North Carolina Newspapers

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Continued warm
Today will be clear with
a high in the low 70s
and a zero per cent
chance of rain through
tonight. The high
Thursday will be in the
60s.
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 112
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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, March 16, 1977, Chapel Hill. North Carolina
Pep rally
Carolina gears up for
the semi-final game
against Notre Dame
with a pep rally and
parade. See photos on
page 9.
Please call us: 933-0245
N.C. case
provokes
allegations
Rights denial
charged in state
By JEFF COLLINS
Staff Writer
A vocal group of about 50
demonstrators, chanting "human rights
for North Carolina," picketed the
performance of the North Carolina
Symphony at Carnegie Hall in New
vork City last Wednesday.
A federal grand jury in Raleigh was
meanwhile completing its hearing of
testimony concerning an alleged
violation of the rights of the Wilmington
10 by prosecutor Jay Stroud in their
1972 trial.
The picket demonstration in New
York was organized by the National
Alliance Against Racist and Political
Repression. Rev. BenChavis,oneofthe
Wilmington 10, is a vice-chairperson of
the Alliance.
According to Alliance spokesperson
Michael Myerson, the protest was not
aimed against the symphony itself, but
against the way in which the symphony
was being used by state officials.
"We have no problem with the
symphony performing wherever it
wants to," Myerson said, "but Gov.
Hunt and other former governors of
North Carolina were in New York using
the concert as a publicity stunt to attract
Northern industries to North Carolina."
North Carolina officials have been
unwilling to take a stand against the
repression of civil rights in the state,
Myerson said. He added that as long as
that attitude is demonstrated by N.C.
officials, the Alliance "will continue to
make it as uncomfortable for them as we
can whenever they come to New York."
"We also want to remind Northern
industrial concerns who are thinking
about locating in North Carolina that it
has a history of repressing civil
. activists," he added. Myerson referred
to the Wilmington 10 case as a recent
example of such repression.
The Wilmington 10 case, which began
in the 1971 desegregation turmoil in
Wilmington, is still not fully resolved.
Its outcome will ultimately be decided
by the 22 grand jurors who heard the
closed proceedings in Raleigh last week.
Convicted by a state court in Burgaw,
N.C, of arson and sniping, the 10
defendants exhausted sources of appeal
and were finally declined a case review
by the U.S. Supreme Court on Jan. 19,
1976. Since that date, the defendants
have begun serving sentences ranging
from 7 to 34 years in various state
prisons.
However, recantations by two of the
prosecution's prime witnesses in the
1972 case led new U.S. Atty. Gen.
Please turn to page 3.
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By MERTON VANCE
Staff Writer
Pickin' and a-grinnin'? Well, maybe not a-grinnin', but these musicians apparently
have taken advantage of the sunny skies and warm weather to join together and take
pleasure in a song or two outdoors.
Samuel R. Williamson is the final nominee for the
post of dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, a
reliable confidential source has told the Daily Tar Heel.
Williamson is a professor in the history department
and director of the peace, war and defense curriculum.
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor would neither confirm
nor deny the report in a telephone interview Tuesday.
Taylor said publication of the name of the nominee
would "do a great disservice to the University of North
Carolina at Chapel HilP because final approval has not
yet been obtained.
"No person can be named as a dean of the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill without the approval
of the president and the Board of Governors," Taylor
said.
Taylor made the final selection after reviewing the
names of potential nominees which were presented to
him on March 1 by a search committee of 16 faculty
members and three students.
Taylor's selection has been approved by the Faculty
Advisory Committee and the UNC-CH Board of
Trustees.
The nomination now goes to UNC system President
William Friday and the UNC Board of Governors for
final approval. The Board of Governors is scheduled to
meet April 8.
Taylor said earlier this week that he would not release
the name of the final nominee until after approval by the
Board of Governors.
Williamson is out of the country and could not be
reached for comment Tuesday.
The source who released the name asked not to be
identified but has been closely involved with the
selection process.
If approved by the Board of Governors, Williamson
would replace Dean James R. Gaskin, who is resigning
in June to resume teaching English full time. The arts
and sciences dean serves a five-year term and supervises
the largest academic college in the University.
Liquor bill going
before assembly
By MARK LAZENBY
Staff Writer
A bill for liquor-by-the-drink in North Carolina will be
introduced in the General Assembly this year, state Sen. Craig
Lawing, D-Mecklenburg, said Tuesday.
"I don't know ,who is going to introduce it, but there will be
a bill introduced this session," Lawing said. He noted that it
would be better strategy for a legislator from an area other
than Charlotte to introduce the measure.
Lawing said he would present the bill if a legislator from
another area of the state cannot be found to introduce it. The
Charlotte area is noted for its support of liquor-by-the-drink,
and proponents of the proposal feel that a broader base of
support will be evident if a legislator from another area makes
the introduction. .
