Vol. 83, No. 57
This painting is one of 1 2 works by Clarence Mayo on exhibit in the Union North
arts from Shaw University, is the manager of the Union snack bar.
Differences observed between UNC and Canadian students
Cultures traded under Toronto Exchange
by Polly Howes
How is a bird like a slide?
Thirty-four University of Toronto
exchange students visiting Chapel Hill and
their 34 UNC hosts have learned that a bird
and a slide are the same. What UNC students
call a "slide" course is called a "bird" by the
Exchanging slang terms is just a sample of
the cultural trade which has occurred in the
past six days between Canadian and
American students under the Toronto
For 18 years the Toronto Exchange has
sponsored yearly visits from Canadian
students and organized trips to Toronto for
More than 400 UNC students applied this
fall for 34 openings in the exchange
program. The participants were selected by a
student committee made up of past Toronto
The University of Toronto students, who
arrived here Thursday night, have made
several observations about the differences
between American and Canadian students.
"The counter-culture is more evident here
than in Toronto, Jamie Kerr, a third-year
Study program for inmates begun by UNC
by Vernon Mays
Possibly the first of its kind in the state, a
"Great Decisions" study-discussion program
for inmates of the Orange County
Correctional Center near Hillsborough.was
begun recently by the University's Extension
Under the program, which started in
October, prisoners will examine U.S.
participation in the world economy,
alternatives in eliminating worldwide hunger
and governance and exploitation of the
oceans and seabeds among other topics.
"I believe this is the first time such a
program has been organized in a N.C. prison
unit," said Portia Taylor, coordinator of the
UNC community adult education office,
which is presenting the program in
conjunction with the UNC Extension
The program is part of the Orange County
Correctional Center's Econo-College, an
by Bruce Henderson
and Polly Howes
second of a two-part series
Although publication has been named as a
-major determinant in granting tenure, five
University department chairpersons
surveyed recently have said their
departments also consider scholarship,
teaching performance and service in making
Some department heads said teaching
performance is still considered more heavily
than publication. None claimed publication
requirements have no bearing on
appointment, promotion and tenure
Richard Richardson, chairperson of tfee
political science department, said
undergraduate teaching is emphasized most
in his 34-rt ember faculty when making
"This department is very, very big on
undergraduate instruction," he said. "That's
student at the University of Toronto, said.
"The whole area is for students, and this is
reflected by the people wearing things like
jeans and running shoes. In general, people
dress less formally here."
One Canadian said she thought that UNC
men "dress-up" more than Toronto males,
and men's hair styles are longer there, she
But female students in Toronto dress more
formally than girls here, she said.
"People here have more liberal social
attitudes," fourth-year student Winston
Books said. "They seem more sophisticated .
in a' social sense. They appear to me to have
more fun at parties because of a developed
. The fraternities and sororities at the
University of Toronto are much smaller and
less socially conscious than those at UNC,
Patti Bunston said.
Sally Coutts, a third-year student , said
she believes student politics are more
important and livelier at the University of
Toronto than they appear here. "Students
are on committees that are actually running
the university," she said.
Several exchange students said Toronto
students are more radical and socialistic than
Chapel Hill students.
outgrowth of the Extension Division's
Outreach to Inmates program.
Outreach coordinator John Latshaw said
Econo-College is intended "to provide low
cost educational programs that will
stimulate college-level intellectual dialogue"
among the inmates.
The 18-month Econo-College project
began in the fall of 1974 under an $87,730
federal grant provided by Title I of the
Higher Education Act of 1965.
Econo-College offers inmates educational
opportunities at the lowest possible cost
through study-release programs, college
level correspondence courses and limited on
site instruction taught at the Orange County
Two courses in introductory psychology
have been taught at the prison and a course
equivalent to English 2 will be offered soon.
Inmates receive college credit for each course
"In addition to our on-site instruction and
correspondence courses, we will present
what I'm most proud of: the teaching, even
though our national (departmental) ranking
is in research."
