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Vol. S3, No. 33
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The five Watergate
by Greg Nye
Campus Greeks need no longer fear
members of the opposite sex invading their
Social fraternities and sororities will be
exempt from Title IX regulations, Casper
Wineberger, secretary of Health, Education
and Welfare (HEW), said Oct. II.
In a telephone conversation with Sen. Pete
Domenici, R-N.M., Wineberger said his
department has decided to make a change in
its report on the 1972 higher education
amendments passed by Congress. A new
clause; he said, will place social fraternal
groups outside the jurisdiction of Title IX.
HEW is responsible for the interpretation
and administration of Title IX, which
requires that federally funded schools
eliminate discrimination on the basis of sex
in programs and organizations which they
Domenici, a former Sigma Alpha Epsilon
fraternity member, phoned Wineberger on
behalf of a group of congressmen concerned
with how fraternities and sororities will be
affected by Title IX. Former fraternity men
such as Senator Strom Thurmond, R.-S.C,
Senator John Tower, R. -Texas, and Joe
Waggonner Jr., D.-La., have been working
Domenici told Wineberger that if the
change in the HEW report was not made, he
and several other congressmen would fight
the .report in Congress. Domenici said
Congress would have cause to make an
exception for fraternal groups because of the
exemption granted fraternities in the 1964
Civil Rights Act. ,
The 1 964 Civil Rights Act was designed to
Six to give views
at rights colloquium
by Jim Roberts
William Kunstler, Ralph Abernathy,
Hugh Scott, Eugene McCarthy, Julian Bond
and Martha Griffiths may at first seem to
have nothing in common.
They do have one thing in common,
however. They all will be speakers at the
upcoming Individual Rights Colloquium co
sponsored by Student Government, the
Carolina Forum and the Union Activities
The colloquium runs from Nov. 4 to Nov.
21 and will also include North Carolina
Insurance Commissioner John Ingram and
student and faculty members of the
University. Student Government is also
trying to contract with activist Angela Davis
"The major purpose of the colloquium,"
Student Body President Marcus Williams
said, "is to inform the students of their rights
as students and individuals. Students need to
realize that they have rights as citizens and
Between the major speeches, the Union
Activities Board will conduct a series of
panel discussions with faculty and student
Janet Buehler, chairman of the. Union
Current Affairs Committee, said the first
panel discussion will concern overall rights
on campus including the rights of students as
Other d iscussions will concern alternative
life styles, affirmative action and the rights of
residents of University Housing. Buehler
said she hopes to have Student Attorney
General Nita Mitchell, Residence Hall
defendants sit at defense table in this courtroom drawing
eliminate racial discrimination in highef
education. Waggonner proposed an
amendment to this act of 1965 which said
that "no department, agency, officer or
employee of the United States has the
authorization to exercise any direction,
supervision or control over the membership
of any fraternal organization, fraternity or
sorority. . .which is financed exclusively by
funds derived from private sources." The
Waggonner Amendment was passed by
Waggonner and other congressmen now
see HEW as trying to work around the 1964
Civil . Rights .Act and its amendment, and
attemptTrigtd control fraterhitTes. There is
still some question, however, as; to whether
campus fraternities today are financed
exclusively by funds derived from public
Joe , Husted, president of the Inter
Fraternity Council (1FC), said Wednesday
that the Wineberger statement was only a
verbal agreement with Domenici and that he
is hesitant to accept it. "There is no telling
what will happen we don't have a written
committant from HEW yet," Husted said.
Husted believes Wineberger may still
change his mind and maintain that
fraternities are supported by the University,
thus sidestepping the Waggonner
Amendment and making Title IX applicable
to fraternal groups. "We would be fools not
to prepare for the worst when we're dealing
with politicians," Husted said.
Although Wineberger's conversation with
Domenici has given hope to most fraternities
on campus, some are still in doubt about
their position. Wineberger said specifically
that HEW would adopt a clause exempting
social fraternities from Title IX regulations.
Association President Betsey Jones,
Douglass Hunt, affirmative action director,
and Dr. James Condie, director of housing,
speak in the discussions. ,
Defense attorney William Kunstler will be
the first speaker on Nov. 4, and Ralph
Abernathy, head of the Southern Christian
Leadership Conference, will follow him on
Nov. 6. Senate Minority Leader Hugh Scott
will speak Nov. 7, and former senator
Eugene McCarthy Nov. 12.
Julian Bond, representative to the Georgia
state house, and possibly Angela Davis will
appear Nov. 13, and sponsor of the Equal
Rights Amendment, Martha Griffiths, will
speak Nov. 21. Griffiths is a Democratic
representative from Michigan.
Williams cited recent incidents of busing
opposition in Boston as indicative of the
need for better understanding of educational
rights. "The question is, should individual
rights for equal education be protected for
Plans for the colloquium began during the
summer, Williams said. "Mark Sibben did
research for the availability of speakers and
then we presented the idea to the Forum. Jim
Conrad helped push the idea through the
The cost for the colloquium could run as
high as $10,000, Williams said. Student
Government will fund approximately 60 per
cent of this. "The Forum is taking the
responsibility of speakers Bond, Abernathy
and Kunstler," he said.
