Tickets for the
ball game will be dis
tributed 10 a.m. this
Saturday at Car
michael. The best job?
Former UNC football
Williamson heads up
Foundation. He calls
his job "the best in the
state." See page 5.
Serving the students anil the University community since M93
Friday, February 18, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 100
Please call us: 933-0245
to make car
easy on gas
by Leslie Seism
, Staff Writer
If students are discontented with
cars that burn up gas faster than it
can be put in, several cars on the
drawing board at North Carolina
State University may answer their
Design of a lightweight, two
passenger car that burns less than a
gallon of gas every 50 miles is
underway at State. Mechanical
engineering students are designing
four such cars, and construction of
the models will begin in March.
When constructed, the 16
horsepower cars will weigh less than
750 pounds and be capable of city
driving use. Most cars produced
today have horsepowers of 80 to 250,
and weigh anywhere from 1,000 to
5,000 pounds. For example, a
Volkswagen has an 80-horsepower
engine and weighs 1,400 pounds; a
Continental has a 212-horsepower
engine and weighs 5,000 pounds.
"It doesn't seem to make sense to
have a 4,000 to 5,000 pound car to
haul a 165-pound person around,"
project director John K.. Whitfield
said. "We're trying to limit the weight
of our vehicle to 750 pounds or less.
"It would be an urban car for going
to work, taking the kids to school,
going to the store. Over half the
gasoline used in this country is for
trips of two to 10 miles," and we feel a
real need for small vehicles. You
don't need a vehicle capable of 70
miles per hour."
Design and construction of cars is
a yearly project in the senior
mechanical engineering classes at
State. Students are divided into four
groups, and each group is given one
16-horsepower engine and $750.
The students are responsible for
obtaining parts and putting together
a vehicle to meet specifications set by
Besides being lightweight and
getting good gas mileage, other
specifications include having a speed
of 55 miles per hour, and an
acceleration capability of 45 miles
per hour in 25 seconds. The cars must
also have a hill-clim.b capability of 45
mph on a three per cent grade, the
maximum grade found on interstate
On April 30, the four cars will be
tested, and the group with the car
that performs the best will receive the
"It's principally an educational
thing we're doing; the students need
experience in fabricating and in
designing," Whitfield said.
oss to begin transition;
ichardson offers sup pon
by Toni Gilbert
and Karen Millers
For Bill Moss, the next five weeks will
hold more challenges and long hours of
work than the past weeks of
campaigning have, as he settles into his
new position as student body president.
Moss will officially take office at 3
p.m. Feb. 23.
"1 have a lot of learning to do." he
said. "I won't know totally What I'll do
until 1 talk to Billy."
Bill Richardson, outgoing student
body president, said he would try to help
Moss make a smooth transition.
"loo often there is not much
continuity from one year to the next."
Richardson said. He said his
administration has made in-depth
studies of existing programs that would
aid in maintaining continuity. These
studies include analyses of each Student
Government (SO) project - purposes,
successes or failures and
Moss said he will begin by actively
recruiting students for his staff and for
"We will actively recruit to bring a lot
ol people into Student Gov ernment who
haven't worked there before." he said.
He added that he hopes most of the
present stall" will stay during the
transition period to work with his new
Richardson said he purposely had
brought younger students, freshmen
and sophomores. i n t o his
administration, so they could gain
experience useful to future
"It's very important lor the new
administration to pick up where the old
administration left off." Richardson
. Moss said that after he organizes his
stall he will begin the paperwork
necessary to implement his proposed
programs. He said his reorganization of
SG will begin after spring break.
Richardson said he wants to have
joint meetings between Moss' staff and
his own. He also plans to meet with key
people in the administration and in
Student Affairs, "so Bill will already
have an open door when he begins his
administration." he explained.
Richardson said he will advise Moss
and help him in any way he can.
"I'm going to do everything 1
can... to make sure that Bill and his
people know everything, to the best of
our know ledge, about what's going on."
