North Carolina Newspapers

    ft
o-
. Clear and warmer
It will be clear today
with a high of 50. The
low last night was 23.
There is no chance of
rain.
Shape up
Many students are
willing to pay for the
privilege of grunting
and sweating to lose
that excess poundage.
For a look at areaf igure
salons, see page 2.
Please call us: 933-0245
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, February 3, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 89
fl III VII I
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Merchants work
to save energy
Trianole area
by David Stacks
and Mark Lazenby
Staff Writers
Merchants and restaurant owners in Chapel Hill and across North Carolina have
cut back the thermostat, and are preparing to go to shorter work weeks in
compliance with Gov. James B. Hunt's emergency energy mandates.
Hunt Wednesday ordered all state offices to begin a four-day, 10-hour work
week, beginning next week. State employees will have Mondays off.
Exempted from Hunt's orders are state hospitals, the highway patrol, prisons,
universities and other essential operations. Hunt estimated that closing state offices
one day a week would save up to 15 per cent of the state's energy supply.
The governor also requested
businesses, except those providing
services essential to public health, safety
and welfare, to cut operating hours to 48
hours per week and lower thermostats
to 62 degrees during the day and 55 or
less at night.
Fifty-eight stores in Chapel Hill's
University Mall will go to a 48-hour
work week Monday except for
restaurants, drug and grocery stores,
Kay Hengevald, spokesperson for the
University Mall Merchants
Association, said Wednesday.
Hengevald said all stores in
University Mall will be open Monday
through Friday from noon until 8 p.m.
and on Saturday from 10 a.m. until 6
p.m.
With the exception of drug, food and
grocery stores, most of University Mall
will be closed Sundays.
She said the common mall area not
rented by individual stores is being kept
at 62 degrees.
"I don't ever cut the heat on," said
Herman Goodin, manager of Vicker's
Clothiers at University Mall.
"Sometimes it even gets into the upper
70s, and we, have to run the air
conditioner," Goodin said.n Ron
Jones, manager of Kerr Drugs at the
mall, said the heat in his stores has not
been over 65 all winter.
"Except for very warm days, most of
our employees come prepared wearing
jackets," Jones said. "I have no
intentions of going lower than 60
degrees."
K & W Cafeteria Manager Jerry
Clark said he is not sure if his restaurant
will comply with the conservation
measures. He said decisions regarding
operating hours come from K & W's
home office in Winston-Salem.
18 to 1 vote
sends ERA
to House
The N.C. House Constitutional
Amendments. Committee Wednesday
voted 18-1 to send the Equal Rights
Amendment (ERA) to the floor of the
House.
This means the amendment will be
debated on the House floor Tuesday
and Wednesday, with the final vote
taken on Wednesday, according to John
Gamble, D-Lincoln, chairperson of the
committee.
If passed by the House, the
amendment will, go to the Senate. A
favorable vote there will make North
Carolina the 36th state to ratify the
amendment. Thirty-eight states must
ratify the amendment by March 1979
for it to become law.
The 22-member committee voted in a
roll-call vote Wednesday morning. One
member was absent; one abstained from
voting, and one voted against the
amendment. Rep. John E. Davenport,
D-Nash, cast the dissenting vote.
Davenport introduced a substitute
motion that would have delayed the
committee's vote until Feb. 23. The
motion recommended that the vote be
delayed so that former U.S. Sen. Sam
Ervin, an opponent of ERA, could
speak to the committee Feb. 9, and an
ERA proponent could speak Feb. 16.
The motion was defeated by a vote of
18-3.
Charlene Havnaer
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Staff photo by Bill Russ
Regardless of his preference in basketball ticket distribution systems, this student
seems pleased with the seat he gets from Ticket Manager Jean Keller. Some students
advocate a return to the first-come, first-serve system, while others like the present
distribution method. At any rate, Carmichael's size insures that more persons will
want tickets than can have them.
by Linda Morris
Staff Writer
A fair housing rule passed by the Chapel
Hill Board of Aldermen Monday failed to
include provisions against housing
discrimination based on occupation or
marital status. As a result, many students
seeking apartments for this summer or next
fall may run into subtle forms of
discrimination.
Undergraduate students who are single
will get a cold shoulder from Laurel Ridge,
Stratford Hills, Sharon Heights or The Oaks
apartment complexes.
The managers of these apartments
strongly discourage single undergraduates
from applying because of their general
attitudes toward these students.
