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Vci. 84, flo. 2
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I - - - by Johnny Oliver
I r I , ? 4 staff writer
A. U.S. Army helicopter Icncted yesterday on the new North Beginning next week helicopters will be ebSa to transport
Carolina Memorial Hospital helipad as it took part in a dry run accident victims to the hospital directly from the accident
of the Military Assistance to Safety and Traffic program. scene.
'Tar Heel' will publish
O'Neal, Bailey agree on finance
by Art Eisenstadt
Student Body Treasurer Mike O'Neal and
Daily Tar Heel Business Manager Reynolds
Bailey reached an agreement Wednesday
evening on how to handle an apparent
financial crisis involving the DTH.
O'Neal guaranteed the newspaper enough
Student Government funds to publish
today's and Friday's issues, ending a three
day communications breakdown between
himself and Bailey. At one time, it appeared
the D TH might not have been able to publish
today or Friday for lack of funds.
The crisis started after O'Neal refused to
release 513,000 in student fees requested by
Bailey as capital for the first few DTH issues
of the semester. The $13,000 was part of a
529,500 appropriation of Student
Government funds to the DTH made by the
Campus Governing Council (CGC) last
O'Neal decided last week to release the
DTH appropriation once a month in seven
installments of $3,900, because of his
concern over the paper's long-term stability.
Bailey said he requested the large sum
appropriation in order to finance layout and
printing costs of the paper's first three issues,
which are scheduled to be considerably
larger than most of the semester's remaining
When anticipated advertising revenues
were totaled. Bailey said he expected the
DTH to make a profit on the first three
issues. But, he said, most of the advertisers'
payments are not expected to come in for
Late last week, O'Neal told Bailey he
thought the DTH's uncollected revenue,
known as accounts receivable, had reached a
dangerously high level.
"O'Neal said we should have made
arrangements to get more of this money,"
Bailey said Wednesday. "He said the
merchants (who advertise in the DTH) had
no reason not to go ahead and give it to us."
O'Neal said Wednesday, "The Tar Heel
printed a (Monday) newspaper for which it
had no funds. It had been living a hand-to-mouth
existence all summer. This didn't
-Dick Hope, a graduate business student
and CGC member, acted as an intermediary
in the dispute between Bailey and O'Neal.
Pope said the DTH's accounts receivable
equaled 13 per cent of the newspaper's
According to sources in the School of
Business Administration, Pope said, this
rate was normal for a college daily
"Mike (O'Neal) thinks that rate is
outrageous," Pope said. "I think it is a
perfectly acceptable business practice. Mike
is doing an acceptable job of monitoring the
treasury, but this is one area where he didn't
have the business expertise to immediately
see what the accounts receivable meant."
"I want to see the Tar Heel's situation
stabilized," O'Neal, a graduate journalism
student, said. "I don't want to see the Tar
Heel go under."
Bailey said the DTH accounts receivable
rate had been about half of its current level
several years ago, but the paper had been
receiving about twice as much of its budget
through student fees than it does now.
"With student fees, when you need cash,
you just grab out and get it " Bailey said.
"The bigger the advertising business you
have, though, the more money you have tied
up in accounts receivable."
The $29,500 Student Government
appropriation represents only about 14 per
cent of the 1975-76 DTH budget, with the
remainer of the paper's revenues coming
from advertising and subscription payments.
Any student organization receiving
Student Government funds is required to
comply with the Student Government
treasury laws. Among other stipulations,
Treasurer Mike O'Neal
in the closing days of the spring
semester, the Student Supreme Court
confirmed the nomination of Mike
O'Neal as student body treasurer. The
decision arose from an appeal of a
Campus Governing Council (CGC) vote
which denied his nomination.
The nomination reached the CGC
floor April 22, after Student Body
President Bill Bates selected O'Neal for
treasurer earlier in the week. Debate
broke out over O'Neal's qualifications
and over the parliamentary procedure
used in counting the council's votes.
Question arose over the actual number
of votes needed to confirm O'Neal's
nomination. According to the Student
Constitution, ". . . the treasurer of the
Student Body shall be appointed by the
President of the Student Body with the
approval of two-thirds of the CGC."
