Track team No. 2
The UNC track team
finished second in the
Sunday behind favored
.Maryland. See page 5
Tomorrow will be
partly cloudy and mild
with a high in the mid to
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 102
By JEFF COHEN
Saying that America's foreign policy is no longer
one of simple Communist containment. Rep. Morris
K. Udall, D-Ariz., in a speech here Monday night,
stressed the importance of common sense and
flexibility in future U.S. policy making.
Speaking to a crowd of approximately 500 persons
at Memorial Hall, Udall said that America was
entering a new period of foreign policy, ending the
chapter of an imperialistic president and a simple
Udall's speech, "Effects of Domestic Structure on
Foreign Policy," was part of the 1 977 UNC
Colloquium on International Affairs.
"If we contiitue to plunge ourselves into an arms
race with the Soviets, we run the risk of very serious
consequences." he warned.
Udall said that mankind must move quickly on
nuclear arms proliferation. ""Someone, if we are not
careful, in a tense situation, with nuclear capabilities,
could be disastrous," he said. "Imagine Id't Amin with
a nuclear bomb."
He also said defense spending should be limited,
adding that the Democratic platform called for a
defense budget cut of $5 billion to $7 billion.
"Today we have 9,000 nuclear warheads aimed at
the USSR. They only have 4.000 nuclear bombs.
Tomorrow we will have 9,003, as currently we are
producing three every 24 hours.
"We now have enough of a margin to show some
restraint, and see if it is reciprocated," Udall said.
arter budget may cut student loan
, annually, may be
budget recommendations for the next
fiscal year submitted today by President
Rep. Carl D. Perkins, D-Ky.
chairperson of the House Education
and Labor Committee, said requests for
the loans come largely from working
class families. He said abolishing the
$332-million loan program would mean
"hundreds and thousands of working
class families would have to terminate
I r- v about
Record industry experiments
List price of albums
By JACK GREENSPAN
Downtown Chapel Hill is heaven for
record buyers. Competition between record
stores has kept prices low. It would seem
ridiculous to a Franklin Street consumer to
spend more than $4 for a single album.
In the past few weeks, however, a number
of newly released single albums have
appeared in the record racks displaying price
stickers of $4.57 or $4.99 depending on the
Fleetwood Mac Rumours, George
Benson? Flight, Queen A Day At The
Races, David Bowie Low, Marshall
Tucker Band Carolina Dreams, Pink
Floyd Animals. The list is growing.
ERA proponents speak
as Senate begins hearings
By TONI GILBERT
and CHARLENE HAVNAER
RALEIGH Proponents of the Equal
Rights Amendment (ERA), including
Secretary of Commerce Juanita Kreps,
spoke before the Senate Constitutional
Amendments Committee Monday in a final
attempt to secure passage of the bill.
Kreps, former Duke University vice
president, said she brought to the committee
President Carter's strong endorsement for
the amendment and his assurances that it
will create no new administrative burdens.
A favorable report on the bill would send
it to the Senate floor for debate. ERA
opponents will present their arguments at a
public hearing today.
According to Sen. Cecil Hill, D
Transylvania, chairperson of the committee,
if the committee acts on the bill at its regular
meeting Feb. 24, it could be reported to the
floor the next day.
But efforts by Sen. Julian R. Allsbrook,
D-Halifax, may delay committee action, on
the amendment. Allsbrook indicated in a
U.S. foreign policy
Udall also detailed several problems in the U.S.
military. He said that w hile the Soviets only have one
aircraft carrier, the U.S. Navy has 14 and wants to
build more at a cost of about $1 billion per ship.
"The Air Force also wants a turkey called the Bl
bomber, when the B52 is more than enough." Udall
He said that the Sov iets have very accurate missiles
which can easily sink an aircraft carrier. "Their
missiles can send our boats to the bottom of the
ocean, and that is not a very good place to have our
ships in case of war."
Udall also reflected on his unsuccessful bid for the
1976 Democratic presidential nomination.
Udall said that when he spoke at a function in
Manhattan. Bill Bradley, a professional basketball
player, introduced him saying, "What we need is a
' president who can stuff it."
The 6-foot-5 Udall is a former professional
He said that by running for president he was trying
to disprove the myth that a member of the House of
Representatives could not capture the presidency.
Udall said that any senator became a possible
presidential candidate upon his arrival in
Washington, assuming "he was under 65. not under
indictment and not living in sin."
"Jimmy Carter asked me to bring a message to
those of you living in sin," Udall said. "He said to ,
knock it off."
Udall also will speak at N.C. State University
today as part of their "Human Survival" Colloquium.
the education of their children."
UNC Director of Student Aid
William Geer said Monday that loss of
NDSL loans would affect more than
2,000 UNC students.
