Clear end mild
ft will be clear and mild
today with a warming
trend on Thursday. The
high today will be in the
mid 50s. The high on
Thursday should reach
the mid 60s! Evening
lows will be in the 30s.
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 108
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Chapel Hill is known for its quaint and pedestrian-oriented atmosphere. But a proposed Pizza Hut in downtown Chapel Hill threatens this characteristic, according to
Alderman Robert Epting. Epting and others are fighting to block the establishment's building permit.
Epting opting for pedestrians
By LESLIE SCISM
Proposals for a Pizza Hut on Franklin
Street have sparked opposition from local
residents who feel the franchise will threaten
the town's quaintness.
Chapel H ill Alderman Robert Epting has
By MIKE WADE
A South Campus branch of the Carolina
Union is scheduled to open in Chase Hall at
the beginning of the 1978 spring semester.
Carolina Union President Doris Hudson
said the Union decided to expand to make
programming more accessible to people who
live on South Campus.
All food services will move to the first
floor, and a snack bar that will remain open
on weekends will be added, Hudson said.
Chase Cafeteria is now on the second floor,
with food services offices located on the first
Construction on the project will begin this
summer, so food services will not be
interrupted, said Donald Boulton, dean of
The new Union facilities, located on the
second floor of Chase, include:
to give court
By TONY GL'NN
The Department of Health, Education
and Welfare (HEW) has failed to give a
federal judge specific requirements that
would force more rapid desegregation in the
state universities of North Carolina and
several other states.
HEW spokesperson Donald McLearen
said Tuesday that the department is
currently working on a set of guidelines. "It
has not gone in yet," McLearen said, "but it
will as soon as possible."
U.S. District Court Judge John H. Pratt
ruled in January that HEW must formulate
new requirements and a timetable for
desegregating the UNC system and state
university systems in Arkansas, Florida,
Georgia, Oklahoma and Virginia.
The ruling, stemming from a 1972 suit
filed against HEW by the National
Association for the Advancement of
Colored People Legal Defense Fund, Inc.
(LDF), ordered HEW and LDF to work
togetheron a new plan to be submitted to the
court March 1.
Judge Pratt's secretary Tuesday afternoon
confirmed that HEW had not yet sent the ,
guidelines. "We just haven't received
anything yet," she said. "It's up in the air."
The matter, she said, will be called to the
judge's attention Wednesday. "1 don't know
what will happen."
UNC system President William C. Friday
has said that he would oppose any new
regulations that would seriously modify the
system's present desegregation plan.
Such a regulation, Friday said, would be
one in which students and faculty were
assigned to state schools on the basis of race.
That would have to be opposed," Friday
He added that one could not guess what ,
the regulations would contain. "It's like
Please turn to page 3.
'.. :l " -
alderman protests Pizza
filfH an annpal
filed an appeal opposing a building permit
for the Pizza Hut at its proposed location at
1 12 W. Franklin St. The Chapel Hill Board
of Adjustment will meet today at 8 p.m. in
the Municipal Building to rule on the appeal.
Epting said, he opposes the proposed
building because he believes it will change
the image of Franklin Street from
to get Union
. 2,000 square feet for the Black Student
Movement's Upendo Lounge;
a game room with pool tables, ping
pong tables, pinball machines and tables for
chess and backgammon;
a television room;
a large reading lounge;
offices for academic counseling;
vending and change machines;
classrooms that will be used for the
speech and hearing clinic and for Union
an information desk for ticket
purchases and check cashing, and
a large calendar board for display of
information on Union activities.
The target date for opening the facilities
was originally sometime before Christmas
1977, but Boulton said spring semester 1978
is the new target date because plans are now
about a month behind the original schedule.
Most people who retire expect to settle down
founder of the RTVMP department in 1947.
Hollywood. Affectionately known as "the
December (below). His annual reading of
longstanding UNC tradition (above).
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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, March 2, 1977,
" ' ' " '? ' ' '0"" i i
6 j k
pedestrian-oriented to vehicle-oriented.
Plans for the Pizza Hut call for a parking lot
in front of the modernized, red-brick
"As you look east from that location (next
to the Campus Party Store), you see a highly
concentrated pedestrian business. That's
what makes Chapel Hill so different, so
unique. It's pedestrian-oriented, unlike
Durham or Fayetteville, which have parking
in front of most of the stores," Epting said
"It's not a question of franchiser vs.
nonfranchiser. 112 W. Franklin St. is very
centrally located. If the Pizza Hut is built
there, it will give credence to parking in front
of every establishment," he said.
