It will be mostly sunny
on Thursday with a
high near 70. Today will
be partly cloudy with a
high in the low to mid
70s. The low tonight
will be near 40.
You can make a play
into a movie, but is the
reverse true? In his
review of the
Compa ny's, A History of
the American Film,
considers this question.
See page 6 for details.
Please call us: 933-0245
Serving the students an J the University community since 1X93
Thursday, March 31, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 123
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Says former intelligence director
CIA necessary to maintain safety for democracy
By NANCY HARTIS
The United States will need the Central Intelligence
Agency (CIA) in the future to maintain safety for
democracy, William E. Colby, former CIA director,
told approximately 1,000 persons in Memorial Hall
I don't think the next two decades are going to be
necessarily safe for democracy," Colby said. "But with
the CIA's knowledge and intelligence, we can solve and.
find agreements on problems that could lead to
Colby said the growing power of the Soviet Union,
the envy of Third World countries with growing
closes out 340
By LESLIE SCISM
Approximately 340 students were closed
out of dorms Tuesday in the random
drawing for University housing in which 19
residence halls participated, according to
Peggy Gibbs, assistant to the director for
.Last year 195 students were oh the waiting
list after being closed out, but figures from
the lottery last year are not available, Gibbs
The 340 students include 55 men and 285
women. The waiting list last year included 49
men and 146 women. Figures for this year
are approximations - because some
cancellations have been made, Gibbs said.
Students closed out of their residence halls
may have their names placed on a central
waiting list. A student's position on this list
will be determined by a random drawing
April 5 in the housing office. Until April 12,
when the housing contracts office begins
making room assignments for freshmen,
residence directors will fill cancellations in
their dorms with the names of students
closed out of their particular' halls.
"We don't like to get everybody's hopes
up, though, because it doesn't happen very
often," Gibbs said. Most room assignments
will be made beginning in June.
Last year every student on the waiting list
By CHIP PEARSALL
Alger Hiss, the former State
Department employee convicted of
perjury in 1950 in connection with
charges that he spied for the Soviet
Union, told a Memorial Hall audience
Tuesday night that he feels the witch
hunting and Red-baiting of the
McCarthy era will not recur in America.
' Hiss conviction and three-and-a-half
year jail term came before the infamous
hearings presided over by Sen. Joseph
McCarthy in the early '50s. But Hiss
endured the same brand of
interrogation and character
assassination before the House Un
American Activities Committee
(HUAC) in 1948. Those hearings
resulted in Hiss being charged and
convicted by a New York jury on two
counts of perjury.
The conviction ended an unblemished
political career. It meant, by
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problems and the need to share power with other
countries will necessitate the continuance of a
centralization of intelligence.
Approximately 30 demonstrators outside Memorial
Hall passed out handbills calling for the abolition of the
CIA, but Colby asserted that there is still a need for the
"Unfortunately, there are still some countries that
keep secrets, and these secrets can only be learned by
finding and talking to brave people who will tell what
they know,"-he said.
The protest groups included members of the War
Resisters League, the N.C. Coalition to Abolish the
CIA. the Socialist Workers Party and Joe Fclmct. a
Dorm residents assemble on the Henderson
results of the room lottery.
was placed in University housing, but most
of those did not return to their original
dorms, Gibbs said. "During the first week of
school, if students came and wanted space to
live, we put them in study rooms and later
moved them to rooms when vacancies
occurred," she said. "We knew we'd have
Last year was the first year in recent
history that there was no waiting list for
University housing when the academic year
implication, that Hiss had passed
classified State Department documents
to a Soviet Communist agent in 1938.
Hiss still insists he is innocent.
Evidence available under the Freedom
of Information Act was repressed by the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
at the time of the trial, and Hiss said he
thinks he has enough information now
to overturn the perjury conviction.
But he said he thinks it is.
inappropriate for htm to lecture about
his case. He does, however, lecture
about the periods before and after his
trial, and he told trie audience of
approximately 400 that Sen. McCarthy
didn't start the political vendettas in
He cited the Salem witch trials (from
which "witch-hunting" got its name),
the- Alien and Sedition Acts after the
Revolutionary War and Communist
trials during the '30s to show that
McCarthy had a precedent to follow.
But he turned special attention to
HUAC. Among its crusading members
While William E. Colby, former director of the CIA, spoke in Memorial Hall Wednesday
night, 20 to 30 demonstrators gathered outside to protest CIA activities and to
distribute handbills. Among the protesters were the War Resisters League, the North
Carolina Coalition to Abolish the CIA and the Socialist Workers Party.
democratic contender for the U.S. Senate.
