Chance of rain
There is a 20 per cent
chance of rain on
Friday, with highs in
the 60s. Today will be
sunny with highs in the
mid to upper 60s; the
low tonight will be in
the mid 40s.
To obtain campus
housing for next year,
students must pay the
$75 deposit to the
University Cashier no
later than 3:30 p.m.
today. Contract and
submission cards must
be turned in before 6
Please call us: 933-0245
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, March 17, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 113
- 9T! -I
By BARRY SMITH
The UNC business school may begin
enforcing course prerequisite
requirements in order to hold down
enrollment in business courses,
according to Harvey Wagnor, dean of
. the school.
A prerequisite-enforcement proposal
will be presented to the business-school
faculty at their next meeting March 23.
If approved by the faculty, the policy
would take effect in the fall.
Wagnor said existing prerequisite
requirements would be enforced under
the proposal. No changes in existing,
policies are planned, he said.
"We haven't been enforcing
prerequisites that exist now," said Gary
Armstrong, chairperson of the school's
undergraduate program committee.
There is a need to enforce the
prerequisite requirements because
business classes are crowded,
Armstrong said. Business school
resources are stretched so thin now, he
said, that if restrictions are not enforced,
the quality of education will suffer.
"We aren't closing the doors to
nonbusiness students," Armstrong said.
Students planning to enter the
business school must take Math 22,
Statistics 23, Political Science 41,
Business Administration 24, 71 and
either 72 or 73 and Economics 3 1 and 32
during General College, in addition to
other General College requirements.
Any restrictions added will not be
applied to the students currently taking
business courses in order to complete
requirements in the industrial-relations
program and the advertising sequence
of the journalism school, Armstrong
Wagnor said there is no direct way to
restrict enrollment in the business
school, but that by enforcing the
prerequisite policy, some students may
not be able to enroll in the business
Approximately 60 professors teach in
the business school. Approximately
1,400 undergraduate students are
majoring in business administration.
Major changes in the undergraduate
business administration program may
occur next fall. "Next year we're going
to undertake a complete review of the
undergraduate program," Wagnor said.
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Taking someone's blood pressure may seem easy, but it's only
a small part of the knowledge needed by those pursuing a
medical career. Years of intense study needed for a sound
Staff photo by Rouse Wilson .
medical background are coupled with tough pressures and
Potential physicians dissuaded
by rigors of fierce competition
By VERNON MAYS
The fierce academic competition that
follows most pre-med students through their
undergraduate careers convinces many that
a medical career just isn't worth the trouble.
But for those who can make the grade and
get into a reputable med school, the prospect
of pursuing such a career can still be bleak.
Despite the high salaries that generally
come with being a doctor, the profession
carries with it a number of discouraging
Take, for example, the case of the 20-year-old
UNC junior who has had his eye on med
school ever since his high school days. For
his protection from admissions officials who
may read this and hold his statements
against him, let us call him Joel.
Joel is a Johnston scholar, carries a 3.8
grade average and does volunteer work that
would most likely impress admissions
boards enough to win him a spot in a good
But he is not sure he wants to be accepted.
Joel has been talking to doctors, interns
and med school students about what might
be in store for him as a physician.
"1 haven't talked to anyone who said it was
a good field to go into," he said. "Nobody
Joel said one third-year med student
warned him, "Even if you get accepted, sit
down first and make sure you're willing to
sacrifice for it."
Another student complained that he will
have invested $40,000 in his education by the
end of med school and will have to invest
another substantial amount to set up a
"The fact of having borrowed money puts
a lot of pressure on you to stay in medicine,
even if you want to get out, just so you can
make enough money to pay off your debts,"
"In my situation, I don't know if 1 can
handle the pressure."
Joel has worked part-time in the
emergency room of North Carolina
Memorial Hospital and admits that "seeing
the pain still bothers me."
As an alternative, he is considering dental
school. "The dental students are not as
disillusioned," he said.
A UNC med school admissions official,
who asked not to be named, said he would
advise potential med school students that
their "social life and family life may indeed
"The suicide rate among physicians is
higher than among the general population,"
Figures in the June 1975 Southern
Medical Journal support his statement.
From 1967 through 1972, white men in the
U.S. over age 25 had a suicide rate of 34 per
100,000 population; male physicians of the
same age had a rate of approximately 38 per
The suicide rate for female physicians over
25 was reported as 41 per 1 00,000, more than
four times the rate for U.S. females of the
"The current rate of suicide among
American physicians removes from society
each year a number equal to that of an
average medical school graduating class,"
the article states.
The author of an article in the January
1976 Journal of Nervous and Mental
Disorders, however, wrote: "1 fail to see any
Please turn to page 2.
Bill passes to forbid concert ticket scalping
By JEFF COLLINS
North Carolina's prohibition of ticket
scalping used to apply only to athletic events,
but the General Assembly passed a bill in
February which broadened the prohibition
to include concerts.
