Chapel Hill's Morning Newspaper
Chgpel H::i, North Carolina, t'ontiay, January 13, 19T5
Vcl. C3, No. 78!
Founded February 23, 1C33
University grapples with dese,
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by Meredith S. Duel Jr. and Den Baer
First of two parts
The fall of 1974 saw the UNC administration
struggling on both the state and local level with a wide
variety of policies and programs. , ;
The multi-faceted problem of desegregation in"
enrollment and hiring practices, the site selection for a
new state veterinary school and the establishment of a
med school at East Carolina University were the major .
issues confronting the administration.
Iii the early 1970's, the state of North Carolina was ;
finally forced to deal with ten-year-old civil rights
legislation. For years North Carolina has nourished a
system of racial duality in higher education. There has
been a distinct lack of black and female educators'
working in predominantly white institutions as the
result of discriminatory hiring practices.
In 1972, the Department of Health, Education and
Welfare's (HEW) Office of Civil Rights ordered UNC
to produce a plan of affirmative action to ensure "that
applicants are employed, and that employees are
treated during employment, without regard to their
race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
UNC-Chapel Hill, along with the 16 other campuses
in the University system, submitted plans to HEW
almost two years ago. These plans were rejected and
another set was submitted last February.
Last month this campus was notified that their
second plan was incomplete. The University is now
preparing a third submission to be sent to H EW within
the next several weeks.
Although HEW has not accepted UNCs plan, the
University has gone ahead with various affirmative
On October 16, UNC Chancellor N. Fcrebee Taylor
presented an affirmative action progress report to the
Faculty Council. This report showed an increase of 15
blacks and 24 females on the faculty from September
1973 through September 1974. Blacks represented 2. 1 -
per cent of the faculty with females representing 17.6
per cent. According to enrollment figures last fall,
blacks make up 6 per cent of the total student
The Affirmative Action officer at UNC-Chapel Hill
is Douglass Hunt, UNC Vice Chancellor for
Administration. Hunt serves as a chairman for the'
Affirmative Action Advisory Committee (AAAC)
and is charged with putting the plan into effect for this
campus. Last fall four of the committee's 22 members
The students on the committee have had some
misgivings about the AAAC and Hunt's ability to be,
an effective affirmative action officer.
These doubts prompted UNC Student Body
President Marcus Williams to present a resolution to
the UNC Board of Trustees. This resolution called for
a full-time independent University Affirmative Action
officer and implied that Hunt's responsibilities as Vice
Chancellor for Administration did not allow for such
attention The Board voted 11-2 against the
Williams feels the board used the current economic
situation and lack of funds as a excuse for not facing
the need for a full-time independent officer.
This weekend. Hunt refused to comment on
whether or not he could -effectively handle the job of
affirmative action officer and Vice Chancellor at the
same time. "It is my view that the committee has been
performing those duties specified in the plan
submitted to HEW, Hunt said. Recently some of the
student members on the committee have questioned
its effectiveness pointing out that no agreement has
been reached on even very basic questions.
It does not seem probable that HEW will use its
most devastating weapon, the cutoff of federal funds,
to force UNC to come up with an acceptable
desegregation plan. As Richard Robinson, assistant to
UNC President William Friday, said last week, "We
will eventually submit a plan that is acceptable to
HEW, but presently no one knows exactly what the
perfect plan is.
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by Alan Dawson
United Press International
SAIGON U.S. aircraft have been
making regular reconnaissance flights over
North Vietnam and Communist-held
territory in the South in violation of the
Vietnam peace agreement, a high-ranking
American source said Sunday.
American aircraft carriers and other
warships have also made regular forays into
the waters off South Vietnam during the.
by Tim Pittman
members of the group moved on to the Bell
1 think we ought to have a straight High
Despite warnings from University officials
that the marijuana use at High Noon would
be halted Friday, the Nooners met, and pot
was smoked but the main topic on the Bell
Tower lawn was High Noon's future.
H igh Noon's ; meetings will continue,
according to the group's leader, but without
Several photographers atop Wilson
library photographed about 50 High
Nooners coming onto the Bell Tower lawn.
An assistant dean of student life, who
preferred to withhold her name, came to the
meeting to explain the university's position
to the group. She said a surveillance was a
part of the plan to halt the marijuana use.
"But I can't be absolutely sure the
photographers are there for that purpose,
the assistant dean said.
By the end of last semester, approximately
250 people were joining the High Noon
group on Fridays. .
As the group congregated in front of the
Greenlaw wall, the Nooner's leader, the
student life representative, and other High
Nooner's discussed the official warning.
