Sunny and becoming clear
and coo! for the weekend.
High today wii! be in the low
to mid-60's; low around 50.
Chance of precipitation is
10 per cent.
The UNC women's tennis
team crushed archrival
Duke 7-1 Thursday to main
tain their und3?eated spring
season. Jane Preyer keyed
the Tar Heel triumph with a
straight set victory over
Duke's No. 1 player, Cindy
Johnson. Details in Mon
Serving the students and the University community since 1S93
Volume No. 83
Chzpel Hill. Horth Carolina,' Friday, April 2, 1976
Issus No. 125
! I I
' Jl -! y itfiw
HW: ;i; ,, .; j
-i t. : rnvo nro Iho tic cmor
Early Jones' throw from
center f ield cuts down this
Methodist College runner
at home plate during ac
tion against Methodist
College Thursday at
B o s h a m e r Stad i u m t
Carolina swept a
doubleheader from the j
Monarchs, winning tho ;
opener 5-2 behind the
pitching of Bob Thomson
and taking the nightcap 5
1 on Chris Home's
pitching efforts. The Tar
Heels, now 13-11 overall
and 2-0 in the Atlantic
Coast Conference, travel
to Virginia Saturday and
Maryland Sunday for two
important ACC clashes.
StaH photo by Charles Hard)
by Laura Seism
Despite an earlier decision to discontinue
the University-endorsed Blue Cross-Blue
Shield group insurance policy, married
students will still be able to subscribe to the ,
plan this fall, Student Health Service
Director James A. Taylor said Thursday.
Taylor also announced that insurance
premiums would increase for both the single
and the married student group policies
offered by Blue Cross-Blue Shield through
: The decision to continue the current
pdlicv for married students was reached after
xne siuaeni rteaitn service insurance
Committee evaluated three alternative
plans, Taylor said.
According to Taylor, these plans were
cheaper than the current plan but their
benefits were not as extensive.
"To do away with some of the benefits in
the present policy and go to a cheaper policy
with less benefits wouldn't solve any
problems," Taylor noted.
In general terms, this policy is the best
one for the majority of married students on
Taylor said that one plan considered by
the committee was $80 a year cheaper, but
that an evaluation of UNC students' in
patient claims from Feb. 1, 1975, to Jan. 31,
1976, showed that married students would
have lost money if the plan had been in
Of the 146 cases requiring hospitalization
Steff photo Iff
Robert Evans, former CBS News
Moscow correspondent, spoke
Wednesday night as part of the Carolina
The N. C. Fellows Program inducted
fourteen new members Monday, March 28.
The new members were chosen frpm the
New members include: Larry Bliss, Will
Blythe, Jenny Burns, Elizabeth Dooley,
Dorothy Drake, Cheryl Homzak, and Byron
Also "Carol Mason, Nancy Mattox, Robin
McWilliam, Deborah Merrit, Rob Rosiello,
Carl Sangree and Tom Ed White.
during that time period, 106 were for over
three days. Taylor said that daily hospital
costs would eliminate the savings of the
cheaper policy in one day.
Taylor said the insurance premiums
increase is necessary because claims for both
groups have exceeded Blue Cross-Blue
Shield's income from the policies.
The new rates for the single student policy
'will be approximately $49 semi-annually.
Rates for the parent-child policy will be
approximately $52 quarterly and the family
policy will be approximately $152 quarterly.
Income from the single student policy last
year was approximately $215,000 compared
io a total expense by Blue Cross-Blue Shield
Of proximately' $258,000. The married"
student income was approximately $ 1 8 1 ,000
while total expenses were approximately
The insurance committee voted before
spring break to cancel the University's
contract with Blue Cross-Blue Shield for the
married student insurance because the policy
was becoming prohibitively expensive.
But th& decision was reversed when the
committee learned that 76 per cent of the
married student group policyholders were
over 26 years old. Married students over 26
are not covered by a cheaper insurance
policy Blue Cross-Blue Shield offers to any
"North Carolina college student.
The committee originally thought UNC's
- married students might want the cheaper
plan, althought benefits were not as
extensive as those offered under the current
policy. However, students over 26 were
by Julie Knight
"Oil may be the single most valuable
resource (other than oxygen) we have today.
