by Russell Gardner
Downtown Chapel Hill has comfortable
benches. They're not the flimsy type that tip
over. No, Chapel Hill's benches are firmly
bolted to the Franklin Street sidewalks.
Sturdy and weathered and comfortable.
The benches remain because no. one has
found an efficient replacement. They're ideal
for just plain sitting, and folks still love to
just plain sit.
They also contribute in a small way to the
aura of downtown Chapel Hill.
So does the Painted Bird, a small shop
located in Amber Alley, specializing in
imported fabrics and jewelry; Jeffs Campus
Confectionary, where cherry cokes are
served up from the soda fountain; and the
flower ladies, who sit making bouquets in
You can have M & Ms smushed into your
homemade ice cream at Bob's, try out the
souvlaki at Hector's or spend an afternoon
just browsing through the Intimate
Chapel Hill, Alaska
The high (?) today will
be about 25 with a 20
per cent chance of
precipitation. The low
last night was about 0.
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 77
The severe natural gas shortage has
plagued North Carolina in recent weeks has
had little affect on Chapel Hill area
residents, according to Hal B. Brafford,
manager of the Chapel Hill branch of Public
Service Co. of North Carolina.
"The natural gas shortage has not affected
us locally. The only customers that are
threatened are industrial customers,"
Residential supplies will not be cut back
except under conditions of extreme
emergency, according to Brafford: He
explained that extreme emergency
conditions would arise only if
"Transcontinental Gas and Pipeline Co.
(TRANSCO) would not be able to supply
Public Service Co. with its daily allotment of
natural gas. Presently, the Chapel Hill
branch of Public Service Co. is reeiving 60
per cent 'of its daily allotment.
Brafford said area residents who use
natural gas are being asked to conserve by
lowering the thermostats in their homes and
cutting back on their use of hot water and
A decision was made Monday by the
Houston Pipe Line Co. to begin delivering
85 million cubic feet of natural gas a day to
' Charlene Havnaer,
Carter doesn't contest
WASHINGTON (UPI) Theodore
Sorensen, denouncing attacks on him as
"totally false" and "absurd," Monday
withdrew as Jimmy Carter's nominee to
head the CIA.
Opposition had been mounting to
Sorensen, and it grew substantially stronger
within recent days following allegations he
misused classified material while serving as a
key aide to President John Kennedy.
Sorensen, at the opening of his
confirmation hearing before the Senate
intelligence committee, read a 10-page
defense of his record before making his
"I have never compromised my
conscience, and I am unwilling to do so now
in order to assure my nomination," Sorensen
said after completing his prepared
"It is now clear that a substantial portion
by Karen Millers
Junior Gary Mason opened his campaign
for the office of Student Body President
Monday, calling for students to unify behind
"I hope to awaken and unite the student
body. Once we are united, all problems will
solve themselves automatically, as if by
magics said the history and political science
major from Rocky Mount. "I do not profess
to know all the answers, but I do know that
this is a great school and a great student
body. Together we can right all wrongs."
Mason claimed that his campaign does
not contain the usual rhetoric, since he
intends to carry out his promises.
"The essence of , my campaign finds
expression in the slogan, 'Pride In Self! Pride
In Work! Pride In Community!" he said.
Mason professed to be the only candidate
who can honestly say he cares about the
individual student. He said the apathy,
disillusionment and dissatisfaction of the
students with Student Government (SG) is
evidence of this.
Each contributes to Franklin Street's
image as somewhat set apart from other
North Carolina business districts.
"It's such a quaint little street," says a
shopper who drove in from Burlington. "I'll
find things in these little stores that they just
don't sell at most daces anymore. I've been
shopping here for years."
Despite comments from newcomers about
the uniqueness of downtown Chapel Hill,
there are some not-so-unique problems
facing the Franklin Street area.
Joe Augustine, executive director of the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro merchants
association, says changes are in order and
"When downtown Durham began to lose
its livelihood several years ago, people in
Raleigh said, That can't happen to us.
