North Carolina Newspapers

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Clear and sunny through
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Votuma No. 03
Plan passes despite opposition
from black board members
by Laura Seism
Staff Writer
The UNC Board of Governors approved a
long-range plan for academic policies and
programs at all 16 system schools Friday
despite an attempt by black board members
to delay the action until a study of the
predominantly black institutions could be
completed.
Detailed in a massive 750-page document,
the plan authorizes the development of 64
new degree programs, including five at
UNC-CH. It set enrollment limits at each
campus and recommended a system-wide
growth of approximately three per cent over
the next five years. '
Board member Julius Chambers asked for
the delay in approving the plan because he
felt the board did not attempt to develop
programs to improve predominantly black
schools.
"We have ignored a segment of the
community and the state that is interested in
what we are planning, he said.
The study of the predominantly black
schools is required by the U. S. Department
of Health, Education and Welfare's Office of
Civil Rights. It will become an official part of
the long-range plan upon its completion.
But Board Chairman William Dees said
that the study is not a necessary part of the
long-range plan. He noted that it will be used
to improve the plan, which will be reviewed
annually.
Chambers also criticized the enrollment
limits. He said adoption of the plan could
mean the elimination of programs at
minority institutions . and the possible
elimination of some of the institutions.
"By leaving'these schbols" adrift, by tiot :
establishing new programs at them, we are
setting the stage for the closing of several of
these schools and the merger of many of the
programs in those that remain, Chambers
said. , ' .
But consolidated university President
William F. Friday said his administration
does not plan to eliminate any of the
predominantly black institutions. "It has
been clearly understood by all the
chancellors that there would be no merger,
he said-
SE Gay Conference
Gays discover identity in
by Nancy Mattox
Staff Writer
Approximately 20 persons from 1 1
Southeastern states met in Chapel Hill this
weekend for the first annual Southeastern
Gay Conference, described by Carolina Gay
Association Conference Coordinator Tom
Carr as "a celebration of the gay life style,"
aimed at exploring a means of furthering the
feminist and gay movements.
One of the major themes of the
conference that of gay identity, open or
hidden, and . its
consequences in '
society was voic
ed early by the
appearance Friday
afternoon of three
of the four major
spokespersons.
Loretta Lottman,
media director of
the National Gay
Task Force and
founder of Gay
Media Alert"
Network (G
M AN); Dave
Kopay, a former
running back with
the Washington
Redskins who is
thought to be the
first professional
football player to
publicly reveal his homosexuality; and Perry
Dane Young, a former writer for the
Durham Morning Herald who is;
collaborating with Kopay on a book about
homosexuality , appeared Friday afternoon
at a press conference in the Great Hall. '
Kopay, who revealed his sexuality last.
December in an article in the Washington
Star, said he had been sexually repressed for
years and made his decision to reveal his gay
orientation in order to "help other athletes
deal with their own sexuality."
"Many athletes are trapped by the feeling)
of macho heaped on the male in the U.S.," he
said, adding, "To be homosexual and an;
athlete is unheard of. Hopefully there will be
more athletes to come out now."
Athletes in all levels of participation'
Chambers cited the case of predominantly
black Fayetteville State University where
authorization was given to a new degree
program in conjunction with another
institution. But predominantly white UNC
Wilmington was allowed to plan a degree
program on its own.
Consolidated University Vice-President
for Academic Affairs Raymond H. Dawson
said UNC-Wilmington was authorized to
plan its new degree program because that
school was at a higher state of readiness. He
noted that upon completion of the study of
predominantly black schools, the academic
programs of these institutions would be
reassessed.
Chambers said he deplored the fact that
no black university was a participating
member of the Research Triangle Institute,
despite the nearby location of N. C. Central
University in Durham.
Chambers also cited the small percentage
of professors at the predominantly black
schools with doctoral degrees. Friday said
the board recognized the problem and would
address it in future chapters of the plan.
The N. C. Alumni and Friends Coalition
also advocated delay in approval of the plan.
In a letter to Dees which was read to the
board members, the group said approval
should be delayed "in fairness to the intent of
equality,
"To act first on the long-range plan seems
t o completely negate the value of any
recommendations the study might make,"
the letter read.
