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On the editorial page, a
layman examines the
It will be clear today
with no chance of rain.
The high will be about
58. There is a freeze
warning for tonight.
Volume No. 84. Issue No. 119
By KIMBERLEY PAINTER
In a speech to the United Nations last
week. President Carter said, "No member of
the United Nations an claim that
mistreatment of its citizens is solely its own
Tuesday, Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev
addressed a national trade union congress
and said the Carter administration's support
for Soviet dissidents is "interference in our
internal affairs," and "normal development
of relations on such a basis is, of course,
"What we really have here are two
opposing principles, each of which is good,
each of which is important and each of which
is set forth in the United Nations charter,"
Andrew Scott, professor of political science
at UNC said in an interview Wednesday.
"On the one hand, there is the question of
national sovereignty and nonintervention,
and on the other hand, the signatory nations
have pledged themselves to observe human
rights. On this issue, Brezhnev lines up
behind the first principle, and Carter behind
Brezhnev may be bluffing to some extent,
Scott said. "He didn't cancel the visit; he
didn't say 'Mr. (Cyrus) Vance (secretary of
state) why don't you stay at home, and we'll
talk ai a later time?' " Scott said. But he said
he feels Carter's policy is potentially
dangerous. "The Soviet Union is terribly
sensitive. They can't afford to have the
human-rights issue aired before the world
now." He said we may be jeopardizing other
issues if we push human rights too far.
Carter is inclined to think that foreign
policy is made exclusively in the executive
branch, and he has not drawn Congress into
the foreign-policy process, Scott said. Carter
has not consulted Congress on his human
rights statements, and Scott said this is a
major error. "Relations with Congress are
not forward in Carter's mind.
"Foreign policy isn't a place where you can
assert any one absolute value; instead one
must balance competing values there must
It may seem America is vacillating on
human rights, Scott said, but if we state our
position enough times other nations will see
that we are serious. "It's time to ease off.
We've made the point, and Carter probably
will ease off on human rights."
Carter wants to limit U.S. arms sales to
other countries, and Scott said this is a useful
goal. The United States is the largest arms
salesman in the world, selling $10 billion in
arms each year. According to Scott, these
sales destabilize other countries by providing
the potential for development of nuclear
Please turn to page 3.
Vance plans trip to Moscow
for U.S.-Soviet arms talks
WASHINGTON (UPI) President
Carter said Thursday he is sending
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance to
Moscow with new proposals for
"substantial reduction" of nuclear
armaments and has "high hopes" the
Soviets are now ready to move toward
He maintained that Soviet anger over
his own human rights crusade will not
impede negotiations on other issues,
and said he believes Soviet leader
Leonid Brezhnev has been careful to
signal the same message in his speeches
denouncing U.S. rights' initiatives.
At a news conference, Carter also
praised the "good faith" shown by the
Hanoi government in attempting to
provide information on U.S. servicemen
missing in Indochina action, and
complimented the Vietnamese for
dropping demands for economic aid as a
precondition to the forthcoming Paris
talks on broader diplomatic relations.
But he also rejected unequivocally the
suggestion that the United States owes
Vietnam any moral "debt" for its
involvement in the war.
Roberts gets 10 years
DURHAM (UPI) Five Durham
businessmen convicted of misapplying
savings and loans funds were all handed
active prison sentences Thursday
ranging from three to 10 years and fines
ranging from $22,000 to $58,000.
U.S. District Court Judge Robert E.
Maxwell sentenced Durham-Chapel
Hill builder Bobby R. Roberts to 13
five-year concurrent terms, another
five-year consecutive term and $49,000
in fines. He will have to serve a 10-year
U.S., Cuba open talks
WASHINGTON (UPI) The United
States and Cuba have opened direct
negotiations for the first time in more
than 18 years, meeting in New York to
discuss limits on offshore fishing, the
State Department announced
ff :r:,;: 1 i I sr U t l ?
5 v ari v- i
On a nice spring day, UNC students can
they're going to find in the Pit. This time
Puppet Theatre at the end of its parade from
Phil Ford reinjuied his right elbow
Thursday during practice. It is not known
whether Ford will miss the NCAA
semifinal game against the University of
Nevada at Las Vegas Saturday.
UNC Coach Dean Smith said Ford
aggravated the elbow injury while
making a two-handed chest pass.
"It's not all that serious," said Dr.