"Well, it did happen to them and now
Raleigh's spending $250 million dollars to
bring their downtown back to life. I'm not
saying Chapel Hill's problems are that
.Ov Y Y. Y "'Y' ;YY . iY v-XvC"1 A
$ J Y s YY
'.'YvNv "-." ...... . V
!y, 1 Ytx
Jk' v.V.Vi' ..,,nW. v.'.w.V. .-...-.......-..- -
Cold duck anyone? Despite frigid weather these ducks enjoy
an afternoon of fashioning figure eights near Ffintridge
Apartments. Record breaking cold weather has struck North
of the United States Senate and the
intelligence community is not yet ready to
accept as director of central intelligence an
outsider who believes as I believe," he said,
adding that a continued fight for the post
would "handicap" the administration.
Sorensen said he made his final decision
two minutes before the scheduled start of the
by Toni Gilbert
Promising a Daily Tar Heel "for every
student, every day," Mike York announced
his candidacy for editor Monday.
York, a second-year law student, has
worked on the news staffs of several area
"My opponents are integral parts of the
present moribund government. They have
all succumbed to the disease that infects
most Student Government leaders, and that
is institutional thinking," he said.
Mason has not been directly involved in
any fact of SG in the past two and one-half
years, but he described himself as a "critical
observer" of it.
Another difference Mason sees in his
campaign is his willingness to take a stronger
stand on the issues. Five major premises
highlight his platform:
Student exemption from county and
municipal taxation (including students who
are residents of Orange County).
Free and unlimited use of the city bus
system by students.
Stabilization of dorm room rent at the
Tuition exemption for all student who
are North Carolina residents and a 50 per
cent tuition reduction for nonresidents.
Operating the Student Stores on an at
cost, nonprofit basis.
Mason sees these ideas as very practical
goals. He plans to apply pressure to Chapel
'Quaint' business district facing not-so-unique problems
serious, but we aren't without our
Augustine says the most pressing
problems in the central business district
(CBD) involve accessibility and parking.
"Accessibility to downtown is crucial.
From campus, it's relatively easy. You just
walk downtown. But for people using cars to
come in and go out, it's a real problem.
"There's also the problem of what to do
with these cars once they get to the CBD. We
have a couple of municipal-owned off-street
lots, but what we really need are parking
decks. We lost about 200 parking spaces
when we switched from diagonal to parallel
parking several years ago. We need those
spaces back, and more."
Augustine says several solutions have
been proposed to alleviate some of the
parking and accessibility problems,
including improving streets and building
Revenue producing bonds, which are self-
VI I I I II
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, January 18, 1977, Chapal Hill, North Carolina
nwiimnnnrniinriYn i innr nirn'Trm n -"trn Tiinr n'm Tgrmn n 7i n rniT'iirrni'i'ii'i'r 'n -T --"i
and dorms, fears of
1 - vY
V v v Y
name for CIA position
hearing and telephoned Carter in Plains,
Ga., to tell him. He said the president-elect
did not try to change his mind.
Sen. George S. McGovern, D-S.D., who is
not a member of the committee but was
allowed to speak, said he was "deeply
distressed at what has happened.
"I deeply resent the scurrilous attacks it
to run for DTH editor
newspapers, is a former copy editor for the
Daily Tar Hell and is a member of the Media
He said he sees the central issues of his
campaign as the overall credibility of the
newspaper and its financial stability.
"Any newspaper's No. 1 asset is its
&'kS :' V
Hill city officials to gain tax exemption and
Please turn to page 3
pY . v--', y;4V'
liquidating and would not cost the taxpayers
money, could be used to finance street
improvements and build parking decks,
"If these things aren't done soon, we're
going to reduce the vitality of the entire
community. That's what happened in
Durham. Their two biggest problems
involved accessibility and parking. They
finally realized it, but too little was done too
Both Augustine and Chapel Hill Mayor
James Wallace say Chapel Hill needs more
private residences adjacent to downtown.