But the board voted not to delay and a few
minutes later approved the plan. Voting
against approval were black board members
Chambers, Joseph Sampson, Maceo Sloan
"and E. '&&ttet:rZT?. "-". ':'TT:
Chambers also tried to have a sentence
stricken from the document which he felt
was uncomplimentary to HEW. The
sentence said in part that "the net impact of
these federally established standards and
procedures on the efficiency and educational
quality of the institutions has been negative."
Other board members said this referred to
the bureaucracy created by all the reports
HEW required and not to HEW's
integration goals. The board voted to leave
the sentence in.
appear to experience the same degrees of
discrimination and social pressure as
professionals. In a seminar on lesbians in
athletics, one woman described the difficulty
of dealing with the female-jock image that
prevails and intimidates the female athlete,
while one woman who works with the
intramural program at UNC-Greensboro
revealed that if her employees knew she was
lesbian, she would be fired.
Lot man dealt with the dual discrimination
against women who are also lesbians in any
profession. Lotman, who worked as a
!
Loretta Lotman (left) and Dave Kopay led speeches and workshops at the first
Southeastern Gay Conference held April 2-4 on the UNC campus.
videotape producer in San Antonio, said, "If
you (women) dare to be excellent, or even
competent, you are labelled. 'Lesbian' is a
word used by men to keep women in their
place."
The stigma placed on the word
"homosexual" was the topic of a seminar led
by educators. While many teachers said they
felt a need to educate their students to the
actualities of homosexuality, the teachers
are reluctant to reveal their sexual
orientation to their students. They did not
want to become the role model for fear of
cultural shock among students. A North
Carolina State University professor said he
felt a need to discuss sexuality with graduate
students going through the process of
coming out, but if the department discovered
Serving fAe students and the University community since 1893
Chepc! Hill, north Carolina, Tuesday, April 0, 1976
The Bell Tower ain't ringin' its chimes today, but the tunes will return. Contractors for
the Wilson Library addition disconnected the electrical power line to the tower while
building a man hole. Don't worry, the lines will be reconnected very soon.
Cousins concludes Carolina Symposium,
d i sc u sses arms raoar ssixnism , JL) . SS! .
by Mary Ann Rhyne
Staff Writer
"We live in a single governmental
community and unless it is converted into a
single world community, it will become a
single battlefield," Norman Cousins, editor
of the Saturday Review, said Friday in the
concluding speech of the Carolina
Symposium.
society
his homosexuality, he too would be fired.
Gay instructors and professors from
Virginia, NCSU and UNC-CH said they
attempted to demonstrate professionalism
to the students before "coming out." One
political science instructor from UNC-CH
said that in most instances, his students came
to respect his teaching ability first and his
homosexuality second in any student
teacher relationship.
In confronting the need for freedom of
expression, Lotman said that in this society
married people display their sexuality be
wearing wedding bands, but if homosexual
couples hold
hands, it is con
sidered "flaun
ting." Homosex
uals, she said, are
"claiming the same
rights as anybody
else in society, and
we have to keep
confronting socie
ty with its incon
sistencies." Franklin
Kameny, the coun
try's leading gay
activist, outlined
the future of the
gay political move
ment in the
keynote address
Friday night:
Kameny, the first
self-acknowledged
SUrfT photo by OavkJ Oalton
homosexual to run for Congress, called his
unsuccessful campaign beneficial to the gay
community because of its impact on the
governmental political structure,, on the
general populace as a consciousness-raising
effort and on the gay movement activism.
Elain Nobel, lesbain congresswoman from
Boston, and Allan Speers, gay congressman
from Minneapolis won their seats since
Kameny's campaign.
Citing the Kinsey Report which revealed
that approximately ten percent of the
populace is homosexual, Kameny urged the
gay movement to use the figures as a voting
block. "Any candidate will perk up his ears
at the sound of ten per cent of the vote,"
Kameny said. He urged electing candidates
to support pro-gay legislation including the
repeal of sodomy laws.
f tl' pr
-V SJ
i ''v'XXX
i XV :'X
. s .I, M - -i -- --- U
Staff photo by David Dalton
Speaking to a predominantly older
audience, Cousins reemphasized other
symposium speakers' dark predictions for
the future.
