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Chapel Hill's Morning Newspaper
Vol. 83, rio, 75; . Chepel HHI, North Carolina, Wednesday, January 8, 1975
Founded February 23, 1C03
made progress on students
by Jim Roberts
Despite a lawsuit which consumed much of its time.
Student Government has accomplished many of its
fall semester goals, including the beginning of judicial
reform and the formulation of a Student Bill of
The suit, filed against Student Government officers,
University officials, and the Black Student Movement
(BSM), charged that the funding of the BSM violated
the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
The BSM is funded out of the Student Activity fees
paid by all students. The suit alleges that these funds
are used for the sole benefit of blacks.
Student Body President Marcus Williams said, "We
gave the lawsuit top priority because when you
question the funding function of Student
Government, you question the only concrete working
force we have. The lawsuit consequently drained much
of our time, taking it away from other thinjgs."
A major theme followed by Student Government
during the fall semester was that of students rights.
The BSM lawsuit, the Mclver dorm search and last
year's rejection of room-by-room coed living in
Winston dorm led many to question exactly what were
The Individual Rights Colloquium was held in
November and a bill of rights was drawn up in
response to the issue of students rights.
The Student Bill of Rights is an addition to the
Instrument of Judicial Governance, implemented Oct.
8, 1974. The bill of rights protects the student's right to
classroom and campus expression as well as
protecting the confidentiality of student records.
Campus Government Council (CGC), the Faculty
Council and the Chancellor must approve the bill of
rights as an amendment to the Instrument on Judicial
Students will have a chance to read the proposed bill
of rights before it goes to CGC during an open house
to be held by Student Government from I to 5 p.m.,
Jan. 14-16, in Suite C of the Student Union.
The Instrument of Judicial Reform represented a
major revision of the student judicial system. It
contained a definitive listing of Honor Code offenses
and penalties and also revamped the entire court
Students appearing before the courts are the only
persons who can accurately assess the merits of
judicial reform, Williams said. "Until you're the
person going before the Undergraduate Court, you do
not know how valuable the instrument is."
Student apathy has hurt the implementation of
judicial reform as it has many other Student
Government programs. During the Oct. 2 general
election for the 42 Undergraduate Court positions
only 18 persons were elected. The remaining 24 were
appointed by Williams.
Fewer than 1,200 students, or about seven per cent
of the student body, voted in the Oct. 2 election.
The Rides Coordination Office, a recent innovation
"of Student Government, depends solely on the
cooperation of students to submit information
concerning transportation. This office has not been
able to operate at its capacity because of student
Success has evaded Student Government in its
attempt to influence the progress of. Affirmative
Action, the plan designed to increase the proportion of
blacks and females within the University faculty and
Throughout the fall semester Student Government
has attempted without success to get more students on
Affirmative Action committees. Four of the 22
members of the Affirmative Action Advisory
Committee are students.
Student Government also drew up a petition with
400 names to make the position of Affirmative Action
Officer a full time job. The position is currently held by
Douglass Hunt who is also vice-chancellor for
Williams said his office will continue to press for the
improvement of the Affirmative Action process. "1
haven't given up. In times of economic crisis, the
character of the University will show itself. In times of
layoffs we'll see who goes first."
Lack of student interest has also shown itself in
CGC. By the beginning of October seven CGC
members has resigned and many others were not
attending CGC meetings or committee meetings.
Progress was marred in the first few meetings because .
committees had not prepared bills for the floor.
Williams said he is disappointed with many of his
student appointees. "It seems that many appointees
conveniently have conflicts during scheduled
Apathy among CGC members disappoints but does
not discourage Williams. "In retrospect to the old
Student Legislature, 1 have to be satisfied with the
functioning of CGC.
"The people who criticized CGC the most were the
ones that did the least work. They were the ones who
seldom came to meetings and when they came they
were ill prepared."
- The State Utilities Commission granted
Carolina Power and Light (CP&L) a 21 per
cent rate hike Monday, but the increase will
reward low-use customers.
The order, similar to an earlier one for
Duke Power Co., will be worth $5 1.6 million
to CP&L. The restructured utility rate will
place a greater burden on . high-use
customers, such as industrial users.
The order, which will go into immediate
effect, will return rates for customers using
less than 750 kilowatt hours per month to
p re-October levels, when CP&L first
introduced the hike."
Those using more than 750 kilowatt hours
monthly will receive bills at the current level,
or with increases.
The commission's order stated, "We seek
not to guarantee CP&L or its stockholders
any rate of return, but rather to offer to
CP&L's management a rate structure and'
level within which, with prudent
management, CP&L may earn the
reasonable return herein found necessary."
