I ... s(
Tuesday will be clear
and mild with the
temperatures in the
upper 60s. There will be
showers today with the
temperatures ih the low
What does Chapel Hill
have to offer in the way
of entertainment this
week? See Kaleido
scope, page 4.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Monday, April 4, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 125
Please call us: 933-0245
: UNC deseareaation pla
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Staff photo by Joseph Thomas
Clowning with the pep band and fans on the bank, Reggie Jackson was a clear
favorite of the crowd that packed Boshamer Stadium Saturday. But the former
Oakland A's outfielder was less entertaining in his first few trips to the plate,
striking out and grounding out. He finally satisfied his following, though, with a
single and homer in his last two at-bats.
Yankee home runs, antics
entertain Carolina crowd ;
players cherish 8-1 loss
By PETE MITCHELL
It was nearly 12:45 Saturday, almost a
half hour after their expected arrival, and
the sky was getting darker and darker.
Suddenly, a great roar arose from the
crowd and everyone strained to see them
as they filed out of their chartered bus.
The New York Yankees were here; it was
no April fool. The fabled Bronx Bombers
had really come to Chapel Hill to play an
exhibition baseball game against the
Carolina Tar Heels.
And while the New Yorkers secured an
8-1 win over their hosts, there was really
too much going on to even think about
the outcome of the game.
People cared more about the antics of
the colorful Reggie Jackson and the
Yankees' fiery manager Billy Martin.
They "ooed and aahed" at some of the
shots hit during batting practice and just
the experience of seeing Yogi Berra,
Whitey Ford, Catfish Hunter, Elston
Howard and all the rest of the Yankees in
person was worth the price of admission.
It was a day dedicated to UNC coach
Walter Rabb, who is stepping down this
year after 3 1 years as head baseball coach.
In a pregame ceremony, Rabb was given
a plaque signifying the event and a
shotgun as a gift from Yankee owner
George Steinbrenner. Athletic Director
Bill Cobey announced that a baseball
scholarship to UNC will be awarded In
By game time, about 7,000 persons had
filled Cary Boshamer Stadium's
permanent seats, while others gathered
on the hill along the first baseline and
lined the outfield fences. The balconies of
Ehringhaus dormitory in the distance
were dotted with spectators.
Martin was handed the microphone,
and after the usual "thank you's" iind
"happy to be here's" said, "1 know you're
not rooting for the Tar Heels today."
In fact, most people were pulling for
the home team, but everybody wanted to
see some of the same things that made the
Yankees last year's American League
Carolina junior Matt Wilson walked
calmly to the mound and retired Mickey
Rivers, Roy White and Thurman
M unson in order on two ground balls and
a fly ball much to the surprise of the
onlookers who expected fireworks from
For the Tar Heels in their half of the
inning, .306 leadoff hitter P. J. Gay lined
a single to right off Gil Patterson and
came around to score on groundouts by
Randy Warrick and Win Barkley.
For Gay, it was "the greatest thrill of
my life." Most of the other Carolina
players agreed, noting how in awe they
were of the major leaguers.
Please turn to page 4.
Clinic offers research assistance
By AMY McRARY
The Term Paper Clinic of the
undergraduate library may offer a solution
for students with a 20-page research paper to
write and no idea where to begin.
The clinic, which is offered now through
April 22, is a service started, by Robert B.
House Library last semester to assist UNC
students in organizing their papers.
Librarians help students by showing them
the correct references, indexes and
periodicals to use for their paper topic.
"Students often think the library is a self
service center and so don't think to ask for
help," said Brian Nielsen, reference and
instruction librarian. "Libraries are
complicated and often a hassle. We are
trying to help students find the right research
sources quickly and easily.
"If students of this University are typical
of students of other large colleges, they don't
know nearly enough about sources that
could make their work easier."
A student wishing to use the clinic must
sign up for a 30-minute conference with a
librarian at the undergraduate library
reference desk. He must list his research
topic when he makes an appointment so the
librarian will be prepared to help him.
'Although assigning a librarian to a
student is somet imes a matter of schedules, a
librarian often assists a student because he is
an expert in the area the student is
The primary purpose of. the 30-minute
conference is to help the student develop a
plan to use the library" resources more
What happens during the conference
toward achieving this purpose depends on
the student, his topic and the amount of
work he has already done.
During the conference, a librarian may
help the student narrow his topic, develop an
outline and understand the different catalogs
and indexes in the library. The librarian
The librarians in Robert B. House
Undergraduate Library are working with
those in Wilson Library this semester. "If the
student's topic sources are mostly in Wilson,
we refer him to a librarian there," Nielsen
Students also are referred to other
libraries on campus such as. the Health
Sciences Library or the law library.