"Forecasting by its very nature has to be
gloomy. Bad news commands attention,"
Cousins said.
It is possible to assume the inevitability of
disaster unless a broader base is established
for world security, and in order to achieve a
secure future, men need to work for the
interest of all men instead of working in the
interest of national aims, he said.
Cousins cited a new pessimism evident in
America, the arms race and the need for
better organization in the United Nations as
factors which inhibit world peace.
Cousins said he sees a growing despair in
the United States much like the hopelessness
in Europe after World War II.
This spirit was evident in the existentialists
after the war. Their solution, according to
Cousins, was to separate themselves from
organized society, but he added, "When you
keep society out, you lock yourself in."
Cousins warned against this move away
from involvement in America. "Helpless
people are hopeless and people that are
hopeless are helpless," he said.
Because of Vietnam and Watergate,
Americans have learned that the "evidence
that a government can be morally corrupt is
more damaging to the public than the
evidence that the
financially corrupt,
government can be
Cousins said.
I wo groups
io Carrboro
by Russell Gardner
Staff Writer
Two citizen's groups have formed in
response to the April 20 Carrboro property
tax referendum, which could partially fund
an extension of bus service to the town.
Students Active for Rational
Transportation (S ART) and Allied Citizens
for a Responsive Government were
organized with different objectives. SART,
organized Thursday night, will work for
passage of the Carrboro bus referendum
while the Allied Citizens group will try to
make the public aware of the costs and
details of the proposed bus extension.
"We feel that the bus system will serve the
interests of Carrboro residents and students
in a number of ways. The system insures
adequate transportation for people now
owning automobiles, gives regular
commuters a viable travel alternative and
will reduce the probability of eventually
paying for superhighways to handle the
increasing Carrboro traffic," SART
D
i I
Howard Huqnes aie
cause still
HOUSTON (U Preclusive billionaire
Howard Hughes, 70. died Monday en route
to Houston from Acapulco, Methodist
Hospital officials announced.
"Today at 1:27 p.m. en route from
Acapulco to Houston Mr. Howard Hughes
expired," a statement from the hospital said.
"Mr. Hughes was en route to Houston to the
Methodist Hospital for medical treatment."
The hospital would release no information
other than Hughes' body remained in
Houston, his birthplace.
Hospital officials referred inquiries on the
death to West Coast representatives of the
Summa Corp., a part of Hughes' empire.
Larry Mathis, vice president of the
hospital, said the facility had received no
instructions as to disposition of the corpse,
which was under guard in the hospital's
pathology lab.
The hospital did not disclose the reason
for Hughes' need for medical treatment and
the status of the health of the recluse has
been unknown for years. Methodist,
however, is the home hospital of famed heart
surgeon Dr. Michael DeBakey.
"He (Hughes) was accompanied by two
physicians and one administrative person."
Mathis said. "According to the physicians on
board the plane, he expired at
approximately 1:27 p.m. CST while they
were in the air. We have no idea what the
cause of death was."
Sources at the hospital said the staff was
alerted shortly after 9 a. m. that an important
patient, "J.T. Conover," would be arriving
and within hours the building was being
patrolled by numerous plainclothes security
guards.
Norman Cousins, editor of Saturday
Review, delivers the concluding address
of the Carolina Symposium Friday.
He added that Vietnam has contributed to
American pessimism by revealing "the
underlying truth that no nation is any longer
able to pursue security."
The arms race presents another hindrance
to world security, Cousins said. "The U.S. is
carrying a chip on its shoulder and is less
concerned about national destiny than about
a national sovereign state."
Cousins cited figures saying that there are
now 30,000 pounds of TNT for every man.
woman and child in the world.
"The more powerful we are, the weaker we
imuiuji.i.iiiMf umpwrwii nwiMMwinnnr-1
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form in response
tax referendum
spokesman Doug Henderson said.