After a brief period of debate, about thirty
Noon today," the leader said, "I hope you
guys are clean."
"I know many people come out here
without smoking pot just to enjoy the
fellowship and get away from the grade
competition syndrome," the assistant dean
of student life said.
"For that reason, H igh Noon is a positive
effort among the students," she. said.
She said, however, that marijuana was.
illegal, and that the university officials have a
responsibility to uphold state law on
"This is the first time students have got off
their asses for anything in a long time," one
Nooner said. "It's about time the students
here got behind a campus issue."
There was talk of a beer or liquor High
Noon, but public consumption of alcoholic
beverages is also against state law, the
student life representative said.
About half the group smoked pot after the
photographers left the roof of Wilson
Library. When those Nooners who were
smoking were finished, they left, depleting
the group by about 10 persons.
same period, the source said.
He said the purpose of both actions is to
serve notice on the Communists that U.S.
support continues for the Saigon
The reconnaissance flights over North
Vietnam violate the 1973 pact signed in Paris'
by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and
North Vietnamese negotiator Le Due Tho.
The first paragraph of that agreement said :
"The United States shall cease immediately,
completely and indefinitely aerial'
reconnaissance over the territory of the
Democratic Republic of (North) Vietnam.
The United States halted all such flights
over South and North Vietnam after'
Kissinger signed the communique, the
source said, but they were ' resumed last
winter "when it became dear they (the
Communists) were stepping up the war and
infiltration of troops and arms into the
He said SR71 spy planes have made
regular flights over North Vietnam,
including Hanoi and Haiphong.
In South Vietnam, the source said,
pilotless drone aircraft with long-range
cameras have been sent over Viet Cong areas
just below the border with North Vietnam.
The government in Saigon has printed
aerial pictures of Communist activity behind
Viet Cong lines, but refused to say how the
photos were obtained.
The source refused to confirm Communist
claims that warplanes from the carriers have
been launched while the ships are off
Vietnam, but he agreed it is "standard
practice" for warplanes to conduct "training
missions" whenever the carriers are at sea.
U.S. Embassy spokesmen have refused all
comment on spy activity behind American
aircraft and movements of the 7th Fleet since
the signing of the Vietnam peace agreement.
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South Vietnamese soldier mans makeshift roadblock as fifth day of increased fighting in the South continued
IglheF room remit projected.
by Vernon Loeb
The Housing Department's Budget
Advisory Committee has agreed to use a
projected 12.5 per cent room rent increase as
part of the Department's projected budget
for next year.
Committee chairman Doug Mallory,
director of housing finances, told the
Residence Hall Association (RHA)
representatives and resident assistants
Thursday that the committee must now
decide how to distribute the increase.
Either this year's rent can be increased
1 2.5 per cent across the board, or, as M aliory .
favors, the men's dormitory rent could be
increased by 17 per cent, while increasing the
coed dorm rent 13 per cent and the women's
rent 10 per cent.
Although the men's and coed dorm
increases are greater than women's increase,
Mallory noted that eventually, under the
stipulations of Title IX, the rent of all dorms
will have to become equal.
This projected increase in next year's
room rent has been caused by wage
increases, a 12-15 per cent increase in utility
costs, a 34 per cent increase in steam heating
costs, and a 100 per cent increase in the cost
of toilet tissue.
Mallory also seemed confident that the
increase would not be any more than 1 2.5 per
cent. Such an increase will bring an
additional $390,000 revenue to the Housing
Department next year.
Increasing men's, women's and coed rent
by 17, 10 and 13 per cent respectively would
make the transition to a differential system
to be used in 1976-1977 much easier, Mallory
When the differential rent system is
started, there will not be set room rates for
men, women and coed dorms. Different
dormitories will carry different rents,
depending upon the quality of lounge,
recreation, and study space, as well as room
size and location.
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Staff photo by Martha Stemm
Chspsl H:i Is one of two North Carolina towns which sell Earth Shoes
' By now, you know what they look like. Wide toes.
Dropped heels. Definitely on the chunky side.
In fact, chances are you're among the several thousand
Chapel Hill pedestrians who have invested around $35 in
your very own pair. Of Earth Shoes, that is.
Why? Maybe it was the improved posture, respiration and
circulation promised in the Earth Shoes brochure that struck
your fancy. Or the friendly atmosphere of the funky little
Earth Shoes shop perched atop the red, white and blue fire
escape on Franklin Street. Or maybe it was just that your
roommate and the 82 per cent of the people you know
already had at least one pair apiece.
