Sunny end mild
It will be clear and mild
today and Wednesday
with the high today
around 50, and slightly
Evening lows will be in the
"All's Weir not feminist
Michael McFee crit
play and the Play
makers Repertory Com
pany's production. See
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 107
A House subcommittee ignored President
Carter's budget recommendations Monday
and appropriated $300 million for the
National Direct Student Loan (NDSL)
program in its version of the budget.
The House higher education
appropriations subcommittee included the
mark-up in its proposals for the
supplemental appropriations bill for the
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare for the next fiscal year.
No appropriations for the NDSL program
had been . included in the revised Carter
budget. According to Rep. Carl D. Perkins,
D-Ky, chairperson of the House Education
and Labor Committee, abolishing the loan
program would mean "hundreds and
thousands of working-class families would
have to terminate the education of their
UNC Director of Student Aid William
Geer said 2,255 students here last year
borrowed from NDSL funds a total of
$2,018,273. UNC has requested about $2.5
million in new NDSL funds for 1977-78.
Geer said his office appreciated efforts by
students who called or wrote their
congressmen asking them to take action to
insure NDSL funds would be appropriated.
The House subcommittee, headed by Rep.
Daniel Flood, D-Penn., will send its
proposal to the Committee on Labor and
Education. Normally, budget revisions
approved by committees then are reviewed
by the House Ways and Means Committee s
and the Senate Finance Committee before
they reach the president for his approval.
Pumping iron body builders more
By ROBIN CLARK
As Steve Edwards strained and surged
through a series of muscle-rippling poses, his
blood-gorged bicepts swelled and recoiled
like rubberbands. With a single rotation of
his shoulders, Steve became a cobra, fanning
his huge latissimus dorsi muscles until his
back looked wider than long. - .
"Lookin' good, Steve" shouted a man in
the back of the audience.
"Show 'era your arms" screamed a lady
near the stage.
Recruiting continues as blacks join faculty
By SAM FULWOOD
Five black faculty members were added to
the UNC teaching staff in the past year,
according to a report by a University faculty
The Ad Hoc Committee on the
Recruitment of Black Faculty recently
reported to the Faculty Council that 46 of
the 1,730 faculty members at the University
were black. Last year, 41 faculty members
"The figures for 1976 represent 2.7 per
cent of the total faculty, as compared with a
figure of 2.3 per cent for 1975," the report
The report states that the committee was
somewhat satisfied with the percentage
Ever had trouble with copy machines?
but according to a library official help is
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Many persons may think that bodybuilders are hopelessly "You'd be surprised
muscle-bound, but according to national judge Bob Strauss, men actually are."
Steve wheeled and up came his arms, two
fat-free knots of pulsating protein. He
clenched his fists, and the pectoral muscles in
his chest danced a rumba, first one side and
then the other. The audience erupted into
shrieks and applause.
Steve wheeled again and rocked onto his
toes, pumping his calves into heart-shaped
masses as . big as melons. The audience
erupted again. . .
"Look"at those legs, ladies and
gentlemen," said the announcer.
"Look? Oh Honey," squealed a young
woman who was squirming in her front-row
increase of black faculty since 1973. As of
April 1, 1973, there were 14 black faculty
members at UNC.
The increase in the number of black
faculty members hired in 1976 took place
despite a decrease in the number of positions
available, the report noted.
Fred Wright, committee chairperson,
commended the University for hiring more
blacks in the face of reduced spending in all
The report states, however, that the
committee is concerned with the low
percentage increase since last year. The low
increase was attributed to greater
competition among colleges and universities
for qualified black faculty.
Henry W. Lewis, director of the UNC
Institute of Government, said the
recruitment of black faculty was particularly
By RUSSELL GARDNER
Nancy runs up the steps of Wilson Library at 10:30 p.m. to find a
graph she needs for a marketing-class project due the next morning.
"If I hustle, I can find the graph and make a copy of it before they
cut the juice off the machines at 10:45," she thinks.
