Cloudy and warmer
It will be partly cloudy
on Friday with the high
in the 60s. The high
today also will be in the
60s. The low tonight
will be in the mid to
Time for a break
Today's DTH is the last
until next Tuesday. We
will not print on Friday
or Monday., Have a
Serving the .students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, April 7, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 128
(t'l) ftrn Wi? lit'
WASHINGTON (U PI) President
.Carter Wednesday asked Congress to
pass a package of consumer legislation,
including an Agency for Consumer
Advocacy (ACA), the long-time Ralph
Nader goal which has been stymied by
eight years of GOP opposition.
Carter recommended four of the five
pieces of legislation the organized
consumer movement had asked for in
January. The fifth, creation of a bank to
finance consumer cooperatives, was not
recommended, but Esther Peterson,
Carter's newly named consumer
adviser, said it was 'still under study.
Carter said the new agency would
"consolidate" most consumer functions
now being handled by other agencies of
Asked if that meant the previous
administration's program of creating
special consumer advocates in each
major department was out the window,
Peterson said the whole matter was still
In addition to the ACA which
passed both houses of Congress but died
in conference committee last year
because of White House opposition
Legislation to give money to
consumer groups to help them better
represent themselves in government
proceedings and to give federal courts
"more discretion to reimburse litigation
A law that would give citizens more
power to sue the government in
Legislation that would expand the
possibilities for class-action suits, an
activity which has been limited by some
recent court rulings.
Nader has pinpointed the ACA as the
one thing he would most like to leave as
a legacy to the consumer movement.
As mentioned by the administration,
it would have a budget of about SIS
million per year and would be headed by
an administrator who would be
empowered to intervene in government
decision-making with the consumer's
point of view.
Legislation is being prepared in both
the H ouse and Senate, and backers hope
to have ACA ready for floor action by
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A shortage of rooms capable of seating large classes has prompted the School of
Business Administration to schedule several classes late in the afternoon. Students
are also upset that many courses listed in the catalogue are not being offered in the
fall. Photo by uavia uaiton.
By MKRTON VANCE
Individuals must realize that the term
"self interest" now has a broader
meaning than it once did because
individuals can no longer separate
personal interests and the general
interests of society. Secretary of
Commerce Juanita M. Kreps said at
UNC Wednesday night.
Kreps said the relationship between
individual rights and public
responsibility should be based on the
Biblical Golden Rule, or variations of it
which appear in every major religion.
. This used to be only an ideal, but it is
now a necessity, Kreps said, because the
actions of people are so intertwined that
the actions of one person or group often
affect someone else.
"Once upon a time, we Americans
could afford to foul one river." she said.
"We could always drink from another.
But those days are long past. Today, we
cannot send our effluents downstream
without consequence: for today no one
has a downstream that is not an
upstream to someone else.
"Crowded in space, linked
financially, behaviorally and
environmentally by an ever, growing
nexus of laws and relationships, we
cannot regard the Golden Rule as only
an ideal. For what we do to others, we
do, at least in part, to ourselves.
"The Golden Rule has become self
enforcing. The challenge is to
understand this. The price of failing to
do so will be very high, and there will be
.no one to pick up the tab but us. To
achieve our understanding of this
important principle is, 1 believe, what
education is all about."
People must learn this principle.
Kreps said, so that each person
understands both his individual rights
and his responsibility to the rights of
"We Americans are far too reluctant
to assert our intellectual individuality.
We tend , instead to look for leaders,
parties or schools of thought with which
we can comfortably associate ourselves.
Then we cease to examine things.
"The individual's obligation is to give
society the benefit of his most
enlightened view. If he is responsible he
does not cast his lot with a 'school of
thought.' He does not view issues as a
liberal or conservative or a Republican
or a Democrat.
"He cannot, of course, expect that
what he thinks will always prevail, and it
is his responsibility to abide by society's
This approach to individual rights
and public responsibilities will help
people reconcile the conflicts which
I Mi.yliinn.il 1 1 1 1 1 l I I ' linliirS'aJ,,.,iy.ii , iwtiwiwn in mil 1 1 utiiiy I
Staff photo by Route Wilsor
Secretary Juanita Kreps
frequently arise between self interests
and the need to be responsible to others,
Kreps was delivering the annual Weil
lecture on citizenship, which was begun
in 1914 and is sponsored by the Weil
family of Goldsboro.
Room shortage blocks BA students' query
By LESLIE SCLSM
Any business major worth his salt,
knows that when demand exceeds
supply somebody goes emptyhanded.
Demand for classes at 9, 10 and 1 1
a.m. runs high, but the supply of
classrooms remains low. That's why
business majors who recently signed a
petition protesting against early
morning and late afternoon classes will
not have their requests answered,
according to University officials.