A change in the price of oil is going to go
right to the basic bottom line in our society,"
Carolina Symposium speaker Robert Evans,
former CBS News Moscow correspondent,
said Wednesday night. ,
Evans, a UNC alumnus, said President
Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
have speculated on the possibility of
intervention in the world's oil-producing
countries because of the extraordinary
increase in the price of oil.
"The price of oil Jan. 1, 1973 was $2.59 per
barrel and rose to $11.65 by Jan. 1, 1974,"
Evans said. This represents a 470 per cent
increase within one year.
"There is nothing really new about the two
facts that the earth and the world are one and
that the world is finite," Evans noted. "But, I
suggest that it took the oil boycott to
translate these theses into a chilling reality."
"In the last three years, inflation has
spread insidiously; there has been a decline
of old powers; basic economic assumptions
have been shaken, and we have begun to ask
if .we are reaching the end of an age of
plenty," Evans said.
Relating the impact of the oil price rise,
Evans noted that the nations that were going
to suffer most were the Third World nations.
"Tens of millions of people in the Third
World will starve" because of the rise of the
cost of fertilizer, a direct result of rising oil
Evans said the oil price rise has created "an
extraordinary political paradox." Although
the Third World countries are suffering the
most now, "they applaud it (the rise in price)
as an enormous act of justice," Evans said.
"In the wake of the increase in oil prices,
one of the issues was 'Can Western Europe
survive the trauma of having its energy
resources cut offT," Evans said, citing
Europe's crisis as a hindrance to American
; ! iO f v r rr f58!! f !K a7 T n n r9
, Sj$j., ift.-Js.
exempt from this plan, so the committee
voted to reconsider its decision.
Taylor said that a 26-year-old married
student would pay approximately $900 a
year for a non-group insurance policy
compared to approximately $600 for the
UNC group plan.
He said the committee hopes to investigate
the possibility of acquiring a cheaper policy
in the future.
Money still big
by Lynn Medford
Inflation may have been around long
enough to be ignored as a boring
conversation topic, but it hasn't been around
long enough to be ignored in making
financial decisions. Students are still
reluctant to spend money, as shown by their
February vote against raising the Student
Activities fee by a slight $2.50.
While the subconscious concern with
money appears to affect spending, it doesn't
seem to affect students' knowledge of where
their money paid to the University goes. For
example, many students do not know how
In the future the United States must be
concerned with three main areas according
to Evans: forming a completely new foreign
policy agenda, the effect of trans-national
communications and the erosion of the
traditional hierarchy of powers.
On the foreign policy agenda, protection
against military threats as well as the concern
for world peace will continue, but "national
security can also be threatened by events that
lie outside of traditional diplomacy," he said.
Evans noted that trans-national
communications are making it increasingly
by Nancy Mattox
Approximately 200 to 300 homosexuals
and non-homosexuals from seven states are
expected to attend the Southeastern Gay
Conference at UNC this weekend, Carolina
Gay Association (CGA) president Bill
O'Neal said Thursday.
The conference, aimed at increasing
public awareness, is the first of its kind in the
southeastern United States.
"The object of the conference." O'Neal
said, "is to get people together to educate and
to inform through a cooperative effort."
CGA, hosting the event in the Carolina
Union, hopes to gain different perspectives
on matters concerning the gay lifestyle, from
social consciousness to career and athletic
affairs, he said.
"The conference should be beneficial to
straight people especially as a great learning
experience." O'Neal said, explaining that
those- who will lead discussion groups and
deliver lectures are knowlegable in their
subjects. "We hope to open people's eyes as
to how many (gays) there are," he added.
Among those scheduled to speak is
Franklin Kameny, national gay activist, who
will deliver the keynote address at 8 p.m.
Friday in Great Hall. Kameny, who holds a
Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard, is a
member of the Washington Human Rights
icuaerns in the
Gays to lioiy c.o
by Russell Gardner
The U niversity will purchase an additional
$6,200 in bus passes next year so that late
night service can be retained on the U route,
Claiborne Jones, vice-chancellor for
business and finance, said Thursday.
"We have decided to go ahead and buy an
additional $6,200 worth of bus passes in
order to provide the two extra hours (1 1:30
p.m.-l:30 a.m.) on the U route, Jones said.