"This is the largest single financial
program which the University has for
the benefit of students," Geer said. "I
would hope that the Carter
administration wOUld change its mind
and reinslate NDSL for the benefit of
our students. I encourage students to
write to the President and to every
North Carolina federal legislator to
emphasize the benefits NDSL is
providing for students here."
Last year 2,255 UNC students
borrowed from NDSL funds a total of
$2,018,273. The average loan was $895.
This year UNC requested about S2.5
million in new NDSL funds for 1977-78
and has been approved' for only
$903,494. Perkins said the total national
request was $800 million, but only $500
Has the record price war of 1975-76
ended? Are the stores succumbing to the
economic pressures of 1977? Is the $4 album
following the 15-cent cup of coffee?
Not yet. according to the managers of two
record shops downtown, although each
admits he doesn't know what will happen in
the next six months.
The reason for the higher prices lies with
the record companies. Several major labels
have increased the suggested manufacturer's
list price of single albums from $6.98 to
$7.98, forcing the stores to raise the sale
"They're feeling out the market," said
Richard Carter, manager of Schoolkids
Records on Franklin Street. "The $7.98 list
price is not coming in on every release, just a
notice to Hill that he will attempt to
persuade the committee to extend the debate
While many of the arguments presented
by the speakers were similar to those voiced
in a public hearing last month before the
House Constitutional Amendments
Committee, several new voices appealed to
the Senate committee in support of the
Kreps addressed an anti-ERA argument
that working class women would be hurt by
ERA: "Most authorities agree that those
laws which extend genuine protection,
particularly in the area of working
conditions, will be extended to protect men.
However, those laws which have existed only
to restrict women's options in the name of
protection will be eliminated."
Emphasizing that North Carolina could
be the pivotal state in deciding the future of
ERA, Dr. William Van Alstyne, Duke
University constitutional law professor,
rejected the suggestion of a state-wide
referendum on ERA. He said that the
legislators would be dodging their
responsibilities as leaders if they decided to
hold a referendum.
Serving the students and the University community since 1 893
Tuesday, February 22, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
million has been approved by the U.S.
Office of Education. UNC lends both
new money and collected funds to
students every year. Last year UNC
reloaned $1 million in paybacks to the
NDSL fund by former students.
"Our collection record is very good."
Cieer said. "For the last 1 5 years, the rate
of loss has been less than two-tenths of
one per cent annually."
Geer outlined the process by which
educational funds are approved by the
federal government. The first step is for
the House Education Committee to
authorize into law federal programs for
the next fiscal year. In October 1876. the
committee approved NDSL programs
lor the 1978 fiscal year, which begins
July 1. That law provided $400 million
lor the NDSL program, S200 million for
Opportunities Grants (SEOG). $450
million for the Campus Work Studies
Program (CWSP). $50 million for state
on the rise
"It all began around the end of
December." said Joe Deese, manager of the
Record Bar on Henderson Street. "The
Queen album marked the first in a new wave
of record prices."
Deese said that by the end of the summer,
$7.98 may be the record industry base price.
Carter wouldn't speculate.
And record company executives are not
talking. Spokespersons for Warner-Elektra-Atlantic
and Columbia refused to comment
on an across-the-board increase. All they
said was that the new price is an experiment
on a select group of new releases.
A spokesperson at CBS Records, in
Atlanta said that tHe new list prices are in
response to industry trends. "Everyone else
is raising the list to $7.98." (CBS is a
subsidiary of Columbia Records, the first
label to raise the list price.)
Billboard, the record-industry trade
publication, has been filled with articles
about the $7.98 list price, although most are
announcements by various record labels that
they are raising prices.
To date. Warner-Elektra-Atlantic,
Columbia, CBS, Epic, Capital and CTI have
released or will soon release albums with a ,
$7.98 list price. According to Billboard,
Mercury. Fantasy, MCA and Motown are
watching the sales of the new albums, before
they make a decision.
Billboard quoted Don Zimmermann,
executive vice president of Capitol as saying
that $7.98 list price is inevitable for the
record industry because "everyone is faced
with pressures of inflation and shrinking
margins. Eventually the rise has to go across
the board, assuming the current inflationary
CBS Records President Bruce Lundvall,
according to Billboard, said that the business
climate is right for a price rise on superstar
- "The most amazing thing about the new
prices," said Charley Dobbins, manager of
the Record Bar at South Square Mall, "is
that I've yet to hear any complaints from the
"I don't know if people are paying
attention," Deese said.
Staff photo by Charles Hardy
student-incentive grants and a
maximum of $1,800 per student for the
Basic Educational Opportunities
(i rants program.
However, before President Ford left
office in January he recommended to
Congress a budget which cut funding in
all student-aid categories and ended
funding of the NDSL program. Carter
has revised the Ford education budget
by increasing funds for SEOG and the
CWSP. but there are still no funds in the
Carter budget for the NDSL program.
