Claudine Longet may
be headed up Moon
River toward a jail term,
but there are still those
who hang on with her
through thick and thin,
and they're right here at
UNC. See Publick
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It wilt be increasingly
cloudy today with a
high of 53 and a 40 per
cent chance of
precipitation. The low
last night was about 38.
y a, J
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Friday, February 4, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 90
Myths of vanity, power and long-range influence revealed
by Toni Gilbert
It's April 24, 1941, student election day at UNC. Rivalry between
the Daily Tar Heel editorial candidates Louis Harris and Orville
Campbell is high. Both have been campaigning for two weeks.
Harris, endorsed by both the paper's staff and the Student Party,
wants to win. Campbell, receiving the University Party's
endorsement, doesn't want to lose.
The polls are now closed and votes are being tallied. In a major
upset, Campbell defeats Harris by 10 votes. Because the margin of
defeat is so slim, Harris demands a recount.
The next day the votes are recounted and Harris still loses by four
votes. He demands a third and final recount. This time Harris loses
by 14 votes and Campbell is officially declared editor.
The 1977 election for Daily Tar Heel editor is fast approaching
with three candidates in the running. While many view the position
as a powerful and influential one, Harris, now a prominent public
opinion pollster, expressed a different attitude toward the
editorship when he spoke last year at UNC, 35 years after his defeat.
With a slightly faulty memory, Harris said he lost to Campbell by
two votes because he didn't campaign in Lewis dorm the night
before the election. If he had, he said, he would have won. Instead,
he said, he came within two votes of winding up as an obscure editor
of a small-town newspaper.
While Harris might have shattered the myth about the long
range influence and importance of being editor for the present
candidates, some past editors, including Campbell, still have
strong, positive feelings about the position.
"I have never felt as important in my life in anything I have done
or tried to do as when 1 was editor of the Daily Tar Heel" says
While student parties no longer exist at UNC, Campbell says
they were important in his day. "If you didn't have the support of a
party, then you didn't have a Chinaman's chance of winning," he
But endorsements, campaign issues and elaborate platforms
didn't guarantee a victory either.
I feel that students should elect the editor, but what the
editorship turns into is a popularity contest," he says. "Whoever of
the candidates gets around the most and has the most people
working for him usually wins, even if he's not qualified."
Campbell says he viewed the power of the editor to be greater
than that of student government. "He can ruin the student body
president if he wants to," he says.
"This is not to say that the editor is God Almighty; he isn't,"
Campbell explains. "But that doesn't mean he isn't important; he is.
"Anyone who is editor and doesn't think it is the most important
part of his life won't make a good editor."
UNC Journalism Prof. Walter Spearman, elected editor in 1928,
also saw the power in the position a power, he says, which
attracted him because of his desire to serve both the University and,
he admits, his personal vanity.
"The editor of the Tar Heel was one of the most influential
positions on campus you could be if you wanted to do anything on
campus," he says. "1 came here (to UNC) wanting to be editor of the
Tar Heel and president of Phi Beta Kappa. I was both."
Spearman says he was elected because he was very active on the
paper his freshman and sophomore years and did so much writing
that "when it came time in my junior year to run for editor, no one
would run against me."
As editor, Spearman says he felt a responsibility to use the paper
to expand the opportunities and power of the students. While he
regarded himself as a mediator between student government and
the administration, he says he often criticized both when he
considered it necessary.
What do students look for in editorial candidates'?
"I think people generally look for experience, although
personality and charisma play a part in who's1 elected," Spearman
For Mayor James Wallace, his five unsuccessful bids for editor in
1943-46 were based on his interest in campus politics, not
"From the beginning, 1 considered the Daily Tar Heel to be the
most lively and active extracurricular activity on campus," Wallace
He explains that he had so many chances to run for editor
because it was wartime. Several of the editors were in the military
and were transferred from UNC in the middle of the term, leaving
"We had elections about every three months," he says.
He says he never won because, "I was the campus radical and
they (the students) viewed me with alarm." The closest he came to
winning was in his fourth run when he lost by only 35 votes.
Please turn to page 2
The 1895 1 1 -member Daily Tar Heel staff clusters around Chief S. Wills. Standing are, left to right, J.A. Gwyn, D. Eatman, J.O.