Moss said he is anxious to begin
. "I'm ready to leave the election
behind and go forw ard." he said. "I want
to put all my efforts in preparing for the
U.S. epidemic in 1976
Campus VD rate low
by David Stacks
Fewer than one per cent of all UNC
students contracted veneral diseases in
1 976. even though gonorrhea has
reached epidemic proportions among
the 1 8-24 age group in North Carolina
and across the nation.
The disease has become an epidemic
because a new penicillin-resistant strain
has developed, leaving epidemiologists
xpanded services provided forgrad studen
by Jeff Cohen
If a graduate or professional student has a
problem which cannot be solved in his own
department, he may go to either the
Graduate and Professional Student
Federation (GPSF) or to Student Affairs,
according to Assistant Dean of Student
Affairs Roslyn M. Hartmann.
She said that these are two most important
avenues open to graduate students.
GPSF, composed of a representative from
each graduate and professional school on
campus, has two main functions according
to GPSF President Dan Lindley.
"One of the functions of GPSF is to
inform each department of various grad
news," he said. "GPSF also allocates the
money given to us from student fees to each
graduate and professional department at
According to the 1976-77 Graduate
Student Guide, "GPSF provides a
communicating link and information service
for the graduate student. Matters pertaining
to the graduate student, such as
departmental policy changes on thesis and
research requirements, are top priority."
"If a graduate student has a problem, he
can come to GPSF, and we will do whatever
we can for him," GPSF Treasurer Larry
Tennison said. "However, about half the
grads probably don't even know about
Tennison said that there was somewhat of
a breakdown in communication beyond the
graduate department level, noting that some
departments have not even requested the
money set aside for them.
However, Hartmann explained that
recently more avenues have been opened up
for gra'duate students at Student Affairs. She
said that since she became assistant dean,
several new programs have been initiatied
for the graduate and professional student.
She said that one new program is a
Graduate Student Orientation.
"Most people don't realize that a graduate
student has to make an adjustment just like
an undergraduate upon first arriving at
UNC," Hartmann said.
Hartmann said that last year Student
Affairs began publishing an orientation
handbook for incoming graduate students.
"We felt they needed survival information."
She also explained that the graduate
school operated a somewhat ineffective
orientation program for new graduate
students, causing Student Affairs to being a
more useful graduate orientation program.
Hartmann also said that Student Affairs
sent, a newsletter to every graduate and
professional student on campus. She
explained that the newsletter sent last year,
more like a manual, was an extension of the
Graduate Guide published by Student
"This year, the newsletter will explain
ways that grads can save time and money,"
she said. "It will tell of the many services
offered by local organizations, departments
Hartmann said that Student Affairs also
sponsors small grpup seminars (or graduate
students. She said that although the response
to these seminars has been very limited.
there has been a great deal of positive
Hartmann said that Student Affairs is
always open to new ideas, and in an attempt
to discover what needs to be done, she talked
with every graduate director on campus.
"I discovered that the graduate directors
'complained ofnot knowing the goings-on of
Student Affairs and other graduate-
supportive services on campus," she
explained. "So we sent out a packet to the
with information similar to that found in the
She said that the packet contained such
items as campus and town maps. SCAU
publications. GPSF informations. Student
Health data and a copy of the Franklin
Garter cancels bomb sale to Israel
WASH I NG TON
Carter has cancelled
the Ford administra
tion decision to sell
and is reviewing
whether even the Un
ited States should
have them, the White
been made by the
"The decision has
President not to sell concussion bombs to
Israel or any other nation," Press Secretary
Jody Powell said. Israel is the only known
country to have asked lor the weapon.
"We are at this time reassessing the need to
retain the weapons in our own inventory,"
Powell said. Powell said, however, the
United States will sell Israel the promised
package of M60 tanks and 155-mm
howitzers. Details of the sale are secret. Each
part of the package is worth at least $7
million and therefore subject to
Powell said the sale to Israel of a night
vision infrared radar system is under "very
.active consideration, primarily of a technical
Carter's decision on the concussion
bombs, he said, "related to a general desire to
limit and reduce the sale of sophisticated and
highly destructive weapons.. .and his feeling
that a decision not to sell these weapons is
not in any way inconsistent with his oft
repeated commitment to the security of
Carter has said frequently he wants to
reduce arms sales. Last week, he expressed
"concern" about the proposed sale of
concussion bombs, which kill by exploding
firestorms over huge areas. The effect is an
instant depletion of oxygen that collapses
President Ford made the decision to sell
Israel the bombs a modernized version of a
Vietnam war weapon during the election
campaign. Powell said Carter, in revoking
that decision, did not want to '.'forego our
responsibility to review this sale."