The order also noted that high-use
customers are responsible for the pressures
on CP&L for increased revenues, and
suggested that the government initiate a
program similar to food stamps, giving
discounts or credit on utility service for low
income, low-use families.
The lengthy order also indicated that the
five-member panel had broken with a
tradition of granting hikes on an across-the-board
basis, and that it may order future
Hugh Wells, a dissenting commissioner in
Monday's vote, said the increase was $22
million too high, and declared CP&L the
"winner of a fifty-two million dollar prize"
and the public the loser by a "technical
State Attorney General Rufus Edmisten,
opposed to the rate hike, called the decision
another in a "long line of decisions which
upset the people of Northr Carolina." He
added, "We're going to be in there
questioning all of these rate increase
requests. I haven't seen one yet that couldn't
be questioned in some manner."
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Staff photo ty Mem Boyto
Young Tadga Honigmann enjoys splashing In a puddle on the planetarium sundial after Monday's rains.'
rncome tax cut now li
auto prices may soon
by Richard Hughes
UPI Business Writer
An income tax cut to put more money into
the pockets of consumers and a reduction in
ear prices gained ground Tuesday in
government and private industry proposals
to fight recession.
Administration sources said President
Ford has decided on a tax cut to spur
consumer spending and only the size of the
cut still was under debate. Ford plans to
present new measures to counter recession
later this month.
Meanwhile in Detroit, Chrysler Corp.
prepared to announce the first large scale
price cut to unload a backlog of thousands of!
unsold 1975 cars and trucks. Chrysler has
enough cars on storage lots to last 135 days.
Chrysler planned to announce the cuts in
the form of rebates of $200 to $400 on
selected models weekly.
The price reduction would be the first
substantial one in the auto industry since it
went into a sharp decline that resulted in the
worst nonstrike year since 1959.
Despite a sales decline of 23 per cent in'
1974, the "Big Four" maintained a lack of
consumer confidence was to blame and.
refused substantial cuts in prices of 1975
cars, introduced at prices averaging $1,000
higher than 13 months earlier.
Ford Motor Co. did, however, trim the
cost of a subcompact Pinto by an average
$150, and General Motors cut $13 when the
interlocking seat belt system was removed.
Chrysler declined to call Us sales
promotion a price reduction. "It's not a price
cut in the ordinary sense," a spokesman said.:
"Sticker prices will remain the same."
Elsewhere, negotiators for 60,000
petroleum refinery workers said a
nationwide walkout scheduled for midnight
Tuesday could be averted if only one major
oil company made a "meaningful offer."
Industry leaders warned that a nationwide
OCAW strike against refineries would cut
production by 30 to 40 per cent and lead to
spot gasoline shortages.
"ask fofce sail
by Kate Webb
United Press International
SUB1C BAY, Philippines A U.S. Navy
task force led by the nuclear carrier USS
Enterprise sailed from the Phillipines
Tuesday after the Communists inflicted a
major defeat on South Vietnamese forces.
President Ford met in Washington with his
top national security advisers.
Ford's press secretary, Ron Nessen, and
the Pentagon flatly denied the naval task
force was heading for South Vietnam.
The President is concerned and is
watching the situation closely but will abide
by laws passed by Congress 18 months ago
barring U.S. military activity over
" Indochina, Nessen said. . ' .--
Ford put off for several hours a meeting
with his chief economic advisers to confer
with Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger
and deputy national security affairs adviser
The Pentagon said the Enterprise and five
escort vessels, including the nuclear
powered guided missile cruiser Long Beach,
were steaming southwest from the
Phillipines and their movement "is not in any
way connected with anything going on in
The Navy said the Enterprise had been in
Subic Bay since New Year's Eve and was
scheduled to sail later this week. But a
Pentagon spokesman, William Beecher, said
the sailing date was moved forward "at least
a couple of weeks ago" and some crewmen
who had been on vacation leave in the
United States were ordered back to Subic
Beecher described the course of the task
force including the Enterprise, the Long
Beach, two conventionally powered
destroyers, a support ship and an oiler as
"in a generally southwesterly direction."
But he refused to indicated exactly where
the six ships were headed.
"As a normal procedure we do not discuss
operational movements," Beecher said. "It's
a longstanding practice not to say where
ships are going until they get there."
He did confirm, however, that the task
force sailed from Subic Bay about 7 p.m.
