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0 / 75
Sunny and coo! through
Saturday. High today in tha
high 50's to low 60's. Cooler
Friday night in the 30's.
Chance of precipitation is
10 per cent with light
Fun and games
at the carnival
by Art Eisenstadt
Herbert Hyde, Democratic candidate for
lieutenant governor, gave a sample of how he
would handle at least one responsibility of
the job Tuesday night.
Speaking before the UNC Young
Democrats Club, Hyde, a state
assemblyman from Asheville, was asked
how he would influence the General
Assembly if elected. One of the lieutenant
governor's duties it to preside over the state
senate. ; -
rWell,: !" would cajoled r wbuld jokeTi
would tell mountain stories, 1 would pray
with them if they wanted me to do that," he
replied. "I would do anything that is honest
and available to me and not against the law."
Hyde cajoled, joked, told mountain
rwo companies invade Aurora;
ocals upset over mining plans
by Laura Toler
Editor's note: This is the second story of a
two part series on phosphate mining near
Aurora. M C
Two phosphate mining companies near
Aurora mat received staie waier-use permus
Thursday say they will support Beaufort
county and its towns with jobs and tax
naumpntc Rut cVpnt!rc wnnnpr whthfr th
companies wouldn't just as soon see those
"Anrnra ic sittino rn tnn nt a rafcp rt
phosphate and probably would be more
profitable to the company if it were
bulldozed off," Chapel Hill Mayor James C.
Wallace said Tuesdav.
Wallace is a member of the state
Environment Management Commission,
Texaseulf Inc. and North Carolina
Til. rnmnnno 1'S1CVC
The Commission granted the industries
permission to jointly pump 100 million
nallnnc rf orni inHwa tr Ha il v from thp ""atl
Hayne acquifer, which, if not drawn down,
would flood the mining pits.
Scott Stidham, administrative manager of
Texasgulfs agricultural division, denied
Tuesday that the company wants to get rid of
Aurora. "We would like to see the town
survive (as a residence for employees),
because we have a prooiem witn
transportation of our employees (that are)
spread around a five-county area," Stidham
Conflict between the town and Texasgulf
has been going on for some time, Wallace
said. After the company had bought land up
to the edge of (population 670) Aurora, the
town passed a zoning ordinance establishing
a one-mile buffer zone around its limits in
which mining was prohibited.
Of the 3,800 acres in this zone, Texasgulf
owns 1,975. "We don't have any intention of
mining right up to the edge of town,"
Stidham said. "But we are just like any other
landowner, we don't like to be told what we
can and can't do with our land."
The company is buying land in town, too.
Aurora Mayor Nita Bonner said recently
that Texasgulf officials would not tell her
how much land they own m Aurora. "But I
know when so-and-so sold their lot or their
service station, and I know Texasgulf bought
it, she said.
Bonner also said Texasgulf had purchased
Even threatening skies couldn't cloud the spirits of the motley mob
that turned out last night for the APO Campus Chest Carnival at
Ehringhaus field. The tiny tot on the left Is obviously delighted with
the Hinton James balloon toss, while the Phi Mu clown has evidently
decided to hang on to hers.
stories and probably would have prayed, had
the opportunity arisen, before the audience
of approximately 40 people. State Rep. Lane
Brown, D-Stanley, who is seeking the
nomination for state treasurer, also
addressed the YDC.
Hyde said "most anybpdy can do" the few
constitutionally specified duties of the
lieutenant governor, which, besides leading
the state senate and appointing committee
chairpersons, also include serving on the
N.C. Board of Public Instruction and the
State Indian Commission.
Nevertheless, Hyde said he believes the
"lieulenant governor -Can play an important
role in helping shape legislation and acting as
a spokesperson for the state. H e said he is the
best of the eight Democrats seeking the
nomination because "I am somewhat
intelligent, reasonably honest and a loyal
rights to several area farms, saying they
(Texasgulf) would allow the farmers use of
the land through their lifetimes. Texasgulf
later called attention to an additional clause
in the contract "or until it is needed"
which would give the farmers notice to leave
their land in 12 months, she said.
Stidham said the clause was not a "fine
print" stipulation. "It was a very clear clause:
'If and when Texasgulf needs the land it will
be made available on 12 months notice,' " he
In March, 1974, Texasgulf exercised this
right in the cases of 28 contracts, which
Stidham said were lucrative for the farmers.