He said all U.S. arms sales were under
Carter made the Israel decision early this
week. Powell said, but delayed
announcement until Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance personally informed Israel
The press secretary denied that the
decision was made "as some sort of a
bargaining chip" w it h the Soviet Union, and
added:"I certainly want to make it clear the
decision was made on its own merits." '
to discover a new cure for gonorrhea.
"The epidemics that everyone has
been talking about are the gonorrhea
strains that are becoming resistant to
penicillin." James McCutchan,
associate professor of medicine and a
Student Health Service (SHS)
physician, said Thursday.
The SHS treated 100-200 cases of
gonorrhea last year. Statewide, 38,000
cases were treated. Estimates show that
almost 3 million Americans were
afflicted in 1976.
"When you've got two-thirds of the
cases ( 1 million) between ages 18 and 24
and a strain that is not treatable with
conventional procedures, there, is
definitely an epidemic." Joe Blount,
spokesperson for the veneral disease
control division of the federal Center for
Disease Control (CDC), said.
Since T945, the main treatment for
gonorrhea has been penicillin. But over
the years, more and more penicillin has
been required to kill the same number of
gynococcus, the strain that causes
Last year was the first year that the
gynococcus had built up enough
immunity to penicillin for the drug to be
ineffective in combating the disease.
Accordingly, twice as many North
Carolinians contracted the ailment in
1976 as in 1966.
"There is no question that gonorrhea
is not being adequately controlled," Ted
Connell. public health adviser with the
veneral-disease control branch of the
state Division of Health Services, said
"The fact that it (gonorrhea) is
constantly increasing does indicate an
epidemic." Connell said.
Connell said the 18-24 age group is
more susceptible to veneral disease
because it is the most sexually active age
Rams Club: Alumni dollars pay for more than choice seats at big game
by Tad Boggs
The Rams Club.
Mention the name, and the lowly undergraduate is
awestruck. Wherever the Rams Clubber goes in
Chapel Hill, red carpets magically appear, and closed
doors inevitably open.
The Rams roll into town on foqtball Saturdays in
gleaming chariots. They park where they damn well
please, diplomatically immune to the tentacles of
Chapel Hill's ever-present towing fleet.
From their rituals has evolved a curious social
phenomenon known as the "tailgate picnic,"
combining fried chicken, bourbon and station wagons
equally. They occupy the money seats in Kenan
Stadium and Carmichael Auditorium. Tickets to
glamour events such as the ACC tournament end up in
their hands with amazing regularity.
They socialize before the kick-off in traditional
Southern style, peering from the balcony of Kenan
Field House at the faces peering in. They are the
guardian angels of UNC athletics.
A minimum contribution of $100 transforms an
innocent Carolina alumnus or friend into a Rams
Clubber. For a simple C-note, all this and more is
The Rams Club and all its trappings are the
brainstorm of the Educational Foundation, Inc.,
formed in 1938 to provide funds for scholarships and
grants-in-aid to qualified high school athletes. Its
founding philosophy was to benefit the athletic
department, and thus the University as a whole.
"No school is greater than its alumni, and to have a
great university you need alumni support," explains
Ernie Williamson, the executive vice president of the
Educational Foundation since 1957. "The University
of North Carolina is supported by state tax dollars,
but it was generally accepted that it wouldn't be fair to
have our athletic program funded by tax dollars and
gate receipts collected from people who may have
attended other colleges in the state."
To solve this problem and gain alumni support,
three sports-minded UNC graduates organized the
Educational Foundation, the University's first fund
raising organization, and incorporated it as a
charitable organization on Dec. 7, 1938.