"We the undersigned business majors
feel that the business schedule for Fall
1977 is a far cry from that expected of a
nationally acclaimed business school," a
letter printed in the Daily Tar Heel April
But classrooms are not available for
Library loses time, money
replacing magazine rip-off s
more classes to be taught during the
popular hours, said Director of Records
and Registration Ray Strong, who
schedules classes for the University.
"All the classrooms from 9 to 12 are
filled now." Strong said. "If we offered
all our classes from 9 to 1 2 we'd have to
have two to three times as many
Students may be upset this year, he
said, but the University always has
maintained a policy of scheduling
classes throughout the day. "We have to
show the legislature that we're using our
buildings wisely," he said.
Also, many of the required business
courses, such as Economics 31 and 32,
are lecture classes and require large
sized rooms, and few of those rooms are
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available, said Claude George, associate
dean of the School of Business
There are only so many hours a day
that a room can be used. George said.
Another complaint voiced by the
students in the petition was that many
courses listed in the Undergraduate
Bulletin are not offered.
But George said the Undergraduate
Bulletin is not a schedule of classes and
was never intended to be. "It's a record
of what has been done in the past, of
what is typically offered." He said the
class schedules listing course times and
days are the only official course lists.
A cutback in course offerings is
usually due to financial reasons,
department heads agreed. For example.
enrollment in the business school has
increased from 700 to approximately
1,700 in less than 10 years, but faculty
size has remained fairly stable,
Frederick Russ. associate professor in
the business school, said.
"We knew we would have to cut back
on the number of undergraduate
courses because we'd been cutting back
on MBA and doctoral classes," Russ
said. "We couldn't keep doing that."
But the business school is not alone in
limiting the number of courses taught
due to financial reasons. Other
department heads agree that they have
been plagued by rising enrollment but
stable funding from the University.
New class required
of education majors
Beginning next fall, education majors
will be required to pass a reading course
before they graduate. Acting Dean of the
School of Education William Self said
Wednesday. Students graduating this
spring will be exempt.
Self explained that the reading course
is required by Gov. Jim Hunt as part of a
general reading program meant to
upgrade the education of the state's
school children. Hunt hopes to increase
the competency of teachers in teaching
reading. Self said.
The new reading course will affect only
students who plan to go into secondary
school teaching, because there already is
a reading course for elementary
By KATHY HART
As term paper deadlines approach, many
students are frustrated to find pages in
periodicals ripped out.
Replacing the pages is a time-consuming
and expensive process, librarian Jane Bivens
of Wilson Library said.
The first step .librarians take when missing
pages are discovered is to check other
campus libraries for copies of the magazine.
Pages can then be duplicated and glued in
If librarians are unable to find duplicate
magazines on campus, they turn to librarians
at Duke and N.C. State. The three
universities maintain a cooperative, allowing
librarians at the other universities to copy
pages from their magazines.
The cost is 20 cents to copy both sides of a
page. In the past three months, Wilson
Library has spent $80 to duplicate pages
through the cooperative service, Bivens said.
"Orders are placed every two or three
months, and it takes even longer for them to
come back," Bivens said, "It must go
through various departments here, be'
processed at State or Duke, and be returned
here to be put through more departments. A
lot of time is involved."
If missing pages cannot be found through
the cooperative, then the library tries to get
them through the publisher. If this fails, the
See Pages, page 2.
1 , NA It
I i ? " s it
Energy costs up in 76-77;
unusual cold responsible
Replacing missing pages in magazines is a time-consuming, tedious and costly
process. In the past three months, Wilson Library has spent more than $80 patching up
vandalism to magazines. Staff photo by House vvnson.
By BERMK RANSBOTTOM
Energy consumption during the winter of
1976-77 increased over that of the previous
winter across the country, and people in
North Carolina and Chapel Hill were.no
exception to this general trend as they tried
to ward off the bitter cold.
The last three months of 1976 were 20 per
cent colder than average and 29 per cent
colder than the last three months of 1975.- a
spokesperson for the Federal Energy
Administration (FE A) said Monday.
Increased energy consumption, coupled
with higher fuel prices, caused Americans to
pay between $4.3 billion and $7.8 billion
more for heating this winter than they did a
year ago. the FEA spokesperson said. Most
of this increased cost was borne by the home
owner, who experienced about a 36 per cent
increase in his heating bills, the agency said.
The increased demand for energy also hit
the University. UNC power is provided by
steam, and the University power plant
produced 14.6 million pounds more steam
this winter than it did a year ago. The value
of this extra steam- $44,000.
"We produced less steam in January and
February of this year than last year," Ray
Dubose, power plant engineer said. "So,
most of the increase came in November and
December of '76 those were cold months."
