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f f I
Chapel Hill's Morning Newspaper
Vcl. 03, Ho. 45
Chcpcl HCI, North CsreHna, Friday, OejcSsr 25, 1S74
Foundsd February 23, 1E33
c it l i7
! ! S 3
by Jane Denison
United Press International
WASHINGTON Defense attorneys
kept nipping at John Dean's heels Thursday
but failed to trip him up on any major
inconsistencies in the story that has made
him the government's star Watergate
Admitting freely to his own crimes for
which he is now in prison and conceding he
helped lure others into criminal acts. Dean
remained unruffled as defense lawyers tried
to prove him a liar during cross
examination U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica, finally
losing patience at the unrelenting assault on
Dean's credibility, reminded the defense that
it is a question solely for the jury to decide.
"I don't think anyone is trying to paint this
gentleman as a lily-white angel in this case,"
Sirica said. "He has already admitted to
what he did and is paying for it. The jury is
going to have to pass on the credibility of
Attorneys for two of the major Watergate
cover-up defendants, John Mitchell and
John Ehrlichman, got a crack at Dean
Thursday during the former White House
counsel's seventh day on the witness stand.
Mitchell's attorney, William G. Hundley,
brought out that Mitchell, from the time of
the June 17, 1972 bugging arrests, had
wanted nothing to do with raising money to
keep the burglars quiet.
While the White House was trying to buck ;
the responsibility to Mitchell, the former
attorney general was attempting to bow out
of it and tossed the money-raising ball back
to Ehrlichman and H.R. Haldeman at the
White House, Dean said, "so it went back
Ehrlichman's attorney, William S. Frates,
offering the first real fireworks of the nearly
.month-old trial. , peppered : Dean, wjtji
"questions seeking to tie him tightly to the
birth of the bugging plan at meetings with
Mitchell in early 1972.
When the prosecution lawyers protested
they had already gone over that aspect in
detail, Sirica excused the jury while the
"1 suppose a judge shouldn't say anything
because every time 1 say something people
put the wrong interpretation on it," Sirica
said, trying to stifle a grin. "Maybe I
shouldn't say what is on my mind.
"IH tell you what is in my mind. It's too
bad Mr. Mitchell didn't say throw them out
of here, get them out fast,' and you wouldn't
be in this courtroom today. It's too bad it:
didn't happen that way. Anyway, it's not for
me to say what should have been done. Well,
the jury hasn't heard that and no harm has
Mitchell flushed and looked a bit pained,
then smiled slightly and signed autographs
willingly as he left the courtroom for lunch.
Besides ; Mitchell and Ehrlichman, the
defendants charged with trying to cover up .
the bugging scandal are H.R. Haldeman,
former White House chief of staff, Kenneth
Parkinson, former Nixon re-election lawyer,
and Robert C. Mardian, former assistant
attorney general and re-election official.
Frates asked Dean if he said in December
of 1972 that he would lie to protect Nixon.
Dean replied that he had not, but admitted
saying that if he were called to the stand he
would have been "put in the position" of
having to lie.
But he freely admitted under Frates'
questioning as he did when he pleaded
guilty to obstruction of justice in the cover
up a year ago that he had aided two other !
men in perjury Jeb Stuart Magruder and
Y1 A A O
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i. Staff photo by Tonl Hutto
S.L. Marshall of Southern Pines relaxes In front of a trucktoad of pumpkins he drove here to sell Thursday
tniilty sail may
Franchise law gives town final word
by Rick Reed
The Town of Chapel Hill may have the
power to deny the sale of the University
owned electric utility to Duke Power Co.
Under the town's franchise law, an electric
utility needs a franchise to operate in Chapel
On Sept. 27, the state Utilities Study
Commission (Church Commission)
recommended the sale of the electric and
water systems to Duke Power.
- In May, Chapel Hill Mayor Howard N.
Lee told the DTH, "1 would think very hard
bef&iielling! the electric utility to Duke
Power." Lee could not be reached for further
Town, and University officials were,
reluctant Wednesday to comment on .
franchise details. They said the town can
grant or deny a franchise to the successful
buyer, but declined speculation on the
Town attorney Emery Denny Jr. did say
the town would take no action on the
franchise until a final sale is made.
Although contract negotatiqns with Duke
Power and Southern Bell are scheduled to
begin next week, it will be early next year
before a final decision is reached.
Chapel Hill Alderman Gerry Cohen said--
Wednesday night that if the board refused to
grant a franchise, the buyer could either seek
legal action or return the electric system to
Cohen said he did not know what
conditions the aldermen might include in the
franchise but said rate structure would not
be considered as a condition.
Cohen pointed out that Durham as a
condition of the town's electric utility
franchise requires Duke Power to run the
city's bus system.