Williams said he hopes the colloquium
will bring about an addition of a bill of rights
to the judicial reform document. "By this,
students rights will be explicitly outlined
and stated instead of implied."
Chapel Hilts Morning Newspaper
Chzpzl Hni,-Uorth Cerellha, Thursday, October 17, 1974
ABC-TV drawing by Freda ffeiter
Professional fraternities such as Kappa
Psi, Phi Delta Chi' and Kappa Epsilon,
which admit only students majoring in a
certain profession are still wondering
where they stand.
Kappa Psi president Peter Champion is
hoping that Wineberger simply overlooked
professional fraternities and was not
indicating they will be forced to comply with
Title IX. "It's got to be an oversight,"
Champion said. "We live and function like a
social fraternity; there's no reason not to
include us. We'll be writing our national
organization to see if they can have HEW
exempt professional fraternities from Title
IX also." ; -: -
The Chapel Hill Charter Commission
voted Tuesday to recommend expandingthe
Board of Aldermen from six to eight
members and staggering the four-year terms
so that half the members would be elected
every two years.
A motion by Lee Corum to have some
two-year terms died without a second.
Corum, the only UNC student member of
the commission, said the short-term seats
might attract UNC students and others who
could not commit themselves to four-year
Commission member John Wettach said a
two-year term would not give a board
member enough time to plan and develop
programs. "They (aldermen) should be able
to plan to be here four years," he said.
Wettach said he was not concerned that
student candidates for the board are likely to
David Honlgrnan (right) shows leather
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by Wesley G. Pippert
United Press International
WASHINGTON John W. Dean 111
testified Wednesday that Richard M.
Nixon's closest aides John Mitchell, H.R.
Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman were
involved in a consuming flurry of cover-up
activity after the Watergate break -in.
Dean, Nixon's former counsel, also
testified that in the months before the break
in,, plans for mugging, kidnaping and
prostitution were presented by a re-election
official in Attorney General John N.
Chief trial prosecutor James F. Neal
chronologically led Dean, the government's
lead-off witness, through the meetings
surrounding the June 17, 1972, break-in. It
was expected the subpoenaed White House
tape of Dean's Sept. 15, 1972, conversation
with Nixon would be played Thursday
afternoon in historic courtroom drama.
Dean testified that:
At a June 19, 1972, meeting, he reported
to Mitchell, former re-election aide Robert
C. Mardian and former deputy campaign
director Jeb Stuart Magruder, also in prison,
that Ehrlichman "had taken charge of
matters at the White House."
"What matters?" Neal asked.
"Determining, what had happened and
how to deal with it," Dean replied, adding
that Mitchell had replied to his report with
an expressionless, off-the-cuff remark, "Isn't
At a meeting with Ehrlichman Jung 21,
Ehrlichman suggested that Dean "shred"
some bogus state department cables about
the Vietnam war and a psychiatric profile of
Pentagon Papers defendant Daniel Ellsberg,
and "deep-six" electronic equipment, all of
which had been found in the White House
safe of E. Howard Hunt JrTTfilso convicted in
have lived in town for only a relatively short
while, but he expressed concerns that short
term members might be considered second
Gerry Cohen, the only student alderman,
is in favor of Corum' s proposal. "The current
four-year terms are awfully long and are
driving a lot of people from running," he
Cohen said he will graduate from law
school in June and his board term expires in
1977, but he expects to complete his term. He
said he would have appreciated the option of
running for a two-year seat if they had
been available so he could choose between
re-election and giving up the demanding
responsibilities of board membership.
The commission will also recommend
increasing the mayor's term from two to four
tun photo by Martha ttwwi
goods to Don Sowul and Patty rehtloson
the original trial.
"What do you mean, 'deep-six?" Dean
said he asked.
" 'Well, John, you drive across the
Potomac on the way home. Just throw those
in the river,' " Dean said Ehrlichman
"Well, John, you drive across the river,
too, so I'll bring it over to you," Dean said he
'Dean said that on Jan. 27, 1972, Liddy
presented to him and Mitchell a campaign
intelligence plan for mugging, kidnaping
and prostitution, "Hooked over at Mitchell
and he winked at me " Dean said.9
He phoned Herbert W. Kalmbach,
Nixon's former personal lawyer and a fund
raiser, and now in prison, on June 28, and
said he was calling at the request of Mitchell.
Haldeman and Ehrlichman to raise money
to honor commitments to the Watergate
Kalmbach agreed to do so, Dean said, and
used the code names of "the Writer" for spy
novelist Hunt; "Brush" for Haldeman
because of his crewcut; "the Pipe" for pipe
smoking Mitchell; "Brow".for Ehrlichman;
and "script" for money.
Kalmbach called longdistance, Dean said,
"to tell the Pipe, the Brush and the Brow that
the Writer's wife had bought the script."