Wallace has proposed construction of
more high-rise apartments and townhouses
along streets adjacent to the downtown area.
"Such construction would keep the tax
base, Augustine says. "But there would be
practical advantages. People wouldn't need
transportation. They could walk downtown
to shop and eat in restaurants.
Augustine said high-rise residences could
YSfY ,t:-Y Y"Y
k ; A-y Y.
in cracked heating pipes in classrooms
a natural gas shortage, and frozen coeds.
is a disgrace to decency and justice. I had
hoped he would be confirmed, but the ghost
of Joe McCarthy still stalks the land,"
Sorensen said he would not change his
mind about the withdrawal. As to a
successor, he said, "They could do worse and
credibility. The Tar Heel over the past few
years as perceived among students has
widely fluctuated because of its precarious
financial stability," Yprk said.
York said he plans to put pressure on the
UNC administration, faculty and staff to
purchase subscriptions to the Daily Tar
Heel. He said that while he realized this has
been done before with some degree of
success, he would try to exert more pressure.
In addition to the revenue from
subscriptions, he said he would work toward
financing the paper with a set percentage of
student fees The Daily Tar Heel is presently
funded by allocations from the Campus
Governing Council and the Student
Activities Fund Office.
He said that increased revenue from these
sources as well as a beefed-up ad staff with
more students working on it would allow for
the possibility of consistently publishing a
In addition to financial stability, York
also seeks to increase the paper's credibility
by broadening its news and editorial content.
York said he plans to broaden the scope of
news coverage by using stringers and
correspondents throughout the campus. He
also plans to run more formalized
announcements of the Daily Tar Heel's open,
editorial policy by which students and
professors, as well as any staff member, can
submit news and sports stories, features and
"I want to get away from the idea that the
editor, the paper, has to generate (editorial
and news) ideas every day in itself. There's a
lot of stories the. Tar Heel misses. I hope to
have contacts and contributors from all
around the University," he explained.
He said he would also like to install a
consumer-advice column in the newspaper,
Y. YYYA YYS
be built along such streets as Kenan,
McCauley and Columbia, where older one
story dwellings now stand.
"Given the tax base' these small dwellings
have to support, they, can't easily be
maintained indefinitely. But if high-rise
dwellings were built along these streets,
you'd increase the number of people located
in a square footage area, Augustine said.
Besides problems associated with
accessibility and parking, downtown Chapel
Hill also faces problems because of its
"Everybody wants to be on Franklin
Street in Chapel Hill. Our problem isn't a
shortage of tenants quite the contrary. We
turn down many requests to locate here.
i There just isn't enough space available. The
real problem, frankly, is the exorbitant price
of downtown buildings. Real estate becomes
so expensive that it prevents the type of
businesses we desire for the area from
locating here," Augustine said.
to North Campus
by Mary Gardner
Students all through North Campus residence halls were beset with chattering
teeth and chilled limbs Monday night while waiting for dormitory heating systems
to be fixed.
Physical Plant officials predicted that heat would be on by early this morning,
although it could take a few hours longer.
At about 6 a.m. Monday, the hot water line in the basement of Saunders Hall
broke, said Assisstant Director for Operations, Russell Perry. The break in the line
was discovered at 7: 1 5 a.m., and Power Plant employees worked on the problem all
There are two types of heating systems on campus hot water and steam
and only dorms using the hot water systems were affected. Old East, Old West,
Carr, Upper Quad, Lower Quad, Spencer, the Triad and Alexander were without
heat all day Monday, Perry said.
In order to fix the heating system, three
sections of pipe had to be welded together,
50,000 gallons of water had to be heated, and
the radiator in each dorm' room had to be
bled to get rid of the air in the pipes, Perry
said. Maintenance employees entered each
room without heat on campus to bleed the
radiators after 9 last night. "We'll keep
working until 2 a.m. if we have, to, Benjamin
Wray of the Power Plant said.