Bates and O'Neal contended this meant
two-thirds of the members present and
these laws forbid organizations to make
transactions before formally requisitioning
funds sufficient to cover purchases and
Although the paper had submitted a
requisition for $13,500 to cover layout and
printing costs, O'Neal had authorized only
$3,900 for the newspaper's use at the time the
request was made.
After Monday's orientation issue was
published, Bailey said the DTH owed the
Tar Heel's printer, Hinton Press, of Mebane,
$3,500, and would owe Student Graphics,
Inc., which handles the paper's offset layout,
$2,200 for today's issue.
The original $3,900 Student Government
by Lynn Medford
Assistant News Editor
A Department of Transportation engineer
denied Tuesday that the Horace Williams
House lies in the right-of-way of the
proposed extension of Rosemary Street, as
town officials announced two weeks ago.
"The right-of-way may come fairly close
to the house, but as far as the actual physical
area, nothing will be touched," state engineer
Larry McPherson said.
The Horace Williams House, 610 E.
Rosemary St., was built prior to the Civil
War and was recently restored by the Chapel
Hill Historic Preservation Society. Owned
by the National Park Service, the house was
occupied from 1850 to 1940 by Horace
Williams, a classical scholar and philosophy
The Rosemary Street extension, provided
for in the 1969 revised Chapel Hill-Carrboro
thoroughfare plan, will loop across Park
Place to connect with Cameron Avenue at
Country Club Road.
Town officials announced Aug. 13 the
revised plan routes the Rosemary Street
extension through the house.
The thoroughfare plan is currently being
revised by the state Department of
Transportation as a result of criticisms made
in 1974. The revised plan must be approved
by the transportation department and the
Chapel Hill and Carrboro boards of
aldermen before the plan is placed in the
state highway improvement plan.
Under this improvement plan, the towns
pay for the acquisition of right-of-way, and
the state pays for actual construction of the
ill iiffiinff i fe Hl
Serving the students and University community since 1893
Chrpcl H'H, North Csrclina,
voting at a meeting are required to pass a
CGC speaker Dan Besse ruled,
however, that the clause meant two
thirds of the entire 20-member governing
The original CGC vote turned down
the O'Neal nomination 10-6, with three
abstentions. Bates called a recount later
in the meeting which brought a 12-5-2
The student court upheld Bates' and
O'Neal'.s.. interpretations of the
constitution, ruling that the 12-5-2 Vote
was enough to confirm the nomination,
since this was two-thirds of the members
present at the meeting.
The court cited, as a precedent, a 197 1
vote of the 55-member Student
Legislature (CGC's predecessor) which
approved a student treasurer by a 28-5
margin, well over two-thirds of those'
appropriation was used to meet previous
costs. O'Neal had guaranteed Bailey a $2,500
advance on the Tar Heel's September
appropriation in order to print today's issue.
But it was unclear Wednesday afternoon
whether the paper would have enough funds
to print Friday's profitable issue.
The DTH business staff eventually raised
nearly $6,000 from advertisers in order to
meet this past week's costs, and O'Neal
agreed to apply the $2,500 to Friday's paper.
In the future, O'Neal said, he and Bailey
will meet monthly in order to review the
paper's anticipated cash flow for the coming
month. The paper's monthly appropriation
from Student Government would then be
In the original 1969 thoroughway plan,
Rosemary Street was to be extended to meet
Franklin Street at Howell Lane, but town
citizens objected to the extension's cutting
through a ravine and stream bed in the area,
Mike Jennings, Chapel Hill Planning Board
director, explained Tuesday.
He said state engineer McPherson
brought the revised plan with him when he
came to the Planning Office in J une on other
business. "We borrowed it and copied it
though he didn't really want us to."
This revised plan called for Rosemary
Street to be extended through the Horace
Williams House, Jennings said, adding,
"That's just typical of the (transportation)
department's lack of sensitivity of local
desires and plans. He (the engineer) came in
here and said, 'The extension will just take a
house here and some old philosopher's house
over here.' " y -
McPherson, however, said the revised
thoroughfare plan calls for the Rosemary
extension to run close to the Williams House
but not through it.
