Chapel HilTs Morning Newspaper1
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by Helen Rot
Chapel Hill Mayor Howard Lee gave
Wilbur Hobby a free hand in unionizing the
local bus system in exchange for political
support, several bus drivers charged last
The alleged agreement would give Mayor
Lee an unblemished record of support for
labor in any-possible bid for lieutenant
governor in 1976 and help the state AFL
CIO president organize the new transit
union in Chapel Hill.
- Hobby said Friday, however, that he has
no plans to lend Lee labor's support in the
event that Lee decides to run for the state's
second highest office next year.
"Wilbur Hobby does not have that sort of
right or prerogative ,"H.obby said.
Only delegates to a statewide convention
can make political endorsements, for the
AFL-CIO, he said. v
Hobby said that anyone who says that he
has a . prior commitment to Lee for political
support is "just whistling dixie."
The drivers charge of an agreement
between Lee and Hobby stems, in part, from
a statement Hobby made to workers at a
meeting where the formation of a local
chapter of the Amalgamated Transit Union
(ATU) was discussed.
Robert Tallo, a union opponent who was
present at the meeting, said H obby told them
that he could have stopped approval of the
original grant application requesting federal
funds for the transit system but that Lee had
given him the impression that there would be
no trouble unionizing.
Hobby said, that he did not remember
making such a statement, 1
Hobby said that he accompanied Lee to
Washington last spring mainly to discuss
compliance with a clause in the agreement
with the Urban Mass Transit Association
which provides for protection of employee
rights. and benefits. ; .
rWhen the; iowri :: agreed; to 'comply with ;
tfiese stipulation ; and 5 assured"- Hobby that
any decision on unionizing would be left up
to the employees, he decided to support
approval of the grant.
Tallo said that he supported formation of
an . independent drivers alliance and called
the organization of the union a "rush job
with drivers being stampeded into action
which may or may not be in their best
"The drivers are being used," Tallo said.
He feels there are no major issues to warrant
Energy cfsSsf Frsnk Zsrt tzl3 SuncSay gsj prices may tosr hlgJisr then previously txp$etd. Story page 3
Students to vote on referenda Tuesday
GGG9 ffnatee to be decided.
by Art Eisenstadt and Jim Roberts
Students will vote Tuesday on a
referendum which, if defeated, will change
the structure of the legislative branch of
Student Government from the Campus
Governing Council (CGC) to the old
Student Legislature (SL).
A "yes" vote in the referendum means the
student approves the present constitution
and CGC. A "no" vote signifies the approval
The referendum was called for by the 1972
student constitution which asked students to
reapprove it after two years of operation. If
two-thirds of the students yoting Tuesday
disapprove of the constitution, it will be
declared void and the previous constitution
will take its place.
Also voided will, be anv amendments
passed since the new constitution went into
effect, the most important of these being the
establishment of the Instrument of Student
Judicial reform changed the entire Honor
Court system and made a thorough listing of
offenses and punishments for violators of the
' The 1972 constitution differed from the
old constitution mainly in the legislative
section which replaced the Student
Legislature with CGC. SL contained 45 to 55
members in multi-member" districts, where'
CGC has 20 representatives in single
member districts. .,..,,,,, . ,
CGC guarantees representation to both
sexes and minority students. Graduate
students are also guaranteed proportional
The most recent constitutional
amendment which would be affected by a
"no" vote is a wording change which allows a
student organization to keep its budget
surplus from one year to the next" at the
approval of CGC.
The Residence Hall Association (RHA)
would also go out of existence if Tuesday's
vote is against CGC. RHA was approved by
students and written into the constitution in .
Previously, under the Residence College
Federation, many independent dorms, such,
as those in Upper Quad,' were not.
represented by a central organization.
Other amendments passed over the last
two years guarantee graduate student
representation on various student
committees, provide a recall procedure for
SG officials and give the student body
president a vote on CGC.
.. Another referendum to be voted on
Tuesday proposes changing the name of the '
Publications Board to the Media Board. The
change is an attempt to avoid confusion
about the board's authority over campus
radio station WCAR.