When North Carolinians voted on liquor-by-the-drink in
1973 they soundly defeated it by a 2-1 margin but Lawings
says the bill will stand a good chance of passing this yeaT if the
state's students will actively support it.
Please turn to page 3.
on sale of sacc
harm
creates controversy
Bj KAREN MILLERS
Staff Writer
Fourteen Canadian rats contracted cancer
after receiving unusually high dosages of
saccharin in a laboratory experiment. So the
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
banned the sale of saccharin in the United
States.
And now anyone who likes to use Sweet 'n
Low or drink diet drinks will have to take the
extra calories in sugar or switch to water.
"People who have a sweet tooth and have
to be on a diet will have a hard time," said
Dr. David Ontjes of the Department of
Endocrinology in the UNC School of
Medicine.
Ontjes has diabetic patients and patients
on strict diets 'who now are using artificial
sweeteners containing saccharin. He said
these people will face a parituclarly difficult
situation when saccharin products disappear ,
from the market.
"A few years ago, when cyclamates were
banned for a similar reason, people didn't get
quite so excited," Ontjes said. "People said,
At least we have saccharin.' Now there isn't
any other artificial sweetener."
Dr. Lawrence Balcovic of the Laboratory of
Environmental Mutagenesis at the National
Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
(NIEHS) explained that the FDA ban is
based on the Delaney Amendment to FDA
regulations. The NIEHS is located at the
Research Triangle Park.
The Delaney Amendment states that
anything that has been found to be cancer
causing, or carcinogenic in laboratory
animals cannot be used in food products, but
it does not apply to nonfood products such
as cigarettes.
"There will be no time when we can be free
from carcinogenics," he said, noting" that
they are present in automobile exhaust
fumes and some foods.
"Chemicals present in steaks are not
carcinogenic, but some compounds given
off as charcoal is burned can produce
carcinogens ... There is no way any
government agency could regulate
charcoaling steaks,"Balcovic said. "Clearly,
you can't ban automobiles."
The question, then, is what the human
tolerance level is for carcinogens. Balcovic
said that is very difficult to determine.
"Since we can't have humans in a totally
sterile environment, we don't know what
cancer may be totally inheritable or what
differences there are in genetics," Balcovic
said.
"We know there are significant differences
in laboratory animals ... Rarely will we find a
situation where 100 per cent of the animals in
an experiment contract cancer. We have the
same problem with humans." '
He said cancer or any other toxic effect of
compounds is therefore actually more a
function of individual susceptibility.
"It (the ban) is an attempt to try to prevent
serious harm to the most sensitive segment of
the population," Balcovic said.
Controversy remains, however, over
whether saccharin causes cancer at all.
"The amount of saccharin given to those
animals would be hundreds of times greater
than humans would take," Ontjes said. "It's
an artificial situation ... The overwhelming
4 si
odds are that it doesn't cause cancer in
humans." V -
Ontjes said that if saccharin really were
carcinogenic, the results should have
appeared in humans in the past 20 years the
substance has been used. He said the FDA
should base decisions to ban substances on
evidence that the drug in question is harmful
if used in normal amounts.
Another doctor in the pathology
department of the School of Medicine noted
that such evidence is difficult to obtain in a
laboratory situation because the lifespan of
animals is so short and because long-term
. studies would not be useful by the time the
results were compiled.
Ontjes suggested that the Delaney
Amendment should be reworded so it is not a
"rigid and absolute" statement. .
"The motive was a good one," he said,
because people aren't always able to judge
for themselves the effects of particular
products.
The choice Congress has is whether to
strike the Delaney Amendment, change it to
exempt saccharin or leave it as it stands.'
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Grocery shelves show the effects
By TONY CL'NN
Staff W riter
The rush is on in Chapel Hill for
saccharin following a Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) announcement
last week banning saccharin, and some
shelves in local grocery stores are bare of
the product.
"The day after the warning in the
newspaper," said Randy Senzig,
manager of Winn Dixie at University
Mall, "some groups of people came in
and just cleared the shelves of saccharin.
We're just wiped out."
He added that his supervisor told him
not to cut back on his orders of the
product.
Diet soft drinks, which also contain
saccharin, still are selling about the
same as before the announcement, he
said.
"Several customers thought it (the
ban) was a bunch of bull or hogwash,"
Senzig continued. "They said there was
not a significant amount of information
to cause the ban by the FDA."
Senzig said some of his customers
Please turn to page 7.
Rolling in the aisles
at Memorial with Nutt
By MERTON VANCE
Staff Writer
Grady Nutt is a humorist and
entertainer who occasionally slips in a
little Gospel message amid the laughter
his stories provoke.
In his South Texas drawl, Nutt tells
about the Southern way of life, Southern
Baptists and growing up in Jacksonville,
Texas.