Stidham said he doesn't think the
company made the farmers think the land
would not be needed in their lifetimes.
"Texasgulf was not very ethical in its
dealings," a party in one of the 28 contracts,
who wished to remain unidentified, said
Tuesday. Although it was not written into
the contract, she said, her family had a verbal
agreement with the Texasgulf representative,
that this would not happen in their lifetime.
As yet, the mining operation is nowhere
near her farm. Texasgulf has traded the part
of the farm covered in the contract to other
farmers for land it is ready to mine, she said.
NCPC has taken pains to present itself as
an asset rather than an antagonist in the
area. The company financed an
environmental study of the area which
projected effects of its proposed plant, and a
six-month archaeological and historical
study of the area.
Aurora townspepple think Texasgulfs
promises of assisting the town may have
been used for selfish interests. "They haven't
promoted our town as they said they would,"
Bonner said. "We seem, to be drying up
instead of improving our quality of living."
Bonner and the Aurora town council have
endorsed the entrance of NCPC. "But that
doesn't change our one-mile buffer zone,"
"The people didn't know what they were
doing when they welcomed Texasgulf,"
Wallace said. "The Beaufort county
commissioners were jumping out the
windows, thinking the county was going to
be wealthy and rocking but they were
fooled. Extractive industries always end up
costing more than they're worth."
Wallace said the cost to the county would
come from providing social services to the
company employees and detraction of the
town's appearance by the mining operation.
But both companies put emphasis on their
proficient land reclamation programs. As
Jr I Hi U jl : ! il:
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Chepsi Hill, forth Carolina, Frldsy, April 0, 1S73
Democrat to the fault.
"1 am the only candidate who lives west of
the Haw River," he added. "My opponents
say they're eastern and conservative. Well,
I'm just western and I'm running."
Hyde said law enforcement in North
Carolina has been hampered by judges and
juries having too much discretion in setting
convictions and sentences, and by ambiguity
surrounding the state's criminal laws.
"I've tried to persuade people that we've
been hypocritical with respect to criminal
justice," Hyde said. "Until the day comes
that we admit we're trying to go two ways at
onceboth' beingr-more' harsh - and-more
"lenient your crime will increase." "
Hyde advocated that whatever laws the
state adopts, they should be enforced
regularly and uniformly. He said he thought
prison sentences should be shorter and
Texasgulf digs a pit, it puts the displaced
material into the strip previously mined;
NCPC plans to refill strips almost
immediately after mining.
Texasgulf owns about 6,000 acres in
Beaufort County. NCPC owns or controls
35,000, of which it will only use 5,000 in its
first 20 years of mining, Rusty Walker of
NCPCs Washington, N.C. office said.
Cartoonists like Nixon's nose,
by Vernon Loeb
Richard Nixon was the mimic's delight
thrusting his arms high above his head,
hunching his back, flashing the "V" for
victory, impulsively wringing his hands and
shaking his head, flopping his cheeks.
And then there was the voice, heard on
night club stages and late night TV shows
throughout the nation: "I am the President."
M imicking him after his traumatic ousting
from the White House, however, was like
kicking a dead horse. Comedians lost half of
their acts, and got little replacement when
Gerry Ford took control.
But Gerry, as the man with family
problems, as the ex-football hero who still
swims, skis falls down, as the bumbler who
trips down airplane ramps and urges
continuing good diplomatic relations with
Israel at a banquet for Anwar Sadat, has
not created a void for the leading political
Pulitzer Prize winner Jeff MacNelly,
whose Richmond News-Leader cartoons are
4 s V
by Uura Seism
Reynolds Metals Company is not
sponsoring a drive to help kidney patients
pay for time on a dialysis machine, a
company spokesman said, and the campus
drive to collect aluminum can pull tabs for
that purpose is a hoax.
Several groups on campus, including the
UNC Recreation Club, the Panhellcnic
Council and the nursing students have been
collecting aluminum pull tabs under the
impression that the company would pay the
cost of one minute on a dialysis machine for
each top turned in.
"If s just a rumor," said Richard Hainline,
public relations manager for metal recycling
at the main Reynolds plant in Richmond,
Va. "We have no such program. I can't
imagine how the rumor got started," he said.