Tuesday's third referendum is a
constitutional amendment to broaden
editorial freedom for student media. The
proposed amendment states that neither the
Media Board nor CGC will control any of
the various media except where financial
matters are concerned.
by Vernon Loeb
David Ernest Duke's unsuccessful attempt
to speak Thursday night has prompted much
debate on campus about the right of freedom
of speech. j
. After his speech was stopped by more than
200 black students, Duke, national
information director of the Knights of the
Ku Klux Klan, said he was interested in
coming back to speak.
He said his policy was to return and debate
anyone on any of the campuses he visits if his
travel expenses are paid. I
Since Duke's appearance, Algenon
Marbley, chairman of the Black Student
Movement which organized the protest, said
the group would prohibit other white
extremists from speaking on the campus. .
"I don't see it as a freedom of speech issue
when Duke is a man who represents an
organization that plotted the systematic
killing of black people," Marbley said.
Marbley called Thursday's demonstration
a victory for black students and said it would
not have any negative effects on the black
student cause because, "the masses of
students were in agreement with what we
UNC Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor,
however, saw Thursday's demonstration as a
"transgressionlof one of the highest and
noblest traditions of this university that is
the support of the concept of freedom of
But Taylor said he was considering no
action against the protestors.
Daniel Pollitt, a UNC law. professor, said
Sunday, "Once people take the law into their
own hands, that spreads. vigilantisni. "
"The black students had the right to an
appropriate demonstration which did not
interfere with the rights of others," Pollitt,
forrjlef president of the N.C AmericCivil
Liberties Union, added. - -
He said the demonstrators hurt not onlv
their own cause but the cause of every
minority group by not allowing Duke to
When asked how he felt about Pollitt's
views, Marbley . said, "1 think the black
students must determine their destiny on this
campus, and no one else."
Marcus Williams, student body president,
said Sunday he has had no second thoughts
about his actions Thursday night at Duke
Williams, along with Dean of Student
Affairs Donald Boulton, Jim Conrad, Union
Forum director, and Cole Campbell, UNCs
national champion debater, tried to end the
demonstration so that Duke could deliver
"A show of solidarity is a good thing, but
there are places and times for everything,"
"Intolerance is the pretense on which the
KICK is founded," Williams said, adding that
the protestors were employing the very tactic
they were demonstrating against.
"You can't rectify a wrong with a wrong,"
Williams said. -
He said he felt there was some animosity!
created between whites and blacks at the.
demonstration, because of j
"misunderstanding of the emotions
Since the demonstration, speculation
about whether the protest will change the'
Union Forum program has also arisen. "
Forum director Conrad said he saw that
any controversial speaker might now be
halted from speaking, However, he said that,
he sees Thursday's demonstration as an;
"occurrence rather than a precedent," and.
that the demonstration would hot affect the
future selection of speakers.
Pollitt, however, does recognize
Thursday's demonstration as setting a
"This thing might have a chain reaction.
Who knows who the next speaker will be?
What if it- were Angela Davis or Cesai
Chavez?" Pollitt said.
will be heard tonight
'Board -to dicui Noon photos
by Mike Hane
Tonight may be show-and-tell time for the
Chapel Hill Police Department.
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen, at
the request of Alderman Gerry Cohen, will
discuss the photographs police took from the
roof of Wilson Library of the High Noon
gathering Jan. 10.
"The idea of telescopic photo surveillance
is secret police CIA type of stuff. T don't
think Chapel Hill will stand for that kind of
thing," Cohen said last week.
The High Noon cult gained fame last
semester when up to 250 students met each
Friday at noon on the Bell Tower lawn to
' "The idea of smoking marijuana in public
may be tactically stupid, but the surveillance
methods used, I believe, are much worse
than the crime being investigated," Cohen
The High Nooners were warned when they
returned this semester that the University,
administration was considering actions to
stop their weekly rituai.