Whatever the reason, the Earth Shoes idea has
undoubtedly caught on, and Chapel Hill, as one of only two
North Carolina cities where the shoes can be bought, has
quickly become a center of Earth Shoes enthusiasm. A rag to
riches fairy tale if you ever heard one.
However. Enter James S. Kunen, the villain of the piece.In
a recent article in New Times magazine, Kunen, although
admitting to Earth Shoes ownership riimself ("Mine are blue
suede"), proceeds to "get to the bottom" of the Earth Shoes
mystique by quoting several of the nation's foot men
podiatrists and orthopedists.'
With research concluded, author Kunen presents a
consensus alarming enough to rock any Earth Shoes initiate
back on his heels. '
Kunen's contacts were split down the middle in their
opinions of the Earth Shoes effects on posture and back
Half, including Dr. Richard Schuster, director of the
Department of Bio-mechanics at the New York College of
Podiatry, said neither heels nor minus-heels affect posture
one way or the other. "The primary motion is at the ankle
joint," Schuster explained. "There's no real reason it should
affect the back."
The other half, including Dr. Jack Stern, a Chicago
podiatrist, believed the dropped-heel idea is an unnatural
one. "Humans are not meant to function that way," Stern
said, listing back problems, arthritis, knee stress and strained
ligaments as the possible consequences of defying Mother
"All the doctors agreed that a shoe with a front heel
which is what Earth Shoes have will aggravate the pain of
high arches and cause severe tendonitis and strained calf
muscles in people with short Achilles tendons, Kunen
Pretty scary stuff. Especially for an Earth Shoes addict.
But Eleanor Jacobs . at the Earth Shoes American
corporate headquarters in New York has a few foot experts
of her own to quote.
"For every podiatrist quoted by Mr. Kunen, 1 could quote
you one who's spoken favorably about Earth Shoes," Jacobs
"First of all, Earth Shoes are not claimed to be a panacea
for anything, she continued. "But we get prescriptions from
podiatrists who send their patients to us."
Jacobs said recent independent and unsolicited scientific
research on negative-heel shoes, including the Earth Shoe,
has indicated that the idea may indeed be a good one. Jacobs
'quoted the findings of two Cleveland podiatrists published in
last September's Medical World News.
According to these two doctors, most people stand off
balance, and the theoretical method of distributing body
weight more evenly is to put a lift under the front foot the
basic idea behind the Earth' Shoe's negative heel
' Clarifying the context of Kunen's concluding warnings of
painful arches and calf muscles, Jacobs quoted Dr. Thomas
E. Sgaralto, Chairman of the Department of Biomechanics
and Professor of Surgery at the California College of
"Earth Shoes can be either very good or very bad,"
Sgaralto has reported. "It's the first shoe that balances the
position of the foot."
And balancing the foot means 30 per cent of the
population specifically those with congenitally short
Achilles tendons, excessively high arches or excessively flat
feet may find Earth Shoes uncomfortable. But, the
Sgaralto report maintains, the remaining 70 per cent of the
population could benefit from balanced feet.
"Mr. Kunen has taken one point of view," Jacobs
concluded, "and I'm afraid his story is unfair journalism."
Meanwhile, Chapel Hill podiatrist Dr. Morton B. Gaines
'expressed a third school of thought on the negative-heel
I don't think it matters, he said. From the podiatrists
point of view, Gaines said, there's nothing bad about the
Earth shoe, and he listed a couple of advantages, including
their wedge shape.
Most shoes don't look like feet," he said. "Earth Shoes do,
and this is a real plus. The wedgie idea is a good principle in
Gaines agreed with critics of the shoe that walking on
lowered heels may result in sore calf muscles, but he thinks
this may be good. "It stretches the calf muscles, which get
shortened over a period of years as the result of walking on
heels," he said.
Gaines said he does object to the price of the shoes and to
their construction, which he termed "shoddy." They'd be
improved if they had a counter or rigid piece around the
heel," he said.
Last but not least, local Earth Shoes state manager Joey
Sinreich offered his own comments on the product he sells.
"I've got what you might call clinical experience," Sinreich
said Friday.y"In the past two years, we've sold seven to eight
thousand pairs of Earth Shoes. And we've never had a person
come back with the complaints Kunen lists. You'd think out
of eight thousand there'd be at least one' with those
And so the story goes. To heel or not to heel...that is the
question. And in the absence of definitive scientific
recommendations, for the consumer there's only one answer.
Pay your money and take your, choice.