"I grew up wanting to be a minister," he
said. He was licensed as a minister when
he was 13, making it legal for him to
perform marriages while he was in the
eighth grade.
He said he never performed any
marriages while in school but he
occasionally gave his blessing to couples
"for the weekend."
' I found you can have fun in church.
Every now and then you hear the
preacher say 'turn - over in your
hymnbooks. . Just once I'd like to get
down in front and get in the hymnbook
and roll over in it."
The audience, which filled the entire
downstairs section of Memorial Hall, was
soon roaring at such stories.
Nutt and his friends grew up under the
strict rules of Baptist parents. They were
not even allowed to go to dances.
"The Baptists used to tell us, if you're
given the choice between sinnin and
dancin' sin."
So Nutt and his friends turned to
practical jokes like the time they put an
S & H Green Stamps sign in front of a
local funeral home. "People would drive
by and see the sign we give Green
Stamps.' "
Nutt sympathized with UNC students
working on term papers.
"The most useless piece of literature is a
footnote. The typewriter won't even
cooperate.
"Some people are like that," Nutt said,
turning to a serious part of his message.
Some people concentrate on the
footnotes of life, the little things, Nutt
said.
"There is an incredible amount of
humor woven into life's experiences," he
said, and that is the source of his humor.
Nutt said he always liked to read
Christ's parables in the Bible.
One of his favorite parables is about
seeds sown in the field. In the parable, one
seed landed on a pathway and didn't grow
in the packed soil, one seed landed in the
thorns and was choked by weeds, one
seed fell in soil with solid rock under it
and was unable to grow roots, and one
seed grew and flourished in good soil.
"There are times in life when everyone
falls into each of these. Life is a steady
stream of clods and weeds and rocks, but
God is happy with his field and patient
with our dirt."
Problems are nationwide
UWC nof alone with honor system troubles
By CHUCK ALSTON
National Editor
They felt caught in a bind. They didn't want the
cheating, and they didn't want to play stool pigeon.
Dean Sigmund Suskind, Johns Hopkins University
Like a plague, honor code problems' have spread to
practically every collegiate institution in the country,
leaving no administration untouched or without gray
hairs seeking a cure for the malady.
UNC is not alone. Newspapers and magazines
across the country have filled columns with stories
describing problems with the honor systems at other
schools. Notre-Dame, the University of Virginia, and
Barnard College are among those who have been the
subject of stories on honor system problems.
Cheating, while it has arrived as a major campus
problem nationally, has not been conducive to
solutions. And it has become apparent that the
university administrator who comes up with the
magical cure will do so only after traveling a road of
complex problems and perusing masses of statistics.
The statistics do tell part of the story. A telephone
poll at Lehigh University revealed that 47 per cent of
the students have cheated on exams. The student
newspaper at the University of Southern California
reported that 40 per cent of the students there have
plagiarized. At UNC, a survey last year showed that 79
per cent of the student body believes that "most
students do not report violations of the Honor Code."
Last year U.S. News and. World Report traced the
causes of the breakdown in the honor system to two
major causes: 1) A growing moral laxity across the
nation, and 2) increased pressure placed on students
planning to attend graduate schools.
According the U.S. News and World
Report.czmpus administrators report, contrary to
popular impressions, that it is not usually the student
on the verge of failing that cheats. Instead they point to
the able student, gunning for an A or a B and trying to
get into graduate school.
One thing about cheating is certain: the methods are
as varied as the causes. At Yale, students still talk
about one legendary undergrad who came up with
perhaps the most unusual method of cheating to date.
The student walked into the school printshop as his
exam was being run off, sat down on an inked galley
and walked off with the test questions safely printed on,
the seat of his pants. ;
Other methods have included smuggling a tape
recorder complete with taped lectures and earplug into
exams. The list goes on...
Solutions have not kept pace with cheating methods
and many universities are moving away from the honor
system as the sole method of preventing cheating. The
emphasis has not been toward punitive measures as
much as toward proctoring.
In September 1975, the students at Johns Hopkins
University voted to abolish their honor system,
replacing it with a faculty proctoring system.
And two years ago, Barnard College ordered the
faculty to begin proctoring exams to go along with a
student-faculty discipline board. At Notre Dame the
honor system now is optional in each course.
University of Virginia students may now take a lie
detector test to prove their innocence.
According to stories, the move for reform has been
caused in part by a failure on the part of students to
turn in their fellow classmates when observed cheating.
The New York Times quoted the Rev. Michael
Gannon, professor of history and religion at the
University of Florida, as saying: "If there is one moral
principle universally observed here, it is Thou shat not
rat,' and that makes the older concept of the honor
code ineffective."
Justice Awry?
Honor systems nationwide are trying to right the scales
of justice.
    

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