He added that although the additional
pass purchase is a risk because there is no
guaranteed market for the passes among
faculty, staff and students, the added risk is
justified because of the convenience and
safety it will prov ide students living on South
The decision to retain the late-night
service on the U route came after it was
learned that an error had occurred during
the original negotiations. Town officials had
said it would cost approximately $45,000 a
year to maintain the extra two hours of
service, but said later the annual cost is
Student Body President Billy Richardson,
who organized a Tuesday meeting between
student officials, Jones, and Town Manager
Kurt Jenne, said Thursday he was pleased
with the University's decision.
"This shows what students can do when
we sit down and work together with the
administration," Richardson said.
He added that the Chancellor's
Committee on Transportation and Parking,
active in negotiating the original bus system
two years ago will be re-established. The
problem at UNC
the fees collected from tuition are spent.
Each student pays approximately $136 a
year for nonacademic fees, as well as a $128
tuition fee and a $37 academic fee. The $136
is divided among the Student Health
Service, the Athletic Department and the
Student Union,. University Cashier Sam
Barnard explained Friday.
The Student Health Service receives the
largest proportion of the fees, $75 per
student yearly, or approximately $1,1 20,000.
The health service receives no state funds
and is almost totally subsidized by the
students, according to Dean of Student
Affairs Donald A. Boulton.
"It's sort of our own little insurance
difficult to tune out the fates facing people in
other parts of the world.
The third major concern cited by Evans,
erosion of the traditional hierarchy of
power, is caused by the increasing cost of
military force. "Military force has become
far too costly for the major superpowers to
apply. The lower states can now apply
antecedents of power with far more tenacity
Evans noted that because the world has
become more complex the United States has
less direct control overall parts of the world.
Commission, the American Civil Liberties
Union, the Board of Directors of the
National Gay Task Force and the Gay
Activists Alliance of Washington. He is best
known for his counseling services in. the
areas of homosexuality and religion,
sociology, law and psychiatry. He will chair
conference seminars on gays in the federal
government, political activism and political
Loretta Lotman, media director of the
National Gay Task Force and founder of the
Gay Media Alert Network (G-Man). wili
direct seminars and speak on gays in the
media and the arts.
Arrangements have been completed for
the appearance of Dave Kopay. former pro
football running back who is thought to be
the first football player to reveal his
homosexuality. Kopay will speak at the
press conference at 2 p.m. today.
Special seminars are scheduled
throughout the conference on lesbians in
UNC athletics; gays who are parents; gays
and venereal disease; homosexuality and the
blue collar worker, grand jury harrassment
of feminists and lesbians; and homosexuals
in physical and biological sciences, social
sciences and the humanities. ...
O'Neal added that the conference will
consider the establishment of a regional
organization for communication among
Claiborne Jones, vice-chancellor for
business and finance
committee has been inactive since the
formation of the bus system. -
Richardson said the committee will review
parking procedures and the types of
transportation available. "The bus contracts
will be renewed year after year, and it's
important that all elements are represented
in the negotiations," he said.
The agreement between the University
and the town, which has not been drafted
into a formal contract, now calls for the
University to purchase $366,200 in bus
program," he said, adding that
approximately 70 per cent of the students
used the health service last year.
For the first time in four years, health
service fees were raised last year, Boulton
said. A $15 increase, from $60 to $75, was
made to cover inflated costs.
This fee may again be increased next year
to finance the proposed health service
building, although more than $1 million is
expected to be generated by selling the old
building to N.C. Memorial Hospital, he said.
He said that, ironically, inflation has
helped keep the new building's cost down,
because more construction contractors
needing work participated in bidding for the
The second largest category receiving
student fees is the Athletic Department,
which is allocated $25 per student yearly for
a total of approximately $488,000. This sum
is less than the consolidated university's
average of $35.20, since UNC's
intercollegiate sports attract enough ticket
revenue t fund the department, Bolton said.
However, athletic fees have been raised
$10 for next year, bringing the total revenue
to a figure only slightly below the average, he
said. The fees were increased to combat
inflation and to improve women's facilities
to comply with Title IX regulations.
In contrast, Winston Salem State
University students pay $50 in athletic fees.
