- Chapel HiWs Morning Newspaper
Chrpcl HI!!, North Carolina, Thursday, Jsnusry 16, 1975
Vol. 63, Mo. 81
Foundsd February 23, 1CS3
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by Don Baer and Jim Buie
- Staff Writers
RALEIGH ' Fearing continued severe
inflation and recession, Democratic leaders
in the North Carolina General Assembly
presented a six-point package Wednedsay to
put the state on a course of fiscal restraint.
Shortly after his formal election as
president pro tern, Sen. John T. Henley, D
Cumberland, presented plans by the Senate
Majority Caucus for "conservative, sound
and responsible action in handling the state's
economy." Henley said the tentative
proposals had the support of House Speaker
James Green, D-Bladen.
The establishment of a joint Senate-House
economic watchdog committee headed the
list of proposals contained in the report.
Henley, a potential candidate for state
lieutenant governor in 1976, said "the
climate of economic uncertainty and deep
concern made such a committee necessary.
The committee will review current
spending in the state, determine likely
revenue for the next four years and
recommend to the appropriations
committees necessary action for keeping the
Henley said the committee "will look at
unemployment compensation, at public
service-employment programs and at the
hard-hit industries of our state. It may
recommend discontinuation of some current
programs. The committee is to report by
Henley said the Seriate Commission on
Revenue Laws would soon recommend
elimination of inequities in the tax structure.
This is the first time a legislative package
separate from the Governor's proposals has
been presented by the legislature's leaders.
The unique situation of ; a Republican
goyefrfdf ana s. General Assembly with 1 60
Democrat of 170 members prompteirthe''"
i .move. ,
The proposals also deal with energy,
integrity in government, consumer service
Henley, said the Senate will soon
investigate the state's "extraordinary
electrical rate increases" and the rate-making
powers of the utilities commission. Creation
of a state growth policy was proposed to deal
with anticipated energy shortages.
Calling effective government "a necessary
ingredient to meeting the state's needs,"
Henley called for controls on the
indiscriminant addition of people to state
payrolls and for a permanent government
"Continued lawlessness in our state and
nation," he said, is cause for legislation to
expedite criminal trials and to improve the
administration of justice.
Legislative and executive ethics, lobbyist
registration and fair campaign legislation are
called for in the packlge. Henley also
committed the leadership.to shortening the
time between primary an general elections.
Expanded medical personnel training
programs are proposed, including the new
four-year medical school at East Carolina
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N.C. Secretary of State Thad Eure passes gavel to House Speaker James C. Green Wednesday In Raleigh
Key bills introduced in Assembly
1975 session coeveees
by Don Baer and Jim Buie
RALEIGH The North Carolina
General Assembly convened Wednesday
ready to work, but still bogged down in
Several key bills were introduced in both
houses on the first day, including abolition
of the death penalty, reduction of the three
per cent sales tax on food, repeal of the law
allowing utilities to establish rates based on
-projrte6sthaicre'ae"in the state
minimum wage from $ 1 .80 to $2.00 per hour.
Of particular importance to students was
the introduction of legislation to change the
primary date from the first Tuesday in May
to the first Tuesday in August. Such a bill, if
passed, would seriously weaken attempts to
make the student vote a forceful bloc.
Rep. Trish Hunt of Chapel Hill and H.M.
Michaux of Durham plan to introduce a bill
Monday to ratify the Equal Rights
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. A
similar bill was defeated in the last session of
History was made in several ways
Wednesday. The Democratic leadership
presented an unprecedented six-point
legislative package separate from the
The Senate for the first time used an
electronic voting machine that will make
their votes quick and obvious. Legislation
was introduced in the House Wednesday to
provide similar machines.
Action is already planned to restore the
right-turn-on-red law for motorists. Both the
House and the Senate are expected to
approve the law today.
Despite promising activity in Raleigh, the
assembly, as always, was immersed in
tradition and procedure. The House took 40
minutes to elect Rep. James Green as
speaker. He had been unofficially chosen for
the office two years ago.
Speeches praising each of the officers as
"fine Christian gentlemen and "wonderful
family men" were almost endless.'
Senator Charles Vickery of Chapel Hill
was assigned to committees on higher
education, appropriations, natural and
economic . resources, Courts and judicial
districts, and jtrdrctary;?; .v ,
Sen. Russell Walker of Asheboro was
assigned to committees on education,
finance, human resources, local government
and regional affairs, manufacturing, labor
and commerce, and public utilities and
. Representatives Trish Hunt and Ed
Holmes will learn of. their assignments
The assembly prepared to invite Gov.
James Holshouser to deliver his State of the
State address at its Monday session at 7:30
by Mike FelnsIIber
United Press International
WASHINGTON Telling Congress he
had "bad news, President Ford Wednesday
called for new taxes to add $30 billion to the
cost of fuel and for a permanent cut in
income tax rates of 516.5 billion for
individuals and $6 billion for corporations.
Delivering his first State of the Union
address in the House chamber where he
served for 25 years. Ford outlined a program
which puts aside the fight on inflation to
concentrate on overcoming recession and
ending the country's dependence on foreign
oil by 1985.