E.W. Myers. The rest of the staff included, on the floor, left to Carr and J.C. Eller. UNC students select next year's editor
right. J.A. Moore and Harry Howell. At the table are, left to Wednesday Feb. 9.
righ E.B. Lewis, Myers, M.H. Young, A.B. Kimball and George
review University syste
if K i m
Staff photo by AMen Jemigan
These pigeons faithfully obey Gov. Hunt's orders to conserve energy. Photographed
in Raleigh, the birds seem to prefer sitting and watching the rest of the world go by.
by Tony Gunn
and Tom Watkjns.
RALEIGH Consolidated University
President William C. Friday and members of
his staff responded to questions Thursday
from the N.C. Senate Ways and Means
Committee and the House Appropriations
Committee dealing with programs in the
UNC budget request.
Friday said that the meeting was not a
budget hearing but an information session.
"It is a good exercise for us," he said. "It will
make us go back and look at what we've
In a letter to Friday earlier this week, the
committees outlined 21 areas of concern in
which they would like to have more
Addressed Thursday were the proposed
veterinary school at N.C. State, the East
Carolina School of Medicine, the Area
Health Education Center (AH EC), the
vocation rehabilitation center at N.C.
Memorial Hospital, agricultural research
funds at N.C. State and library growth of the
Friday said it is too early to predict if an
additional UNC system budget request of
$132 million will be approved by the general
"The University is not privy to revenue
projections," Friday said. "But all of the
programs we discussed today were initially
approved by the general assembly."
Asked if the UNC system's budget
problems are due to programs costing more
than originally anticipated by the legislature,
Friday replied, "The longer we "delay
construction, the more things cost."
The consolidated University originally
requested SI. Of billion for the 1977-79
biennium. Gov. James Hunt Jr. and the
Advisory Budget Commission (ABC)
recommended an allocation of $690.5
After the meeting, N.C. Rep. Trish Hunt,
D-Orange, said, "I think lots of things will
determine whether the (additional budget)
requests are granted." One factor, she said,
will be how the revenue looks in May, when
the legislature is expected to vote on the
budget. "The things answered today were
legitimate questions," she said.
Rep. Louise S. Brennan, D-Mecklenburg,
and a former UNC political science
instructor, was more pessimistic, however.
"The University won't get near where they
(originally) requested. It's simply because
there's a shortage of funds. We're having to
divide it, the little bit we have, divide it
among all sorts of educational and human
Nor did Rep. Brennan think the
University will receive much of Friday's
additional request. "There's just not that
much to go around," she said.
At the meeting John L. Sanders, vice
president of planning for the UNC General
Administration, told the legislators that an
architect has been engaged for the N.C. State
vet school. An estimated 340,000 square feet
would be required for the school.
Sanders reminded the committees that $2
million for operating funds and $9.25 million
for the initial capital investment has been,
requested by the UNC system Board of
The governor and the ABC have
recommended only $500,000 in operating
funds for continued planning of the school.
The anticipated opening of the school is
1981, with an initial enrollment of 32
"Unless funds are provided," Sanders
said, "we can't promise to have a school at
any fixed date.
Dr. Eugene S. Mayer, deputy director of
the AH EC program in Chapel Hill,
explained that the purpose of the program is
to improve the supply of physicians
throughout the state.
Since the program began, he said, more
UNC-CH medical school graduates have
stayed in the state.
The almost two-hour session covered only
six of the 21 issues raised by the committees.
Friday and his staff will be called back to
Raleigh at a later date to deliver more
Hunt's energy restrictions
Order exempts UNC
by David Stacks
Gov. James B. Hunt's energy
conservation directive ordering state
agencies to go to a four-day, 10-hour
work week does not apply to UNC, Vice
Chancellor Claiborne S. Jones said
University activities, including
classes, will be conducted on a regular
schedule, Jones said.
Thermostats in classrooms and
offices will be lowered to 62 degrees
Boulton, George meet with Connor residents
new dean seie
by Merton Vance
Drop-add policy and the selection
process for a new dean of the College of
Arts and Sciences were the major topics
on the minds of Connor Dorm students
who met informally in the dorm lobby
Thursday afternoon with Dean of
Student Affairs Donald Boulton and
Claude George, associate dean of the
business school and chairperson of the
search committee for a new dean of Arts
Approximately 12 to 18 students
drifted in and out of the hour-long
"Dean's Hour," an informal meeting
between students and administrators
arranged by student government.