Raleigh builder Don Harley, who filed for
the permit, disagrees, but when contacted
Monday he said he preferred to make no
Epting's appeal comes three months after
a similar debate arose over the Western
Sizzlin Restaurant at 324 W. Rosemary St.
Ten protestors picketed the restaurant on its
opening date, in protest of the steak house's
environmental impact on the area. The
protestors were upset with the removal of
several 100-year-old trees during
construction, and the traffic problems
created by the restaurant's patrons.
Unlike the Western Sizzlin case,
opposition to the Pizza Hut comes before the
to a relaxing life. Not Earl Wynn, 65, the
He plans to pursue anv acting career in
Boss," Wynn left his teaching post in
Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol is a
bs a m. m m u
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
building's construction. Epting said he hopes
residents will persuade the board to deny a
"We hope that many, many people will
attend the meeting. People who graduate
from Chapel H ill always come back here and
say, 'Why the dickens did you let that
happen?' We're giving those people who
complain after the fact an opportunity to
complain before," he said.
Opposition to the Pizza Hut marks the
end of a process that began more than 30
years ago, when downtown Chapel Hill
began growing rapidly.
"Downtown Chapel Hill grew like Topsy
after World War II," said Joe Augustine,
executive director of the Chapel Hill
Carrboro merchants association.
Augustine said that although some of the
stores tried to tie in with the Georgia
Colonial style of Franklin Street, the city
had no mandatory style restrictions.
Today fast-food establishments and other
franchises flourish on Franklin Street
because they are able to generate enough
traffic to pay the high rent
"Everybody wants to be on Franklin
Street. The problem isn't a shortage of
tenants. The problem is maintaining a
distinctive aura for the street. Real estate is
so high that it prevents the type of businesses
we desire for the area from locating here," he
sends Wynn to Hollywood
By TOM W ATKINS
Earl Wynn has had a lifelong dream:
to see if he could find success as a
But unlike many who dream, Wynn
will soon find out if his vision is realistic
or merely fanciful.
At age 65, he is going to Hoilywood.
The gravel-voiced founder of the
UNC Department of Radio, Television
and Motion Pictures (RTVMP), the,
U niversity's communications center and
the WUNC-TV and Radio and a UNC
professor for the past 38 years, Wynn
retired in December. But he sees his
. retirement from teaching as the possible
beginning of a "second life," a career
in motion pictures.
"At one point in my life, I had a
decision to make between acting and
teaching," said Wynn, who founded the
RTVMP department in 1947 and was
the department's only chairperson until
1963. "I've never regretted my life as a
teacher; it's been a good life. But I've
always wantecj to act. . .it's been in the
back of my mind all my life. Now that I
have the opportunity, I'd like to try the
other road for a while."
Wynn will be leaving a long list of
accomplishments behind him. ,
"He had a real vision of what we
ought to be doing," said Wesley H.
Wallace, acting chairperson of the
RTVMP department and a longtime
colleague of Wynn. "He's a very
wonderful person in many ways.
"He thinks a lot of individuals and
taught a lot by means of individual
conferences. I don't think anyone else
could teach with his style.
By CHARLENE HAVNAER
RALEIGH Cheers rose from the opponents, and tears filled the eyes of the
proponents as North Carolina took its final stand on the Equal Rights Amendment
After two hours of debate by ERA advocates, the state Senate refused by a vote of
26-24 to make North Carolina the 36th state to ratify the amendment.
Opponents, anticipating enough support to kill the amendment on the first of the
two necessary votes, remained silent during the debates.
An expected attempt by opponents to amend the bill to allow a statewide
referendum on ERA was never discussed
during the debate.
ERA floor leader Sen. Cecil Hill, D
Transylvania, said after the vote. "The
opponents were playing a four-corners
game. They knew they had 26 votes in their
favor, so they didn't have to try for a
After the bill was defeated. Sen. McNeill
Smith, D-Guilford. made an attempt to
delay tabling of the amendment. He moved
that the Senate adjourn without voting on a
motion by Sen. Julian R. Allsbrook, D
Halifax, to table the bill. This motion would
have given ERA supporters an extra day to
urge senators to change their votes, but it
was defeated by a 27-23 vote.
This is the third time the amendment has
come before the N.C. General Assembly. In
1973. the Senate rejected ERA by two votes.
I n 1 975, the H ouse defeated it by five votes in
the final roll call.
Under Senate rules, the defeat Tuesday
means ERA cannot be revived until the
session convenes in January 1979, two
months before the national ratification
Following the Senate vote, state ERA
leaders predicted the defeat could mean a
national death for ERA.