Nancy finds the graph, rushes to the copy room and without
bothering to check for an "Out of Order" sign pushes her nickel in the
slot and hits the button. She watches the blinding white light streak
across the page. uAny second now. . she thinks.
The machines ceases its fearless roar. No copy. No nickel. Nancy
now has 10 minutes to make a copy. Three of the other five machines
are out of order, so she steps in line behind a girl patiently copying a
friend's Astronomy 41 notes. Finally, at 10:44, Nancy gets a finished
"A little streaked, but it'll do," she says as she leaves the library.
Sam Boone, director of interlibrary services, acknowledges that
the copy machines are giving poor service.
"We signed a contract for copy service with the G arden State Copy
Co. of Princeton Station, N J., that went into effect July 1, 1976," he
said. "Those machines have been a headache ever since."
The contract calls for the company to install its own copy
machines, service them, provide nickel slots on the machines and also
install coin-changing machines.
Six of the company's
Library, two in House
library science, music and art libraries. The machines are supported
by revenue collected from them.
Boone said the machines consistently have given poor service.
"For sue full days in July all six machines in Wilson were down, and
no self-service copying was available at all," he said in a letter to the
UNC purchfeing office. "It is not at all unusual to find two or three of
the six machines out of order at any one time. This is usually enough
to satisfy the patrons, although they sometimes have to form a line."
Boone said he has contacted John Goida, owner of Garden State
Copy Co., several times to complain about the poor copy service. He
said Goida had attributed the problems to improper voltage in the
SUff photo by Charles Hardy
Almost everyone has.
on the way.
Serving the students and the
Tuesday, March 1, 1977,
seat. Come over here and let me leei tnose
things." Again the audience went wild.
By the time Steve's muscles had churned
their way through the triceps, chest pull and
back curve positions, Steve had the crowd
But it was "the Crab," his final pose, that
brought down the house. For this one,
Steve's legs were shoulder width, his body
bowed slightly forward. He rotated his
engorged arms in front of him as if pulling
taffy. With every rotation, his muscles grew
larger and more defined. His chest became
two globes above a washboard stomach. His
difficult in his department.
"We had two (black faculty members)
fairly recently," Lewis said. "They were
typical of the problem the department has:
They both left to work at other institutions."
Robert G. Byrd, UNC law-school dean,
said his department has made offers to
blacks for three years but has received no
positive responses. There is one black law
"There are relatively small numbers of
blacks in the law teaching market," Byrd
According to the University's Affirmative
Action Report, 26 black faculty members
serve in academic affairs and 20 serve in
health affairs. Faculty positions held by,
blacks are professor (4), associate professor
(8), assistant professor (21), instructor (9)
and lecturer (4).
opy machines are perpetu
copy machines were installed in Wilson
Undergraduate Library and one each in the
University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
how fast and agile some of these physique
than muscled hulks
eyes bugged out and his neck turned bright
Just when he looked like he would burst,
somebody in the crowd yelled, "Smile for
'em, Steve." There was a long pause. Then,
somehow, Steve managed to smile.
Or at least to bare his teeth. Then he threw
up his arms to acknowledge the thunderous
applause and trotted triumphantly offstage
And so it was that Steve Edwards became
the new "Mr. Atlantic States" Saturday
night at Raleigh's Downtown Holiday Inn.
During the competition, announcer
Sanford Dockery and his friend Bob Strauss
explained the finer points of bodybuilding.
Both men are national judges and members
of the N.C. State Barbell Club, which co
sponsored the amateur event.
"You think body builders can't even
scratch their backs or they're weak. That's
not true; they're athletes," said Strauss, who
is a weightlifter, not a bodybuilder. Strauss
said most people think bodybuilders are
hopelessly muscle-bound because that's how
they look at contests and in muscle
Before a contest, the physique men spend
15 to 20 minutes backstage "pumping up"
gorging their tissues with blood so that every
muscle will ripple and bulge for the judges,
Sanford explained. "These fellows can pump
up their arms anywhere from a half-inch to a
full inch," he said.
