It will be partly cloudy
today with a 30 per cent
chance of precipitation.
High today is expected
to be 50.
Crucible sold out
The Crucible is sold
out. However, there will
be a matinee Sunday at
2:00 in Playmakers
Theatre. Tickets are
available in 102
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Friday, January 28, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 85
Please call us: 933-0245
Vr7 wo Ovv
fl tvsK ;s SI if A f -ZnuttuiJ. "" $3i7 -wm4 xwj$
I :r? 4 $r 4 & . I: - &
i IS n IrS i; a t ISs, I . . im, J
V I! ill f st -NVTt. I , , 6 .wimmt,
..X:XX ' I I I I 1 t lis X;ly 4pXslx;XL ', ' .':??
II s if I it s ? xsH r jte 0
i-xw "vA U : Kx I I
vv;s;:A - - tf xx txl ?&Jf -ri
xfVHx;- & i' $8i p I J
Staff photos by Rouse W.teoo A JWf
frJZA yX& kirk
Coffee costs perking
The overstocked appearance of these coffee shelves is deceiving. Coffee is in short
supply and its price has skyrocketed. But despite price increases of almost 50 per
cent, consumers continue their wintry habit of warming-up with a hot cup of the
by Mary Anne Rhyne
Student Government Transportation
Director Paul Arne met yesterday with a
committee to draw up proposals fpr
extending bus service to Carrboro.
Arne and several faculty members met in
response to the establishment of a Carrboro
bus study committee by that city's Board of
Aldermen Monday night.
The aldermen are investigating the need
for bus service and financial support for the
service. They promised to speak to
University officials and the town of Chapel
Hill in seeking funds for the extended
Under Arne's proposal, bus service would
be extended to the Royal Park, Yum Yum,
Old Well, Park West, Fidelity, North and
West Hampton, Chateau and Berkshire
The plan also calls for extension of the
existing N Route to provide service for Estes
Park residents. Buses would run on 1 5- to 30
minute intervals during peak hours.
The cost of such an extension would not
involve buying a new bus or widening roads.
Arne said a very rough estimate of the cost
would be $40,000 a year.
He proposes the cost be covered be money
from the University Traffic Fund, a
collection of money from parking fees and
Arne said this could cause the price of
parking stickers or bus passes to change.
"We would have to find a certain level (of
bus pass prices and parking sticker fees) to
keep us from having a pretty bad parking
problem," Arne said.
"I'm hoping they won't raise anything," he
The committee is discussing an alternate
plan that Would call for a third new route on
North Greensboro Street in Carrboro.
The cost of this plan is $60,000. The
$20,000 increase is due in part to the need for
an additional bus.
The University probably couldn't justify
paying for a route through the middle of
Carrboro," Arne said. He said he felt the
University would more likely pay for routes
passing apartment complexes.
Another problem in financing the
committee's plan is the fare rate. Arne said
that by using finances from the University
and the cities of Chapel Hill and Carrboro
for different parts of the route, four possible
fare prices could be charged. There might be
a different fare for students riding within
Chapel Hill and those going to Carrboro.
There might also be different rates for
residents of Chapel Hill or Carrboro.
"1 don't think Chapel Hill will ever say it
will fund a bus system in Carrboro," Arne
said. "And if Chapel Hill won't pay, it' up to
He stressed the fact that no one had made
any commitments on the proposal.
Arne's committee will try to present its
plan to the Faculty Council in February. An
Advisory Committee on Transportation and
Parking will also be meeting with Vice
Chancellor for Business and Finance
Claiborne Jones to discuss the matter.
ERA passage advocated
by Hunt, Scott at hearing
by Charlene Havnaer
and Laura Seism
RALEIGH A distinguished group of
North Carolinians, including First Lady
Carolyn Hunt and former First Lady Jesse
Rae Scott, voiced its support for passage of
the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
Thursday before members of the N.C. House
and Senate Constitutional Amendments
In the second of two public hearings held
by the committee, ERA proponents
responded to arguments voiced by
amendment critics Wednesday.
