Hill freezes over
The forecast for Miami
is clear and 70. But,
here it will be clear and
25; the low last night
dipped to 10.
A recent New York
party featured some
quite unusual guests.
To find out what they
did, turn to page 6.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, January 19, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 78
Please call us: 933-0245
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by Mary Gardner
Togetherness, excapes to warm
apartments, gloves, long underwear,
and delight in the situation
characterized the adaptable behavior
displayed by cold dorm residents
Monday night during the heat
Some of the residence hall staffs
refused to fall to the whims of the
radiator. Spencer residence hall held a
surprise study break, with hot
chocolate, Russian tea, and cookies.
Graham residents simply bundled up
and went to bed. "No problem, we all
slept in our insulated underwear,
Wayne Cannon, a Graham resident,
Then there are always those people
who can weasle out of any problem.
Alderman resident assistant Sally
Russell sneaked out to stay with a
friend. "I went to a friend's apartment,
because I have a cold. So I guess I'm a
itraitor," she said.
Another traitor was Mclver RA Jan
Moorman, who had an electric heater in
her room. "People are freezing here, but
I have an electric heater in my room,"
she said. "This room never had any heat
anyway. We're actually having a ball
huddling in the hall."
Some North Campus residents rose
gallantly to meet the situation. Stacy
RA Nip Silver admitted to hearing some
Law school's pressures seem more than just imaginary
by Lyn Debnam
Staff Writer ,
Editor's note: All student names in the
following article are fictitious.
From the moment the decision is made to
go to law school, to the point when the
newspaper pu blishes the names of those who
pass the State Bar Exam, the pressure is on.
The pressure to excel in undergraduate
school, score highly on the LSATs, get
admitted to an accredited school, make Law
Review, secure a good job, and finally,
complete the ultimate hurdle, pass the State
Miller sees interaction
as key of student life
by Karen Millers
Junior Mark Miller joined the race for
Student Body President Tuesday with a
focus on interaction as the key of student life.
He emphasized the importance of
interaction among students and interaction
between students and administrators.
Miller is a chemistry major from
Fayetteville, who served as Communications
Director for Student Government (SG) last
"My programs have been researched, and
they are very attainable," Miller said, adding
that this makes him unique as a candidate.
One such program he proposes is to set up
academic student associations in
departments which would serve as liaisons
between students and faculty and as a source
of interaction between students of similar
Such organizations already exist in several
departments. They provide counseling,
encourage social gatherings, and offer
students opportunities to work on special
projects related to their disciplines.
Miller plans to form an academic senate
from these associations to work directly with
the Faculty Council. He said he has talked
with administrators and students who feel
the idea is workable.
Miller's platform also presents a plan to
channel the $12,000 grossed annually from
dorm and campus snackbar pinball
machines back to the dorms. Those funds
now go to the Student Stores.
"Most people don't realize how much
money goes through a pinball machine in a
day," he said. He maintains that the Student
Stores could absorb the loss, especially if
more machines are installed to generate
Other programs Miller proposes include
research into the honor system for alternate
methods of enforcement, such as some use of
proctoring; expansion and implementation
of the recycling program, with the profits
being channeled to dorms and Greek houses;
periodic publication of a report of SG
activities and opportunities for involvement
in campus organizations, to be delivered to
dorm rooms and distribution points off
campus; a conference for graduate students
to help them locate job opportunities, and
further expansion of intramurals for off
"These aren't easy programs," Mller
gripes around the dorm. "But really
everybody likes a catastrophe now and
then," he said. "I thought it was kind of
Alexander President Richard
Liebman agreed with Silver. "I thought
not having any heat was great. I'm really
disappointed that the heat is backon
today." Of the three dorms that make up
Henderson Residence Hall, Alexander
was the only onewithout heat. " We
knew we were better than them anyway.
We hope it happens again."
Heat was back on in most buildings
by early Tuesday morning, according to
Fiscal Officer A. J. Altemueller. "We
had people working until four this
morning and then coming back at 8. But
I believe that most of the buildings have
their heat back now."
