Carolina's men's tennis
team, women's tennis team
and baseball team all
defeated teams from Duke
Tuesday. See stories on
Sunny end werm
It will be clear and warm
through Thursday with
highs in the mid to upper 80s
and lows in the 50s. There is
no chance for rain for the
next two days.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, April 13, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 130
r 7 T"Tr f '
n . . a
By JEFF COLLINS
Chances for the extension of local bus
services into Carrboro in the fall look
promising, according to Carrboro
Alderman Ernie Patterson.
Patterson said the Carrboro Board of
Aldermen is ready to act on the
extension. I think public
transportation is important, and at least
four members of the board think, it's
"As soofr as we get a letter from
(Chapel Hill Town Manager) Kurt
Jenne saying for X amount of dollars we
can get the proposed bus service, we will
move. The money's there."
Patterson said that Claiborne Jones,
vice chancellor for business and finance
at the University, is the key to getting the
matter resolved. Jones must examine
figures for the cost of the bus service
extension received from Jenne and then
determine how much of that cost the
University is willing to pay, he said.
According to Patterson, Jones has
received cost estimates from Jenne for
peak-hour service only. Jones has
requested cost estimates for service
which includes one all-day Carrboro
route with additional peak-hour service
and is awaiting the town's response. -
The Carrboro Board of Aldermen will
meet as soon as it receives the necessary
correspondence from Jones, even if a
special meeting must be called for that
purpose, Patterson said.
Neither Jones nor Jenne could be
reached Tuesday for comment on the
Student government officials are
hoping for speedy resolution of the bus
extenison problems because
applications for parking permits will hot
be accepted after April 22.
"I'm more optimistic than ever before
about the chances for extension of the
bus system," Student Body President
Bill Moss said. "There is a lot of good
will between the town (Carrboro) and
the University on the bus issue.
"One point I'd like to make is this if
you live in Carrboro, don't buy a
parking permit yet. Wait until the end of
the week and find out what's going to
happen with the bus system."
The proposed extension would
provide service along the 54 by-pass and
in the most densely populated areas of
Carrboro. It would accommodate up to
1,500 riders a day.
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By TONV GUNN
This truck may not be a speedster, but its owner, better known
as Snipe, can "run like a turkey" when the revenuers are after
him. Snipe is part of a perishing species the moonshiner.
Most homemade corn-liquor may make you good and crazy
drunk, but eventually, it'll blind you. But Snipe's fixin's,
according to him, are made in an all-copper still and make
Six requests for program
included in the UNC system's
budget for 1977-79 were labeled as first
priority items last week in Raleigh by the
Joint Appropriations Committee on Higher
Requested were funds for enrollment
changes, libraries, further elimination of
racial duality, basic program support, the
East Carolina University School of
Medicine and Area Health Education
Centers (AH EC).
The requests, which total almost S50
million, were recommended earlier by the
Advisory Budget Commission (ABC) and
Gov. Jim Hunt.
Also given first-priority status were the
bed tower at Pitt County Memorial
Hospital, ECU; Occupational Safety and
Health Act and Barrier Removal projects;
and several renovation, maintenance and
In addition, the committee approved
$488,764 for current operations in
agricultural programs; $2.43 million for
current operations and capital
Snipe hunt in North Carolina
improvements at N.C. Memorial Hospital;
and $33 million for program expansions in
related educational programs, which include
an additional $100 per student for aid to
private institutions. The General Assembly
now is giving $400 per student.
The committee gave tentative approval
for everything the Advisory Budget
Commission recommended for us," said
Felix Joyner. UNC vice president for
They spent a lot of time on it, more time
than usual. The committee has been careful.
Everything is sort of on the positive side. But
there's a long way to go."
For the past two months, the committee
has held hearings on ABC's and Hunt's
recommendation of $713 million for the
UNC system budget.
The ABC based its recommendations on
the estimated tax revenue. Joyner said that a
closer approximation of the revenue will be
available by mid-May, after tax returns are
"No one has said that the amount the
Advisory Budget Commission bases its
recommendations on is wrong," Joyner said.
"My guess is that they will conclude the
revenue estimate is safe."
Hearings on the UNC system's base
budget and supplemental requests are
tentatively set for late April and mid-May,
Joyner said. The committee will later make
its recommendations to the entire General
Funds for enrollment changes, $22.6
million, will consist basically of teachers' .
salaries. The funds are to support new
students at the 16 constituent institutions at
the same level that current students are
By JEFFERY BRADY
DTH Contributor .
While many of you were attending church Easter Sunday
and while others were at the beach dropping in on that
wonderful chain of "No-tel Motels " 1 was engaged in a
somewhat more spiritual rite. 1 went on a snipe hunt in North
My search led me to an abandoned barn in western North
Carolina in an area known to the locals as Three County
Corners, where Burke, Lincoln and Catawba counties kiss
each other with a breath that still smells of white liquor.