The political science department has won
1 1 teaching awards in the past few years.
Student course evaluation plays a crucial
part in evaluating professors for promotion
and reappointment, Richardson said.
Aside from quality teaching, publication
is a prerequisite to tenure, he said. "A person
could not be tenured in this department
without publication. On the other hand, we
are not a department that overemphasizes
publication to the neglect of teaching."
Richardson said no assistant professors
are reappointed but are either promoted to
associate professor or are not rehired. "We
feel that if he is ready for appointment, he
should be ready for promotion." The
political science department has not rehired
three instructors in the past six years, he said.
He said that while things are not as heated
as during the McCarthy "Red Scare" period
of the 1950s, "tenure is still an important
function in freeing the University from
political pressure. It still has an attendant jobl
Serving the students and the
Chgpsl HUI, North Carolina,
Staff photo by Howard Stwptwns
Gallery. Mayo, who has a B A in fine
Anti-American sentiments are expressed
by some Canadian students, exchange
students said. "Many of my friends express
anti-American feelings, but they do it just
because it's the thing to say not because it is
a deep feeling," Books said.
"A lot of people say that the identity of
Canadians is not really Canadian, but it's
anti-American," Bunston said.
"The anti-American feeling is not really
toward the American people but toward
She explained that many Canadians
resent American influence on the Canadian
"culture through mass communications. "We
have to have a specific percentage of
Canadian content on radio and television,
even though it's lower quality than American
programming," Bunston said.
One of the first things noticed by the
Canadian students was the contrast between
Chapel Hill's small, college-town
atmosphere and Toronto's cosmopolitan,
The Canadian students generally agreed
that the size of town and campus has a major
impact on the contrasting atmospheres of
UNC and the University ot Toronto.
The approximately 30,000 students
attending the Canadian university are just a
intellectual enrichment activities," Latshaw
"All we really promise inmates is a
correspondence course, but in many cases,
they have been able to participate in
something beyond that," he said.
To participate in Econo-College, inmates
must be in a minimum security institution
and have honor grade behavior status, in
addition to having a high school diploma or
Inmates are selected by an instructor for
the program on the basis of whether such
college-level work "would increase their
chances for employment or college entrance
after parole or release.
The Outreach to Inmates program was
begun more than three years ago, also under
a grant from the University, as well as several
independent foundations in North Carolina.
In the Outreach program college-level
study is provided through correspondence
courses to N.C. prisoners who are unable to
pay course costs. Currently approximately
and serves a function."
David G. Whitten, vice-chairperson of the
chemistry department, said his department
also stresses teaching and scholarship for
new professors. Although publication is
important, it is looked at critically, he said.
"I don't think you can make that kind of
statement, that publication is more
important than anything else," he said. "We
look at the quality of publication, too. We
have here people who publish a lot who are
not as heavily regarded as others."
To prevent stagnation, Whitten said no
chemistry professors are allowed to teach the
same course two years in a row. "It's a lot of
work, but it keeps people away from
stagnating," he said.
Whitten expressed doubt about the worth
'of tenure. "1 would question whether it's
really necessary," he said, "Sometimes you
have to make a tenure decision too early. I'm
not sure a professor should have a secure
position there's always a danger that
people will become dead wood.
"The main reason now for tenure is to
provide job security, not academic.
University community since 1893
Tuesday, November 11, 1975
by Bob King
A rash of approximately seven thefts
has occured over the past two months
on fourth floor of Morrison dorm,
causing the Department of University
, Housing to step up its lock replacement
"Everybody's pretty concerned," said
Morrison resident Vann Vogel, whose
roommate had a costly stereo turntable
stolen. "Everybody who's been ripped
off is pretty sure his door was locked at
Housing had planned to replace keys
small part of the almost two million people
living in Toronto, Bunston said.
"The open space around the University
and the friendliness of the people stand out
to me," Kerr said.
"People are in a hurry more in Toronto,"
third-year student Deb Labarre said.
"They're not willing to stop and chat with
you for a while."