The bill was initiated by Sen. James Doyle
McDuffie, D-Charlotte, and was passed by
the Senate on Feb. 15.
McDuffie explained that the old scalping
laws, which were directed only at athletic
events have been on the books since the
1940s. "The rise in popularity of musical
events in recent years made the new
legislation necessary," he said.
"If we didn't have the law, we would have
people acquiring tickets for the sole purpose
of resale," he added.
According to McDuffie, there are at least
three reasons, other than consumer
protection, for the ban against ticket
First, the building rent paid by promoters
for use of public buildings such as the
Greensboro Coliseum is based on a
percentage of total gate sales. Profits made
by scalpers go unreported, and the state loses
its share of this illicit revenue.
"None of these buildings are self
sufficient," McDuffie added. "Taxpayers
make up the deficits."
A second reason for the scalping ban is
that scalpers do not possess licenses to sell
tickets and do not report this source of
income for tax purposes.
"Also, organized crime does get into ticket
scalping," McDuffie said. He cited a study
by Sen. Henson Barnes, D-Goldsboro,
which showed that scalping is a multi
million dollar business for organized crime
in New York.
"A criminal organization can afford to
pay off the building manager, who then
makes a little on the side for the extra
tickets," McDuffie said. He said criticism of
the scalping ban concerning the new bill's
obstruction of free enterprise is ill
conceived. "If it snowed in your hometown, and your
corner store all of a sudden doubled the price
of snow tires, you could put them out of
business if everyone went to another store,"
McDuffie said. "That's free enterprise. The
ticket scalper is a fast-buck operator who
destroys the free enterprise system because
there is no one else to buy from."
Local ticket sales for two upcoming
concerts do not indicate that scalping will be
a problem this weekend, according to
downtown Record Bar manager Joe Deese.
Fleetwood Mac will perform in
Greensboro Saturday night, and Santana is
slated to appear in Durham Friday evening.
"I haven't had anyone buy a large number
of tickets for the Fleetwood Mac concert,"
Deese said. "For the Santana concert, I had
one large sale for 20 tickets."
or law racu
By JEFF COHEN
The N.C. Court of Appeals Wednesday upheld a lower court ruling that required
UNC law school faculty meetings to be open to the public.
The original suit, filed in April, 1976, stemmed from a Feb. 27, 1976 meeting of
the law school faculty where the public was turned away by Robert G. Byrd, law
The suit was filed by a group of UNC law students who argued that the school was
covered by a N.C. statute prohibiting governmental bodies from meeting in private.
According to the statute, the law will "allow the public to view the decision
making process at all stages.
Byrd said he did not believe the statute
applied to faculty meetings. He explained
that the faculty needs the right to meet
privately in order to discuss confidential
"When the faculty meets to discuss
students who have petitioned the law school
for admission, such a discussion need not be
aired in front of those students," he said.
Byrd also said that the decision would
cause problems when the faculty had to
decide whether a professor should be
rehired. "The faculty should not have to
discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a
professor in front of that particular
He further argued that problems would
arise when students who were having trouble
in law school for personal reasons had to
come before a committee of faculty members
to explain, the problem.
"It is demeaning to have to do that
publicly," Byrd said. "Also, it may violate
the Educational Privacy Act."
The law school may now appeal the
decision to the N.C. Supreme Court.
t Byrd said he did not know whether the
decision would be appealed, explaining that
he would have a better idea after reading the
court's opinion and conferring with both the
faculty and Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor.
On June 4, 1976, Superior Court Judge
Edwin S. Preston Jr. ruled that the N.C.
statute in question was applicable to the
UNC law school faculty.
Judge Preston reasoned that the law
school faculty was a governing body, citing
its authority to make a number of
governmental policy decisions, including the
establishment of curriculum, scholastic
standards, admission requirements and law
"The faculty of the school of law of UNC
almost fully controls the education of
prospective and future attorneys who attend
the school of law as law students," the court
said in its June decision.
to open quarry
By LINDA MORRIS
A group of UNC students and local
townspeople are working on plans to form a
nonprofit corporation to reopen the
swimming and diving area at the American
Stone Co. quarry near Pittsboro.
Spearheaded by UNC law students Larry
Epstein and Dennis Lorance, the groupVof
approximately 10 people has run into some
financial and organizational problems.
Lorance said they were having difficulty
finding persons who would serve as
lifeguards and security or clean-up workers.
"People are interested in seeing the quarry
area reopened, but there is no interest in
taking any responsibility," Lorance said.
The quarry lake was closed to the general
public July 26, 1976, when complaints from
local residents forced the stone company to
begin enforcing trespassing laws at the site.
Thirty arrests were made during the first day
American Stone Co. President Richard
Batum expressed interest at that time in
.reopening the quarry if some method could
be found to police and maintain the area and
insure that the stone company would not be
liable for injuries to swimmers.