Timothy Taft, orthopedic surgeon at
N.C. Memorial Hospital. "We plan to let
him play from the medical point of view."
The talks are considered a first step
toward eventual reestablishment of
relations between the two countries.
The State Department issued a
"The governments of Cuba and the.
United States initiated' today in New
York negotiations aimed at regulating
questions concerning fisheries and
maritime boundaries resulting from the
promulgation of laws on these matters
by both parlies."
Student buying cards
"Student buying power cards" for
residents of Morrison, Ehringhaus and
Craige will be delivered within three
weeks. Other on-campus residents will
receive their cards by Tuesday. Faculty
members and students who live off
campus may obtain cards at the Union
The cards are good for varying
discounts at 10 Chapel Hill and
Carrboro businesses. Student
Government is coordinating the
distribution of the cards.
KOLA Indian Powwow
The second annual KOLA Indian
Powwow will be held Friday and
Saturday, March 25-26, at the Raleigh
Optimist Club Farm, off U .S. 40 1 south
Features include authentic Indian
singing, dancing, arts and crafts. The
event is sponsored by the KOLA
Powwow Association, the Carolina
Indian Circle at UNC and the Raleigh
Optimist Club. '
Major activities are scheduled for
Saturday. There is a $ 1 fee for Saturday
events and a $5 fee for camping on the
grounds. Spectators should bring their
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Friday, March 25, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
never be sure what
the Carolina Union. The group, in Chapel Hill as part of the
Fine Arts Festival, will lead another parade today on Franklin
it was the Bread and
South Building to Street, starting at 3:30
Poor building design
causes energy waste
By LESLIE SCISM
Staff W riter
Poorly designed buildings are causing
Americans to waste energy resources,
according to several nationally known
energy experts.- -
"You can take existing buildings and
reduce energy consumption by as much as 50
per cent," said M ichael Sizemore, an Atlanta
architect with experience in solar-heating
Sizemore was one of three panelists who
addressed an audience of approximately 60
persons gathered to hear a debate on
"Energy Conservation in Buildings and
Neighborhoods" in Carroll Hall Wednesday
night. The other panelists were David T.
Harrje, codirector of a Princeton University
project concerned with household energy
consumption, and Grant P. Thompson,
director of the energy research program of
the Environmental Law Institute.
The panel debate was the third session of
an energy colloquium sponsored by the
Center for Urban and Regional Studies.
Sizemore told the audience that
Americans could cut back on energy
consumption by improving building
For example, Sizemore's firm reduced a
heating bill for an indoor swimming pool by
$15,000 a year when it suggested putting a
plastic cover over the pool at night to prevent
water from excaping from the pool and
mildewing the surroundings. The owners of
the pool had been cooling the air at night to
dehumidify the air.
Most of the energy-conservation measures
Yankee general wins southern girl's heart
By DAN FESPERMAN
Editor's note: This is the third in a three
part historical view of Chapel Hill in the last
days of the Confederacy. Today: romance
between a Yankee general and the University
With the war burned out and the Yankees
still in town, there wasn't much left for
Chapel Hillians to do but socialize with the
Unwittingly, they were about to spawn a
romance that would nearly get the rest of the
state mad enough to pick up where Sherman
had left off and destroy the tpwn.
It all started when UNC professor Ritter
invited Brig. Gen. Hamilton to his house for
dinner with family and friends.
After dinner, Hamilton was introduced to
Ellie Swain, the 21-year-old daughter of
UNC President Swain. Their conversation
sounded straight out of a B-grade movie
about the antebellum South.
"Well," Ellie said to Hamilton after they
were introduced, "you Yankees have got
here at last. We have been looking for you
for some time and have a curiosity to know
w hat you are going to do with us. You have
destroyed our country and our means of
support; you have burned our fences and
many of our homes and factories; you have
disorganized and robbed us of our labor; you
have killed or disabled our young men, at
least the best of them, but the women are all
here; what are you going to do with us?"
Hamilton wrote that "the expression on
her strangely bright face as she presented this
formidable indictment almost paralyzed me,
but I recovered long enough to, venture
must be put into effect in existing buildings
since replenishment of housing is only about
one to two per cent per year, Harrje said.
Most of his comments were concerned
with the nation's residential sector, which
accounts for 18 per cent of the energy
consumed in the United " States." Harrje's
remarks were based on findings of a 1972
project he directed in Twin Rivers, N.J.
In the Twin Rivers townhouses, the
energy-saving measures cost approximately
$400 per home and paid for themselves in
three years by reducing heating bills.