Carr residence hall was que of the dorms
without heat. The heat had been off since
about noon, according to" resident assistant
Gary Johnson. "It's getting colder and colder
here. We've all decided to huddle around the
stove all night if we have to."
Physical Plant officials were not available
for comment about why the heat line broke.
N one of the S outh Campus residence halls
was affected by the break in the line, but
Ehringhaus suffered some lack of heat
Monday afternoon, Assistant Resident
Director Charlie Bell said."A radiator burst
in one of the suites on the ground floor,
according to Bell, and the others had to be
turned off in order to let the radiator drain
V Y i
similar to the "Elephants and Butterflies"
column, which ran several years ago and
offered human sexuality counseling.
"I'm not talking about changing the
complexion of the paper," he added. "It just
needs connections throughout the
Discussing a relatively new concept, York
said he wants to hire an independent
ombudsman for the paper who would be
responsible for handling student complaints,
story ideas and corrections.
Although he said he realizes that the Daily
Tar Heel is primarily a campus-oriented
newspaper, York said he would run
important national news stories on the front
page but would allocate most national news
to a news briefs column to include more
national and international news without
taking away valuable space for campus
,ffT' Y-JY- 'm v V';
; s ' ; - v
"A square footage of space on Franklin
Street sells for more than it does on Biscayne
Boulevard in Miami Beach. That's due to the
desirability of the district and our relatively
restricted commercial zone. All of a sudden
we have the people who need, want, and are
willing to make sacrifices to locate on
Who can afford to locate on Franklin
"Usually, they're the people out to make a
fast buck. Entertainment places, beer bars,
and fast-food establishments who are able to
generate more traffic and pay their rents,
which average $6.50 to $10 per square foot
per month. There's nothing particularly
Wrong with bars and restaurants, but they're
transient. If their business isn't extremely
good, they have to shut down. We need more
stable, distinctive-type stores that will
contribute to the downtown area ' and
enhance our image."
Please turn to page 3
Duke Med School has a
therapy center that
fingers. See story on
Please call us: 933-0245
by Mark Lazenby
Record-shattering cold weather swept
across North Carolina Monday, as the most
severe winter on record continued to grip the
The frigid blast yesterday sent Chapel H ill
temperatures to one below zero, and, with nc
relief in sight, officials at the state weather
bureau in Raleigh were predicting the
coldest January in North Carolina history.
On the heels of record-setting November
cold and similar weather in December,
North Carolinians began to feel the effects of
prolonged cold. Electrical power reductions,
natural gas shortages and heating failures in
UNC dormitories have all occurred recently.
"This is certainly the most severe weather
we've had in North Carolina since records
have been kept," said UNC meterologist
Peter J. Robinson.
Robinson said that this winter is unique
but not necessarily because of low
temperatures. "The type of weather we've
been having over the past few months is not
unusual in itself. The length of time these
temperatures have persisted is unusual."
He said the cold weather is likely to persist
throughout the winter, since it seems to have
firmly established itself. But Robinson
added that long-range speculation about
weather behavior is shaky at best. "We can
only speculate on what will go on after a
week," Robinson said. "After that our
confidence in predicting long-range weather
Robinson sees two major teasons that the
state is suffering from its current cold spell.
In a normal winter cold air from the
northwest is usually countered by warmer air
coming out of the southwest from the Pacific
Ocean and from warm air rising out of the
Gulf of Mexico.
However, this year the southwestern and
Gulf air masses have not occurred in large
amounts and the cold northwestern air is
The air flow from the northwest has been
rapid and this ensures that the cold air has
been brought to North Carolina," Robinson
The second reason for the extreme
temperatures is the occurrence of unusually
clear conditions this winter. "We've had very
clear conditions which allow very cold
conditions at night. The clearer the night, the
The connection between the two
encouraged colder conditions, he added.
No snow had occurred because a clash of
warm and cold air is necessary to create
storm conditions, and these warm airs
simply are not here. It's too cold to snow,"