"Smaller schools don't have the wealth of
our students or the numbers (of students),"
North Carolina State University, with a
sports program comparable to UNC's,
charges a fee of $30, approximately the same
Another block of student fees,
approximately $394,000, is used each year to
complete payment on a $2 million bond
which financed construction of the Carolina
Union in 1968. Almost $20 per student is
required annually to pay for the bond.
The original cost of the Union was
$2,300,000, according to Wayne Jones,
assistant vice-chancellor for finance.
Boulton said student payments for the
bond have been kept low because student
enrollment has doubled since the loan was
"We really got lucky with that." he said.
"We've been able to accumulate $125,000 a
year over and above what's needed to pay for
the bond, because we now have 20,000
students, whereas when the Union was built
ftiin i -it.ii-i.-t"-4 .iMumi i. iyi.i i.uji m wm M ft
BEYOND THE BICENTENNIAL
There will be an overview discussion of the Symposium at 1 1 a. m.
in Great Hall.
Norman Cousins, editor of Saturday Review, will lecture on
"Where Do We Go From Here?" at 8 p.m. in Memorial Hall.
passes for next car. The University will pay
the town $40 for full year passes. S36 for
academic ycar(Aug. 1976-May 1977) passes.
$20 for semester passes and S7 for summer
Revenue from the parking deck, parking
tickets and the resale of passes to L'nhcrsity
rclatcd persons will be used to purchase the
passes. Revenue collected from the sale ol
parking permits wilt no longer be used to
purchase bus passes. Jones said.
The University will resell the passes to
faculty, staff and students at a reduced rate
of S36 for a full year pass. $30 for an
academic year pass. SI 7 for an academic
semester pass and S6 for a summer pass.
The University will no longer issue a bus
pass with parking permits, but passes will be
sold at half-price to anyone buying a parking
In addition to pass prices, the University
and the town have agreed on minimum
service levels for the system, including
elimination of night service on all routes
except U after 7 p.m. and terminating service
on the S route at 2 p.m. instead of 4:30 p.m.
These reductions represent the minimum
level of bus service. Additional service can be
added as revenue and ridcrship demands
allow. Jenne said.
The reductions in bus service were
necessary to offset an 1 1 percent increase in
operating costs of the system. Neither the
University nor the town is willing to absorb
the costs of maintaining the present service
Bus passes and parking permits
applications can be obtained Jrom the
we had 10,000."
He said approximately $1.5 million extra
has been collected from the increased
student body, enabling the University to
finance a planned addition to the Union.
Aside from paying off the building loan,
the Union building fcc finances Union
operating costs, including staff salaries,
furniture and building repairs and utilities.
Union Director Howard Henry said.
Approximately $266,600 was needed to
operate the building last year, Henry said.
Utilities alone cost $76,000. more than twice
the 1973 expenditure, he said. Maintenance
crew salaries absorbed $68,000, and student
employees were paid $37,000. Building
repairs cost $14,000.
In addition to subsidizing Union
maintenance and construction, student fees
support Union activities. Barnard said. An
$18 a year Student Activ ities fee is charged to
each student, $12 of which goes to Student
Government and $6 to the Student Activities
Board, he said.
Student Government receives almost
$200,000 to be legislatively appropriated to
student organizations. Barnard said.
Remaining Student Activities fees,
approximately $107,000. are spent on
Carolina Union programs such as lectures
and musical groups, he said.
Bolton said Student Activities fees go
directly to the activities board "to bypass the
politics.. .and whims of Student Government
in order to have some programs."
The $6 activities allocation has not been
changed since 1954. despite inflation. Henry
said. With the steady increase of enrolled
students, fee revenues have kept ahead of
rising costs, he explained and added that
these fees arc not increased unless a student
referendum to do so is passed by a two-thirds
But inflation has had a detrimental impact
on Carolina Union activities. "When I first
came here, everything was free and prices
were lower," Henry recalled. "But we have to
"There was a time uhen programs were
popular and we made money in Carmichael
for pure entertainment. Now we aim at
breaking even. There's not so much (big
name entertainment) available anymore -the
middlings go to Duke because the
acoustics are better and they sell more
(tickets), and the big ones go to Greensboro
76 CAROLINA SYMPOSIUM