Donna Komorous, who handles leases for
Laurel Ridge Apartments, said she looks for
professional types or graduate students who
have a more settled way of life.
"I can tell if the people are going to be
rowdy when they walk in," Komorous said.
You can tell if they act like jerks."
Mrs. W. A. Anderson, wife of the manager
of Sharon Heights and Stratford Hills
Apartments, said they cater more to families,
and "the undergraduate lifestyle is very
different" from this family atmosphere.
Anderson said, however, they would rent
to an undergraduate who was married.
Dean Henline, manager of The Oaks,
cited problems with noise and rowdiness of
students as well as the fact that
undergraduates want to put four or more
people in an apartment for economic
reasons, thus overcrowding and damaging
the buildings.
Most of the complexes that do turn down
students are located near campus and offer
the space and price that students are looking
for.
Even though these practices are
discriminatory, Dorothy Bernholz, student
attorney, said that there were no housing
statutes prohibiting it.
According to Bernholz, a local or federal
ordinance prohibiting discrimination
because of occupation or marital status
would be necessary to force local landlords
to open their doors completely.
"The laws in most states hold the landlord
and his rights sacred," Bernholz said.
Chapel Hill Alderman Gerry Cohen said
the city's open-housing statute passed in
1968 follows federal guidelines in preventing
discrimination on the basis of sex, race and
religion.
The local ordinance makes the complaint
process easier and faster than a federal level
complaint would be, Cohen said.
Cohen said he knew of no prior attempts
to pass a local ordinance prohibiting
discrimination on the basis of occupation
and marital status but that he could see little
reason for opposition to it.
Alderman Marvin Silver also said he felt
that there should be little opposition to the
proposal but that it would be difficult to
enforce violations and make punishments
effective.
Basketball tickets: center court or in rafters?
by Nancy Hartis
Staff Writer
The problem of ticket distributions for
UNC basketball games is a much-debated
and ballyhooed controversy, but there is one
thing that all factions agree on: given the
present conditions, there is simply no way
that everyone wanting a seat can be satisfied.
There is little else agreed upon concerning
ticket distribution. There are those who are
happy with the present random distribution
system, those who despair of it- and vwant
other systems and the "old system" diehards
who prefer to battle 1 3-plus hours in snow,
sleet or hail to wait for the ticket of their
choice.
The whole problem boils down to a
numbers game: 3,600 seats for more than
19,000 students. The only way to satisfy
everyone would be to build a new, larger
coliseum.
"We are presently studying in right much
detail the feasibility of building a new
coliseum," Moyer Smith, associate athletic
director, said Friday.
"A lot of time and effort have been put
into this study," he said. Smith, said the
coliseum, if permission is granted by the
N.C. Legislature, would be "built almost
entirely with private funds."
He said he thought a new coliseum could
be built with $16,000 to $18,000.
Carmichael Auditorium was built almost
entirely with funds from the state legislature,
he said.
When asked how Carmichael
Auditorium less than 15 years old
became obsolete so quickly, Smith said, "I
think the legislature offered it as a Hake it or
leave it' choice.' At the time, all we had was
Woollen Gym.. .It's easy to say in
retrospect that those were poor decisions,
but at the time, they may have been good. To
me, though, they were poor."
In the meantime, students continue to vie
for seats in Carmichael, and many people
feel that the random system of distribution is
as close as possible to perfection.
Jean Keller, ticket manager for the UNC
Athletic Office, is one who is satisfied. "This
was, we felt, the only way to be really fair to
all the students. In the old system, many
students just weren't getting a fair shake."
Keller said most student feedback regarding
the random system was positive last year.
c
ns
ampaig
by Karen Millers
Staff Writer
The crowd in the YMCA building was ignited with a spirit
of rivalry. A heated argument ensued in one corner. Political
circulars passed from hand to hand until they fell and were
tramped on the muddy floor. Party supporters passed out
cigars, and the haze in the room thickened.
It was election day at UNC in April 1931, the climax of one
of the hottest campaigns in the history of the University. The
campus politkos had grouped into two factions, the All
Campus party and the NonFrats. Supporters had been
battling for a month with buttons, campaign speeches and
parades.
Fraternity pledges went throught the dorms one night
pulling Gil Pearson circulars out from under doors and
replacing them with another circular. A bonfire fueled by
2,000 Pearson fliers blazed afterward.