"There will be a sharp degree of curve at
the house," he said. "We would infringe on
other areas before the Horace Williams
Although Jennings said the latest plan he
had seen included an extension running
through the house, McPherson said he did
not recall any previous plan that had
provided for the destruction of the house.
"In recent years," McPherson said, "the
department has become more conscious of
historical and environmental areas, and we
take care to avoid them."
Jennings said yesterday the transportation
department had apparently revised the plans
Thursday, August 28, 1975
The Orange County tax supervisor said
yesterday the tax department plans to
intensify efforts to assess and to collect
county taxes from UNC students.
. Many University Housing residents have
I escaped paying taxes in the past, since their
0 names were not listed in the tax assessment
list, Orange County Tax Supervisor William
tT. Laws said.
Tax officials obtain the names of county
1 residents through house and property deeds,
apartment lists and automobile registration
lists. Therefore, University Housing
residents who do not own automobiles may
not be listed.
"1 am not out to get students," Laws
pointed out. "I amjust trying to carry out the
law. Generally, I can't economically go after
dorm students, because their tax bills would
not justify the clerical cost of assessment. But
the law requires them to list their tax.
"Most people don't mind paying taxes
which are fair and equitable with everybody
else's. Students should remember that they
contribute to the congestion of the county,
(the amount of) garbage and they benefit
from police protection."
Laws said he requested. last April from the
Department of University Housing a list of
those students living on-campus.
Laws said he did not receive a list but did
receive a letter from University Housing
Director James Condie, indicating that
Condie felt the release of a residents' list may
involve an invasion of privacy, Laws said.
Condie told him the matter had been
referred to vice-chancellor of administration
When contacted Wednesday, Hunt said
the list still had not been sent to Laws, and
the matter had not been pursued by the
county since its original request in April.
As to the legality of the county's request
for the housing list, Hunt said he does not
believe the taxpayer has the right to conceal
information about his taxes, because of a
. state law which gives the tax supervisor the
power to subpoena information for tax
Laws said recently he will obtain the
names from the student directory to
determine who will be eligible for 1976 taxes.
But he has not decided if he will bill students
for back taxes, if he discovers their county
taxes had not been listed.
Chapel Hill tax collector Dave Roberts
said Tuesday that if University Housing
students are assessed, they will be billed for
municipal taxes as well as county taxes.
Chapel Hill and Carrboro tax officials
said they hope to have their bills in the mail
within the next few weeks, and Orange
County tax officials said they are currently
mailing their bills.
North Carolina is one of approximatley 20
states that require payment of county taxes, .
Laws said. He said the major problem in
collecting county taxes is the people's
ignorance of them.
I i ,.
Sts(f photo toy feterttM Stawm
Ths Horses YVHSiams House crestsd a dispute between town and Department of
Transportation officials, who at one time routed a Rosemary Street extension
through the house.
since June, although he had not been
informed of any new revisions.
Aside from destruction of the Horace
Williams House by the Rosemary Street
extension, the town also opposes the state's
plans to make one-way pairings of several
streets in Chapel Hill's central business
district, Jennings said.
Jennings said one-way pairing of streets
encourages high-speed express traffic
"They just somehow escape all the
advertisements and aren't aware of their
responsibility to pay," he said.
Residency for tax purposes is determined
by w here the resident lived during the greater
portion of the preceding tax year, Laws
This means that if a student lived in
Orange County on January 1, 1975, he is
required to list his 1975 taxes during the
month of January.
Failure to list taxes in January adds a 10
per cent penalty to the individual's tax bill,
Tax assessment, the determination of the
amount of taxes to be paid, is done by the
county, while the collection of municipal
taxes in Carrboro and Chapel Hill is done by
those respective towns.
The county tax officials said a student's
tax bill often averages between $2 and $25.
Personal property tax must be paid on items
such as furniture, appliances, jewelry, dogs
When a resident lists his taxes, he
generally has two ways to assess the worth of
One way is to simply accept an assessment
More women enroll
than men in 1975
by Nancy Mattox
For the first time in the 180-year history of
the University, freshwomen outnumber
freshmen by a slight margin. Projected
figures for the 1 975 fall semester estimate the
enrollment of 1,500 women, 80 more than
.their male counterparts.