"Response to the clinic has not been as
wide as we would like to see it so far," Nielsen
said. "Last semester most of the
appointments were made during the last two
weeks of classes. Maybe students wait till
later to get help when most papers are due,"
inadequate, calls for HEW review
By TONY GUNN
Staff W riter
The University of North Carolina's desegregation plan is not in
compliance with the 1964 Civil Rights Act - and is therefore
inadequate, a U.S. district court judge ruled Friday.
Judge John H. Pratt ruled that the Department of Health.
Education and Welfare (HEW) incorrectly accepted the
desegregation plans of North Carolina and five other states.
Pratt gave HEW 90 days to revise its desegregation guidelines, to
be followed by 60 days in which the states must submit revised
desegregation plans. HEW then has 120 days either to accept or reject
"The process of desegregation must not place a greater burden on
Black institutions or. Black students' opportunities to receive a
quality public education," Pratt wrote in his decision.
"The desegregation process should take into account the unequal
status of the Black colleges and the real danger that desegregation
will diminish higher education opportunities for blacks."
Pratt noted that the National Association for Equal Opportunity
in Higher Education "has consistently voiced its concern about the
possible adverse effects of state plans on the future of Black colleges
and their primary mission of education of Black Americans."
The group is composed of 107 presidents of black colleges.
"When the time comes to respond, we will," U NC system President
William C. Friday said Saturday.
"What has happened is a judicial process. Everything 1 do will be
on the basis of official communication with HEW."
Friday said that he did not know if the delay would give him the
opportunity to consult with HEW Secretary Joseph A. Calilano. .
"If he asks, it will have to be a formal request," Friday said.
Sanford H. Winston, HEW press information officer, would not
comment on the order.
"Our attorneys have not yet had a chance to go over it." Winston
The ruling originated from an October 1970 suit brought by the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Legal
Defense and Education Fund (LDF). They charged that 10 states,
including North Carolina, violated Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights
The provision says that schools that continue to discriminate on
the basis of race or national origin be denied federal funds.
Neither Elliott C. Lichtman nor John Silard, LDF lawyers, were
available for comment.
In January, Pratt ordered HEW and the LDF to work together in
coming up with the guidelines.
The timetable handed down by Pratt is shorter than one
recommended by Califano.
Calilano asked for a 60-day delay on March 23 to develop the set of
guidelines, after which 45 days would be reserved for public
He asked for another 45 days to transmit the set to the six states.
The universities then would have 60 days to submit their plans, based
on the guidelines.
' 4 i
Photo by Charles Hardy
Could affect law school applicants
luses and minuses on transcripts
By MARK LAZENBY
As a result of the UNC faculty council's decision to include
pluses and minuses on all students' transcripts beginning this
semester, law-school applicants may have their quality point
averages (QPA) altered at the Educational Testing Service
(ETS) in Princeton, N.J.. to conform with the ETS
standardized grade-computation policy.
Although the faculty council voted in April 1976 that
students' QPAs would not be affected with the addition of
pluses and minuses, the Law School Data Assembly Service
(LSDAS) at Princeton to which 153 of America's 163
accredited law schools subscribe recomputes every
applicant's QPA. adding or subtracting .33 from each letter
grade if a plus of minus appears beside it on the transcript.
Therefore, a student applying to law school who earns five
A-minuses this semester would still have a QPA of 4.0 at
UNC; however. LSDAS would compute this student's
semester QPA as a 3.67. Similarly, an applicant with five B-'
pluses would have a 3.33 for the semester according to
LSDAS, and a 3.0 according to UNC. Unless a transcript
contains an equal number of pluses and minuses, LSDAS
will arrive at a different QPA than the one assigned by UNC.
According to Bob Hendon. program director of the
educational testing service. UNC's new two-year trial policy
may have varied effects on law-school applicants.
"It could help some and hurt others," Hendon said. He
said law-school applicants from UNC appear to be "caught
in the middle" of the faculty council's decision to add pluses
and minuses to transcripts without altering students' grade
averages, and the standardized grade computation policies at
By DAVID STACKS
The duties of two proposed legislative
study commissions would overlap the
responsibilities the General Assembly
already has designated to the UNC Board of
Governors. UNC Vice President for
Academic Affairs Raymond Dawson said
Two bills before the N.C. House Higher
Education Committee would set up two
legislative study commissions to ' review
UNC's tenure and tuition policies.
Under the proposed legislation, one of the
commissions would rev iew the tenure system
in the 16-campus UNC system while the
other would evaluate the structure the Board
of Governors uses to set tuition rates.
The House Higher Education Committee
will hold public hearings on the two
Rep. John Gamble. D-Lincoln. sponsor of
the two bills, said the studies are necessarv
because the General Assembly does not have
access to the Board of Governors'
information on tenure and tuition policies.
