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Carolina blue sky
It will be clear today
with a high in the 40s.
The overnight low was
about 22. There is no
chance of rain.
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Volume No. 84, Issue No. 83
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, January 26, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
The tipoff for tonight's
against Wake Forest
has been moved to 9:10
p.m.; the game will be
televised on Channel 5.
Please call us: 933-0245
bv Tonv Hi inn
rH" I start writer
, postponed its sessions
Saturday, unable to
decide whether David
Stewart has proved to
J a substantial certainty
Nit hat an abusive
v fexercise against
freedom of speech and
dement of personal
I malice were involved
in me aecision not to
! renew his contract.
"We decided to .go
the last mile," said
chairperson of the
committee, and hear
the few remaining witnesses who had not
testified before we make a decision."
The committee, he said, is doing a
painstakingly thorough job, having met for
'more than 20 hours. "We will feel much
better in our minds when we have done
Stewart, an assistant professor of geology
who has been denied tenure, concluded his
presentation to the committee Saturday. The
committee, unable to reach a decision then,
has requested interviews with the 11 full
professors in the geology department.
The committee has previously heard from
three of those professors: John M.
Dennison, David E. Dunn and Roy L.
Ingram, chairperson of the department.
The hearings will resume at 10:00 a.m.
Saturday in Carrington Hall.
If the committee determines that Stewart
has established a case, the geology
department will be allowed to present its side
and rebut Stewart's testimony.
If the committee rules against Stewart at
this point, then Stewart cannot appeal to the
Neither Pollitt nor J. Dickson Phillips, a
former dean of the UNC School of Law and
chairperson of the group that wrote the
tenure regulations, could say whether
Stewart would be able to appeal to the UNC
Board of Trustees.
To be able to carry his appeal to the UNC
system Board of Governors, Stewart must
allege that one or more specified provisions
of the UNC Code have been violated.
Stewart said he has observed no such
If Steward appeals are denied at all levels;
Stewart said he could either accept the
decision or sue. "I haven't decided what to
do," he said.
In a telephone interview Thursday,
Stewart was very critical of the tenure system
"It is extremely difficult for a person in my
position to demonstrate to a substantial
certainty that feedom of speech and personal
malice were controlling factors," Stewart
"To demonstrate that there's smoke is one
thing, that there's fire is another, and that
there's a raging inferno is very difficult."
Stewart said that he has limited access to
data such as his personal department files,
which contain letters of information.
"It's the same for every professor in my
situation," Stewart continued. "Considering
the inequality of accessibility to data, I'm
wondering if it is possible for anybody to win
a case of this type. The regulations are such
that it may not be possible for anyone to win,
regardless of how strong their case is."
Stewart said that the members of the
hearings committee have been extremely
I J yJXJI CZOAC7U I VI
by Laura Seism
fair, but they are handicapped by
regulations, too. During the hearings,
however, he said he has come to realize that
academic freedom for tenured professors is
different for those without tenure. The
grounds for dismissal are different.
According to the tenure regulations, any
faculty member can be dismissed for
"misconduct of such a nature as to indicate
that the faculty member is unfit to continue
as a member of the faculty, incompetence
and neglect of duty."
- A faculty member on probationary term
appointments, however, can be dismissed for
"any factors deemed relevant to total
institutional interests," except for exercise of
freedom of speech, discrimination based
upon race, sex, religion or national origin, or
One loophole in the regulations, Stewart
said, is that the department never has to
publicly reveal the actual reasons for
"They can always say they have changed
their minds about the emphasis they want to
put in their department. That's legitimate.
That's the perfect, foolproof loophole. It
doesn't protect anyone except the
department and the University."
He proposed two solutions to the tenure
problem: include in every University
brochure and catalogue the statement that
the University has a dual standard of
academic freedom for tenured and non
tenured faculty members; or abandon the
Stewart said he also was going to suggest
that the department write a statement
defining the requirements of a faculty
member before he is hired. If the person has
met those requirements by the time his
contract comes up for renewal, he should be
granted tenure. "A person should get tenure
for doing his job," Stewart said.
State Sen. Charles Vickery, D-Orange, said Tuesday he was
optimistic that faculty memhers of the University system
would receive a salary increase greater than the 6.5 per cent
recommended by Gov. James B. Hunt Jr.
The consolidated University Board of Governors
recommended a 20 per cent salary increase for the 1977-79
biennium a 10 per cent increase each year. Hunt made no
recommendation for a salary increase in the second year, but
most legislators have assumed an increase would be
considered in 1978.
Vickery, a member of the Senate Appropriations
Committee, said chances are good that the legislature will
grant a salary increase of between 6.5 and 10 per cent.
"I guess the safe answer is that the 3.5 per cent in the first
year of the biennium that separates the recommendation (6.5
per cent) from the request (10 per cent) some of it will be
"I have some realistic hope that all of it (the 10 per cent
increase) will be," he said.
But Vickery said the final appropriations would depend on
availability of revenue.
"There's just been a long drought of salary increases in the
University system," Vickery said. "We have got to make some
changes, or we are no longer going to be known as the greatest
university in the South.