But Thompson, a Washington, D.C.,
lawyer, pointed out that getting home
owners to install the energy-saving measures
could present problems.
- "Suppose I came to you and said, 'Insulate
your house and install storm windows.' You
might do that up to the point that you, the
home owner, still save money."
But after that point, the individual avoids
further changes. For example, he said,
truckers have found it cheaper to get a ticket
for speeding than to travel 55 miles per hour.
Energy-saving tips offered by the experts
Shading windows in the summer to
keep sunlight from warming the air, so air
conditioning bills will be lower.
Shading windows in the winter to keep
warm air in, so that heating bills will be
Turning off as many lights as possible,
especially in the summer, because they
Turning heat down during the day if no
one is home.
modestly the suggestion that it might be well
for us to follow the example of the ancient
Fabians, who, after they had overrun a
neighboring province and killed the men,
began the reconstruction of the "country by
marrying the women. She said the North has
assumed the responsibility, and we are at
your mercy; but I suppose that you will let us
have something to say about that.
"We passed quite an interesting evening."
Rather than play suitor, Hamilton
decided to take the role of matchmaker, and
he arranged a meeting between Ellie and
Gen. Atkins under the guise of an innocent
visit to President Swain's house.
But upon arriving, Hamilton wrote, "1
gave my attention to the ladies of the
previous evening, while the General devoted
himself to Miss Swain. About 10 o'clock 1
suggested that it was time to go to camp. He
replied that it was not late. Some time
afterward I repeated the suggestion. He
responded, 'Yes, in a few minutes.' After
another interval I said if we remained much
longer we would have trouble, as I had not
the countersign. He replied that he had it. 1
called at his headquarters the next
afternoon, and was told that he had gone
down to (former) Gov. Swain's on some
matter of business. It was the old, old story."
A few evenings later, a group of men from
Atkins' unit went to his headquarters to
serenade him, as they had often done before.
When they reached his tent, they found he
had gone to Swain's house, so they ventured
After a few songs, they called on the
general to make a speech, as had been
customary on such occasions.
Swain was not in a mood lo oblige.
Vegas Rebels play
both ends of court
By GRANT VOSBURGH
It's no secret that the University of Nevada at Las Vegas (UNLV) has an
offensive-minded basketball team. Its 107.9 points-per-game average attests to that.
But there is one misconception that the only defense UNLV has been working on
lately is the one they might have to use if the NCAA investigation results in
allegations of misconduct.
The Runnin' Rebels do, however, play both ends of the basketball floor. Perhaps
opponents' 87 points-per-game mark against Las Vegas will help verify that claim.
If not, Rebel Coach Jerry Tarkanian and UNC's Dean Smith might be able to
persuade disbelievers. The Tar Heels play UNLV in the NCAA finals at 4: 15 p.m.
Saturday in Atlanta s Omni.
By CHIP HIGHSMITH
No matter how well the Tar Heel
basketball team does in the NCAA
championship this year, there will be no Phil
Ford posters, bumper stickers or any other
sports memorabilia displaying the name of a
An NCAA rule that went into effect in
July 1976 makes it illegal to use the name or
picture of any athlete of an NCAA member
school on an item sold commercially.
This rule applies not only to T-shirts,
sweatshirts, serving trays, playing cards,
posters and photographs sold in university
student stores, but also to items sold in off
campus stores. If a player's name or picture,
appears on a bumper sticker or poster sold
by a business, the player or the university is
required by the NCAA to "take affirmative
action to have his name or picture removed
from the item."
Moyer G. Smith, associate athletic
director, said the rule is intended to prevent a
school or business from financially
exploiting an athlete.
"You can't have a situation where a person
is a product," Smith said. "Now we can't sell
the big posters of our players. We liked it
because it was great exposure for our
players. The players liked it also, and it was a
big recruiting help. We had a real good thing
going I don't know why the NCAA did it."
Thomas A. Shetley, manager of the
University Student Stores, said the NCAA
rule had not affected business. "We have had
to remove some of the things that were heavy
movers during football season," Shetley
"This NCAA rule is just silly. The players
and the athletic department don't make any
money on these things. The money goes to
scholarships. These posters and things don't
exploit the players they say we're proud of
"I think this is an obscure rule. The NCAA
has not made it clear how they plan to
enforce the rule or what they would do to
someone who violated it. I bet if you went to
the Notre Dame student store you would
find pictures of their players," Shetley said.
