Chapel Hill's Morning Newspaper
Chgpsl Hill, North C&rcSSna, Thursday, January 9, 1975
Vci. S3, No. 7S
Fcundad February 23, 1CC3
J J -sYrf
U I r r
by Jim Bute
UNCs fraternities and sororities no
longer have to fear infiltration from the
Along with voluntary" service
organizations, they have been exempted
from Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare (HEW) Title IX anti-discrimination
In one of its last acts before adjournment,
the 93rd Congress attached a rider to an
obscure joint ' resolution which exempted
social, fraternity, sorority; and voluntary
youth service organizations from the
Education Amendments of 1 972. The rider
was approved unanimously and signed by
the President on Dec. 3 L
The joint resolution was the only bill -available
at that point in the congressional
session to which the exemption could be
attached. The rider was sponsored by
Senators Birch Bayh, D-lnd., Herman
Talmadge, D-Ga., and Rep. Edith Green, D
Ore. In introducing the rider, Sen. Bayh said he
"was distressed to see that HEW was
planning to apply Title IX restrictions to a
number of organizations which have no
legitimate bearing on the original intent of
Congress to remove sex discrimination in
our nation's schools."
Susan Ehringhaus, assistant ' to the
Chancellor and chairwoman of the Title IX
study committee, said the congressional
action was "very sensible. I only wish they
had broadened the amendment to include
other groups which do not invidiously
Ehringhaus said it is unclear whether the
exemptions will include honorary
organizations, such as the Valkyries, Order
of the Grail and Helenas, and men's and
women's glee clubs. ;
"It certainly seems to be the intent of
Congress to exempt them, but we will not
know for sure until HEW sends us new
: 7 ;
by Rick Reed
The governments of Chapel Hill,
Carrboro and Orange County voted Dec. 18
to form a local water and sewer authority
which will issue revenue bonds to buy and
operate the University-owned utilities.
The decision ended almost three months
of debate about joint operation of the
utilities. Creation of the authority was first
recommended on Oct. 10 by the UNC Board
The two towns and the country vill have
equal representation on an elected nine
It is not certain whether the county or the
authority will issue the revenue bonds
needed to purchase the utilities. The county,
however, may be allowed a lower interest
rate since it has good credit.
The authority must reach a decision on
financing soon. The state Utilities Study
Commission (Church Commission) is
currently negotiating with Duke Power
Company about sale of the water system.
There are at least two alternatives in the
sale of the water utility. The system could be
un Yum pnwE(Qi pbmoiiosui
by Helen Ross
1974 might have been a bad year in
some parts of the world, but it seemed as
if Chapel Hill had more than its share of
The bus system, now five months old;
became one of the most important and
useful town functions in the eyes of
many UNC students.
As the fall semester opened, less than
three weeks after the first bus started its
route, students and townspeople
jammed the coaches during rush hours.
Late in the year, it was announced that
Chapel Hill was second only to
Charlotte in the number of bus riders.
Students were, in effect, forced to us
the bus system when the University
raised the price of parking stickers: and
the town increased its meter ratesj and.
instituted attendant parking.
Frire-hundred Dcston police made sure three-hundred children got to school
Network broadcast decision
by United Press International
WASHINGTON A federal judge denied
Tuesday, at least temporarily, requests by
the major networks to obtain for public
broadcast copies of the White House tapes:
played at the Watergate cover-up trial.
In a brief order, U.S. District Judge
Gerhard A. Gesell said the networks had
failed to make any proposals to insure
against the tapes being put to "undignified
But he left the door open for broadcasters
to come up with a new plan, and turned the
whole problem over the, U.S.: District Judge
John J. Sirica, who handled the trial.
GeselFs action was a setback for the
sold to Duke Power and repurchased by the
water authority after improvements on the
water system have been made. If the
authority decides to buy the present system,
a private contractor will have to be found to
do the improvements.
The Church Commission has asked the
local boards to complete their plans early
this month, before final sale agreements with
Duke Power are presented to the Board of
The local boards decided they would have
the final word on water and sewer service
within, their own planning districts. .
The decision eliminated three, other
options for joint control of the two utilities,
all of which were examined before a final
decision was reached. The alternatives
included both county or Chapel Hill
ownership and operation, and ownership
and operation by all three governing bodies.
The decision to use revenue bonds over
general obligation bonds was made for two
reasons. In order to issue general obligation
bonds, a favorable vote from the affected
people would be needed. Also, elections
would have to be held to finance, any
expansion of the authority.
One of town's many important developments
The bus system was the product of a
number of years of hard work by mass
transit supporters and some UNC
students, as well as the town voters who
approved a bond referendum in
John Pappas, town transportation
director, was hired to supervise the
system last year, whiletwo UNC
students in particular, Lee Corum and
Lew Warren, coordinated activities
between the town and the University.
Both students are former chairmen of ,
the Student Transportation
Commission and now serve on the town
Transportation Advisory Committee.