H unt, who said she spoke as a woman and
Coffee prices rising from brown beans to golden liquid
by Libby Lewis
Next to alcohol, it's the the social beverage.
People wake up over it, and break up over it
("Okay, you can have the TV, but give me the
coffee-pot). It is present for every celebration
and crisis in life. Over it, national policies are
made, scandals are revealed. Without it,
corporations and universities would wither. It is
the nemesis of waitresses. In large quantities, it
destroys vitamin B. It exhilarates and
accentuates. It is American.
And now it is turning into gold. A freeze in
southern Brazil's coffee belt which killed
hundreds of millions of trees in July, 1975, along
with a disruption in South America and Africa's
coffee production, triggered coffee inflation
prices have risen 50 per cent on a national level in
the past year.
They haven't stopped rising, either. Coffee
sellers are receiving notices from major
companies warning of another price-hike in
February and Brazil's export tariffs have been
Brazil and Columbia supply most of the top
quality coffee beans, thus makers and buyers of
the finer brands of coffee have suffered most.
There are still plenty of lower-quality beans,
from Africa mostly, for instant coffee brands.
Michael Barefoot owns Southern Seasons, a
specialty shop that sells coffee cheese and
natural foods but mostly coffee. The shop
features 14 types of coffee beans, imported from
South and Central America, Haiti, the
Caribbean and Hawaii. The price-hike hasn't
helped Barefoot's business, but it hasn't really
hurt it, either.
"There are more new customers now, and
they're looking for quality. These are people who
have become dissatisfied with the brands on the
grocers' shelves, because the quality is declining.
Coffee-makers can adjust their blends any way
they want, in order to accommodate the
shortage, and quality is on the decline," Barefoot
Southern Seasons' prices have risen a
relatively modest 30 per cent since August, 1976.
The coffee that comes to the shop is green; it is
roasted and ground there to prolong freshness.
That concern for quality costs an average of
$4.00-plus per pound for the customer, and
plenty of people are paying it.
The Aurora Restaurant gets its coffee from
Southern Season; their costs have risen
- anywhere from 50 to 75 cents a pound, a 35 per
cent increase, but their prices are staying at 35
cents a cup. "We see no need to raise our prices,"
says Andy Michaels, part-owner of Aurora.
The Carolina Coffee Shop isn't budging from
its 25-cent-a-cup for coffee, and it doesn't plan to
in the future, even though it's averaging a weekly
$35-to-40 increase in costs. Why not?
"Tradition," says Kasey Chapp, Coffee Shop
bookkeeper and mainstay. She holds her half
filled cup in the air. "We're famous for it."
H arrison's charges 30 cents a cup for coffee, an
ample price for increasing costs. The inflation
hasn't really hit them yet, anyway Harrison's,
as well as the Coffee Shop's wholesaler, the
Wilkins Company, had enough of a "back-log"
in supply (anticipating the coffee shortage) to
stave off recent higher prices.
Shoney's has raised its price for mocha
motivation from 25 to 30 cents. But the
"motivation" factor is what keeps them from
"Costs have gone up about 40 per cent, so we
felt a five-cent increase was needed," says Wayne
Perhaps the saddest change in Chapel Hill due
to the shortage is at the Dairy Bar on West
Franklin Street. For there, up until a year ago,
one could buy that dying phenomenon, the 10
cent cup of coffee. Costs for them have doubled
since last April, and a cup now costs 25 cents.
Refills are a dime as if in memoriam.
If you're buying your coffee in grocery stores
around the central Chapel Hill area, your best
bet is Fowler's. The widest selection in brands
and prices is there; you can buy Luzianne, a
blend of coffee and chicory, for a mere $1.59
(instant), or $1.99 (ground) a pound; most of the
standards Maxwell House, Nescafe, Chase and
Sanborn hover between $2.69 to $2.79 for
ground and slightly lower for instant; or you can
splurge on Melita for $4.75.
No-deposit type questioned
Bottle bill faces state
by David Stacks
A bill that would outlaw disposable
beverage bottles and flip-top cans in North
Carolina is to be introduced in the 1977
If enacted, the bill would impose a five
cent deposit on all returnable bottles used in
the state. It would prohibit nonreturnable
containers of beer, soda water and
carbonated soft drinks.