The chances of a heat breakdown
occurring again in the near future is very
unlikely, according to Assistant Power
Plant Engineer Ray DuBose. "This is
the first time that this had happened on
this system. The system was installed in
the 1920s and has been used a lot,
stressed a lot in this cold weather, and
the heavy load we had on it caused it to
"All of our problems like this are
always at the most inopportune time,"
Assistant Director for Operations
Russell Perry said. "Since there's no
alternative type of heat, you just have to
wait for it to be fixed."
It's a three-year struggle, and one that
could end in failure anywhere along the way.
And failure is an unacceptable concept in the
law school game. Competition and pressure
are inherent and never ceasing almost a
way of life. Although many won't admit it,
it's undeniably present. Someone makes up
the quota of the 1 0 -to 12 per cent D's and Ps
in most law school courses, and someone's
name is included in the approximate annual
20 to 30 per cent failing the North Carolina
Standards for admission have
skyrocketed since 1967, when a nationwide
admitted, "but with constant work, they're
He acknowledged the need for a fee
increase, noting that the last increase was in
"If there was a student fee increase, I
would probably favor the one coming up in
the referendum," he said. It calls for a $1.25
increase per student per semester.
Miller claimed he is not running for the
office for personal gain, but to accomplish
goals for others. He said working in SG has
been an asset to him in gaining a basic
knowledge of it.
Tenure: tough to get, hut once you
by Tony Gunri
(Editor's note: This is the first story, in a
three-part series examining tenure at UNC.
The first story deals with tenure regulations.
The second will deal with tenure's
relationship with academic freedom, and the
third will look at several faculty members
who were not granted tenure.)
On April 9, 1976, the UNC Board of
Trustees met and passed the present set of
policies and regulations governing academic
tenure at UNC. At that meeting, Board
Chairperson Walter Davis said he was
"adamantly against tenure" because he felt
that professors should have to answer to
According to the regulations, tenure refers
to the protection of a faculty mem bet against
involuntary suspension or discharge from,
or termination of employment except upon
specified grounds and in accordance with
Those specified grounds, the policy
continues, are "misconduct of such a nature
as to indicate that the faculty member is unfit
to continue as a member of the faculty,
incompetence, and neglect of duty."
Davis suggested that department heads be
required to evaluate faculty members
annually and insure the chancellor that every
professor in the department measures up to
Trustee Thomas Lambeth echoed Davis
sentiment, and Trustee Hargrove Bowles Jr.
moved that a committe be established to
study the issue of tenure. The motion was
defeated 6 to 5.
In defending the tenure system at that
time. Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor spoke
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If these three walked into a bank, the tellers would probably call the police. Dreaming
of spring break and Fort Lauderdale, though, the young men are probably intent only
on reaching the warmth of the nearest building, a refuge from the second day of sub
crunch to get into law school developed. The
number of applicants jumped nearly 40 per
cent that year and another 26 per cent the
next. Twice as many students are enrolled in
law school today as there were in 1964, little
more than a decade ago. Enrollment now
stands at 116,991.
Limited spaces exist for - the thousands
who seek admission to law school. Only a
handful of applicants gain acceptance to
Duke or UNC-CH, two of N.C.'s most
prestigious law schools, because competition
has pushed qualifications almost to a peak.
"Qualifications for the last two or three
with "as much fervor as I am able to muster"
and said that the present regulations serve
their fundamental purposes of "preserving
the academic freedom of the faculty and
speak the truth as they see it."
The tenure regulations are put forth in a
34-page booklet available from the
Registrar's office. They include provisions
for review and approval of appointments,
promotions and reappointments. Each
recommendation, made by the full
professors and chairperson of the
department, "shall be based upon
considerations of the demonstrated
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Staff photo by Charles Hardy
entering classes to the UNC Law School
have gone about as high as they can go,"
Morris Gelblum, associate dean, says.
"A 3.0 grade-point average (GPA) and a
600 Law School Admissions Test score
(LSAT) qualifies a student to go to most law
schools in the United States, even the most
selective such as Harvard and Yale,"
But competition among increased
numbers of applicants has upped standards
far above what Gelblum considers adequate
qualifications for law school admission.