Epstein said Wednesday that an attorney
had been contacted who was working on
setting up a nonprofit recreational
corporation that could negotiate an
insurance policy to take responsibility for
the swimmers and the quarry area.
The group is seeking monetary support
through donations from people interested in
Please turn to page 3.
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.C . 1977 AC rr TZt'H&l
Staff phofo by Rouse Wilson
A bill passed by the General Assembly in February may eliminate the existence of
fipe Arts Festival
10 a.m. Trilogy mime troupe Pit and Y-Court
1:30 p.m. Martha Wilson's Information Desk,
performance art Carolina Union
2 p.m. Burroughs, Ginsberg Bull's Head Bookshop
and Orlovsky sign books Student Stores
2:30 p.m. Michael Smith's comedy Great Hall,
2:30 p.m. Matt Mullican's workshop 209 Carolina Union
4 p.m. Michael Harvey's films - Great Hall
and videotapes Carolina Union
7 p.m. Jim Roche's art lecture Carroll Hall
8 p.m. Burroughs, Ginsberg and Memorial Hall
11 a.m. William Burroughs' 202-204 Student Union
noon Carolina Clowns various sites on campus
1 p.m. Michael Smith's comedy Great Hall,
2 p.m. Allen Ginsberg discussion 202-204 Carolina Union
2:30 p.m. Martha Wilson's . N.C. Memorial
performance art Hospital Cafeteria
2:30 p.m. Matt Mullican discussion 207 Carolina Union
3:30 p.m. workshop for artists 202-204 Carolina Union
3:30 p.m. Jim Roche dialogue Great Hall,
4:30 p.m. Michael Harvey's films Room IA, Swain Hall
5 p.m. Lee Baxandall lecture Ackland Art Center
8 p.m. Concord String Quartet Memorial Hall
olloquium speakers: oi
By MERTON VANCE
"The one message I want to get across is that there is
no free lunch. There is no easy way out." The speaker
was James V. Knight, vice president of the Washington
office of the Arab-American Oil Co. (ARAM CO). The
subject was oil and its impact on politics.
Knight was speaking at a panel discussion of oil
politics sponsored by the International Affairs
Colloquium.. Joining him on the panel were William
Dale, former U.S. Ambassador to Israel, Edward
Azar, a UNC political science professor, and Herbert
Bodman, a UNC history professor.
Last year, Knight said, the United States imported
more than half of its oil, and 21 per cent of the
country's total oil supplies came from Saudi Arabia,
where Knight lived and worked for more than 20 years.
"U.S. dependence on foreign oil is growing, and at
least for the short term, until alternate sources of
energy are developed, dependence on foreign, oil will
continue. And Saudi Arabia is the largest foreign
supplier," Knight said.
Because of these facts. Knight said the United
States needs to maintain close ties with Saudia Arabia.
Ties between the two countries have been relatively
good, largely because of American oil interests there,
which began with Saudi oil concessions to the United
States beginning in 1933, Knight said.
Those oil concessions led to a consortium between
four oil companies Chevron, Texaco, Exxon and
Mobil which worked with the Saudi government to
form ARAMCO. The Saudi government now owns
approximately 60 per cent of ARAMCO and is in the
process of nationalizing the firm by buying out the
holdings of the oil companies.
Knight said the United States might jeopardize its
access to oil if it enacts punitive antiboycott legislation
against the Saudi Arabians and other Arab nations.
He doubts that there will be an Arab oil boycott like
the one in 1973 unless another another war breaks out
in the Middle East.
Azar, who formerly worked for ARAMCO, said
that the Western world probably is more prepared for
an embargo now and would not be so likely to be
caught off guard as it was during the 1973 Middle East
The panel also discussed concerns over possible
economic problems which might arise because of oil.
Bodman said that many Arab nations have been
borrowing money from American banks to finance oil
exploration. He said he fears that the United States
might have economic problems is the Arabs default on
these loans. ,
Bodman echoed the concerns of Arthur Burns,
chairperson of the Federal Reserve Board, who last
week said he was worried about the size and number of
United States loans to foreign countries. Those loans
are increasing at a rate of about 20 per cent per year.
Dale said Americans have been reluctant to accept
Arab investments in the United States, but he
suggested that Arab investments here might be helpful.
He argued that the United States historically has
accepted foreign money, and he cited examples of
Staff photo by Route WHsofi
ARAMCO Vice-President James V. Knight discusses,
the relationship between oil and politics at the
International Affairs Colloquium.
Dutch, French and British money which helped
finance development of railroads and industry in the
United States in the 19th century.
If the Arabs had investments in the United States,
Dale said the Arabs would be more reluctant to raise
their oil prices exorbitantly or to cut off the oil supply
because such actions would hurt the American
economy and thus hurt Arab investments here.