The diplomatic sources in the Far East
said the task force was to join nine smaller
Cooper, Runge to study philosophy, politics and economics
TOEm HJMC ' warn Rlhodle
by Ben Kittner
James H.S. Cooper, co-editor of the Daily Tar Heel, and
Carlisle Ford Runge, a 1974 UNC graduate arid former
student body president, were notified Dec. 2! of their
selections as 1974 Rhodes Scholars.
They will begin their studies in October at Oxford
University in England.
Cooper and Runge are among 32 scholars selected from
the United States. At Oxford they will join students from 17
Cooper, son of Mrs. Prentice Cooper and the late Gov.
Cooper of Shelbyville, Tenn., is a Morehead Scholar and a
member of Phi Beta Kappa and Chi Psi fraternity. He plans
a career in law and politics after completing his
undergraduate degree in history and economics. Cooper will
study philosophy, politics and economics at Oxford..
Runge, son of Mr. and Mrs. Carlisle P. , Runge of
Middlcton, Wis., majored in American Studies at UNC. He
is currently enrolled as a special student at the Duke
University Institute of Policy Sciences,; studying
microeconomics, quantitative analysis and decision
Runge was UNC student body president in 1973-74 and, in
that capacity! was the first student to sit on the UNC Board
of Trustees as an official voting member. He is a member of
Phi Beta Kappa, Order of the Old Well, Order of the Grail
and Order of the Golden Fleece.
He will also study philosophy, politics and economics at
Oxford with special emphasis on world economic, food and
Both students plan public serviccareers.
The 32 scholars selected in the U.S. came from 23 schools.
Only five schools had multiple winners. Harvard University
had four scholars, Yale and Princeton had three each,
Stanford and UNC had two each. It was only the second time
UNC had two scholars chosen.
The scholarship was created in 1902 by Cecil Rhodes, a
British philanthropist. Each recipient is awarded an annual
stipend of $4,700, which is renewable for a third year after
the two-year program.
Cooper remarked that his selection was "the best
Christmas present ever."
Cooper said the reaction of his friends to the award has
been the best part of the scholarship. People have been very
kind," He said whatever ribbing he has taken has been worth
it. "It's better than a funeral or wedding because I'm still alive
and still single."
warships near the South Vietnamese coast .
by 8 a.m. Wednesday (7 p.m. EST Tuesday.)
A second U.S. Navy task force led by the
carrier Coral Sea was also reported
operating in the South China Sea, but it was
not known how close it was to Vietnam
The Viet Cong's Giai Phong Press Agency
said today in a broadcast monitored in
Saigon that the Coral Sea force -was
conducting operations off the South
' Vietnamese coast but it did not say where
and did not say any U.S. planes were flying
Beecher described the sailing of the task
group only as an operational mission, but
added, "I wouldn't categorize it as being out
of the ordinary."
The first property tax levied on the
University in more than a century may be
taken to the courts by the administration,
officials indicated earlier this week.
But University tax specialists say the town
and county have a good chance of collecting
on at least some of the millions of dollars
worth of property assessed last week.
The assessment of properties not used
specificially for educational purposes marks
the first time government agencies have
taxed the University property since
Reconstruction. The turnabout comes from
a state statute revision of the 1973 General
Assembly which appears to have nullified
the University's constitutional exemption.
According to the revision, properties not
"used wholly and exclusively for public
purposes" are subject to taxation. Such
properties include Horace Williams Airport,
the Carolina Inn, the old Chapel Hill
Country Club and certain parking lots,
office buildings and vacant lots.
Taxable properties within city limits were
valued at $3.9 million and those within the
county at $5.35 million. At current tax rates,
the University might have to pay
approximately $45,000 in county taxes and
roughly $36,000 for Chapel Hill's
In addition to the properties already
assessed, a second list was sent to the
University, which includes the University
owned water, telephone and electric utilities.
The county reportedly has not had a chance
to appraise those properties yet.
Claiborne S. Jones, vice-chancellor for
business and finance, said he will consult
with other University officials before taking
any action. But he said decisions on the
matter must go through the state attorney
general since the title to all University
property is in the name of the state.
The town has scheduled a hearing for Feb.
18 and the county has set a hearing for
March 3 for the University to answer.
Joseph S. Ferrell, professor at the
Institute of Government, said this week that
some of the properties assessed are likely to
be ruled taxable. He was quoted as saying he
does not expect the county to collect on all
the properties assessed, though. The county
assessed everything for which an argument
could be made, he said.
Jones, who said in November he
considered the matter a "dead issue" when he
had not heard from the county tax
supervisor in several months, said last week
he thinks the issue will set a precedent for all
state universities when it is decided.