"I want to speak very bluntly," Ford said.
"I've got bad news, and I don't expect much
if any applause."
Applause interrupted him only about a
Ford called for actions which would add
two per cent to the cost of living in this and
subsequent years and add at least 10 cents to
the price of gasoline.
All told, Ford's program would . add
additional taxes of $30 billion to fuel to be
passed along to the consumers. Ford said the
government would pump the $30 billion
back into the economy to help combat the
most serious economic downturn since
World War II.
To restore buying power, he proposed a
reduction in tax rates for low- and middle
income taxpayers, payments of $80 each for
poor adults and tax relief to businesses
which expand or modernize and to
homeowners who insulate or install storm
He asked, too, for a moratorium on new
social spending and standby authority to
And he asked Congress to reduce to five
per cent the 1 2 per cent cost of living increase
in benefits which is to be paid to 30 million
recipients of Social Security.
Atop the 12 per cent rebate on taxes due
for 1974 earnings, which he proposed
Monday night in a speech. frornJhe uWhite.,
a permanent cut
house. Ford called for
averaging 12.6 per cent.
It would give a family of four with $10,000
in taxable income a reduction of $349 in
federal income taxes. The reduction would
be smaller for families with higher or lower
Ford emphasized that the economy faces
tough going. "I must say to you that the state
of the union is not good," he said.
"The emphasis of our economic efforts
must now shift from inflation to jobs." he
said. He asked Congress to seize "an historic
opportunity" and make it "one of the great
creative moments of our history."
But Democrats expressed skepticism
about many of Ford's proposals, especially
his plan to 'restrict consumption of fuel
through a drastic increase in price.
Generally', they welcomed the proposal to
cut taxes but called it too generous to the
rich. Conservatives in Ford's Republican
party expressed grave misgivings about the
projected deficit of $75 billion in the current
and next' fiscal years.
Ford said his energy plan would "make us
invulnerable to cutoffs of foreign oil.
"It will require sacrifices," he said. "But it
vote to determine
CGCs future next Tuesday
by Jim Roberts
Students will go to the polls Tuesday to
decide whether to keep the - Campus
Governing Council (CGC) or revert back to
the old Student Legislature (SL). ,
The referendum will ask students to
reapprove the current student constitution,
first passed in Nov. 1972. -The major
difference between the present constitution
and the preceding one is in the legislative
section of the constitution.
The CGC replaced the Student
Legislature in March, 1973, as a part of the
new constitution. Also provided in the
constitution was a referendum to be held two
years after it went into effect. If two-thirds
of the students
voting in Tuesday's
down the present
constitution, the previous one will take its
place, and the Student Legislature will
Hinging on approval of the new Student
Legislature are several constitutional
amendments approved by the student body
in recent referenda. If the constitution does
not pass amendments such as judicial reform
and the Publications Board by-laws will be
The main difference between SL and CGC
is the size of the two groups. Student
Legislature contained 45 to 55 members in
multi-member districts whereas CGC has 20
representatives in single-member districts.
The large size . of Student Legislature
combined with its strict adherance to
.parliamentary procedure often led to
confusing and Cumbersome operation.
Ben Steelman, CGC rules committee
chairman, said, "The legislature was so big,
everyone was shooting off their mouths all
the time. It was impossible to get any work
Minority representation in CGC is insured
by , the Student Constitution. Two blacks,
two women and two men must be on the
council at all times.
If the new constitution is disapproved,
CGC will have about one month to devise
new districts for the election of Student
Legislature representatives. Those
representatives will have to be elected during
the Feb. 26 general election.
by Steve Gerstel
United Press International
WASHINGTON Assistant Senate
Democratic leader Robert C. Byrd, joined
ihy , GOP.,, conservatives, Wednesday
denounced President Ford for advocating
the biggest peacetime deficits in history.
Byrd bluntly called Ford's economic
proposals "surrender to inflation" and Sen.
James L. Buckley, R-N.Y., added it would
Sen. Barry M. Goldwater, R-Ariz., said
"tax cuts, in my opinion, are not going to
save the economy" and blamed the nation's
plight oh excessive federal spending.
The twin attacks from the increasingly
influential Democratic whip and spokesman
for Republican conservatives could signal
trouble for parts of Ford's program.
George Meaney said President Ford's
economic proposals will neither beat the.
recession nor get Americans back. to work,
and pledged the AFL-CIO would fight the
program in Congress.
But Sen. Jacob K.Javits, R-N.Y.,--a
leading Republican liberal, called Ford's
proposed tax cut ,"a sound economic
measure." He added, however, that the tax
rebate should be limited to those earning
$23,000 a year or less.
Javits also said he did not thing higher
-gasoline prices would discourage
consumption. He called for some form of
rationing or allocation.
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mm moBBj n
Steve Neal and Robert Morgan
Photo by NmIHW
-two North Carolinians new to Washington
by Sandra Millers
, WASHINGTON It was a red, white and blue day in
-Washington. - '
Flags snapped against a clear sky as icy winds whipped
over Capitol Hill and around the corners of the
Congressional office buildings.