"We even had one (a rumor about the
program) in an employee communication
here," he said.
recommended abolishing the death penalty
and the paroles board. "We must add justice
and mercy to law and order." He said he
thought most victimless crimes should be
He also said the state should be willing to
spend enough money "to insure there is
equal educational opportunity for every
child in the state. This has been state law for
108 years, but it is not reality today." He
added he would like to see the General
Assembly interfere less with the State Board
of Public Instruction and urged popular
election of board members and appointment
of the statfrsuperintendentrCurrently-4he
opposite is trUe." ; ; . . . r
In an interview after his speech, Hyde said
he expects the Equal Right Amendment to
return before the legislature in 1977. Hyde
introduced the amendment before, the
assembly in 1973 and 1975, only to see it fail
both times. He said he could not predict the
controversial amendment's chances of
He also predicted there would have to be a
runoff for the Democratic nomination, and
that he would be one of the candidates in the
runoffAlthough he would not say whom he
thought his probable opponent would be
"All of them are people that have some
following" he noted that N.C. House
Speaker Jimmy Green, D-Bladen, Wake
County Commissioner Waverly Akins and
former Chapel Hill Mayor Howard N. Lee
all have strong organizations, particularly in
the eastern half of the state.
"I think I'll carry the mountains. I'm going
to have to campaign hard in the Piedmont
that crescent from Wake to Gaston counties.
That's where the votes are," he said.
syndicated nationwide, said Tuesday that
Gerry Ford now surpasses Nixon in
"I did so many of Nixon that it was really
getting boring. It was so damn distorted, it.
wasn't really a face anymore," MacNelly.
who began his career with the Daily Tar
"Ford's basically a good looking guy and
you never thought you'd get a decent cartoon
out of him. But as soon as his face got to be
more and more recognizable, then you could
do more and more with it."
Cartoonists are unanimous on the fact
that Ford is a good cartoon character.
Whether he is better than Nixon, however, is
a matter of dispute. Pat Oliphant, syndicated
cartoonist of the Washington Star, Dwayne
Powell of the Raleigh News and Observer
and John Branch of the DTH side against
MacNelly and agree Nixon was the classic.
"Ford doesn't have anything as prominent
as the Nixon nose," said Branch, whose
1975-76 yearbook of cartoons featuring
Ford and Nixon has just been published.
"That's partly why Ford's a good cartoon
character," Powell said, "he's so damn
The rumor has spread all over the country,
Hainline said, noting that groups from as far
away as Massachusetts and Oregon have
called about the alleged program.
Executive Director of the N.C. Kidney
Foundation Charles Lee said rumors about
programs like the one Reynolds Metals was
supposedly supporting are frequent.
"It happens all the time," he said.
"Sometimes it's pop tops, sometimes
cigarette packs or Betty Crocker coupons."
"Unfortunately, it is a rumor that has
gotten started; from what sources, we don't
know," he said.
The Recreation Club learned about the
alleged program when a Virginia
Commonwealth University (VCU) professor
spoke to the club. He said that students at
VCU were collecting the pull tabs and asked
the UNC club to join the drive.
Reports that a senior citizens center in
Everett, Wash., was collecting the tabs and
obtaining the money for the dialysis
treatment proved false. The center collects
the tabs, but gets only 1 5 cents a pound for
The Panhellenic Council heard about the
pull tab collection from a sorority member
who was informed about the program by a
Kansas University student. However a
Kansas University Medical Center
spokesman said there was no such program
at the center.
Harris leaves race
WASHINGTON (UPI)-Democrat Fred
Harris today announced he is dropping out
of the remaining presidential primaries,
citing as his main reason a lack of money
"made worse by the delay in reconstituting
"rrrPstTl! a candidate for "Pre'sioleni"
Harris told a combination press conference
and rally. "But our national effort in the
, primaries ends today.
"Neither I nor my campaign have come to
the attention of enough people," he said.
"There are probably several reasons for this,
the most important of which was lack of
money, made worse by the delay in
reconstituting the Federal Election
Harris was the sixth Democrat to drop out
of the race, following Terry Sanford. Lloyd
Bentsen, Birch Bayh, Milton Shapp and
At a combination press conference, noon
cocktail rally and political wake, Harris said
he is still a candidate.