State and city figures concerning
increased cost to consumers due to the colder
weather are not readily available, but figures
on consumption of. energy indicate that
North Carolinians' use of energy increased
substantial this winter over that of 1975
76. See Energy, page 3.
universities maintain a cooperative, allowing occ rayw, Hayc c. I 'a
EEEEEEEEK... hairy, creeping, eight-legged pets gain popularity
. .... . . . . . ; :J '"Qfarthararliiate students have nabbed her Almost nothing, however, is a match fc
By TIM SMITH
For Tessy, it is just another day. Like many
American pets, she will sleep in her cage, have
her food near by when she wants it and be warmly
petted and played with by her master.
And even though her meals are a bit different
from the run-of-the-mill dog or cat food, she eats
them with the same vigor and enthusiasm. In
fact, the only real difference between Tessy and
the storv of a New York jewelry store that used a
tarantula as a night guard. It got a lot of press
coverage all over the country," Paul Dubey, the
owner of Dubey's Pet World in University Mall,
"Johnny Carson also helped the popularity
last year when he let one crawl up his arm on the
Tonight Show,' " he added.
According to pet store owners, the buyers of
these spiders, at least in the Chapel Hill area, are
" got mine as a gift. It's actually a very good
conversation piece. But I also use it to kill roaches
in my apartment."
the average American pet is that people are
terrified of her.
Tessy is a tarantula spider.
"Tarantulas hit a boom about three years ago,
and they're a very hot item on the pet market
right now," Barry Lambert, manager of Pet-Go-Round
in South Square Mall, said.
Why this ferocious looking spider, the subject
of countless science-fiction movies, is suddenly
the most popular small pet in the country, is not
an easily answered question. But one major
reason seems to be recent media coverage.
"I think what sparked the whole interest was
usually one of two types.
"I would say 90 per cent of all buyers are
students, and another 10 per cent are doctors,"
"1 don't know why doctors get them. Students
usually get them as a novelty, like as a gift for
Each person, however, has his own reason for
"I got mine because I was terrified of spiders. It
was strange because I own some snakes, but 1
couldn't look at a spider,'" Sue Hartnett, a
research technician for the UNC .oology
"So I got one and set it on my desk, and after
three months, I could look at it without any
horror. In fact, now 1 think it's quite beautiful."
"1 got mine as a gift. It's actually a very good
conversation piece. But I also use it to kill
roaches in my apartment," Gene, a research
technician in Chapel Hill said.
Others get them to add to their present
collection of exotic pets.
"I already had a lot of weird pets, like boa
constrictors. But a zoology professor talked me
into getting a tarantula, and I've had it three
years now ,v John Lilly, a member of Delta
Kappa Epsilon fraternity, said.
But while all concerned say that tarantulas
make good pets, many owners have trouble
convincing their friends of this.
"I'll never forget the day we brought it home.
We took a crowded taxi from the pet store, and
this girl next to me asked what was in my box.
"So 1 opened it up to show her, and she
screamed so loud I thought we'd wreck," Gene
Others have had problems even when keeping
their spiders outside their homes.
"I keep mine at my office, and every once in a
while it escapes. And as long as a tarantula wants
to. run you can't catch it. It can jump! 2 feet at a
So far the graduate students have nabbed her
and put her back, but I'm dreading the day a
janitor sees her," Hartnett said.
Despite their image, tarantulas can be
excellent pets. According to many owners, they
are practically carefree. With a couple dozen live
crickets roaches are also good every two
weeks and a fresh bowl of water, the tarantula
will be very content to look at the world through
his glass confine.
Although these spiders can only live some
three weeks without water, they can live as long
as three years, according to some zoologists,
Another asset in caring for a tarantula is their
Almost' nothing, however, is a match for the
quick reflexes of this spider. And half of the
enjoyment of owning a tarantula, say many
owners, is watching it kill.
"It has a physical grace that's very beautiful to
watch. It's just so quick that it's very hard to
believe," Roland Staton, a UNC student, said.
"Some day 1 want to set up a fight between
Auggie (his spider) and a praying mantis. It
sounds a little sadistic, but I think it would be a
good fight," he added.
While its attack of smaller creatures is said to
be fascinating, many people fear for their own
life when one of these spiders appears.
But according to owners, zoologists and pet
"It has a physical grace that's beautiful to watch.
It's just so quick that it's very hard to believe."
life span. Females can live 24 years. But like her
more famed cousin, the black widow, the
tarantula wilUcill her mate soon after mating and
will not allow any companions within her lair. So
it is best to own a female, unless the male spider is
protected from mating.
Interestingly enough, one of the few natural
enemies ol this eight-legged terror is the common
fly. which lays eggs on the spider's oack.
store owners alike, unless the person has an
allergy to the venom, the tarantula is no more
dangerous than a wasp.
"Movies and television always portray them as
some terrible creature; crawling up James Bond's
chest while he's sweating, about to die.
"But they're really about as dangerous as a bee
sting." Dubey said.
. See Tarantulas, page 4.