Director of Admissions Richard Cashw ell
attributed the dominating figure to
coincidence. "The University faculty and
administration made a conscious decision to
review applicants on the quality of
applications, not sex, prior to the passage of
Title IX," he said. "It just so happens that
both the number and quality of applications
by females increased."
Title IX, included in the Education
Amendments of 1972, prohibits
discrimination against any person,
regardless of sex, enrolled in or working for
an educational program receiving federal
financial assistance. The provisions in Title
IX were to be implemented byJan. 1, 1975.
Had the University not made sufficient
steps toward sex equalization, Cashwell
said, the Office of Admissions would have
had to answer to the University's Title IX
committee, w hich serves to advocate the end
of sex discrimination practices in the Chapel
Hill business and academic community.
f . 4 I
through the business district, resulting in
decreased business for town merchants.
"Many towns have dried up and blown
away because of one-way pairing," he said.
"Lots of times merchants think more traffic
flowing by will mean more business, but it's
through traffic that doesn't stop."
Jennings complained that the state based
its plans on projected traffic estimates that
ignored increased use of bicycles and the bus
value of six times his monthly rent
(including dorm rent) or five per cent of his
house value. Additional tax would be due if
an automobile is owned.
Another method of listing taxes may be
necessary if the tax clerk thinks an
individual's personal property is worth
more than six times his monthly rent.
This second method involves itemizing an
individual's personal property. The tax clerk
would ask the resident for a fair market value
of each taxable item in his possession.
The county tax rate is 90.5 cents per $100
valuation, with all individuals getting a $300
exemption. 1 wenty-five and one-half cents
per $100 valuation goes to the county school
Students living in University housing
would also have to pay Chapel Hill
municipal tax at a rate of 96.5 cents per S 100
valuation. Seven and a half cents of the
municipal tax rate is used for the bus system
and the remainder goes into the town's
The Carrboro tax rate is 95 cents per S 1 00
valuation, and all of it goes into the General
Title IX committee spokesperson Susan
Ehringhaus said she was assured by the
Admissions Office that applications were no
longer separated on the basis of sex.
"Director Cashwell has done everything he
can to comply with the proposed regulations
of Title IX," she said.
While the numer of admitted women has
increased, males have shown a decrease in
enrollment over the past three years.
Between 1973 and 1974. first-year
enrollment of males dropped by 321. In the
same time period, enrollment of first-year
women increased by seven.
UNC has become more popular lately
among college applicants. Cashwell said,
because "the economic crunch has made
state-supported institutions more popular
than in years past."
Attraction to the University may also be
due to personal friendships, location of
the institution, or "because the student is
attracted by, or identifies with, some
alumnus of the college." Cashwell noted.
The majority of Chapel Hill's students
come from the Chapel Hill. Raleigh.
Durham and Greensboro areas, a pattern
that has existed in past years.
In surveys taken on educational goals,
increases are noted in the areas of law.
medicine and dentistry. Elementary
education is among those majors decreasing
in popularity among entering classes.
system, which would substantially reduce
the traffic volume.
Thoroughfare plans also provide for the
extension of Pittsboro Street across
Franklin and Rosemary streets to intersect
Airport Road at North Street.
Kappa Alpha fraternity house, located in
the little fraternity court, and Walker
Funeral Home lie in the right-of-way of the
Pittsboro extension, Jennings said.
"The University has voiced strong
opposition to this plan." Jennings said. "It
would rathergiveuppart oftheCarolina Inn
property to have Columbia Street four-lane
two-way" than to funnel high-speed traffic
through the street.
Other major items in the thoroughfare
Cameron Avenue to be extended at
both ends, east to Park Place and southwest
to Rand Road;
Franklin Street to be extended into
Carrboro's Main Street at Eighth Street;
Umstead Drive to be extended along
Tanbark Branch and the city limits to
Merritt Mill Road;
McCauley Street to be widened to five
lanes to the N.C. 54 by-pass and extended to
Merritt Mill Road;
And an outer loop to be constructed
from Greensboro Street past Chapel Hill
High School to N.C. 86 at Weaver Dairy
Road and then to U.S. 15-50 1 at old Durham
Road, finally looping around the southeast
side of town to inteisect N.C. 54 South.
See related story on Horace Williams
on page l-B.