Sponsor of the bill Rep. George M iller, D
Durham, said the switch by three senators
originally committed to ratification made a
decisive impact on the final vote.
The three senators who shifted their
support are Sen. Jim McDuffie, D
Mecklenburg; Sen. John T. Henley, D
Cumberland; and Sen. Marshall A. Rauch,
Sen. Rauch, who said in several
newspaper polls that he supported the bill,
said his decision to vote against ratification
also was based on concern over the unknown
ramifications of the bill and on lobbying by
Sen. Henley, who also committed himself
during his Senate campaign, said his
decision was based on research he has done
on the amendment since the elections which
aroused his concern for the unknown effects
of the amendment.
"He's an inspiration. That's probably
the best way to sum it up."
While Wynn has distinguished
himself as an educator throughout the
years, his interest in acting also goes
back a long way.
He estimated that he has performed in
150 productions in his lifetime,
primarily in the theater, but also in some
television and movie performances.
On the UNC campus, Wynn has
performed for the Carolina Playmakers
for a number of years, including roles in
Romeo and Juliet, Fiddler on the Roof
and Noah. He recently played the lead
character in Eugene O'Neill's The Old
Man Had Tw o Sons.
Wynn is perhaps best known to many
in the Chapel Hill community for his
dramatic reading of Charles Dickens' A
Christmas Carol, a Christmas tradition
, since 1966.
As a rule, though, Wynn has tried to
keep acting and teaching separate.
"I don't like to teach and act at the
same time," he said. "I need to put so
much into a role that it takes a lot out of
me. Acting is a great burden; it drains
Wynn has already secured an agent in
Hollywood who advised him that April
would probably be the best time for him
to embark for California. Wynn is
realistic yet demanding as to what he
hopes to find in his venture to the West
"I expect to find a hard time. I don't
expect to jump into a bed of roses," he
said. "In this business, no matter how
much talent you have, some people
never get known because they were not
in the right place at the right time.
"My main motivation is that I feel I
Those lucky students
who are eligible for
tickets may pick them
up Thursday at 12:30
p.m. in the lobby of the
See story on p. 2. -
Please call us: 933-0245
Final efforts by
Carter and wife
don't help ERA
Not even the President could change
Last minute efforts Tuesday by
President Carter and his wife to persuade
members of the N orth Carolina Senate to
ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA) proved futile when the
amendment failed-in the Senate.
Carter called two senators personally
and his wife three others as part of a
White House effort to make North
Carolina the 36th state to pass ERA.
None of the calls apparently changed
the minds of anyone in the 50-member
"He was what you would expect, a
super gentleman. He asked me to reassess
my stand, but I told him 1 was going to
vote against ERA," Marshall Rauch (D
According to Presidential aide Mark
Seigel, who is leading the White House
effort for ERA ratification. North
Carolina. Florida, Oklahoma, Illinois,
Missouri and South Carolina were target
"There was no pressure," said Bobby
Lee Combs (D-Gaston). another of those
receiving calls from the Carters. He told
Carter, just as he told Rosalynn Carter
the night before, that he would vote
against the ERA.
"The only thing it was was a friend
calling a friend," Combs said, who said he
worked for Carter's election in his
"Both of those calls were for
information," Combs said. "Both of these
are great people who wanted to knot'
how I felt . . . and how I would vote on the
bill. They told me the world was looking
at North Carolina today."
have talent as an actor, having taught
acting for many years. A second thing is
that I don't believe in sitting on my
behind for the rest of my life. Since
retiring, this is what I want to do more
It is clear that one of Wynn's reasons
for the pilgrimage is the enjoyment and
fulfillment he hopes to find. Yet there is
also a serious tone in his voice when he
refers to the trip.
"I'm not looking for just anything. I
will not do commercials," he said,
raising his thick, black eyebrows
slightly. "I want a part in movies, and if I
get a good , break I will have fun if
"I'll try it for at least six months, but I
have no idea how long I'd be able to
Presently, Wynn is getting things
ready for his trek to California. He is
working on a scrapbook and a resume
on things he has done over the years and
making various arrangements with his
Wynn concedes that "one problem
will be lonesomeness" while he's in
Hollywood, as his family will remain
behind in North Carolina.
"1 need to be out where the action is,
that's why I'm going. Frankly, I'm a
little scared, but I'm excited about it.
I've got real confidence I'll make it. I'll
give it a good, hard try.
"It's a rough life, and maybe it's a little
silly for me to try at my age. But I've
committed myself, and I want to do it.
When something needles you like this
for so long, I think a year or 15 months
isn't such a long trial for it.