Ledbetter-Pickard Co. on Franklin Street
carriers photographs of some of the Tar H eel
players. John Dunlap of Ledbetter-Pickard
said the store management had been told
they could sell anything produced before
"We've bought a lot of posters, so I'm not
really worried about it," Dunlap said. "All
our photographs are from the '75-76 season.
Everybody has asked for O'Koren posters,
but we can't sell them. It hurts business some
not to have what people want.
"Soldiers," he said as he stepped out onto the
porch, "I am making a speech to a young
lady here tonight, and 1 have no eloquence to
waste she requires it all. The war, as I told
you it would, at Mt. Olive, has played out,
and in less than the 90 days 1 then named. 1
think speech-making has played out also,
except to the young ladies. You must go to
The men were crestfallen, and one wrote,
"the General was cross in those days to every
one, except the girl he was making love to.
He went all through the war without being a
prisoner, and was captured at last, after the
Please call us: 933-0245
"We like to play 40 minutes ot
defense,M Tarkanian said Wednesday.
"Our team spends much more time on
defense than offense. We like to think
that our defense creates our offense."
"Nevada-Las Vegas plays extremely
well defensively," Smith added. "Their
man-to-man is much the same as what
Carolina fans will have to hope that
UNLV's performance in that man-toman
is not the same as UNC's, however.
The Tar Heels' sticky defense has been
the downfall of their last four
opponents: Virginia, Purdue, Notre
Dame and Kentucky.
Offensively, the two teams are as
unlike as can be. North Carolina
employs a patient, deliberate passing
offense geared to produce the high
percentage shot. The Rebels try to keep
their offensive scheme simple.
"Get the ball upcourt as fast as we
can, and take the first good shot we can
get," Tarkanian said.
The personnel that Tarkanian has to
work with enables him to use the
"We have tremendous quickness and
good shooting," he said. "We feel that
we have eight very solid players."
Forward Eddie Owens, who stands 6-foot-7,
leads the Rebel scorers,
averaging 21.7 points a game. He is
called a "great shooter" by his coach.
The remainder of the scoring is
divided among 6-goot-6 guard Glen
Gondrezick (15.1), 6-foot-4 forward
Sam Smith (14.8), 6-foot-7 reserve
Reggie Theus (14.4) and 5-foot-l 1 point
guard Robert Smith (13.0).
Smith said the one important factor
for the Tar Heels would be limiting
Nevada-Las Vegas to one shot, but that
is easier said than done, as Smith
certainly knows. The Rebels rank sixth
in the national rebounding statistics.
Gondrezick is the leader, pulling
down 11.2 rebounds a game. Center
Larry Moffet, 6-foot-9, adds 9.3 each
outing while his backup, 6-foot-1 1 Lew
Brown, rebounds at an 8.5 clip.
The eighth man in Tarkanian's lineup
is 6-foot-1 Tony Smith, a reserve point
The Rebels are 28-2 with an 1 1-game
winning streak while Carolina is 27-4
and has won 14 in a row. In the
Associated Press poll, UNLV is fourth
in the nation and UNC is fifth. The
U nited Press I nternational has the order
war was over, by the youngest daughter of
"A feathered arrow from the ancient bow
had pierced the heart the modern bullet had
failed to reach," Hamilton wrote. "After the
war he came back and they were married (on
Aug. 23), and reconstruction in its best form
was begun in North Carolina."
Other reactions to the romance were not
so favorable, particularly the local ones.
One student wrote in his diary, "Who can
sympathize with or even pity a young lady
who willingly throws herself into the arms of
a Yankee General, while his sword is yet
reeking with the blood of its victims, her own
relations or at least her own countrymen."
Some other students hung President
Swain in effigy, and people across the state
who had formerly called Chapel Hillians a
rabble of "unreconstructed rebels" began
calling them traitors.
When the Union troops finally left town,
with Atkins among the last to depart, South
Building, Old West and the alcoves of the
library were still filled with the straw bedding
and stable litter of the soldiers' horses,
prompting one student to write that "in ultra
Roman histories we had read of the horse
that was made a consul. But never before,
surely, had a horse been a student."
Despite all of the military hustle and
bustle, there had only been a temporary
suspension of classes. And so, when the end
of May rolled around, it was again time for
But as a reminder that things still weren't
quite normal, only four students of the
graduating class of 15 showed up for their