Colby stressed that the image of the CIA as a spy
agency is a misconception.
"We've taken one aspect of modern intelligence and
projected it as the entire image of modern intelligence."
He described the CIA as a core of scholars in areas
ranging from economics to physics. "We have more
scholars in the CIA than most of the universities in this
country," he said, adding that the main work of the CIA
is interpretation of data rather than spying.
Colby defended the CIA against the criticism it
experienced between 1973 and 1975.
"We thought we had brought the CIA under the law
Staff photo by Rouse Wilson
Residence College lawn to wait for the
began. Gibbs said.
Students willing to accept any room
assignment should list "any" as the fifth
choice in the list of hall preferences on the
application-contract. If cancellations occur,
the hall assignments will be given to students
who have those dorms listed; otherwise, the
application will be passed over until an
opening occurs in the preferred residence
Please turn to page 2.
unlikely to recur
was freshman Congressman Richard M.
Nixon of California.
"HUAC blazed the trail of witch
hunting and Red-baiting long before
McCarthy ever got his start," Hiss said.
The McCarthy hearings merely
expanded the techniques that had been
developed before. "McCarthy was an
ugly man in an ugly time," Hiss said.
"We are rid of him now. and much was
learned by seeing how courageous
people stood up to him."
Hiss related anecdotes about people
who were brought before McCarthy's
committee to testify. Among them were
Zero Mostel and Ring Lardner, both of
whom were blacklisted and lost their
jobs after being named Communists by
"friendly witnesses" before the
Hiss said Mostel clowned while
taking the oath before testifying. "He
was showing that he respected the oath
but did not respect the members of the
committee," he said. "The
Staff photo by Rouse Wilson
F r id ay p ro po se s t h at t eac h e rs
receive 20 per cent pay raise
By KAREN MILLERS
UNC President William C. Friday
proposed a 20 per cent faculty pay increase
over the next two years to the N.C.
legislature's joint appropriations committee
on higher education Tuesday.
The 20 per cent increase has been endorsed
by the University system Board of
Governors and the UNC-CH Faculty
Council. A petition endorsing the increase
was sent to Gov. James Hunt and members
of the legislature and was signed by more
than 500 faculty members.
Gov. Hunt and the. Advisory Budget
Commission have recommended a salary
increase of 6.5 per cent for 1977-78. They
have said nothing about an increase the next
"Throughout everything we've done and
will do, this is the No. I consideration,"
Friday said. "It's that critical to us in terms of
retention of faculty. We have not kept up in
the past three years."
Joint committee member Sen. Jack
Childers, D-Davidson, said he could not
predict how much of the 20 per cent raise
would be appropriated. He said he is
sympathetic to Friday's request.
"Everybody realizes there's a big need,"
Childers said. "We have urgent needs in the
University; we have urgent needs in the
public school system; we have urgent needs
in the prison systems. It's a matter of cutting
the. cloth to fit the needs."
courageousness of these people exposed
the committee as rather silly."
Fear played a great role in the
activities of the McCarthy committee,
Hiss said. He added that greater
opportunities for education today will
help prevent the excesses of
McCarthyism from happening again.
Please turn to page 4.
i - V- ,- IT . s -A i
By MARK ANDREWS
Southern Bell will begin telephone service
in Chapel Hill Friday after the final sales
transaction with the Chapel Hill Telephone
Company takes place today according to
Mike Carson. Southern Bell manager.
The $26-million transaction will result in
an increase in monthly rates and the
elimination of free local calls in the
undergraudate and graduate libraries and
the Carolina Union. Library and Union
funds presently pay for the phones, which
c6st SI2 per month.
Single-party phone rates will rise from
$6.50 to $7.50 per month. Pay booth calls
which now cost 10 cents will jump to 20
cents. Southern Bell customers have been
paying 20 cents per call for several years.
No major improvements in the system will
come in the near future. Carson said, but
some long-range changes will be made.
in 1973. but leaks to the press about things that
happened long ago caused a new wave of public
criticism, and another investigation was called which
did clarify that the CIA was not a rogue elephant and
was fully under presidential control." he said.
Colby said there needs to be less secrecy in the CIA.
He blamed an excess of secrecy for what he termed
misunderstandings about the CIA.