The relative importance of college athletics to the
rest of university life is a source of controversy today.
Athletic recruiting, the subject of numerous scandals
in major universities, is regulated by strict National
Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) guidelines.
Overzealous alumni often violate the guidelines by
providing gifts and favors to entice prospects. Some
alumni with money to spare, hope to improve athletic
programs and acquire retroactive glory for
themselves. All this can cloud the true purpose of
The athletes become puppets, the fat cats pull the
strings and the school's athletic department deservedly
gets the blame. But, talking with Williamson, one can't
escape feeling the fate of the athletic program here is in
more rational hands.
"Y:ou know, college athletics have a tendency to get.
blown out of proportion sometimes," Williamson
says. "If 1 ever had to do anything illegal to get a young
man to come to UNC, I'd quit my job.
"I'm convinced that the main justification for
college athletics is that it brings the alumni back to
campus." After the old grad comes back to town for
the big game, other benefits follow. "The alumni like
to walk around the campus after the game to look the
place over," Williamson continues. "Mabc one sees
something that he thinks could stand some
improvement. He says to himself, 'We need to do
something about that.' "
The result? A new laboratory appears. An old
landmark gets a facelift. Plans are made for a new gym
The Educational Foundation has provided millions
of dollars in contributions directly to athletic
programs and indirectly to academic programs. More
than 2,000 student athletes have received full or partial
scholarships, and the number grows yearly.
Selling the University to the hearts and checkbooks
of alumni is not difficult, Williamson says. "The
loyalty of U NC alums is unlike any other university in
the nation. There's something intangible about Chapel
Hill that gets into people's blood, and other schools
are jealous of our support.
"We send out pledge cards every year to our
members. Often, they're filled in with a figure, and a
little note is attached that says 'and more if you need
it,' " Williamson says, smiling.
The bill for the 252 full and partial scholarships
currently awarded by the foundation totals about
$700,000. Although that may sound imposing, the
total is met and surpassed rather easily through several
fund-raising programs. ;
"In 1968. we began a program known as the
scholarship endowment trust," Williamson says. "Our
long-range goal is for this trust to completely endow
the scholarship program. Any money raised would
then be used for capital improvements in the athletic
In its 1976 report to the University development
program, the Educational Foundation reported 1 1
fully endowed scholarships and 78 donors
contributing $ 10,000 or $20,000 for life memberships.
Total assets from regular and endowment donations
on hand were listed at $2.9 million, with a whopping
$986,000 recorded in donations during 1976.
The words "and when I die I'm a Tar Heel dead" are
familiar to all UNC fans. Apparently, many Rams
take the words seriously. Williamson reports that
several Carolina supporters have included the
Educational Foundation in their wills. The money
involved is left to the imagination.
Also, some 100 Tar Heel loyalists have established
life insurancescholarships, amounting to $6.5 million
face value in policies for which the foundation is the
irrevocable owner and beneficiary. If there was ever
any doubt, these figures prove that college athletics is
big business at UNC.
The Rams Club those contributors giving $100 or
more to the foundation has approximately 3,000
members. Williamson says the number increases by
25, to 50, per year, a figure which probably would be
much greater but for the limited seating capacity of
Carmichael Auditorium. "We can't promise anyone
seats in Carmichael, and this hurts our efforts to
recruit members," he says.
Certain common denominators exist in the profile
of a typical Ram. The Ram is likely to be male (about
90 per cent are), a UNC graduate and in good financial
shape. Williamson points out, however, that a large
number are businessmen who moved to North
Carolina and joined simply to gain access to quality
The number of contributors to Carolina athletics
can pose problems when allocating tickets for special
events, such as the ACC tournament or bowl games.
Williamson confronted this during the football team's
1971 trip to the Gator Bowl. "One of the Rams
Clubbers called and said he wanted six tickets to the
game, which was impossible since we had none left,"
Williamson says. "He got a little hot, and said 'Listen,
I'm a graduate of this University, and I demand six
Please turn to page 3.
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