Once pumped up, the men's muscles stay
that way for about a half hour, too swollen to
do anything but look good.
"But afterwards, you'd be surprised how
libraries and problems in adjusting the machines to this environment.
The voltage has been adjusted, but the machines still give poor
service, Boone said.
"I would say the real problem is the machines they (Garden State
Copy Co.) installed," he said. "They are using Savin Model 300
machines that don't hold up to heavy usage."
Goida has assured Boone that new copy machines will be installed
by April. "If these machines he is promising don't work out, we're
canceling the contract and going to our second alternative, which is
Transcripts: weapon in contract renewal?
By LESLIE SCISM
Several UNC professors have reneged on
promises to allow recording of their lectures
because they fear the transcripts will be used
against them by department boards studying
contract renewal, according to the president
of Triangle Transcribers Inc.
The company, which records lectures and
sells verbatim transcripts to students, began
offering UNC students 30 different
transcripts two years ago; for the 1977 spring
semester, only 1 1 transcripts are available.
"Their (the professors') biggest fear is
what will show up in a transcript," said
Duffie Gilligan, president of Triangle
E. Maynard Adams, faculty chairperson,
said that whether the transcripts would ever
be used against professors during contract
renewal sessions is debatable.
"I haven't heard of a department doing it,
but it is possible," Adams said. "They
(department heads) examine syllabuses,
reading lists and exam papers, so it might be
done if it's available.
"Any time a professor publishes
for campus beer
By MARK LAZENBY
Legislation allowing the sale of beer and
wine on college campuses will be introduced
to the General Assembly this year by Rep
Tom Kaplan, D-Forsyth, of Winston
Salem. Kaplan agreed to present the proposal
after Student Government (SG) State
Affairs Committee members approached
him two weeks ago during an information
gathering trip to Raleigh.
Tanya Allen, chairperson of the State
Affairs Committee, and Tom Worth, a
committee member, will be in Raleigh today
to talk with Kaplan about when the bill will
be introduced and when it will come up in
The proposal is now in the state attorney
general's office being modified to fit state
law. Worth said it will be presented at what
SG determines to be a strategically
"It's a reasonable bill" said Kaplan,
noting that students are legally responsible
apd therefore should have the right to
purchase beer or wine on campus. Kaplan
said it is too early to speculate on the bill's
The proposal is SG's third attempt in three
years to secure campus beer sales.
Last year the attempt was aborted because
SG feared that advocates of a University
tuition increase would use the proposal to
fuel their arguments.
fast and agile some of these physique men
actually are," Strauss said. Fifth-place
contestant Alton Lynch also holds a black
belt in karate, Strauss said. Other body
builders swim or run to stay limber and
There are subtleties that help the judges
distinguish between muscles that look
equally awesome to the novice a perfect
tricep is shaped like a horseshoe; calves
should be heart-shaped.
But by far the most important part of a
physique contest is the posing itself.
Bodybuilders think of it as an art.
"A person can have a great physique and
go out there and mess up completely because
he doesn't know how to display it," Strauss
said. "Posing is skillful. If you've got a flaw
you can hide it."
Strauss said a man without a thick upper
body might avoid side poses or flex a bicep to
conceal a small back. But it's pretty hard to
hide flaws in a g-string brief, and Strauss said
good judges always spot them.
The only way to be sure to win, Strauss
said, is to be perfect. Some bodybuilders
spend as much as three hours a day in the
gym, seven days a week, exercising each
muscle so that it not only is big, but also
perfectly toneci and proportional to the
But exercise is not enough. To build a
body that is solid protein, Strauss explained,
you have to put solid protein into it. Most
bodybuilders stay on rigid diets and gobble
down high-protein supplements to add bulk.
Please turn to page 4.
renting IBM or Xerox
something, he runs the risk that,'for good or
bad, it will be evaluated. I guess you'd
consider transcripts a published work."