Gamble said his legislation is not
prompted by any specific events. He said he
feels the General Assembly should have the
same information as the- Board ol
"We're not on a witch hunt." (iambic said.
"It's just that we're involved in these policies
and we pay for it. but we don't really have a
handle on it."
The two bills, if approved by the
legislature, would require the lieutenant
governor and speaker of the House to each
appoint five members to the commissions.
The Tuition Study Grant Commission
would determine the actual cost per student
to operate the UNC system and develop
guidelines for funding state and private
institutions that receive state aid.
In addition, the commission would search
for a method of paying educational costs
other than with tuition.
Please turn to page 3.
"How much distortion there is going to be. I don't know,"
Associate Dean of the UNC law school Morris Gelblum said,
explaining that only when the marks begin to appear will
applicants be able to determine if high numbers of pluses and
minuses will affect their overall QPA computations at
According to Gelblum, UNC undergraduates applying to
law schools have always had extremely accurate correlations
between their UNC QPAs without pluses and minuses and
the LSDAS summaries. If no pluses or minuses appear on a
student's transcript, LSDAS computes the grade on the
standard 4-point scale used by UNC.
At LSDAS an A equals 4.0. a B equals 3.0, a C equals 2.0. a
D equals 1.0 and an F is given no credit. Detailed
explanations of the LSDAS purpose and policy can be found
in the Interpretive Booklet for LSA T-LSDAS available at
the law school.
"There is nothing to prevent a law-school applicant from
writing us or any law school to which they apply, explaining
any distortion or misrepresentation of the grading system in
his or her undergraduate school," Gelblum said.
Gelblum sent a detailed letter to the faculty council before
its decision that explained the LSDAS policies and most law
schools' reliance upon them.
Please turn to page 2
Measles cases not a threat
Two cases of German measles were reported here
last week, but there is no cause for alarm about a
measles outbreak, according to Dr. James
McCutchan. clinical director for Student Health
The "two cases apparently were contracted during
Spring Break, McCutchan said. One student had been
in New York and the other in Virginia.
"German measles is only a risk to pregnant women,
and there are not that many pregnant women on this
campus. I'm not alarmed," McCutchan said.
McCutchan said the incubation period for the
disease is two weeks. "It is my guess that with only five
weeks until the end of school, the threat of an epidemic
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Gay Conference '4 v ''Z
While a sign at the Union welcomed the
gays, a sign on Old East Dorm (above,
right) expressed one resident's feelings
about "Gay Day" (specified as a day for
all gays to wear blue jeans). The
coexecutive director of the National Gay
Task Force, Jean O'Leary (above, left)
delivered the keynote address Saturday.
Her speech dealt with gays and the
The symptoms of German measles are a pink rash,
sore throat, muscle aches and a fever of 99 to 100
degrees. A person also may experience lumps in the
back of the neck and arthritis.
If German measles is contracted during the first
three months of pregnancy, the unborn child may be
afflicted by congenital heart disease, mental illness or
cataracts, according to McCutchan.
"Then (after contraction of measles) we face the
problem of whether or not to administer clinical
abortions because of the risk. So, the real problem is to
keep pregnant women from being exposed."
hosted by CGA
By LESLIE SCISM
Gay-rights advocates said Saturday that
momentum was growing for their movement
despite efforts by TV personality Anita
Bryant to block a gay-rights ordinance in
Dade County. Fla.
"It would take an octopus to stop us now,"
said Jean O'Leary, coexecutive director of
the three-and-a-half-year-old National Gay
Task Force. O'Leary addressed a crowd of
more than 600 persons from at least 1 5 states
gathered at the Carolina Union this weekend
for the second annual Southeastern Gay
Conference, hosted by the Carolina Gay
The gay-rights leader told the cheering
and applauding crowd that she was
optimistic about the future of the gay-rights
movement during Jimmy Carter's
"The atmosphere is vibrant; I feel the
electricity." she said. "We rode in on the tail
end of the civil-rights movement. We've
made major inroads in all areas.
O'Leary's 45-minute speech was titled
"Gays and the Carter. Administration: the
Movement of the 1980s," and focused on her
March 26 meeting with Carter aide Margaret
Costanza. O'Leary and 13 other gay-rights
leaders discussed with Costanza
discrimination against gays in prisons the
military, civil service jobs and housing.
Subseqent meetings with specific agencies
are planned for the future, but no dates have
"It was a very concrete meeting," O'Leary
said. "We're going to be a major, major civil
rights movement in the 1980s."
O'Leary. a former nun, said gay-rights
organizations were doubling and tripling in
membership and said membership would be
higher if the social stigma of homosexuality
"Some of us are closeted, hiding," she said.
But she said she was optimistic about
legislation oh the local, state and federal
levels. More than 40 municipalities have
passed equal-rights ordinances, and 18 states
Please turn to page 3.