Bus system requests UNC funding
by Mary Anne Rhyne
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen
were giving no hints as to what level of
bus service the town can expect next
year, when it met Wednesday night with
the city Transportation Board.
The two boards met to discuss the
present bus system and its alternatives in
preparation for upcoming budget
The Aldermen stressed the need for
financial support by the University.
Alderman Ed Vickery said the
University should make a cash
contribution to the system.
He presented a survey of bus riders in
an effort to point out University
responsibility for the system. The survey
shows that 94 per cent of the riders with
passes and making round trips use
passes purchased from the University.
The school's students and employees
make up 65.8 per cent of all bus riders.
This year the University paid the town
$366,200 for bus passes to sell to
students and employees.
The aldermen asked the
Transportation Board to investigate a
way to sell passes to students without
the University acting as an
intermediary. Under such a plan the
U niversity would be called on to donate
money to maintain the transit system.
Much of the discussion centered on
the costof maintaining a bus system like
the one presently in use.
Some of the changes in the present
system might be better peak-hour
service with a cut-back or complete
elimination of service from 10 a.m. until
Another suggestion by aldermen
would increase bus service in a small
rider-concentrated area,while cutting
back the total service area.
Night service presented a problem to
aldermen. They said cab service or a
dial-a-ride program are possible
solutions. By completely eliminating
night service, the aldermen said they feel
that they could save money and
maintain daytime ridership.
The board will meet again
Wednesday, Feb. 16, to continue its
discussion of buses.
One student suggested to Boulton
that the drop-add period be extended so
that students could meet for two
sessions in Tuesday-Thursday classes
before making up their minds whether
to drop a course. Boulton agreed with
the suggestion and said he hopes that
can be done next year.
One student suggested that the drop
add period be extended to three weeks,
but Boulton said that this would put too
much of a strain on the records and
He said that drop-add was shortened
because students previously used
frivolous excuses for dropping courses
when they were allowed to drop courses
until very late in the semester.
"It got to the point that people were
not making decisions (to drop courses)
for educational reasons," Boulton said.
Students were also interested in the
selection process for a new dean of the
College of Acts and Sciences. Dean
James R. Gaskin is resigning the post in
June to return to teaching English full
A search committee of 10 faculty
members and three students is
evaluating 25 nominees for the position,
the committee will narrow the list down
to no fewer than three and no more than
six names, which must be submitted by
March 1 to Chancellor N. Ferebee
Taylor, who will select the final
candidate. That name will then be sent
to the Board of Trustees for final
approval. The new dean will serve a five
The dean of the College of Arts and
Sciences heads over 50 departments and
curricula, as well as the majority of the
undergraduate students at UNC.
George said that the committee is
looking for nominees who have good
administrative abilities and can
represent the broad range of view of the
faculty members in the more than 50
departments and curricula.
"This deanship is regarded as the
most powerful deanshipon campus,"
One student asked why there were no
women on the list of nominees under
consideration. George said that several
women were nominated, but they asked
to have their names removed from
during the day and 55 degrees at night.
Athletic events in Woollen Gym and
Carmichael Auditorium will take place
in 45-degree temperatures, while
dormitories will be maintained at 65
"Energy shortages in the rest of the
state really do not affect us at all, except
for natural gas," Assistant Vice
Chancellor John Temple said Thursday.
The University has been directed to
cut natural gas consumption by 35 per
cent. Only a few Health Sciences
buildings are heated by gas.
"We will come as close to carrying out
the governor's order as we can," Jones
In a memo issued Thursday, Jones
said physical plant employees have
already begun adjusting temperatures
downward in compliance with Hunt's
orders. But it may be several days before
the process is completed, because of the
complexity of campus heating systems.
Many of the older buildings do not
have thermostats, while the larger,
newer buildings have several
The temperature in buildings without
thermostats is controlled by adjusting
the temperature of the water from the
steam generating plAit on Cameron
"There are an infinite variety of
thermostats," Jones said. "It's going to
taks some time for the maintenance
people to get around to all the buildings.
There will be no overnight results."
Power plant supervisor Edward
McKnight said the plant has five boilers,
two of which are not in use. The plant
burns coal, fuel oil or natural gas, but
has been using coal due to the oil and gas
The power plant has 900,000 gallons
of fuel oil and 2,500 tons of coal in
reserve. Thirty railroad carloads of coal
are to be delivered to the University this