The candidate for president of the junior class on the Non
Frat ticket campaigned so hard that he decided to take the
night off before election day to go to a dance in Greensboro.
He got back to Chapel Hill at 5:30 the next morning and slept
through the election.
The major objective election day was to get students
through the rain to the polls. Kerr Ramsey was chief of the
Motor Fleet and in charge of relaying cars to the "Co-ed
Shack" (Spencer) to keep the "fair damsels" from getting wet
feet.
By the end of the day, sophisticated campaign platforms
and promises had degenerated to hoarse cheers of "Albright"
and "Speight."
The winner of the president's race was Mayne Albright,
whose All-Campus party claimed victories in all the major
races.
"Campus politics came into full flush at that time,"
Albright said recently. "We had all the paraphernalia of a
real campaign."
Albright was majoring in political science, and he later
went on to law school. He practiced law and dabbled in
politics in North Carolina, running for governor in 1948.
Albright, now living in Raleigh, remembers that the high
interest in campus politics centered on party organizations of
frats and nonfrats. There was already a split between the two
groups. In fact, a major goal of the new administration was to
heal the division.
. The All-Campus party made a step toward this in choosing
Albright, a fraternity man, as well as several nonfrats for its
ticket. Albright said it was the first formal party organization
at UNC.
Three years earlier the campaign was more informal, but
no less spirited, according to the winner of the student body
president's race, Edward Hudgins Jr. Hudgins graduated
from the UNC School of Law and now resides in
Greensboro.
past OH
es rowdier, bu
He was only the fifth UNC student body president. Since
before 1923, the senior class president had served in that
leadership role.
"You had friends who would line up support for you but
no parties," Hudgins said. There was a great interest in .
fraternities, he said, and the Greeks loved to get involved in
campus politics just for the fun of it. The nonfrats were often
ignored socially, and a continuing political rivalry resulted.
By the spring of 1935 the two factions had evolved into thg.
University Party (frats) and the Student Party (nonfrats).
Francis Fairley lost that race to University Party candidate
Jack Poole, but he became president in the fall by vote of the
Student Council when Poole dropped out of school. Fairley
is now head of General Practice Law Firm in Charlotte.
The main concern of the Student Council in the 1920s and
1930s was to upgrade apd enforce the Honor Code.
"Any violations of honor or integrity were fundamentally
very serious matters and usually resulted in expulsion,"
H udgins said. "A Carolina student (was) expected to conduct
himself like a gentleman at all times. That meant, for
example, not to get drunk at a football game."
During Albright's administration, an organized cheating
ring was discovered, and the Student Council assumed the
responsibility of investigating.
"Quite a group was expelled," Albright said. "This was a
pretty notorious thing not just somebody looking over
someone else's shoulder."
All three presidents admitted that they were idealistic
about what a Student Government (SG) could accomplish.
"We were full of it," Albright said. He added that the office
of president calls for a certain amount of idealism. That was
especially true in 1931, in the depth of the Great Depression.
"Everybody was absorbed in his own economic problems
to some extent," Albright said. SG, too, sought to help by
promoting loan funds the depression had cut enrollment
back one-third lobbying in the N.C. General Assembly and
helping organize Young Democrat clubs on campus.
But Albright recalled no lack of interest in campus politics
because of the depression. In fact, politics was often the only
activity available, since money for cars, movies and
entertainment was scarce.
"Your center of interest was the campus," he said. "There
were always bunches of candidates."
Fairley said students sought the office of president partly
out of an honest desire to serve and partly for self
satisfaction. But it was an important position to hold.
"1 guess it seemed larger to me than it really was," Hudgins
said.
The campus expanded over the next decade, and the
student body grew from approximately 4,000 to over 6,000.
Interest turned to the growing threat of global conflict and
then to the reality of war itself.
When large numbers of veterans returned to UNC, they
brought with them experience and serious attitudes,
according to 1946-47 Student Body President Dewey Dorsett
Jr.
"The veterans added a lot of color and flavor to the.
campus," said Dorsett, an internal medicine specialist in
Charlotte. Dorsett himself served in the 8th Air Force in
England.
But campus politics were much the same. The Honor
System was still the center of SG, and the University and
student parties had become highly organized. Each party had
a steering committee or executive committee that made
nominations.
"It was a small convention system," Dorsett said, "or more
like a smoke-filled room. People thought of this (a
nomination) as a great honor. Of course, some people
wanted to campaign for that honor."