At a meeting with Mardian, LaRue and
Magruder in late June, Magruder told him
former White House " Special Counsel
Charles W. Colson, who also is in prison,
phoned beforetheWatergate break-in "to
years, with a limit of two consecutive terms,
and requiring him to vote on all issues. At
present, the mayor votes only to break tie
votes and there is no limit on the number of
Mayor Howard Lee has been elected three
times; however, he has announced he doesn't
intend to seek re-election. ,
Lee's predecessor, Sandy McClamroch,
who served eight years, said the average
by Sid Smith
Asst. Features Editor
This is the fourth in a series of articles
examining the effect of the financial crunch
on students and University life. Today a
graduate student continues his study of the
Ph.D. explosion, looking at the relatively
small effort the University and graduate
students themselves have made to alleviate
the crowded situation.
Although it has been over five years since
the Ph.D. market became vastly
overcrowded, doctoral candidates and
graduate students continue in large numbers
to sweat through the nationwide farce
known as graduate education.
A major cause of the farce's perpetuation
lies in the stubborn refusal by departments to
make necessary cutbacks in enrollment One
official even admitted that certain
departmental heads consciously maintained
previous levels despite overwhelming
evidence for the necessity of streamlining.
"It was frankly a calculated effort at self
preservation," the official said. "Fewer
graduate students means that full professors
must teach more low-level courses, a
situation they regard as unpleasant and .
beneath them. A smaller number of graduate
students could also eventually lead to a
smaller faculty and graduate program."
In fact, the actual number of UNC
doctoral graduates was up in 1974: In 1970,
when the crunch was relatively new, the
University awarded a total of 192 doctoral
degrees by August of that year. For the
comparable period this year, UNC
graduated 219 Ph.D.'s. And the total
number of students enrolled in graduate and
professional schools has increased by 100
over last year's enrollment..
But this year the blackening prospects for
Ph.D. employment have worn away much of
the resistance to streamline.
"Many cutbacks were made this year by
the overcrowded departments," Gail King,
secretary for enrolled students, said. "Of
course, these cuts were made on the M.A.
and entering student level, and it will be a few
more graduations before we see the effect on
Founded February 23, 133
get off the dime" and approve Liddy's
Dean testified Magruder told him Colson
knew "we had Hunt and Liddy over here,
and if we didn't use them, he would."
According to Dean. Magruder said.
"Frankly. John, we felt Chuck Colson would
take over this operation" if they didn't move
ahead with Liddy's plan.
Magruder developed a story that the
$200,000 given to Liddy was for protection
for surrogate speakers for Nixon's re
election. Neal asked whether anyone at a meetingcf
Mitchell, Magruder and Mardian in early to
mid-July "dissented from the story
Magruder had developed." Dean replied,
"No one disagreed with it."
Magruder asked Dean Aug. 15 to play
the part of the devil's advocate in preparing
him for a grand jury appearance the
Dean said he checked Assistant Attorney
General Henry E. Petersen at the request of
an aide of Haldeman to see how Magruder
had done and then phoned Haldeman.
"1 said, 'Bob, Jeb has gotten through the
grand jury by the skin of his teeth,' " Dean
testified. "He, Haldeman, said that was
Please turn to TRIAL, page 3
mayor in Chapel Hill serves six years.
Commission members said enlarging the
board would create greater diversity among
members and facilitate a committee system.
The commission's recommendations will
be part of a report to the Board of Aldermen
to be presented at the Nov. 4 alderman
meeting. The commission has asked for a
joint public hearing with the aldermen on the
won 4 cut
Ph.D. degree numbers."
Dr. Michael Bishop, director of the
graduate office, said that the departments
which have sizeably trimmed their entering
graduate class include English, classics,
philosophy, comparative literature and
"Jobs are tight for students receiving their
doctorates from Chapel Hill, but tighter for
those from other state universities." Dr.
Charles V. Taylor, history department
chairman, said. "We've curtailed our
admissions to graduate work to less than 50
per cent of our peak in the '60s. But many of
the students we reject are snatched up by
other, less prestigious schools. That doesn't
help the profession very much."
Department chairmen, of course, are not
the only ones seeking solutions. Many
unemployed or discouraged Ph.D.'s aie
switching to other professions in an all-out
effort to avoid skid row. Law school is one of
the most common shelters for disenchanted
"We have no statistics on how many
Ph.D."l or M.A.'s apply to or enter our law
school," Morris R. Gelblum, associate dean
of law, said. "But 1 would say that M.A.
applicants number in the hundreds, and
national statistics indicate an increasing
number of law students now have Ph.D.
The business world is another alternative.
"Many graduate students, however, fear
that business would transform them into
inferior people." placement counselor Jane
Smith said. "They see teaching as high level
of service to society and regret the surrender
of long-held ideals."
Several students are now biding time,
waiting to find the next alternative. But
among those still undecided and
unemployed Ph.D.'s there is a surprising
lack of bitterness about it all.
"In a way I'm frustrated and
disappointed," one doctor of philosophy
remarked. "But I entered my discipline
because 1 believed that the liberal arts have
an intrinsic value, that only through the
liberal arts the values of our civilization can
be transmitted. I still believe it."