House Speaker Carl Stewart, D-Gaston,
said he does not know when the bottle bill
will come up for a vote in the General
"But I do expect it to be an extremely
controversial bill," Stewart said.
Proponents of the bill say the measure
would reduce pollution caused by
throwaway bottles and cans while opponents
maintain that at least 1,850 jobs in the
container industry would be lost.
"The bill is designed to conserve energy
and raw materials and clean up the
environment," said Rep. David Diamont, D
Surry, advocate of the bill and cosponsor of
a similar bill that was defeated in the 1975
"You can't go anywhere in the state
without seeing beer cans scattered all over
the countryside," Diamont said.
The proposed bill would mean a net
increase in jobs for workers in the container
industry, according to a study prepared by
the Research Triangle Institute (RTI).
But state AFL-CIO President Wilbur
Hobby said the increase would be in the area
of handling and packaging of containers,
jobs which pay wages lower than what is now
paid to workers in the container industry.
"They're talking about putting people to
work in a large A&P store stacking boxes
that contain returnable bottles," Hobby
H e said $ 1 08,28 1 ,000 in wages to workers
in the glass container industry would be lost
if the bottle bill were enacted. AFL-CIO
figures indicate almost 7,500 workers are
employed in the glass and container industry
in North Carolina.
Beer brewers and other container
manufacturers also do not support the bottle
"We do not favor legislation which
restricts the kind of packaging we're able to
use," James F. Bennet, director of
environmental and industry affairs for
Schlitz Brewing Co., said.
Rep. Charles Webb, D-Guilford, principle
sponsor of the 1975 bottle bill, said he thinks
labor and industry leaders are exaggerating
the bottle bill's possible effects on the
"We feel the impact on manufacturers and
workers would be a minimum inconvenience
when you consider the effects the bill would
have on the environment," Webb said.
tw ' " m fifth Wpi A J ':' A
lwH f me Tl .
'iOiHUiAiy'. " - -" -,ni, ni.iii.niiiiin '
Staff photo by Allen Jernigan
No deposit-no return bottles and flip-top cans may soon be canned beer a thing of the past,
replaced by ecological glass bottles such as these, making
Manifold Destiny: do your own auto repairs
by Mark Lazenby
Ask any student what his major gripe
about car ownership is and he'll probably tell
you it's the high price of professional labor
for repairing breakdowns or performing
Not necessarily so in Chapel Hill.
Since last April anybody plagued with
auto troubles can simply rent his own garage
and do his own work at Manifold Destiny,
the building on Airport Road with a huge
sunset painted above the front window and a
modern sculpture out front.
Randy Danziger, part owner and the
mastermind of the do-it-yourself operation,
says business has been good, but he has room
Those students who would like to give it a
try, but who are not properly versed in the
craft of auto repair and maintenance, can use
an assortment of Danziger's manuals like
Auto Repair for Dummies or step-by-step
procedures "for complete idiots." For hard
core cases Danziger, or one of his assistants,
provides unlimited advice at $3 an hour.
"Right now we are running the bays on a
break-even basis," Danziger said, explaining
that he and his partner, Jay Tappan, must
make $100 each week to keep Manifold
Destiny alive. All other money will be used
to improve the place or to get exotic
equipment like video cameras or unusual
"It's absolutely essential that we have an
actively interested group of patrons who will
communicate the idea of the place,"
Danziger said. He added that about 30 per
cent more use of the garages, or increased
sale of gas, would enable him and Tappan to
begin plans for their ultimate goal the
conversion of Manifold Destiny's two
garage facilities into a 2,000 member, 10
Such a co-op could provide Chapel
Hillians with unlimited facilities at a low
price. "If you have a large technological co
op in the hands of a number of people then
there is no limit to the direction you can go
in," Danziger said. He believes people could
restore quality at low prices.
How did Danziger come up with the idea
of Manifold Destiny?