An assistant dean of student affairs
attended their first meeting this semester to
explain that the University had a plan1
including surveillance to stop the High
"Is the University planning to ask the ;
Police Department to stand on top of Kenan
Stadium and take pictures of alumni illegally
drinking alcohol during home football
.games?" Cohen added.
Ku Klux Klan
by Mike Home
"This is the most important thing for
Chapel Hill in a long time. We're moving
from the village people like to think we are to
This was the opinion Bill Thorpe, vice
chairman of the Town Charter Commission,
gave regarding the Commission's
recommended amendments of the town
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen will
hold a public hearing tonight at 7:30 for
citizens to discuss the amendments.
The Commission is recommending three
' t adding two members to the six-member
Board of Aldermen to serve overlapping
terms of four years (the aldermen's terms are
now for four years),
extending the mayor's two-year term to
four years, and
increasing the mayor's power by
allowing him to vote on all board
The Charter Commission will meet at 4: 30
p.m. Tuesday to consider public reaction to
its recommendations. "The public's
suggestions will weigh heavily on any
changes we make in the recommendations,
but if we don't hear anything we'll go wrfn
what we have." Thorpe said Friday
The board may, by passing a town
ordinance, enact some of the commission's
proposals, such as revising the board's
structure. Other proposals must be voted on
by the state legislature, and a few will appear
in a referendum later this year for a public
wo todte ' matte twew pffnsoim spFnini(Ss
Ay cock wants world to know
by Jim Bule
H UNTERS V ILLE Jeff Campbell spent
four years in Chapel Hill getting a degree in
political science. Now he's serving a 7 to 10
year sentence in prison on drug charges.
Campbell was convicted in 1972 of
"felonious possession of marijuana, LSD
and MDA with the intent to distribute" and
given an active 7 to 10 year sentence.
In October, 1973 his appeals ran out and
he was sent to Central Prison in Raleigh for
processing and then transferred to a medium
security in Statesville.
After six months there, he was moved to a
similar prison at Huntersville, about five
miles from Davidson.
Campbell is one of a minority of inmates
who are middle-class, educated, articulate
and therefore able to communicate the plight
of prisoners in North Carolina.
"So many inmates have so little
education," he said in a recent interview. "If
they had just had someone to care for them,
or a good attorney, they wouldn't be here. A
good friend of mine just released was here on
an illegal sentence. He had done 16 months
too much time."
The inmates are not the only illiterates in
the prison system. Several times Campbell
has found himself writing prisoner
evaluation forms for guards 'who could not
write. "You are dealing with people who
cannot get jobs anywhere else," he said.-
Unlike other prisoners, Campbell has
been allowed to spend much of his time in
productive ways. He has organized a Jaycee
chapter in the prison and started classes foi
But teaching in prison is terribly
frustrating for both the teacher and the
pupil, Campbell said, because of the
transitory nature of the camps.
"It's most difficult to motivate someone
under these conditions, especially those that
have been beaten down by this system for so
long, yet continue to fight an enemy they
can't hurt anyway except by hurting
Campbell also has learned a few things in
prison how to stage robberies, crack safes,
and forge ID's. "(In prison) you become
criminally-oriented because you are thrown
in here with people who have had crime as
their lifestyle that is all they have ever
"You're labeled a . criminal, too, and
whether it is conscious or unconscious, you
identify with this group because you are one
The Huntersville camp has a reputation as
one of the better camps in the state, but
overcrowding and sanitation are still major
problems. The 70 inmates are housed in two
large, barren "dormitories," each about 20
yards long, with row after row of bunk beds.
According to several inmates, the dorms
are equipped for only 45 inmates. There are '
three showers and three toilets per dorm.
The commodes often stop up and overflow
at night, causing human excrement to flow
under prisoners' beds.