More than any other problem, bus
breakdowns left some disgruntled
passengers waiting on the curb early in
the fall semester.
The bus fleet began to take on a new
look in October when the first new
coach arrived from its Ohio assembly.
& ' , .
networks, which had been counting on
imminent release of the Watergate tapes, and
a major victory . for former President
Richard M. Nixon, who has been fighting to
block their broadcast on radio and
Acting at the request of CBS, NBC, ABC
and others, Gesell ruled Dec. 5 that the tapes
introduced as evidence at the cover-up trial
could be made available for broadcast once
the trial was over.
At the same time he invited suggestions on
how it should be handled. .
His order rejected all the suggestions he
received. .. :, .',.,,;... v'. ';
"The burden is upon the applicants toj
come forward with a satisfactory plan to be
administered without profit by some
reasonable agency or persons other than the
clerk of court," Gesell said. '
"It is a prerequisite to any plan that
commercialization of the tapes for any
undignified use of the material be
minimized. Applicants have failed even to,
consider these matters.
"Moreover, they suggest no responsible,
agency or person to administer the plan and
merely undertake to place all of these
problems back on the court, which is not
equipped with necessary funds, technology
or manpower," Gesell said.
Gesell denied all pending applications for
copies of the tapes "without prejudice"
Trustees turn down SG Affirmative Action proposal
Mll-4Sme9 imidepeiideeti office rejected.
by Don Baer
The UNC Board of Trustees defeated a
resolution calling for a full-time,
independent University Affirmative Action
officer at its December meeting.
Despite the Board's 1 1-2 vote against the
move, Student Government President
Marcus Williams doesn't consider the issue
plant, with three others following
shortly thereafter. Thirteen 25-seat
"Twin Coaches" are on order, while an
additional application for federal funds
to buy seven more buses should improve,
the system's efficiency.
University Square merchants next to
Granville Towers attempted at an
October public hearing to close the
Franklin Street entrance to their
property and funnel traffic to the
dormitory through a proposed
Cameron Street entrance. Thej
merchants, plagued by overcrowded!
parking lots, failed to get the aldermen'Sj
Chapel Hill Mayor Howard Lee
Wednesday. See story" page 3.
meaning the applications may be refiled .
and turned the whole matter back to Sirica
"for any further action that may be
appropriate ... at some later date." '
He said he had Sirica's approval for the
The tapes case thus came full circle. The
original application was made to Sirica who
bumped it over to Chief Judge George L.
Hart, who in turn sent it to Gesell.
In his ruling last month, believed to be
unprecedented, Gesell agreed with the
networks that they had as much right to
broadcast the actual tapes in evidence as
newspapers had to print transcripts of them.
.Judicial tradition previously has barred
broadcast of any court proceedings.
At least one record company was planning
to offer the tapes for sale, i .
His lawyers argued bitterly against'
permitting broadcast of them, contending
that public release would mean the tapes
would turn up on records to be played at
cocktail parties and in nightclub acts to the
everlasting embarrassment of Nixon and
others whose voices are recorded on them.
Some 3 1 tapes were played at the coverup
trial, which resulted in the conviction of
former Nixon lieutenants John N. Mitchell,:
H.R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman and
Robert C. Mardian. All but two of the tapes'
involved Nixon. '
The resolution called for the separation of
the Affirmative Action office from any other
University office and for the immediate
hiring of a full-time administrator to deal
with minority hiring practices.
Williams first presented the resolution to
the board in October. A vote at that time was
postoned until Chancellor N. Ferebee
Taylor had made public an annual progress
report on the University's hiring of blacks
- W mm mm I 1
indicated he might be through with
town politics, as rumors flew about his
plans for the 1976" race for lieutenant
governor. Lee's third term expires this
year and he has indicated that a formal
announcement about his future plans
will come this spring.
After six years of consideration, a
reorganization plan for town
government was finally begun in the fall.
William D. Blake, Chapel Hill chief
of police for 16 years, became the first
assistant town manager for public
Kurt Jenne switched from director of
urban development to assistant town.
by United Press International
U.S. District Judge John J. Sirica reduced
Wednesday the sentences of three major
Watergate figures J eb Stuart Magruder,
John W. Dean III and Herbert Kalmbach
to the time they have already served and thus
set the rtage for their immediate release from
A White House spokesman said President
Ford had no comment on the release orders
and had not been informed in advance of
Sirica's decision on behalf of the three.
"Upon consideration of the defendant's
motion for reduction of sentence " Sirica
said in near-identical orders for Dean,
Magruder and Kalmbach, "it is ordered that
the unexecuted and or remaining portion of
the sentence ... is reduced to time already
The order pertaining to Kalmbach
differed slightly, reducing his sentence "only
insofar as it pertains to imprisonment"
indicating that the $10,000 fine levied on him
Dean, the former White House counsel
who became Nixon's chief accuser, served
just four months of his one-to-four year
Magruder, a former White House aide
and deputy director of Nixon's 1972
campaign, served seven months of his 10
month to four-year term.