"I got sick and tired of the American way
of doing things, which is using money and
not thought," Danziger said. Bothered by
the fact that pride and craftsmanship were
being taken out of mechanics' jobs, Danziger
saw a decrease in quality workmanship and
customer appreciation of all a mechanic
"Customers fight with mechanics all the
time," Danziger said, adding that he thinks
the conflict stems from lack of
understanding for the scarcity and
tremendous price increases of auto parts.
"If people do things themselves they wind
up with one of two things happening. Either
they appreciate a mechanic much more in the
future or they wind up realizing they never
needed a mechanic in the first place."
Since the operation began last April,
Danziger has had over 15,000 people use the
garages for tasks ranging from patching tires
to rebuilding the engine of a Porsche.
For the person totally ignorant of auto
repair and maintenance a talk with Rosalee
Macklin would build the confidence of even
the lowliest auto neophyte.
When Rosalee's car broke dpwn she
barely knew where the battery was located.
"I wanted to learn to do some things by
myself," she said, and admitted, "before I
started 1 knew absolutely nothing about an
After a thorough study of Auto Repair for
Dummies Rosalee repaired her car and
more. "I'm doing other things on it now," she
said. "I'm putting on a new front
transmission mount. That's normally a $50
job and I'm doing it for $8.
Rosalee has also adjusted her brakes,
replaced shock absorbers, tightened her
steering and adjusted her clutch.
For anybody with a needy auto and a
desire to learn while saving money, the cost
of a garage is $4.50 each hour if you buy your
parts at Manifold Destiny and a dollar more
each hour if you bring your own parts.
Unlimited advice is an additional $3 each
a mother, said, "I feel very strongly that
everyone has the right to be treated equally
under the law. This state has shown that in
the past it has the will and the courage to do
what is right for its people.
"If we ratify the ERA, we will show that
we are ready to make a new beginning for
Scott, honorary co-chairperson of the
Board of Advisors of North Carolinians
United for ERA, said she did not share the
fears of ERA opponents that ratification of
the amendment would create a "unisex
"Men are still going to grunt and groan to
prove their machismo," she said, "and
women are still going to hem and haw to
prove their femininity."
Other speakers referred to the history of
discrimination against women and called for
ratification of the amendment as a means of
correcting these injustices.
"It is time and long overdue to free U.S.
women from the impact of English common
law and bring them under the constitutional
right of being 'born free and equal,' with
inclusion into the U.S. Constitution," said
Gladys Tillett, a leader in the women's
suffrage movement and founder of the state's
first county League of Women Voters.
William Van Alstyne, William Perkins
professor of constitutional law at Duke
University, dealt with the effect passage of
the amendment would have on the military
and the powers of state and federal
He said no additional powers would be
granted the U.S. Congress by passage of the
amendment. "There is nothing alarming
about Section 2 (which gives Congress
power to enforce the amendment's
provisions)," he said.
Concerning the drafting of women during
wartime, Van Alstyne said that based on the
manner in which the courts have dealt with
constitutional amendments during previous
wars, the amendment would not apply
Most of the students in Carmichael
Auditorium had two things on their
minds when they went to watch the
UNC-Wake Forest basketball game. A
conference victory and their ACC.
They were deprived twice.
In addition to the narrow loss to the
Deacons, the ticket distribution
drawing was canceled only hours before
game time, said Jean Keller, UNC ticket
manager. The drawing will now be held
at halftime of the Maryland game on
Wednesday, Feb. 9.
"All of the arrangments were not
made with us the way they were
supposed to be made," Keller said. "The
new person appointed by (Student Body
President Billy) Richardson was not
sure as to all the details."
The new person that Keller referred to
is Mike Dixon, named to replace former
chairperson Marshall Reid, who left
school after last semester. Keller added
that the ticke't office was unaware of
Reid's departure until early Wednesday
"We were set to go. We had it on the
schedule," Keller said. The cancellation
occurred at 6:30 p.m.
Once the drawing takes place,
students will be given a certain length of
time to purchase their tournament
tickets from the ticket office. They will
receive a receipt from the ticket office as
proof of purchase. Students are then to
take the receipts to the Greensboro
Coliseum where they will receive their
Keller noted that the same system was
tried at last year's tournament at
Landover, Md., and was successful.