Campbell is bitter and "amazed that drugs
are as plentiful here as they ever were on the
outside." He said he had even heard of cases
where people became hooked on drugs in
Drug therapy is not available. If a prisoner
is sentenced to kick a habit, "he's going
through 'cold turkey' with no medical
attention at all." Addicts are locked into the
sick room to make it on their own, Campbell'
said. The attitude of the officials, he said, is
that "it's his tough luck." i
Fighting boredom is a daily battle Jet
Campbell. "You make your time easier if you
try to fool yourself into believing the free
world does riot exist," he said.
His first weekend on community release
after nearly a year of imprisonment was
difficult for Campbell. "To be able to walk
on a carpeted floor, to see people dressed in
real clothes and being able to wear my own
civilian clothes for a change.. .was almost too
much. When 1 came back that night and
began to realize what I was missing, wow, it
just hit me like a hammer."
Prison, for Campbell, has been nothing
like he expected. "It has been far worse...You
begin to experience the degradation of being
treated as a subhuman. You are told, never
asked. Nobody smiles. They just stare at
by Elizabeth George
GREENSBORO "They really talk to you like you were a dog.
They lord over you I think a lot of them might not even have a high
school diploma," said UNC-G student Jane Aycock.
But she's not talking about professors. She's referring to the
matrons and supervisors at the North Carolina Correctional Center
for Women (NCCCW) in Raleigh.
Jane, who grew up in an upper-middle class Greensboro family,
just spent three months of her life in NCCCW. Her crime: possession
and distribution of drugs.
Jane shows no overt bitterness toward her prison experience. In an
interview, she said she was very willing to "let the world know all
Her daily routine began at 4:45 a.m., when she was awakened by
the matron. She was on her job in the kitchen by 5:30 and labored
there for eight hours, seven days a week.
Kitchen tasks included serving food cafeteria-style, sweeping and
mopping, rolling silverware, and washing all tables, trays, pots and
pans, plates and glasses by hand and hauling supplies from the
basement a .
"The work was designed for men really, or somebody that was a lot'
stronger than I was. And the work conditions were terrible. Injuries
occurred all the time," she said.
Jane sprained her wrist one day when she slipped while carrying a
50-pound carton of milk. "I could have really injured myself 'cause I
fell close to a vat of hot sterilizing water used for washing. I could
have burnt my face or something."
From 1:30 to 4:30, and after dinner until lights went out at 10,
inmates are free to pursue any number of passive activities, such as
reading, watching television, crocheting, playing cards and checkers
and listening to albums through earphones. Although athletic
equipment is available, the inmates are rarely allowed to use it for
various vague reasons.
"I found myself running, hopping, and skipping anything to get
any kind of physical exercise," Jane said. She entered prison at a slim
108 pounds, and came put still trim in appearance, but 13 pounds
heavier. She attributes this to lack of exercise and a starchy diet.
In order to keep her mind alert, Jane voluntarily registered for two
classes. She especially enjoyed a creative writing class, taught by a
nun, which met for two hours once a week.
Each of the 10 students in the class was required to have at least a
high school education. The drug abuse class Jane found to be
extremely disappointing and a "ioke."
Now Jane is continuing studies in philosophy and religion at UNC
G. Her hopes for the future include either attending graduate school,
probably in broadcast communications, or getting her pilot's license
so she can tech flying. ,
Jane said that almost every prisoner is adopted into a homosexual
family in prison. On her arrival she received love letters inviting her
to join some of the families as a mother or father. Belonging to a
family implies engaging in sexual relations.
"1 just replied saying, 'I don't play the game,' " Jane said. "If you
level with them right away, they leave you alone.
"When 1 started to work in the dining room, I naturally got to
know the women I was working with, and some of them adopted me
as a daughter into one of their families. But 1 never 'went with
anyone." . j - '
Cheatingon the game is an extremely dangerous act Jane once
saw a woman stabbed in the dining rood Her jealous lover had just
.discovered that the woman was in love with someone, Jane
' considers her three months in prison a learning experience. She feels
that prison lacks the rehabilitation, which sould be its primary
purpose. I -
But she found she was able to develop the needed "patience,
willpower and compassion that I didnt think I had," in order to work
with other p risoners as well as some of the matrons and supervisors.