The electric system is the only one of three
University-owned utilities being considered
for sale that would need a franchise to
operate in Chapel Hill.
by Jack V. Fox
United Press International
LONG BEACH, Calif. Former
President Richard M. Nixon's physician said
Thursday that surgery was a real possibility
unless clotting which has almost totally
blocked the blood flow in Nixon's left leg can
The 61 -year-old Nixon, who re-entered
Long Beach Memorial Hospital
unexpectedly Wednesday evening, was
reported to be receiving intensive doses of
anticoagulants intravenously and orally.
Dr. John Lungren, personal physician to
the former chief executive, said in the latest
medical bulletin that special studies were
being conducted to see if Nixon is in the
small group of people for whom
anticoagulation cannot be maintained by
"If anticoagulant therapy cannot be
adequately established and controlled, then
surgical intervention is a real possibility," he
Presidential Press Secretary Ron Nessen,
campaigning with President Ford in Iowa,
said the President has received no special
word on Nixon's condition.- , . y . , ,
Nessen said a system was worked out some
weeks ago by which Nixon's doctor, John
Lungren, would telephone Ford's doctor
with any medical news the President should
know about. Nessen said Lungren had not
called as yet.
Lungren did not meet with newsmen but
instead his brief statement was read by a
hospital spokesman so there was no
immediate indication how long the drug
treatment might go on before a decision is
reached on whether to conduct an operation.
Lungren said a "venogram" of Nixon's left.
oeMinnieF eesid "sSays
kg had shown that the deep femoral vein was
almost totally obstructed and that there were
"new or old clots" in the deep veinous system
of the left thigh.
A hospital spokesman said that when
Nixon came to the hospital Wednesday he
did not intend to stay overnight. Lungren
persuaded him to stay for an indefinite
period after the venogram revealed the
serious blood clotting.
The spokesman said another bulletin
would be issued on Nixon's condition at 6
p.m. EDT Friday unless some developments
prompted an earlier statement.
Nixon was in a section on the new seventh
floor critical care center which was not
scheduled to be opened for several weeks. He
was the only patient on that floor which has a
total of 22 beds.
When Nixon entered the hospital
Wednesday evening, he apparently was
accompanied only by Stephen Bull, former
White House appointments secretary.
A hospital spokesman said Thursday
there was no information about whether Pat
Nixon or other members of the family were
A release by the hospital earlier this week
had described the critical care center as being
"for the exclusive care of patients admitted
by their physicians because of critical
surgical or medical condition."
"Fundamentally, this is a hospital within a
hospital," Dr. John Messenger, head of the
facility, said at the time.
"We have a fulltime laboratory on the
floor with 24-hour provision for obtaining
the latest laboratory data on these critically
ill patients. We have a complete X-ray
facility on the floor so that the patient will
not have to be removed from the area except
for extremely unique procedures "
lists OEily coMet pulls
by Wes Letter
Special to the 'DTH'
North Carolina Consumer Council
Chairman Lillian Woo told some 100
pharmacists here Wednesday that their
claim to fame, professional ethics and
profit lies in their ability to count out
tablets, type labels and pass high
prescription costs on to consumers.
She made Her remarks during a
seminar on consumers and pharmacists
conducted at the UNC Institute of
"All this is performed with the
mysterious hocus-pocus of a medical
magician," she said. "Enormous pains
are taken to maintain the great healer
image which is cloaked in a secrecy
aimed primarily at keeping the public
ignorant of comparative prices for'
In response, one pharmacist later
explained that a total of 25 technical
activities go into filling a single
prescription. When the pharmacist fills
a prescription, he said, he draws on a
$50,000, five-year education.
Pharmacists admitted that the drug!
industry does make big profits, but said
it also pays for 99 per cent of the
research conducted in the industry.
Only one per cent of pharmaceutical
research is government financed while
the rest of private industry receives 44
per cent of its research funding from the
federal government. Pharmacy research
funding comes directly from the
consumer who purchases drugs over the
counter, he said.
"Both drug manufacturers and retail
druggists have profited enormously
through systematic secrecy about drug
prices," Woo said. "Drug company
profit margin returns on invested capital
rank First of 22 industries in Fortune's
top 500 corporations."
The American Pharmaceutical
Association has worked increasingly to
prevent public disclosure of drug prices,
she said, and has actively opposed the
repeal of state laws banning advertising
of drug prices, "contending that it would
be a breach of professional ethics."
While revelations and discoveries are
made about diseases, and drugs to cure
these diseases, "pricing has been kept in
the dark ages," she said.
And to make matters worse, she said,
sick people are in no condition to shop
around for the best drug prices.
Woo hit hard at pricing inequities
which, according to studies, often vary
more than 100 per cent from store to
store. She accused the Pharmaceutical
Manufacturers Association of using
published information to support its
dedication to name-brand, high-profit
by Tim Pittman
The next time you get busted, smile at the
cop and go along peacefully you may get
away with prayer-for-judgment and court
District Solicitor Lunceford Long said a
trend is developing in this area to decrease
the penalties for possession of small amounts
Long said Orange is the most liberal local
county concerning marijuana cases.