There I was blindfolded by a friend and set down on a
crate, and somebody that 1 didn't know and never will know,
walked in and started talking.
The Snipe got his name from a revenuer that couldn't catch
up with him when he was a boy in the early 1940s. He said he
was at his father's still "mashing in" about four barrels one
morning before daylight, when he heard a voice about 30 feet
away: "You damned little rascal you. I got you now!"
Keep in mind that this was when "the law was honest." A
federal agentjrom the Alcohol Tax Unit of the Internal
Revenue Service wouldn't "swear to you" like the treasury
agents do now. He wouldn't be satisfied just knowing the still
was on your property. "If he couldn't catch you and take you
in, by damn, he'd catch you next time.
"1 cut out down that branch just like a squirrel. He called
me the Snipe after that. 1 went right down under them old
bamboo briars, and he was a big ole long-legged feller, and he
come after me. And then, he got tangled up in them ole
bamboo briars, and I never heard a man cuss so much in all
my life. Hell, they was tearing him up. I mean them ole
bamboo briars, and him trying to tear through them.
"And he had one on each side going down the branch, and
the branch come into the lake (Lake Hickory) just a little
ways down there, 100 yards or so, well, pert near up from the
highway. But I got to the lake. And 1 thought he was just a
hollering at them to close in on me, you know. I thought he
was just trying to buffalo me. But, by damn, he wasn't
though. There was one coming from this side and one coming
from this side, and 1. . .hell, I just kicked my old shoes off
Money for libraries will be used for new
books, staff, increased maintenance and
data processing. Almost $5 million is
reserved for this.
Remedial education programs, an
increase in faculty salaries to attract better-
and hit the water, and there was damn chunks of ice on that
thing as big as the crate. Now, you think I'm lying, but I'm
telling the truth.
"But I started swimming, and they started shooting away
out from me, you know, and hollering at me to come back,
said, 'You damn little fool, you'll drown.' And I kept getting
nnH I nnt nut rtn tht rthr cirip rtvr thpr anA I uflwri tr
them, like that. Just cut the, hell yeh, I just cut a trail on up qualified faculty members, and four doctoral
there. That neighbor across there, him and my daddy had study grants are included in the state's effort
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his house, and they had some kids about my age and size.
Hell, he just outfitted me with dry clothes and stuff. . .
"But this ole boy, that ole big long-legged feller over there
from Caldwell County, he said he could outrun anybody in
the damn country, and if he couldn't run a man he wouldn't
take him. But he finally conceded. He said, I tell you what.
Til name you the Snipe, and he said. There ain't no way in
the hell I can....' There wasn't no way to catch me. 1
weighed about 140 pounds, and hell, I could run like a
Please turn to page 2.
. A A
campuses. More than i minion nas Deen
recommended for these programs.
The fourth item basic program
support includes money for 25
professional staff positions at UNC.
Approximately $ 1 .3 million of the total item
funding of $3.2 million is for the University.
The committee approved more tfian $9
million for the ECU School of Medicine, set
to admit 28 students in the fall.
By CAROLYN JACK
And you thought that Amherst, Mass.,
was the home only of purple-clad Ivy
Leaguers. In a word, wrong. It is also the
hometown of poet Emily Dickinson, and the
setting of the play about her life and poetry,
"The Belle of Amherst."
Wednesday, April 13th at 8 p.m. in
Memorial Hall, Julie Harris as Emily the
Belle will walk onstage in a white Victorian
type gown and essentially ring your chimes
in a performance that has won her national
acclaim and the Sarah Siddons Award for
best female stage actress of the year.
Be prepared. It is no ordinary personality
that will unfold before your fascinated little
eyes. Miss Harris will press several hidden
buttons, pull a handful of invisible strings,
and without your even becoming slightly
suspicious, metamorphose into the
whimsical, passionate, ironic, funny,
spiritual (we could go on) marvelous Emily
Dickinson, whose works and character are
only recently receiving the full attention and
appreciation they have deserved for almost a
Dickinson entered the world in Amherst,
Mass., in 1830, remaining for her entire life
in the house of her father, The Homestead.
An emotional crisis in her early 30s began
her gradual withdrawal from the outside
world, and her creation of a new one within
her own home a world of total freedom to
write, observe nature and contemplate life.
Yet somehow Dickinson will strike you as
anything but a recluse; her poetry reflects her
originality and candor in both form and
substance. Her personifier, Julie Harris, who
has been reading Dickinson's poetry in
private as well as in public for the past 20
years, explains the poet's impact on her:
"To me, Emily Dickinson was like a
thunderbolt. She was so exciting. And to
come across such an original mind! Emily's
work is just like a big lode of gold. When you
start digging into it, you keep finding more
and more. Though Emily was a spinster, she
knew everything about love and life."