But he called for respect for the CIA's need to keep
some secrets and for protection of intelligence sources.
Colby's address lasted about 50 minutes and was
followed by questions from the audience.
The speech was sponsored by the International
Affairs Colloquium and the Union Forum Committee.
Childers said no decisions can be made
until the legislature knows how much money
will be available. That amount will not be
known until at least April 15. when income
tax returns are filed.
If the legislature does appropriate funds
for the pay hike, there is a possibility that
budget needs elsewhere in the University
may force a tuition increase.
"I haven't heard anything about that,"
Childers said. "Maybe that's on further
down the track."
CGA to sponsor conference;
gays slate speaker, workshops
More than 500 persons are expected to
attend the second annual Southeastern Gay
Conference at the Carolina Union April 1-3.
The conference is sponsored by the Carolina
Gay Association (CGA).
Jean O'Leary. featured speaker of the
conference and coexecutive director of the
National Gay Task Force, will speak on
"Gays and the Carter Administration the
Movement of the 1980s" at 9:30 p.m.
Saturday. She recently met with President
Carter to discuss gay rights.
"O'Leary's speech will include material
about her White House meetings with
President Carter as well as with cabinet
officials." said Allan Brown, CGA
spokesperson. "Ms. O'Leary is expected to
(Election board okays
local residency rules
Methods used by the Orange
County Board of Election, to
determine the residency status of
student voters do not violate state
law or guidelines established by the
state elections board, the state board
The board's decision followed a
four and one-half hour public
meeting in Raleigh at which Chapel
Hill, Carrboro and Orange County
officials addressed the question of
whether the local board had violated
"The board concluded that the
Orange County Board of Elections
had, to a reasonable and
commendable extent, followed the
provisions of the law and the
guidelines established by the state
board," said Alex Brock, state
elections board chairperson.
"1 n the long range we plan to eliminate the
access code required for calling long
distance, and we plan to shorten the interval
While dorm residents also will have to pay
the additional $1 per month charge, no
service changes are expected to those living
"Our plans at the present time are to leave
the telephones in the dorm rooms as they are
now." Carson said. At the end of the school
year the phones will be disconnected and left
in the room. After students return to school,
they can request that the phones be
Southern Bell will not charge for directory
assistance for long-distance calls outside of
the 919 area code. The first five local
directory-assistance calls each month will be
free, and after that each call will cost 20
Carson said Southern Bell wilj keep all
workers previously employed by the Chapel
H ill company. He said that, in general, there
will be a pay increase for employees,
although the amount may not be substantial.
Carson said that benefits such as
hospitalization and retirement will, in most
cases, be as good as the state system, if not
Some employees have complained about
changes in retirement policy. State
employees can retire after 30 years service
and begin drawing benefits immediately. As
Southern Bell employees, however, they will
have to wait until age 65 to collect.
Employees must work at least five years
for Southern Bell to be eligible for their
pension plan. An employee who retires with
less than five years service with Southern
Please turn to page 2
The 20 per cent pay increase would cost
approximately $26.5 million in state funds.
The total amount the University wants
above the recommendations of Hunt and the
Advisory Budget Commission is SI 42
Approximately S89 million of that would
go for constructing, renovating or
expanding buildings. Approximately $14
million would be used to accommodate an
increased enrollment of about 7 per cent, and
$2.7 million would be used for library
break new details of her March 26 meeting
with President Carter. She also w ill head two
The conference this year is entitled MA
Celebration of the Gay Lifestyle," and will
include more than 60 workshops as well as
Workshop topics include professional
counseling and gays, establishing a statewide
organization, lesbians in athletics, gays and
the media, gays and religion, homosexuality
and the blue-collar worker and getting
changes in legislation.
"The conference is essentially the same as
it was last year, but we have more social
activities planned." Brown said.
Petitions presented to the state g
board earlier this month had implied
that the Orange County board
violated state law or did not follow j:!
the guidelines in determining
residency status of student voters.
The petitions, signed by 820 :j
Orange County residents, requested
that the names of all students from :
outside Orange County be purged j:
from the county voter-registration jg
lists and that a new primary and iji
general election be held for two seats ::
on the county commission. :j:
As a result of the board's decision
Wednesday, the requests presented in :
the petitions would not be considered :
by the state board. Brock said. "The ij:
board concluded that no further ::
proceedings in this matter are jij
deemed appropriate, he said.
LAURA SCISM J