But Jeffrey Obler, political science
associate professor, said use of the
transcripts in contract-renewal sessions
never entered his mind. "I think it's
extremely unlikely. Most professors have
tenure anyway, so it wouldn't affect them,"
Obler and other professors expressed
disdain for the service. Reasons range from
belief that the transcripts hamper the
learning process to belief that the service
"I object to the fact that somebody else is
making profit off my lecture," Obler said. "I
don't object to students taking notes and
giving them to a friend, but it's my labor that
Because of its unpopularity with
professors, Gilligan's service has met
financial problems. Last week, Gilligan
issued a handout stating that because
services have been curtailed by professors,
more students must subscribe to the
transcripts still offered if service is to
continue. Triangle Transcribers offered a
reduction in prices, from $ 1 2.50 per semester
Please call us: 933-0245
In 1975, the proposal was closely defeated
in the higher-education committee, because
of the combined efforts of the N.C.
Restaurant Association and the Christian
Action League. The proposal was defeated
by one vote, and SG believes the same
groups will oppose the proposal this year.
Student Body President Bill Moss said he
supports the proposal but realizes that
chances of its passing will be slim. Of
course, it's an uphill battle," Moss said.
Regardless of the success or failure of the
proposal, Moss said it will be helpful in
assessing SG's lobbying strength and.
providing students with lobbying
SG hopes to demonstrate that beer and
wine sales on campus would increase profits,
and it intends to use the success of Duke
University's beer-on-campus program, as
well as a recently conducted University of
Rhode Island study, to show how successful
a similar UNC program would be.
All profits would be channeled into UNC's
financial-aid office if the proposal is
approved another point that SG intends to
1 n order to show the broad base of support
the proposal has on the campus of the
University system, SG is working to unitJall
16 campuses behind the effort. Eight
campuses have responded in support of the
proposal, including N.C. State, UNC
Greensboro, UNC-Wilmington, UNC
Charlotte and UNC-Asheville.
to take vote
The N.C. Senate will hear debate
on the Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA) and take a first-round vote on
the bill today.
The bill must be voted on and
approved a second time before it can
Senate approval of the bill would
make North Carolina the 36th state
to ratify the amendment. Approval
by 38 states is necessary for ERA to
become part of the constitution.
The Senate Constitutional
Amendments committee made a
favorable report on the bill Feb. 24
and sent it to the entire Senate
The N.C. House approved the
amendment Feb. 9 by a 61-55 vote.
A move to hold a nonbinding
referendum is expected to be
proposed in Senate hearings. The
referendum would postpone a vote
on the bill until after a statewide vote
on ERA is held.
Results of the vote would be used
only to indicate voter feelings. It
would not require legislators to vote
as their constituency did.
machines and putting in dime slots."
Boone said renting IBM or Xerox machines would necessitate a
10-cent charge per copy to pay for the rental fee and service. The
library has no funds budgeted for copy service,
"I frankly don't want to put dime copiers in the building," Boone
said. "I very badly want to keep it at a nickel. But naturally I want
copy machines that work."
Boone said students should come by and tell him whether they are
willing to pay 10 cents per copy for more reliable copy service.
Triangle Transcribers tried in September
1975 to obtain official administration
approval, but the Chancellor's
Administrative Council decided not to grant
A memorandum from Chancellor N.
Ferebee Taylor's office at that time said the
authorization was not granted because the
council felt "that such an enterprise would
have a stultifying effect on the educational
In a September issue of the Daily Tar
Heel, Taylor was quoted as saying he told the
faculty the decision to have classes recorded
was up to each professor.
Student Aid Applications from those who
are interested in receiving financial aid for
the 1977 summer sessions or the 1977-78
academic year are due today. Applications
should be sent to the Student Aid Office in
300 Vance Hall.
Applicants should have also submitted a
Basic Educational Opportunity Grant and a
Financial Aid Form or similar statements by
the deadline today.