question: Can venereal disease be
contracted by cunnilingus and fellatio or
only by intercourse? Signed,
Dear Concerned: Yes. Normally the
gonococcus, which is the organism
responsible for gonorrhea, and treponema
pallidum, which is responsible for
syphilis, are transmitted by sexual
contact. However, the venerea! diseases
can also be contracted if people are
careless in handling bloody instruments
and needles. All it takes is the right
disease and mucus membrane to mucus
membrane contact.
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least clerical help available to them.
If these recommendations were
foDowed, the overall performance of our
legislature would significantly improve.
And Lhirdly, Sen. Jones pointed out
that many talented men would be unable
to devote their full time and efforts to
the state legislature. But at the same time,
there are many talented men who cannot
devote even part of their time to the
legislature because of the costs involved.
Today, 30 states in this country pay
Tar Heel lepslature should strengthen
their staff by adding bill drafting experts,
fiscal analysts and research specialists.
They also felt that all legislators should
have at least clerical help available to
If these recommendations were
followed, the overall performance of our
legislature would significantly improve.
And thirdly. Sen. Jones pointed out
th3t many talented men would be unable
to devote their full time and efforts to
the state legislature. But at the same time,
there are many talented men who cannot
devote even part of their time to the
legislature because of the costs involved.
Today, 30 states in this country pay
their legislators more than North
need no longer occur, thanks to the
tireless work of the Orientation
Committee, which has released a
pamphlet containing a set of do's and
don'ts for the entering freshman to
follow through his difficult adjustment
period. For lack of a better title, the
pamphlet is called "From Hominy to
Head." Here are some excerpts:
New things to be outraged about: the
fall concerts, the closing down of the
New Establishment, the fact that Shock
Theatre is only showing one movie, and
the fact that The Senator has not been
renewed (for liberals only).
Old things to be outraged about: Jesse
Helms, the fact that Jesse Helms took
Star Trek off the air, and that there are
no good FM stations in North Carolina.
Things not to make comparisons
about: Woodstock and Altamount; the
new Nixon and the old Nixon.
Musical facts to remember: that Jimi
Hendrix should not be described as the
guy who played before the Monkees in
In December of last year Dr. Takey
Drist, an assistant professor in the
Department of Obstretrics and
Gynecology of the UNC School of
Medicine and a physician in the Health
Education Clinic of Memorial Hospital,
and myself began a weekly column to
answer questions concerning human
It was and is our intention to keep
students abreat and informed with
up-to-date information regarding
abortion, sex education and
Last year people was refered to as the
year of the sexual revolution and the year
of the sex books. "Elephants and
Butterflies and Contraceptives," a UNC
student product, was one of many that
appeared on college campsues across the
We personally believe what has been
happening on college campuses is a
promising sign. It is timely and it is a
necessity. It certainly represents a healthy
attitude on the part of young people to
acquaint themselves with frank and
honest information concerning a vital
aspect and important part of their lives.
din i
The business of conducting state
affairs is a serious one. The N.C.
Assembly needs qualified men-men who
can carry on the affairs of state and not
suffer a large financial lots.
Clearly an increase in pay k justified
for our legislators. Perhaps it is not
necessary to make them highly paid
professional pohticuns. but it is necessary
to offset the "burden" a N.C. legislator
must now bear.
And it is possible to fund these needed
changes. Not every state can afford to
pay its legislators $15.200 i year, as
California now does. But the average state
per.ds only one-fifth of one per cent of
its annual budget to operate its
legislature. There ts no reason for fading
to provide the necessary funds to
maintain an effective state legislature.
The people of North Carolina can no
longer afford an amateur legislature. They
must maintain and support a legislature
that ts capable of dealing with the
complex problems of government which
face us today.
Many of our legislators were upset
when the N.C. General Assembly wis
ranked 47th m the nation. But it deserved
that ranking.
Greensboro in 17. That Graham Nash,
Stephen Stills and Neil Young have never
played with Bing Crosby, or, as far as we
know, his brother Bob.
Musical groups not to "get into":
Creedence Clearwater Revival, the Doors
(unless referring to Jim Morrison's
"mystic symbolism", whatever that
means) and Grand Funk Railroad
(Rolling Stone, f chrissake, called them
"the world's biggest car radio.")
Musical groups to "get into": Faces,
Grateful Dead, Neil Young, Leon Russell.
Boring things not to talk about: how
stoned you were when you saw "2001: A
Space Odyssey". The stares you got at
Christmas when you walked down Main
Street with long hair. The Pentagon
Papers. The Playboy Philosophy. Whether
Old Milwaukee is as good as its name.
Film stars not to "get into": Sabu,
Elliot Gould, and Francis the Talking
Books not to read: 'The Making of the
Counter-Culture," 'The Greening of
America," and anything with a cover
blurb by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
Books to read: Anything by Kurt
Vonnegut, Jr.
Magazines not to read: Saturday
Review, Police Gazette, Atlantic
Newspapers not to read: The New
York Times.
Newspapers to read: The Daily News,
New York's Picture Newspaper.
The latest outrage by Abbie Hoffman
to tell your friends about: A plan for a
"hustlers' convention," with bank robber
Willie Sutton as the keynote speaker, to
debate the feasibility of establishing a
"National Ripoff Institute."
The second latest outrage by Abbie
Hoffman to tell your friends about: On a
talk show in Boston, he was asked about
his new child's name: america. "You
don't think it sounds too Jewish, do
you," Abbie asked.
The latest religious outrage to tell your
friends about: Reverend Ike's "Snap
Your Fingers and Make Things Happen
Like You Want" Crusade in New York
City this summer.
Words to avoid: existential, Om,
adranoid, dialogue, the People, viable,
plastic, and Re-elect Nixon.
Television shows to avoid: Merv
Griffin, Let's Make A Deal, and Bob
Hope's Christmas Special.
Things not to take seriously: this
The frankness and openness with
which young people are discussing these
subjects are more natural and refreshing
and appropriate to man's basic nature
than the tenseness, restraint, and sham
expressed by the older generation.
Through this column we hope to
answer your questions with honest and
factual information.
It is not our purpose to cause
embarassment or fear or shame, but to
allow students the opportunity to
examine their own educational
presuppositions and value judgments
concerning human sexuality.
We feel your questions are legitimate,
necessary and should make us all respond
thoughtfully, adequately and honestly.
"Elephants and Butterflies" will run
every Monday, and answers will be given
to as many questions as space will allow.
If you wish help or information and do
not wish it printed we will do our best to
see that you are assisted.
Feel free to call upon us for help at
any time.
(Letters should be addressed to Lana
Starnes and Dr. Takey Crist, in care of
The Daily Tar Heel. Student Union,
Chapel Hill. N.C. 275 14.)

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