"I intend to be nominated," he said
without much conviction. "In the meantime
I'll be interested and active on the platform
itself and. if 1 am not the nominee I would
hope to have some share in that ultimate
Oliphant says he tees off on the big Ford
chin and the slicked back hair. "Mr. Average
sort of face. He's not all that hard to
caricature. He's got that big jaw it's a big
German face, is what it is."
"To me," Powell said, "he has sort of a
simian look. The heavy brow and the mobile
upper !? he has a large upper lip and the
chin are the things I usually exaggerate on
Branch? "I think he's got sort of beady
eyes and his mouth is kind of strange, kind of
wide, and the upper lip is the thing most
MacNelly, like Oliphant, sees Ford and
"Mr. Normal America." He said he
accentuates "his hair line, his upper lip, I
guess. It's hard to describe over the phone."
Indeed, interviews were difficult over the
nhone with these cartoon artists. In fact,
getting them to talk was, like pulling teeth.
Asking them to describe their characters
was. in a sense, like asking David Thompson
how to "sky," or Beethoven how to play by
Donald Bogsf, movis critic
and author of Tom's
Coons, Mulzttc::, Mzm
miss and Bucks will speak
on "An Interpretive History
of Blacks in American
Films" at 8 p. m. in Memorial
Issus flo. 123
"If there is. it has never been revealed to
us," Henrietta Newton, unit clerk in the
dialysis division, said.
Medicare or the patient's insurance pays
for the treatment, she said.
An eight-hour session on the dialysis
machine at N.C. Memorial Hospital
(NCMH) costs SI50. Most people who
receive dialysis treatment at NCMH are
awaiting kidney transplants and require two
to three treatments a week.
Hainline suggested that groups wishing to
help kidney patients collect both cans and
pull tabs, take them to a recycling plant and
donate the money the recycling center pays
for aluminum to a kidney foundation.
Reynolds Aluminum Recycling pays 15
cents per pound for aluminum pop tops and
cans and 10 cents per pound for scrap
aluminum. A Reynolds Aluminum
Recycling truck comes to Chapel Hill Every
other Friday. The truck will be at University
Mall April 17 from 10 a.m. to I p.m.
Recreation administration professor
Doug Sessoms, an organier of the
Recreation Club's drive, noted, "The beauty
of all this is the way people still do respond to
something that will help other people.
"We always put people down for their lack
of concern, but this is certainly indicative
that this isn't always the case." he said.
The former senator from Oklahoma and
one-time chairman of the Democratic
National Committee said it would be unfair
to ask his supporters to expend their efforts
in "primary campaigns which have no
serious prospects of success."
delegates and hopes to campaign in "selected
areas" where he retains support, particularly
Iowa. Texas and Connecticut.
Somebody asked how he could get more
attention for his candidacy and Harrisjoked
to the crowd of about nearly 200 reporters
and supporters, "I'll have a few more
withdrawals. I've been thinking about seven
or eight of these around the country."
His self-deprecating wit. in full flourish
Thursday, was exemplified by his
explanation of his loss in the New
Hampshire primary: "I guess our 'little
people' couldn't reach the levers. Our new
slogan is a stool in every voting machine."
He opened his press conference Thursday
saying his wife "LaDonna's campaign for
first lady will not slacken. It is less clear who
she might serve with."
Later he explained that in the early
primaries and caucuses. "We didn't run well
enough to win. We ran just well enough not
to call it defeat. We didn't know what to call
it so we decided to call it quits."
The short, choppy answers of the men who
daily turn tragedy to comedy on otherwise
somber editorial pages, attest to theirartistic
instinct they can't talk about it they just
They also agree that Ford's varying role as
the bumbler. ex-jock and family man are
often used in their cartoons.
Branch, for example, has drawn Gerryi
and his son Jack smoking pot off in some
secluded corner so "blabbermouth" Betty
wouldn't tell the press. He has. before the
recent state primary, sketched Ford and
Reagan, with wrinkles and pot bellies, in
track suits standing on an Olympic winners
Only MacNelly has spared the Ford
family from going down with the President.
"I started out doing a few family type things,
'cause he seemed like Mr. Normal America,
but I don't like to do that.
"I sort of leave his family out of things. I
dont think I've ever done one of Mrs.
Ford it's not her fault that he's in the White
& v w m