If a person is arrested with less than an
ounce of marijuana and it is his first arrest,
the court might simply charge court costs
and give the person prayer-for-judgment.
Possession of more than an ounce, if it is a
first offense, could retain the prayer-for-judgment
designation but would involve at
Jeast a $100 fine.
, "There is no concrete change in the
procedure of handling pot charges," Long
said, "but recently some of the judges who
handle the cases in District Court have been
giving" kids prayer-for-judgment and
charging court costs." -
Long said the penalties for possession
depend upon case variables such as the
victim's reaction to the police officer, the
amount of marijuana involved and the
circumstances preceding the arrest.
"If a prior arrest has been made, it would
have an effect on a second charge of
marijuana possession," Long said. "The
penalty would probably be heavier."
Chapel Hill Police Detective Don Tripp
said he felt the recent policy of reducing
penalties for pot use will encourage an
"My opinion has no effect on the case
because the courts handle the penalties,"
Tripp said. Lt. Charles Mauer of the
Campus Police agreed the new trend will
encourage marijuana use.
"If users can get away lightly on a
marijuana charge, they will not be so
hesitant to take the chance again," Mauer
drugs rather than using it as valuable
evidence that a federal agency is not
doing its job.
"It is time that the drug industry
recognize its responsibility to itself and
begin monitoring its own standards and
take steps to insure uniform quality and.
reliability of both name-brand and
generic drugs," she said. "It is time the
Association put ethics back into the
Mauer said reactions to the officer could
have an effect on the outcome in court. He
added, however, that the courts set the
penalties and police can supply only an
opinion on the case.
Mauer said the Chapel Hill Police were
looking for dealers, not individual users.
"They're looking for the far-out types who
deal heavily in pot and other drugs," he said.
"They are in the same situation as we are in
that they can't spend time searching out
individuals who just smoke a joint every now
Mauer said the town and campus police
usually work together when either force gets
a tip about a dealer.
m Heels meet
air HnuM m
North Carolina faces a strengthening Gamecock squad
by Elliott Warnock
The scene: Kenan Stadium.
The year: 1970.
The situation: North Carolina and South
Carolina prepare to face each other in what
many observers say is the ' Atlantic Coast
Conference Championship game."
Standing room only tickets had been sold as
over 47,500 people jammed into the confines of
Kenan. Carolina was undefeated in its first four
games, and Bill Dooley was starting to win big
for the UNC fans.
It was the year for Don McCauley; he would
gain over 1,700 yards during 1970, set a NCAA
record and win consensus All-America honors.
USC was sitting on a 21-7 lead at halftime in
1970, but the Tar Heels pushed and shoved their
way back to tie the" score at 21-21 midway
through the fourth quarter. ;
Carolina fans felt the world turn upside-down
as the Gamecocks threw deep bombs repeatedly
into the faltering UNC secondary. The results
were two South Carolina touchdowns in the last
six minutes of the game and a Gamecock victory.
When North and South Carolina meet in
Columbia, S.C. Saturday night at 7:30, the ACC
championship won't be at stake, USC left the
conference in the early 1970's, but the Tar Heels
will be trying to wipe out years of ACC
domination by the Gamecocks.
USC left the league at the apex of the Heel
Gamecock rivalry, one of the bitterest in the
history of the ACC. After they left the
conference, the Gamecocks were considered for
scheduling as another independent school, and
consequently they were dropped from almost all
UNC programs. v
Dooley comments, "right after they left the
ACC, their football program fell on hard times.
Now that we are playing them again, wouldn't
you know it, they're starting to gain some
South Carolina pulled off a major upset last
, week, as the winless Gamecocks ruined the Ole
M iss homecoming and defeated the Rebels, 10-7,
"Anytime you win in Oxford, you're doing
alright," says Dooley. "South Carolina is
starting to playing more like they did last year,
when they went 7-4."
Dooley cites injury problems as the reason for
South Carolina's 1-5 record. "They lost all four
of their starting linebackers at the first part of the
- season, and now they're all healthy and playing
up to their potential " says Dooley.
i North Carolina has a little more at stake
besides ACC pride. If the Tar Heels can defeat
South Carolina, it would be their first victory
over a major power this year.
Wake Forest is the only team that Carolina
has beaten on the road. The other two times the
Heels traveled, they lost to Maryland, 24-12, and
Georgia Tech, 29-28. North Carolina needs a
victory on the road to turn the corner for the rest
of the season.
The Tar Heels have won every time at home,'
and now own a 4-2 record following last week's
win over nationally-ranked North Carolina
State. With major powers losing all over the
country, the Tar Heels are still in definite
contention for a post-season bowl bid.
There was a lot at stake in 1970. North
Carolina lost to USC, then lost twice more to
finish with an 8-3 record. People said the UNC
USC game was the turning point of the year.
Now there is a lot at stake in 1974.
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