Books said, "I've been impressed with the
amount of time people have put in for our
visit and the ease with which we've been
accepted by people here."
Highlights -of the Canadian visit included
a pic pickin and the Janice Ian concert
Friday, a square dance Saturday night,
services and a picnic at the Mt. Zion church
and a talent show Sunday.
Today the students will see a special
performance of "Isadora Duncan Sleeps
with the Russian Navy" by the Carolina
Playmakers' Repertory Theatre.
Although the Toronto students are
leaving tonight, the exchange program is not
over. As UNC exchange student Steve
Marone said, "We're already looking
forward to January when we can go up to
100 courses are available in the program and
may be taken for credit or non-credit.
An instructor, Brick Oettinger, works
with each inmate individually to plan an
Oettinger also acts unofficially to help the
inmates get work-study loans, grants and
scholarships to continue their education
after being released. In addition, he chooses
inmates to participate in the Outreach
"Our belief is that education performs a
rehabilitative function," Latshaw said,
explaining the Outreach program's effects.
In addition, a successful experience with
an Econo-College course may give an inmate
cause to reexamine his potential to perform ;
in society, said Paul Fendt, assistant director
of the Extension Division's independent
Possibly the most important goals of the
program is to give the prisoners involved
freedom," he said.
In the English department, both published
work and classroom performance are
evaluated when considering tenure decisions
department Chairperson William R.
"It's nonsense to divide tenure
requirements into unreal categories
(published work and classroom teaching),"
he said. "We expect our people to do it all.
They should be versatile.
"Publishing is normally what is done in an
English department. There doesn't have to
be any pressure to publish it's the
Harmon said published works could
include creative writings, articles about
teaching English or critical essays.
The quantity of published material is
usually less important than the quality of the
work, he said. "Some people with large
bibliographies have not been reappointed.
The 'publish or perish' idea is folklore in a
sense because you can publish and still
In the Department of Romance
e ..ai r a
and locks in all South Campus residence
halls, but key blanks, one of the tools
needed to make keys and locks, have
been scarce or unavailable in the
Southeast for months, Housing
Director James Condie said.
Asa matter of housing policy after all
thefts in which tampering is thought to
have occured, the lock and key are
replaced, Assistant Housing Director
'Sandi Ward said last week.
A number of the victimized rooms
have had their locks replaced since
September, Jay Jennings, another
fourth floor theft victim, said Monday.
Vogal said fourth floor residents have
begun to feel "a little bit helpless,"
because of the thefts. "Almost
everybody's convinced a pass key is
out," he said, since all thefts involved
rooms with locked doors.
But Ward said, "The majority of
.campus thefts take place when residents
leave their rooms unlocked.".She added
that the housing department has no
hard evidence that a master key is being
used to gain entry into the rooms.
Jennings agreed with Vogel saying,
"It's pretty obvious that he (the thief) is
either a master lock picker or has a key."
House bill may ease
possible gas shortage
by Merlon Vance
State energy officials are awaiting action
by the U.S. House of Representatives that
could cushion the impact of an anticipated
natural gas shortage this winter.
But if approved, the Congressional
legislation would also mean an increase in
natural gas prices.
Marvin Wooten, chairperson of the N.C.
Utilities Commission, said Monday he hopes
the House will approve within the next 10
days a bill that would allow 180-day
emergency purchases of natural gas. Wooten
testified before a House subcommittee last
week in support of the legislation. .
He emphasized that the proposed
legislation is only an emergency measure
designed to prevent a severe natural gas
shortage in the state this winter.
The bill, which has already been approved
by the Senate, would allow Transcontinental
Pipeline Co. (Transco), the state's only
supplier of natural gas, to buy gas not
regulated by the Federal Power Commission
(FPC) from gas-producing states.
Currently Transco buys natural gas at
prices regulated by the FPC. The maximum
regulated price is approximately 52 cents per
1,000 cubic feet of gas.