Inside, a peculiar sort of electricity crackled through the
air. The corridors surrounding the legislative chambers
bristled with activity as Congressmen criss-crossed through
the halls, often stopping to greet old friends-and colleagues
with hearty handshakes.
Around them, families and supporters of freshmen
' legislators, members of the press and dozens of curious
onlookers thronged into the chamber galleries to witness the
opening of the 94th United States Congress. It was Tuesday,
January 14, 1975.
The ceremonies began promptly at noon. Senators and
representatives were sworn in quickly in groups of four and
five. And suddenly the crowds spilled back out into the
And so it was for many. Familiar faces flashed by the
Capitol office of Vice President Rockefeller. Kennedy,
Montoya, Humphrey, Muskie, Weiker, Bibicoff. And Jesse
Helms. CBS newsman Roger Mudd circled the room with a
speculative eye and then walked out.
There were a few faces conspicuously absent. Hughes.
And a few ' faces just as conspicuously new. 1972
McGovern campaign manager Gary Hart of Colorado.
Former astronaut John Glenn of Ohio. And the new junior
senator from North Carolina, former Attorney General
From all appearances, the man known for years in the
North Carolina Senate as "Little Bobby" seemed to be
breaking into the frantic Capitol Hill scene in a big way.
"It's Robert now," N.C. Congressman Richardson Preyer
informed two inquisitive visitors.
"He's a good asset," Senate majority leader Mike
Mansfield said. "I'm glad he's up here, and I expect great
things of him. I'm sure he'll find Sam Ervin's shoes hard to
fill, but in time he'll adjust to them."
Deep in the recesses of the Dirksen office building, the
shingle on the door of Ervin's old five-room suite announced
the change. "Mr. Morgan, North Carolina." Outside the
dimly-lit marble halls were cluttered with furniture and filing
cabinets caught in the shuffle of a Congressional moving day.
The sign on the door of Ervin's former office is temporary.
As soon as the shuffle is over, Morgan and his staff will be
assigned to new quarters.
But for the time being, it was still North Carolina soil
and all Robert Morgan's. Bundles of red, white and blue
carnations punctuated the austere mahogany monotony of
the rooms. A constant stream of campaign supporters,
wandered in and out of the office. Some signed the guest
register a yellow legal pad.
"Senator Helms called late this morning," announced an
office worker. He asked if the Senator had left for the
chambers yet and did he know he was supposed to be there at
twelve?" She shook her head in disbelief.
Soon the clock in Ervin's old office read a quarter to three.
Staff members and others began moving out toward the
formal reception beginning in the Capitol building. Potted
ferns towered in clumps around the cavernous room once
filled with tense witnesses and spectators during the Senate
Watergate hearings. A drooping American flag was pushed
into a corner.
The room was already crowded when Morgan and his wife
arrived. The Morgan daughters, Mary and Margaret, stood
beside them wearing identical short-cropped haircuts, red,
white and blue dresses, patent leather shoes and greeting each
guest with identical practiced smiles and polished "Nice to
meet y'ou"s. . .
"I'm proud of him," 13-year-old Margaret Morgan said
about her father. "I'm real excited."
Most of the North Carolina Congressmen, including
Richardson Preyer and freshman representatives Bill Hefner
and Steve Neal, stopped by to offer their congratulations. A
group of military brass stood chatting over lemonade and
Ritz crackers. Two black ministers circulated around the
And the Senators dropped in, too.
"I just came by to wish you well," George McGovern said
as he started down the receiving line.
"Senator, thank you for coming," Morgan responded.
Thomas Eagleton of Missouri and former Senator Harold
Hughes of Iowa greeted the Morgans briefly before moving
on to other receptions.
The other guests threaded their way through the room,
down the table of hors d oeuvres and back onto the floor,
engaging themselves in a continuing stream of conversation.
"I feel like North Carolina will have more progressive
leadership in the Senate because of Robert Morgan," said
Wilbur Hobby, president of North Carolina's AFL-CIO. "1
think he'll make his mark in consumer protection and with
"It's very fitting that he should be here." N.C. Attorney
General Rufus Edmisten commented. "He ran the justice
department with fairness, and he'll do a great job here."
"Of course I had a sad feeling today when I looked out over
the Senate and Senator Ervin wasn't there," Edmisten. who
spent ten years as Ervin's legal assistant said.
Morgan's foster son Rupert Tart, a junior political science
major at East Carolina University, talked about the Morgan
family. "Mama Katie and the girls will probably stay in
Lillington until school's out, but they're looking very much
forward to moving to Washington."
Most Morgan campaign workers who did become staff
members will be located in Raleigh instead of Washington, a
rather innovative set-up by Washington standards.
"It's different," admitted Carroll Leggett, Morgan's
administrative assistant and right-hand man. "Our prototype
is the staff of Senator Lawton Childs of Florida. Really at
this point it's difficult to tell, but we think it will work out
very well for us. It's important that people feel they can get to
"It's been, of course, very exciting and very awesome to
take on such responsibility," the new Senator told reporters,
freed from his position on the wilting reception line. "I was
impressed with the way the Senate got right down to work.
It's certainly not going to be any playhouse up here."