"If the legislators recognize that fact, I think they'll give the
teachers substantial increases in salary.
But State Rep. Trish.Hunt, D-Orange, said that although
for faculty raise
she was hopeful for a faculty salary increase, "It's much too
early to be optimistic.'
She said that in talking to other legislators she had not
found much support for the 10 per cent increase. But she said
any extra money not budgeted by the legislature would go to
The UNC-CH Faculty Council passed a resolution Friday
endorsing the increases recommended by the Board of
In addition, more than 500 faculty members have signed a
petition addressed to Gov. Jiunt and members of the
legislature which also endorses the 20 per cent increase over
the two-year period.
Vickery said both the Faculty Council resolution and the
faculty petition would present a united faculty front to
legislators and would describe the faculty's plight in concrete
Both the resolution and the petition cite the deterioration of
faculty earnings in terms of real purchasing power and in
relation to salaries at peer institutions.
The petition, drafted by a committee of five professors from
four departments, also cites a recent study by the local
American Association of University Professors (AAUP)
which indicates a salary increase of 27 to 3 1 per cent would be
necessary to bring salaries up to the level of 1972-73.
Vickery said the use of such statistics represented the best
. chance for faculty members to convince legislators to support
the 10 per cent increase this year.
Joel Schwartz, One of the drafters of the petition, said he did
not expect a salary increase greater than 6.5 per cent this year.
Hickman's goal as president:
bring government diversity
by Karen Millers
With a focus on bringing diversity to
Student Government (SG), junior Mike
Hickman entered the competition for the
office of student body president Tuesday."
"The trend has been that the student body
president and the administration have
established a sort of clique," Hickman said.
"I think SG needs a new face." A history
major from Charlotte, he has had no
experience with SG at UNC, and he sees this
as an advantage.
Hickman proposes to bring diversity by
appointing an advisory committee open to
student opinions. He said the committee
would meet periodically with students in
different places on campus. Hickman would
attend all meetings.
"I don't think there's much of an attitude
of really caring in SG," he said in support of
the plan. He said he felt sure students would
respond to the committee.
"We should go to the students," Hickman
said. "If they're apathetic, we shouldn't be."
The candidate supports aggressive student
lobbying in both the N.C. State Legislature
and Chapel Hill town government. He said
he would consider hiring professional
Hickman mentioned pressuring town
officials to upgrade the bus system, and
asking legislators for more state funds.
"The Chapel Hill campus should receive
priority over other campuses," Hickman
said. "The state should give us priority to
maintain our level of excellence."
He said the present student administration
has done some work toward achieving such
recognition for UNC but he said that it had
generally been ineffective.
Hickman has not conferred with local or
state officials to determine how effective
lobby pressures might be.
Another major premise of Hickman's
campaign is to improve the entertainment
and cultural activities of the campus!
"On a level compared with Duke and
State, we are slack," he said.
Hickman plans to have SG and Union
committees work closely with the music
department to choose which performers are
invited to UNC. He said he would try to
draw more big names to the campus.
He admitted that economic problems may
be inherent in the job, but said the solution
was merely a matter of priorities in
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Hickman's only proposal for academic
reform is to work toward a uniform grading
system, eliminating variations in curves
among different professors.
. The candidate denied that he is seeking
personal gain from the office.
"It would look fine on a resume, but that's
not why I'm running at all," Hickman said.
"I feel I can open theSG up to diversification
and break up the clique."
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Amid tell-tale signs of modern-day construction stands
Alberta Mill, an. 80-year-old structure in Carrboro now
being renovated into a shopping-offics complex. The
Staff photo by Bruc Clarke
complex, to be known as Carr Mill Shopping Village, is
scheduled to be finished March 30.
Carrboro recalls bygone days
as old mill becomes new mall
by Russell Gardner
The townsfolk entering Carrboro
Baptish Church for the midweek service
paused to look up at the sparrows.
There were at least 500 flying in a circle
over the old Alberta Mill complex across
Weaver Street. A few daring birds veered
off toward the north, but soon fell back
into formation when the other birds
refused to fly in a new direction.' '
Both birds and townsfolk in Carrboro
sometimes find it difficult to head in new
directions, especially if it means upsetting
Some longtime Carrboro residents are
particularly skeptical of the new direction
their town has taken in recent years.
"What we have now, really, are two
Carrboros," said one longtime resident.
"The old Carrboro is made up of the folks
who worked to build up the town, but
we're saddled with all these new
apartment complexes and their transient
"They (the apartment dwellers) pay
taxes only on their personal property.
That doesn't add much to the town
budget. Why, some of them spend more
on wine and beer in one weekend than
they spend on taxes the entire year."
The transients in Carrboro are mostly
students and staff of UNC. Faced with
housing shortages in Chapel Hill, many
have spilled over into Carrboro's 12
Although longtime Carrboro residents
may resent the use of their town as a
bedroom to Chapel Hill, they are faced
with the reality that the University is the
largest single employer for both Chapel
Hill and Carrboro.