Gas not regulated by the FPC would cost
Transco approximately $1.25 to $2 per 1,000
cubic feet of gas. This price increase would
be passed on to consumers, Transco
spokesperson Howard Scranton said.
Scranton said he does not know how
much more residential and industrial
customers would ave to pay for natural gas.
The bill before the House would pass all of
the increased cost on to industrial users only,
but the Senate bill did not state whether the
Languages, teaching ability is emphasized
slightly more than writing and creative work
when professors are being considered for
tenure, department Chairperson Jacques
Still, professors are expected to publish
material. "Any professor who teaches
literature, if he is at all interested in what he
is doing, is bound to be able to find
something he can have published," he said.
"We don't require literary publications of
those professors who are more interested in
teaching," Hardres said. "Their work, for
example, can be on usage of the language lab
or linguistics. It just has to reflect what
they're interested in."
Quality is emphasized over the quantity of
published work, Hardres said.
If a professor has shown himself to be an
excellent teacher but has not not published a
great deal, he said, his teaching record is
sometimes enough to justify awarding'
To be tenured in the School of Education,
faculty members must be rated superior in
the three categories of publication, teaching, .
Items stolen in the seven break-ins
have included four pieces of stereo
equipment, a 35 mm camera and some
illicit drugs, residents said.
Director of Security Services Ted
Marvin said last Friday his department
became involved in the investigation
only after meeting with Housing
Director James Condie earlier that
Previously, the security department
had received no theft reports, Marvin
said. He would not comment on the
reported thefts or the investigation.
Most housing department officials
have also refused to comment on the
break-ins because they said publicity
will cause unnecessary alarm among
Morrison residents and might tend to
drive the thief into hiding.
Condie said last week the housing
department is doing all it can to stop the
thefts, including replacing locks and
keys when possible.
In addition, assistant residence
directors and residence assistants have
notified residents of the theft problem,
and they are starting to question visitors
on the floor, a Morrison residence
assistant said Monday.
additional costs would be absorbed by
industry, residential users or both.
Wooten said that without the legislation,
North Carolina faces a 50 to 60 per cent
cutback in natural gas this winter.
Congressional approval of the bill, along
with a proposal pending FPC approval,
would allow the state to get through the
winter with a 37 per cent shortage, Wooten
This would be about the same as the
relatively mild gas shortage last winter,
The proposal before the FPC would allow
. a greater volume of gas to be distributed to
the state, he said.
Paul Hitchcock of the State Energy
Division said textile mills in the state would
be hardest hit by a severe shortage, but that if
the bill before the House is passed, industries
"will be in a little better shape."
Hitchcock said residential users and
industries with no alternative fuel supply will
get priority in gas distribution.
Industrial customers with alternate fuel
supplies will face a cutback in their gas
supplies, Scranton said, adding that these
industries will face economic problems
because alternate fuel sources such as coal
and oil are expensive.
The severity of a natural gas shortage in
North Carolina may depend on what the
House does. "Everything is on edge right
now," Hitchcock said.
A natural gas shortage would have little ,
effect on Orange County, according to Hal
Brafford of the Public Service Co. of North
Carolina, the local gas distributor.
UNC Utilities Director Grey Culbreth
said a shortage will not effect UNC. "We
don't expect any shortage," he said, since
only a small portion of the University's
energy is supplied by natural gas.
and outside service, or be considered
outstanding in at least two areas and show
promise in the third, Dean Norton L. Beach
Tenure candidates submit self-evaluation
forms that summarize their achievements in
each of the three categories, he said.
Most weight is placed on the quantity and
quality of published work. Beach said.
"There's no question that scholarly
4 production is the most important criterion in
view of the overall mission of the University,
that is, to increase knowledge and to produce
"The University puts an emphasis on
scholarly production. And when final
decisions are made, we have to be aware of
what the University wants."
Instead of making recommendations to
Dean James R. Gaskin of the College of Arts
and Sciences, the education school reports to
the subcommittee on professional personnel.
The subcommittee consists of deans from all
professional schools except the health