SART will be working closely with the
Carrboro Community Coalition, a long
standing citizen's group advocating public
transportation for Carrboro.
Paul Arne, local affairs advisor to Student
Body President Billy Richardson, will serve
as SART coordinator. Arne is currently
organizing a voter-turnout canvass to
contact the 1,000 University students who
have registered to vote on the referendum.
Arne, who sees the student population in
Carrboro as being the deciding factor in the
referendum, said, "The Carrboro bus system
will enable the UNC student to take
advantage of (lower) Carrboro rents while
not needing an automobile or a University
parking space."
Allied Citizens formed primarily to get the
facts before the public.
"We need to know what is (the bus
extension) is going to cost before we have a
referendum." Allied Citizens member
Robert Wells said Saturday.
Wells, who served as mayor of Carrboro
eaii Out
Thursday, April 8 is the f inal
day for dropping a course.
Issus No. 123
unknown
Personnel were told to give the arrival
"special handling" and a recovery room or
the third floor of the Fondrcn-Browr.
Building where DeBakey works was cleared
and sealed off.
Hospital officials have released no
additional information.
Hughes inherited millions but he built
them into billions until he became one of the
half dozen richest men in the world. Then he
retreated into such seclusion that for the last
years of his life people argued that he had
died years ago.
Hughes obsession with privacy and
secrecy in his personal life as such that only
his closest aides saw him in his last years. He
lived in heavily guarded hotel suites in Las
Vegas. London. Vancouver. Nicaragua and
the Bahamas.
In 1965 a respected business magazine
estimated Hughes' wealth at between SI
billion and SI. 4 billion, probably making
him the richest of all Americans.
During his career. Hughes once ow ned or
held controlling interest in Trans World
Airlines, the biggest brewery in Texas, the
RKO film studio and the Hughes Aircraft
Co.
In 1972 Hughes emerged from a 15-year
cocoon of silence to hold a telephone news
conference with UP1 and others to disclaim
the authenticity of an alleged autobiography
by Clifford Irving.
Hughes was born in Houston. Tex.. Dec.
24, 1905. the only child of Howard Robard
Hughes Sr. and Allenc Gano Hughes. His
mother's family belonged to the Texas social
aristocracy. His father invented a
revolutionary oil drill bit and founded
Hughes Tool Co. to manufacture the bit.
are. If we had achieved a basis for security,
we would have known it long ago." Cousins
said.
In view of this figure and the fact that the
United States has no outlet for this power.
Cousins said. "Whenever you have power at
your disposal that cannot be used, you turn
the power on yourself."
Cousins said that along with the build-up
of arms the nation has not increased its order
of control.
"At what point will we recognize that the
security of all nations depend on the control
of force not the pursuit of force'.1"
Cousins said the United Nations could
possibly become such a mechanism for
maintaining world order, but he said the
group needs to revise its constitution.
"The United Nations can only be a
reflection of the world as it is. We don't need
this."
The United Nations should remain a
starting place for world security. "We've got
to start with the U.N. because that is all we've
got," concluded Cousins.
During the question and answer period
Cousins praised former UNC President
Frank Porter Graham for his role in
establishing the United World Federalists in
1947.
Cousins said the group which began in
North Carolina has spread and become an
active lobbying force in Washington. He
added that this group is a positive step
toward world unification.
for over, four years, stressed the need for
street improvements in Carrboro before bus
service.
"It's a matter of getting the cart before the
horse. We're having a referendum without
knowing all the facts," Wells said.
Allied Citizens Chairman A.B. Poole said
Sunday the group is not working to defeat
the referendum, but rather to get cost figures
before the public.
Students interested in working with Allied
Citizens should contact Wells or Poole, and
any student interested in working with
SART should contact Arne in Suite C of the
Carolina Union.
The referendum is for an ad valorem
(property) tax of up to 10 cents per $100
property evaluation, which could raise $5200
of the operating costs of the system for one
year. The town would still have to raise
$2,500 or more for operating costs.
In addition, the town would have to raise
over $66,000 for capital costs of the system.
Currently, residents of Carrboro's 20
apartment complexes have no bus service.
    

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