Dorsett's administration was unique in that it was the first
to operate under a constitution. Before the students ratified
the constitution in 1945, the only written guideline for SG
was the Honor Code.
Dorsett claimed that apathy was not a problem in 1946.
But he attributed that to the fact that SG had always been
strong in Chapel Hill and had always been encouraged by the
administration.
From this atmosphere stemmed the concept of the
president as simply a leader, "a man who had influence."
"The role was one of influence and moral leadership rather
than that of an embattled person trying to fight for students
against someone on the other side of the fence," he said.
John Sanders, now vice president for planning in General
Administration at UNC, opened the '50s by winning the
president's race on the Student Party ticket.
Five years later Donald Fowler, now an Asheville banker,
broke the party domination of elections by winning as an
independent.
"The timing of it happened to be right for an independent
candidate," Fowler said.
The issues in that era were visiting privileges in women's
dorms, parking, and opening up SG to the students.
"My slogan was 'Put your feet on the president's desk, "
Fowler said.
Both men admitted that personal motivations ego, a
better record were an inevitable consideration for anyone
who campaigned for the presidency.
"1 had a desire for whatever recognition I could get, and I
wanted to perform a service," Sanders said. "There's nothing
ignoble about wanting recognition. Else why should anyone
bother to take the time to knock on doorsT
The jolting issues of the '60s sparked more involvement
and criticism in SG, according to Robert Spearman, a
private lawyer in Raleigh and student body president in 1964
65. Spearman was the University Party candidate and
considered a liberal. He had been a delegate to the National
Please turn to page 2.
"Last year, a majority of the students, nine
out of 10, I'd say, liked this system better. Of
course, those who could afford to wait all
day wanted the old system because they
could get better tickets."
She added that this year, she hasn't
received any feedback for or against the
distribution method, except "what I've read
in the DTH letters column."
Ralph Strayhorn, president of the
Carolina Athletic Association (C A A), is also
content with the status quo, but added, "If
anyone can come upwith anything better on
papef, we're open to suggestion."
Strayhorn said that the present system,
developed by the CAA president last year,
was created to eliminate students sleeping
overnight outside the auditorium. "Now,
students can come at 3 or 4 p.m. and have a
ticket by 6," he said.
A sampling of student opinion taken
during distribution Sunday of tickets for the
Maryland-UNC game, and also through
phone interviews, reveals the students have a
mixed reaction.
All who were questioned were asked to
offer what they considered feasible
alternatives to the present system.
Rick Potts, a cosigner of a letter that
appeared in a recent DTH complaining
about the present system, proposed a plan
that combines the old with the new. "I think
you should save the first half of the tickets
(the best seats) for a first-come, first-serve
half
line ud, then distribute the second
randomly," he said.
Referring to the old system, which was
only first-come, first-serve. Potts said, "1
admit it took a long time, but it felt good to
have that good ticket."
Cathy Horton, a cosigner of the same
letter, proposed a system of alphabetical
priority based on students' last names, with
the favored letters rotating after each
distribution session. Horton said she
preferred the old system but that students
unable to attend the distribution sessions
must be taken into account.
Keith Miller, a senior who waited Sunday
for a ticket to the Maryland game, is also
dissatisfied with the present system. "I think
it's bad because it limits the person who has
classes during the distributions. I like N.C.
State's way of doing it; the best tickets go
alphabetically." Miller said he liked the old
system better than the present one because
"at least those who come early get something
for it."
Andy Sabol, a senior, complained about
the new system also, saying, "I don't like it. I
waited 13 hours for this ticket here, and it's
for Section A that's right next to the band.
In the old way, those that want to sacrifice .
for good seats can do it."
On the other hand, Micki Jones, a
freshman, said "We've gotten good tickets
every time." Jones had been at the gym for
four hours.
...they all sound alike
I will make no pre-election promises that
are insincere or impractical I pledge myself
to devote my best efforts toward the
work of the student government.
Mayne Albright
March 31, 1931
There's only one other thing we wish to add
to this platform: we mean every word of it,
and given the opportunity, we will do our
best to achieve the goals set forth herein.
United Carolina Party
September 14, 1945
I hope to secure some students capable and
vitally interested in seeing student
government succeed next year.
Jim Exum
March 22, 1956
The students on this campus do have a
voice, and the student government should
be the instrument through which that voice
is heard.
student body presidential candidate
January, 1977
    

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