Cieer. w ho attended a conference w ith
Perkins last week, said Perkins told him,
"We know who produced these (the
Carter administration's) budget figures
and why they are so low. They were
produced by officials who have been in
office for eight years and have not been
removed yet. Those people never were in
favor of adequate funding for student
financial aid and are not now."
Staff photo by Charles Hardy
The Chapel Hill record buyer may soon find that his favorite new releases have
jumped in price to either $4.57 or $4.99. The increase is due to a hike in the list price
by industries' testing the market to determine the music lover's reaction to higher
By JEFF C OHEN
A move to hold new elections for two
county commission seats is an attempt
to fill the positions with two of the losers
from the August 1976 election, said
Richard Whitted, who holds one of the
The Orange Committee, a group of
conservative Orange County.
Democrats, is seeking the new election
on the grounds that students were
illegally registered to vote in the county.
Whitted said Monday that the call for
a new election was an attempt to place
Charles Johnston and Billy Ray, losers
in the primary election in August 1976,
on the commission.
The Orange Committee supported
Johnston and Ray for seats on the
commission in that election.
Whitted said the committee thinks it
can change the outcome of the primary
by not allowing students to vote.
"That is ridiculous, because the
underlying thing is, even without the
student vote, they would not win," said
Donald Willho.it. the other
The revised Carter budget will be
reviewed by the House Ways and Means
Committee and the Senate Finance
Committee. Carter can then either
approve or veto their budget.
Cieer said the last three presidents
hav e recommended the discontinuation
' of NDSL in their recommendations.
" This is nothing new. But the friends of
student aid in Congress have
maintained the programs and the
"The best friends of student aid in
recent years have been the members of
Congress who have repeatedly increased
funds for students over and above the
recommendations of the White Hosue
in the last three administrations! We are .
disappointed that the Carter
administration has not moved more
quickly in the direction of more funds
I or students, and we hope for the sake of
University students that the present
recommendations will be augmented."
X? 1 X
Please call us: 933-0245
commissioner holding a contested
position. He cited voting returns from
the Country Club precinct, in which few
students were registered. In that
precinct, Willhoit said he received 125
votes to 50 votes for Ray.
Lucius Cheshire, chairperson of the
Orange Committee, supported
Willhoit's position with figures from the
Country Club precinct.
He told the county commissioners
last week that 396 of the 528 votes cast in
the last election were student votes, and
that of these 396 students only 21 listed
property for tax purposes as of January
"It appears as though they are trying
to make it as difficult for students to
vote as possible," Whitted said.
Cheshire said his committee's request
is based on a 1972 N.C. Supreme Court
The court ruled that a college student
is a resident of the town where his
parents live, but added that the student
may establish a new residence.
Willhoit said that the court ruling
would only affect students living in
dorms and would not affect those living
in houses or apartments.
Democratic party voter registration
chairperson Gerry Cohen said only 10
per cent of UNC students are registered
to vote in Orange County. He said that
few of these approximately 2,000
students would be affected by the court
ruling, . because most are married
graduate students who have settled in
the county and own land.
"It seems to me that the Orange
County Board of Elections, which
monitors these elections, should have
been asking the proper questions when
registering students," Willhoit said.
"If a person presents himself to the
board, indicates that this will be his
home and presents proper evidence, I
don't know how much more proof the
board could require," Whitted said.
"It is more political than anything
else," he said.
Cheshire agreed, that the action was
politically motivated, saying that the
group would not care who voted if it did
not have a political interest.
CGC to hold
By ELIZABETH SWARINGEN
A special runoff election between
Diane Schafer and Bryan Wirwicz for
the District 7 Campus Governing
Council (CGC) seat will be held
Elections Board Chairperson Craig
Brown called for the special election
because 1 1 Granville residents voted in
the wrong district in the elections Feb. 9
due to confusion over registration
One District 7 resident voted in
District 8. and 10 District 8 residents
voted in District 7. Granville East is in
District 7, and Granville West and
Granville South are in District 8.
In the first election, Schafer defeated
Wirwicz by 10 votes, 201 to 191. After
the voting mistakes were discovered,
Brown said the irregularities could have
affected the election outcome, and he
called for a special runoff.
Three days before the general
election, Schafer had charged that
Wirwicz misrepresented her in his
campaign' on five counts, ranging from
attendance at past CGC meetings to her
stand on academic reform.
The Elections Board ruled that
Wirwicz accidentally misrepresented
Schafer on the grounds of "poor
wording and insufficient research."
Wirwicz did not retract his statements
but apologized for them, saying they
were the result of errors in research.
Schafer said the misrepresentation
issue was no longer important in the
election. "The crucial wording (in
Wirwicz's campaign literature) was
clarified because the previous campaign
atmosphere still existed," she said.
"I wish we could have had one
election and settled it all," Wirwicz said.
"I know the kids in Granville are getting
tired of elections."