Kalmbach, sentenced to six to 18 months,
had served six months.
Their release left just two of the 19 former
White House, administration or Nixon
campaign aides convicted for Watergate
crimes still in prison Charles W. Colson
and Edward L. Morgan.
At mid-afternoon, Kalmbach read a short
statement at the office of his lawyer, Charles
"1 have learned today of the action of
Judge Sirica in reducing my sentence in the
Watergate matter, which will permit my
return to my family," he said in his usual
"My reaction is one of profound gratitude,
for' the compassion of Judge Siricaa"nd
renewed appreciation and confidence in the.
essential fairness of American justice,"
Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., R-Conn., was
among those who had written Sirica urging
that Dean's sentence be reduced because the
cover-up might not have been uncovered
"There is also no doubt in my mind that
former President Nixon and his intimates
did everything possible to destroy this man,
his family and associates," Weicker said in a
Dean, the man who enabled prosecutors
to crack the cover-up case, after lengthy plea
bargaining entered a guilty plea to one count
of conspiracy to obstruct justice and defraud
the United States on Oct. 19, 1973 the last
achievement of original Special Prosecutor
The resolution said the Affirmative
Action office requires full-time attention. It
implied that the responsibilities of the
current Affirmative Action officer, Vice
Chancellor for Administration Douglas
Hunt, did not allow for such attention.
The Affirmative Action officer will
develop plans for the fair hiring of
minorities. The office was established at the
direction of the Department of Health,
Education and Welfare.
in past year
manager in charge of community
development and services.
The reorganization is expected to
better define jobs and leave the town
manager freer to fill requests by the
Board of Aldermen.
The misuse of housing funds surfaced
when an ad hoc advisory committee of
the Housing Authority charged that a
member of the staff had attempted to
force a building contractor to give him
Mayor Howard Lee announced that
an investigation had revealed bad
judgment" on the part of. some
employees. Lee withheld the employees',
names and said he had placed an official
notice of the incident in their personnel
Lee blamed the authority's
bookkeeping and check writing
procedures in a second disclosure that,
some staff members had used the
Archibald Cox, who was fired the next day
in the "Saturday Night Massacre."
It was not until last Aug. 2 that Sirica
sentenced Dean, whose term began Sept. 3.f
Magruder, one of the first to confess to the
cover-up, pleaded guilty Aug. 16, 1973,
during the height of the Senate Watergate
hearings to a single count of conspiracy to
obstruct justice and defraud the United
States for his role in Watergate including
planning for the bugging and its subsequent
He was not sentenced until last May 21
and began his term at Allenwood, Pa., on
Though he played a key role in raising
money to pay the Watergate burglars after
their arrest and trial, Kalmbach was the only
one of the three freed men who did not go to
jail for a cover-up crime.
He pleaded guilty Feb. 25, 1974, to two .
counts of shady campaign financing one a
felony involving an illegal S3 million
congressional campaign fund controlled by
the White House in 1970 and the other a
misdemeanor of promising an
ambassadorship to a 1972 Nixon campaign
He was sentenced last June 17 and began
his term July 1 at Lompoc, Calif.
Students interested in becoming
resident assistants for the 1975-76
school year must submit their
applications by Friday, Sandi Ward,
assistant director of residence life, said
The applications should be turned
in to either the housing department in
Carr Building, residence directors or
- Granville assistant tower managers
Though next year's wage will;
remain $2.40 per hour, the number of
applicants in certain areas has tripled,
Ward said, increasing the applicant
acceptance ratio to approximately 10
In-state applicants must also attend
an orientation seminar at 4 p.m. in
Hamilton Hall Jan. 26. Afterwards
appointment cards for the first round
of screening interviews will be
Out-of-state applicants should call
the housing department at 933-5406 to
arrange an interview.
The housing department will notify
the accepted applicants on Mar. 6.
Voting with Williams for the resolution .
was Walter Tucker of Charlotte, the board's'
only other black member.
Williams said the. board used the current
economic situation and lack of funds "as an
excuse" for not facing the need for a full-time
Williams, who said he has not given up on
the issue, plans to revise his strategy, which
included circulating the resolution as a
petition last semester.
authority's $250-per-month telephone
service for personal long distance calls.
"We have had what I consider a bad
experience. It wasn't a scandal," Mayor
Lee concluded soon after the incident,
"but it had the potential of developing
into one. However this has been a good
learning experience for the Housing
Attempting to ease the spring gas
shortage, the town tried several fucf
allocation programs, starting with an
emergency supply for stranded drivers.
Service stations began selling gas either
by appointment or to preferred
customers and then began staggering
their hours of operation.
By the end of February the state had
implemented the odd-even plan, and by
March gas stations flew green flap to
indicate their sales schedule. None of the
plans experienced great success before
the worst of the shortage ended in June..