But you haven't heard it all, yet. Guess
who has directed "Belle" ever since the first
idea for its creation started ringing in his
ears? That's it Charles Nelson Reilly. You
know, of Ghost and Mrs. Muir and Match
Game fame. But he has done so much more
than that: acting in movies and on stage, as
well as producing television shows and
directing operas. All kinds of things. And he
has lent his own flair for mischief and
emotional sensitivity to the script compiled
by Tim Helgeson and written by William
Luce. Plus Julie Harris' divinely inspired
artistry (what a Muse) and 30 years of
Broadway experience. Incredible potential,
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Mead says pressure
to marry less today
By ROBERT THOMASON
Society has reached the point that it
no longer asserts great pressure on
people to marry and have children,
anthropologist Margaret Mead told a
full house in Memorial Hall Tuesday
"The medical revolution, in which
more babies live and live longer, has
decreased the need to have more
babies," Mead said.
Mead spoke as the final lecturer in a
four-part colloquium on "The Family:
Past, Present and Future, sponsored
by the women's studies program.
"The origin of civilization may have
begun with the efforts of man to do
things he didn't want to," Mead said.
"We get a great deal of paraphernalia
from men wishing to relieve their own
"Until recently, both men and women
have been spending most of their lives in
parenthood. However, now there is a
shortened period of parenthood.
"In the '50s, the average family had 35
years to spend together. Society didn't
know what to do those years after the
last child left home.
"Miles and miles of small suburban
homes that were meant for single
families have replaced structures in
which the children could be in contact
with great uncles and aunts and
grandparents," Mead said. Rather than
build up a large family group, she said,
"People wanted a door that they could
lock themselves behind.
The different generations must come
together in order to get a view of the
future, she said. "We need a way to
relate the old to the children. The
children will then see the future by
seeing their own lives laid out before
Please turn to page 3.
Female sex hormone may explain heart disease resistanc
By KAREN MILLERS
A portion of the heart is sensitive to estrogen, the
female sex hormone, and this might explain why
women are less susceptible to heart disease than men.
The discovery is the result of two years of
observation by Walter Stumpf, a UNC professor of
anatomy and pharmacology, and his collaborators,
Madhabananda Sar and Gerhard Aumuller.
"The heart behaves similarly to the uterus," Stumpf
said. "It has sights for sensitivity " This means that
estrogen localizes in a portion of the heart as it does in
the female reproductive organs. The localization
suggests a correlation between estrogen levels and the
lower susceptibility of women to heart disease.
Stumpf said a number of clinical observations show
the differences between heart disease in men and
women. "Estrogen is not the sole factor," he said. "We
need to consider stress and other things as well."
But Stumpfs discovery probably will spur further
studies to determine the specific effects of estrogen on
One effect may be the adaptability of the heart to
sudden stresses. Stumpf said men's hearts are not as
adaptable as women's, and women's hearts are less
adaptable after menopause.
"This makes sense from the aspect of the need for
the hearts of women to work harder during
pregnancy." he said.
Stumpf noted that contraceptive pills sometimes
produce a higher incidence of blood clots as a side
effect. The pill contains a relatively high amount of
estradiol, the most common estrogen hormone!
Therefore, Stumpf said controlling estrogen intake is
very important in preventing adverse effects on the
heart and circulatory system.
He said that future heart disease treatments using
estrogen probably would be in the form of a derivative
of estradiol or in combination with another sex steroid
such as progesterone. Estradiol taken alone, as in
treatment during menopause, has been known to
produce tumors. Problems also might result from
reactions in other organs sensitive to estrogen.
"You want one (a derivative) that will work on one
area, not all areas of receptors," Stumpf said.
He added that estrogen treatments could cause
problems for men by producing female characteristics.
"A beneficial effect could be reached by having the
right dose, the right type," he said.
Stumpf made his observations using a technique he
developed that allows researchers to trace estradiol to
target cells. in the reproductive organs and the heart.
The technique is a type of autoradiography, which
involves tracing radioactively labeled hormones.
Stumpf conducted his studies with rats. He said results
of observations in rats normally can be applied to all
mammals, including humans.
Another suggestion Stumpf presents from these
studies concerns the action of digitalis, a drug widely
used for treatment of cardiac weaknesses.
Digitalis and related steroids have been used in
heart treatment for centuries, but Stumpf said
physicians have never known exactly how they
worked. He suggested that digitalis acts on the atrial
muscle cells of the heart very much as estrogen does.
He has shown that digitalis competes with estradiol
for the same receptor sites in the heart.
Stumpf emphasized that alone his observations do
not lead to proven conclusions, but that they do show
the need for more extensive studies on estrogen's effect
on the heart.