Lynn Foster, a 1976 UNC graduate, finds
himself in a predicament not unlike
thousands whose ambition is to become a
Foster, graduating from UNC with a 3.5
average, took his LSATs last fall.
"I only scored 540," Foster says. "I applied
to five law schools and was turned down by
"I'm retaking my LSATs this December. I
sure hope I will do a lot better this time. I'm
also hoping that the fact that I applied to law
school late last year was the reason I didn't
get accepted by any of them."
But if Foster is typical of LSAT repeaters,
his score will improve only 30 to 40 points.
LSAT scores for acceptable admission to
accredited law schools range between 400
and 800. The average score is 500. Over 60
per cent of LSAT takers achieve between 400
Last year's entering class at Duke had a
median 3.61 GPA and a 672 LSAT score.
Between 150 and 170 students were selected
professional competence and the potential
for future contribution of the faculty
member, and of the needs and resources of
Also included are procedures for
discharge and the methods of recourse for
those faculty members not having their
"I think they work very well," said E.
Maynard Adams, chairperson of the faculty.
"We went through a long process of
hammering them out. I think they're rational
and about as good as any in the country."
Adams said he feels that only a faculty
Roberts begins campaign for
by Karen Millers
The parking situation at UNC will be the
main issue of Joe Roberts' campaign for the.
office of Student Body President. The junior
English Education major from Charlotte
began his bid Tuesday for the Feb. 9 election.
Roberts called parking the "greatest need
of each student," in preference to the issues
that arise each year. He said he has
researched possible solutions to the
problem, and his proposal is to build a multi
story parking deck off campus.
He suggested a University-owned lot on
Hwy. 54 as a site, claiming that such a
location would rejuvenate use of the bus
system by forcing students to travel from the
parking deck to campus on buses. Roberts
said the cost per parking space would be
approximately $4,000, or close to $2 million
for a 400-space deck. He is confident that the
by Tom Watkins
A federal judge ruled Monday that UNCs
rate of desegregation is lagging, and ordered
the Department of Health, Education and
Welfare (HEW) to outline specific
requirements to force the University system
into more rapid compliance.
U.S. District Court Judge John H. Pratt
gave HEW 45 days to formulate new
requirements and a timetable for
desegregating UNC and state university
systems in - Arkansas, Florida, Georgia,
Oklahoma, and Virginia. The order covers
both students and faculty members.
"There has been no order entered,"
George Crowley, a spokesperson fqrPratt
explained. Instead, this was an oral ruling,
and the case will stand 'as it is until Judge
Pratt reviews HEW's new proposal.
UNC President William C. Friday was in
Washington Tuesday and unavailable for
comment. A spokesperson for Friday said
that no comment will be made by the
consolidated university general
administration until a copy of the ruling is
received later in the week.
Pratt's surprise ruling stemmed from a suit
filed against HEW in 1972 by the National
for admission to the fall class from more
than 2,500 applicants.
Duke's admission policy is more flexible
than UNC-CH's. The three most important
criteria at Duke are the applicant's GPA,
LSAT and the undergraduate institution
attended. But Duke also considers
additional factors, including leadership -qualities,
progression of grades and
difficulty of undergraduate curriculum.
Admission to UNC-CH is based solely on
a numerical, objective admissions index.
Each year, UNC-CH sets a qualifying
admissions index which combines and
weighs GPA and LSAT, and admits
applicants who rank above it. Gelblum says
UNC-CH avoids weighing undergraduate
schools because it has found no scientific
measure of the difficulty of one school versus
another. More than half the law schools
nationwide weigh the applicant's
UNC-CH's entering class of 1975 had a
median 3.57 GPA and an LSAT score of
between 645 and 650. Two hundred thirty
five students were chosen from more than
2,200 applicants. Apprqximately 40 per cent
were UNC graduates, and 20 per cent were
nonresidents. UNC-CH has a normal
enrollment of 670.
What's it like for them, once they get
beyond the application stage and into.the,.
library and classrooms for their next three
years in law school?