But Carrboro hasn't always been
without industry. Many residents
remember Carrboro as the world's largest
railraod cross-tie center and the home of
the Alberta Cotton Mill.
The Alberta Mill complex, located at
the corner of Weaver and Greensboro
streets, remains a symbol of Carrboro's
past. Much of Carrboro's history is
reflected in the history of the 80-year-old
The Alberta Mill was built in 1896 by
Tom Lloyd. Until 1908, Lloyd's mill
produced cotton yarns for knitting and
weaving. Lloyd sold the mill to Durham
Hosiery Co., which remained in the
structure until 1938.
At the outbreak of World War U, the
National ' Munitions Corp. set up a
munition's plant on the mill site. After the
war, the building was used by Pacific
Mills for manufacturing wool.
The last industry to be housed in the
mill building was Burlington Mills, which
ceased operations in Carrboro 1 1 years
ago. Since that time, the Alberta Mill
complex has been vacant.
Now even the Alberta Mill is being
renovated to satisfy the growing
consumer needs of Carrboro.
Last spring, the Carrboro Board of
Aldermen approved a plan to renovate
the mill for a shopping-office complex of
about 20 small shops to be called Carr
Mill Shopping Village. An additional
structure will house a Revco Drug Store
and a Harris-Teeter supermarket. Can
Mill is expected to open March 30, if
weather conditions do not further delay
The renovation was hotly contested by
some residents until the developers of the
mall, Southern Real Estate of Charlotte,
agreed to leave the exterior of the mill
intact; sandblast and preserve the floors,
walls and beams, and copy the
architecture of the old structure in any
The renovation presented a challenge
for the developer. What one resident
called the sturdiest foundation in
Carrboro shows signs of neglect.
Random bricks have fallen from the
structure and come to rest on the lawn.
Late afternoon sunlight bounces off the
windows, many of which have just been
replaced by the developer.
The interior of the mill, which the
developer says will be decorated in pastel
colors, is dark and empty. The wooden
beams and floor are sturdy, but it will
take some work to transform the mill into
Kent Walker of Southern Real Estate
said the developer had first planned to
tear "down the mill building and erect a
new structure for the mall. The developer
was encouraged by preservationist
groups in Carrboro to preserve the mill
Walker said the developers faced a
potential problem with stores using
standardized exterior designs, but that
tenants have been enthusiastic about the
mall plans and have altered their store
designs to comply with the renovation
As workers continue renovating the
mill, many Carrboro residents grow
Rows of frame houses line the streets
adjacent to the mill complex. Many of
these houses were once owned by the
Alberta Mill Company and later were
sold to private citizens. The Carr Mill
development is one topic of conversation
in th neighborhood.
"Oh yes, I'm excited about the mall. I
can't wait," a 65-year-old housewife who
worked at the mill as a teenager said. "I'm
just so glad they won't tear down the mill.
That mill is the only landmark we have in
"I forget jusf how much I made
working at the mill, but I remember
turning part of the money over to my dad.
I'd save about 25 cents a week for
spending money. But that was enough for
me. You could get by with a whole lot less
Please turn to page 3.
Petitions due Friday
All candidates running for office in the election Feb. 9 must
return their petitions to Suite C of the Carolina Union by 9
p.m. Jan. 28 for their names to appear on the ballots.
Candidates must also attend a meeting at 8:30 p.m. Friday,
Jan. 28 in Room 202-204 of the Union.
Election laws and financing regulations will be discussed at
The elections will be officially certified 8:30 p.m. Feb. 10.
Runoff elections, if necessary, will be Feb. 16.
In an attempt to increase voter turnout this year, the Union
Current Affairs Committee will sponsor a series of "Meet the
Candidates' meetings. The schedule is as follows:
Tues., Feb. 1 12-3 p.m.
Tues., Feb. 1 7-10 p.m.
Wed., Feb. 2 7 p.m.
LOCATION AREAS COVERED
Great Hall All candidates
Great Hall All candidates
Granville Editor, president,
Cafeteria CGC Dist. 7 and 8
Wed., Feb. 2 8:45 p.m. Old West
Old West, Old East,
CGC Dist. 8 and 12
Wed., Feb. 2 10:30 p.m. Kenan
Thu Feb. 3 7 p.m. Cobb
Thu., Feb. 3 8:45 p.m. Joyner
Thu., Feb. 3 10:30 p.m. Connor
Sun., Feb. 6 7 p.m. Parker
Sun., Feb. 6 8:45 p.m. Morrison
Sun., Feb. 6 10:30 p.m. Ehringhaus
Mon., Feb. 7 12-3 p.m. Great Hall
Mon., Feb. 7 8 p.m. James
CGC Dist. 8 and 9
Lower Quad, Cobb,
CGC Dist. 14
Upper Quad, Joyner,
CGC Dist. 12 and 13
CGC Dist. 13
Scott College, editor,
president, CGC Dist.
president, CGC Dist.
graduates of Craige,
CGC Dist. 9
James, editor, presi
dent, CGC Dist. 10