Please turn to page 4.
get it, tough to lose
member's colleagues in his department could
decide on whether to promote or discharge.
"It has to be a professional judgment.
They (the full professors in the department)
are the only ones who can judge on the
appropriate basis to judge competence in the
Adams, a philosophy professor, said,
"When we make that tenure decision, we
have to judge whether he is a good teacher of
philosophy, but also will he be a good
teacher of philosophy 20 years or more from
now. He must continue to grow in his
University can allot sufficient funds to pay
for the project.
"Money is being misappropriated," he
said, rejecting the idea of lobbying for funds
in the N .C. State Legislature. "Things can be
done on campus without going to Raleigh."
Instead of lobbying, Roberts plans to use
state funds and part of the $ 1 1 million Pogue
endowment. He has not yet contacted
University officials to determine the
feasibility of this plan.
As a corollary to a parking deck, Roberts
proposes to reinstate the issuance of bus
passes with parking permits. He maintained
that the increased off-campus ridership
which will result from the deck will bring the
bus system enough revenue to offset
Roberts said he will place much
importance on student opinion in
determining his action on issues. "I'd like to
use student referenda extensively," he said.
Association for the Advancement of
Colored People . Defense and Education
Fund, Inc. (LDF). The suit asked that HEW
cut off UNCs federal education
appropriations, if necessary, in order to
force more rapid desegregation of the UNC
The 1964 Civil Rights Act forbids federal
funding of segregated school systems. UNC
receives approximately $70 to $80 million in
federal funds annually.
UI think it's time HEW has to be reminded,
maybe forcibly reminded," Pratt said. "I'm
not trying to strong-arm anybody, but they
seem to act better, with a court order staring
them in the face."
After several years of negotiations, the
University's desegregation plan was
approved by HEW in 1974. According to a
UNC report to the U.S. Office of Civil
Rights last February, the University system
exceeded its desegregation goal for the fall
However, three predominantly black
schools of the 16-member system failed to
meet their desegregation goals: Elizabeth
City State University, Fayetteville State
University, and N.C. Central University In
in close vote
INDIANAPOLIS (UPI) Indiana
Tuesday became the nation's 35th state to
approve the Equal Rights Amendment,
(ERA), breaking a legislative logjam that
existed for nearly two years.
In Washington, leaders of pro-ERA
groups jubilantly declared that the
Indiana legislature, which passed the
amendment by a 26-24 vote, had "seen the
light" and forecast that passage by just
one more state would make final
approval of the amendment unstoppable.
Thirty eight states must approve ERA for
In Raleigh Monday, Gov. James B.
Hunt Jr. asked lawmakers to ratify the
ERA to "eliminate the discrimination
that limits the opportunities of half the
members of our society."
The amendment, which failed to pass
in North Carolina once in 1973 and again
in 1975, is currently being considered by
the North Carolina legislature.
The chairperson of the house
committee that will consider the
amendment hopes he can get the issue out
for floor vote within two weeks.
Other states still considering it are
Nevada, Georgia and Florida.
Adams added that wrong decisions are
sometimes made. The teaching ability or
research ability of a professor might decline
as he or she grows older. "You're stuck with
those who become miserable later."
Adams noted that it was hard to judge a
person up for tenure due to personal
attachments that might exist. But a
judgment must be made, Adams said, for the
good of the institution, the students and the
Adams noted that only six faculty
members have been denied tenure in the 29
years he has been at UNC.
In keeping with this premise, Roberts
proposes a referendum to decide whether
student fees should ie used.tounport the
Carolina Gay Association (CGA).-
"If you support CG A with state funds, you
make it (UNC) a haven for a gay society," he
said. If parents and alumni knew of this
support, he said, the situation would change.
"I'm in complete support of the Black
Student M ovement (BSM)," Roberts added.
Roberts said he would appose on-campus
beer sales, since it is too idealistic to expect
the state legislature to allow it. He also
would work for a seven-week drop period
and set up a weekly free flick on South
Roberi said motivating students is key to
.an administration that serves the students.
Roberts has had no experience in SG. He
claimed that his involvement in dorm life
and athletics amply qualifies him to