Extend drop period
Majority of the faculty
support an extended drop
period. Students certainly
want it. Student Government
officials consider the
reasons for extending the
drop period from four to six
weeks. See page 8.
Please call us: 933-0245
it skies prevailing. There is a
; 10 per cent chance of rain
Herving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, Aprtt 14, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 131
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By JEFF COLLINS
The decision on whether to extend local bus service to Carrboro is still at
least a week away, according to Claiborne Jones, vice chancellor of business
Jones said he asked Chapel Hill Town Manager Kurt Jenne to provide
him with information regarding the cost of the proposed service extension
and that Jenne should respond in a couple of days.
"When I get these figures from Jenne, I will look at the University's
budget and see how much (of the bus t
Mt V'- x- vv -1
Enjoying the sun and listening to the music of Decatur Jones, students relax on the
steps of Lenoir Hall Wednesday. A warm balmy afternoon, pleasant music and good
friends combined to lure many students away from their classes, staff photos by Rouse
Sunshine, music and friends
ERA supporters suffer setback
Florida Senate rejects amendment 21-19
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (UPI) The Florida Senate,
despite the lobbying of President Carter and Vice
President Mondale, rejected the Equal Rights
Amendment Wednesday (ERA) stifling the ERA for
two years and casting doubt that the proposal will
become the Constitution's 27th amendment.
The 21-19 Senate vote was the second Southern
setback the amendment has received this year, and
proponents conceded they have no prospect of adding
a state to the current list of 35 until North Carolina
which turned down the ERA this year reconvenes its
legislature in early 1979. By then, time will be critically
short for the ERA, which has seven years from its
March 22, 1972, passage by Congress in which to win
"ERA is going to be ratified," pleaded Sen. Lori
Wilson, a Cocoa Beach independent who futilely has
sponsored the amendment since 1973. uSo let's just
one time let it be because of the South, not in spite of
Gov. Reubin Askew called it a "deep
disappointment.' Askew, like Carter and Vice
By BERNIE RANSBOTTOM
The directors were there, notepads in
hand, as were members of the press.
"There goes one woof, woof!" barked
one of the drama students lounging on the
steps of Graham Memorial as a man and his
cocker-spaniel puppy jogged by, oblivious of
the students' interest. "Where are they?"
Indeed. It was the question of the
afternoon in front of the Morehead
Planetarium. Where were these strutting, art
deco-ish dogs who were supposed to
audition for two coveted parts in the
Playma'kers Repertory Company
production "Once in a Lifetime? Was it
going to be a no-show?
Photographers with cameras dangling
looked stern. The drama students looked
And then. . .
Amid clapping and cheers, the first
hopeful trotted on to the open-air stage, tail
wagging. This dark-brown wolfhound
looked pleased to have inspired so much
attention. But he didn't command center
stage for long.
More reporters, photographers,
spectators, a television camera man this
was getting serious and at last, more dogs.
Denise Ford, who is in charge of casting
the dogs which will appear in the play, was
busy greeting each dog and its owner as they
arrived, learning their names and
distributing dog biscuits as more and more
dogs joined the list of hopefuls.
Phyllis Fontaine and Florabelle Leigh, the
two female leads in the play, emerged in full
1930s costume and makeup, and everyone
settled down to serious auditioning.
Phyllis Fontaine and Florabelle walked
up and down the sidewalk with each dog,
President Mondale, personally had contacted
wavering Senators with a plea to send the ERA to the
House, where it was assured passage by a comfortable
"Women have waited far too long for the equality
which is rightfully theirs," he said.
"And they must continue to wait."
Sen. Alan Trask of Fort Meade, formerly a pro
ERA Democrat who was swayed by the "gay rights"
controversy in Miami, read Bible verses expressing
divine condemnation of homosexuality.
"We must never pass a law that is contrary to the
teachings of God," said Trask.
"It was nice to get a letter from President Carter,"
said Sen. Phil Lewis of West Palm Beach, an ERA
opponent." 1 hope he will do with the letter 1 wrote him
back what 1 did with his put it in my scrapbook. But
his interest is no different from anyone else's on this
Although the ERA is pending in the South Carolina
Senate, proponents have no hope of getting it ratified
by that state. Georgia shelved it in committee this year
prior to the North Carolina defeat, and it also has been
killed by Nevada, Virginia, Missouri and Oklahoma.
Indiana is the only state ratifying the ERA this year.
Prospects for 1979 appear doubtful for ERA
supporters because some state legislatures in
nonratifying states do not convene until after the
March 22 expiration of the seven-vear limit.
National ERAmerica spokesman Bill Herrington,
who sat through the debate, said the only chance now is
to defeat legislators who voted against it. He said the
target states will be North Carolina, Nevada and
Among others campaigning for the amendment in
Florida was women's lib activist Betty Friedan.
The issue of homosexual marriages being legalized
by the ERA had been raised in past debates but
apparently gained emphasis with the controversy over
a proposed Miami city ordinance forbiding
discrimination against homosexuals. Some "gay
rights" activists contended that the city law was
irrelevant because they would get all the same rights
once the ERA is inserted into the constitution.
service cost) we can bite off.
"The University is in no position to
pick up the tab for Carrboro. It is
necessary for Carrboro to pick up the
tab for services received just like Chapel
Hill does. I'm sure Carrboro doesn't
want a handout."
Carrboro Alderman Ernie Patterson
said Tuesday that the town's Board of
Aldermen is ready to decide in favor of
the proposed bus-service extension and
that they are waiting for cost figures
from Jenne and Jones.
Patterson pointed to Jones as the key
to getting the matter speedily resolved.
The timing of the bus-extension
decision is crucial because applications
for campus parking permits will not be
accepted after April 22. Student
government officials have urged
University administrators and town
officials to reach a decision in time for
students living in Carrboro to choose
between driving to campus or riding the
Student Body President Bill Moss
said Tuesday that he "is more optimistic
than ever before about the chances for
extension of the bus system.
"One point I'd like to make is this if
you live in Carrboro, don't buy a
parking permit yet," Moss said. "Wait
until the end of the week and find out
what's going to happen with the bus
"If Jenne gets the figures to me by the
end of the week, I should know how
much the University can pay by the
middle of next week," Jones said.
Jones will then send his figures to
Jenne, who will notify the Carrboro
Board of Aldermen what the town's
share of the expense will be. The board
will then decide on accepting the
proposed share of the expenses.
The ' proposed extension would
provide bus service along the 54 by-pass
and in the most densely populated areas
of Carrboro. It would accommodate up
to. 1,500 riders a day.
By NANCY HARTIS
A member of the
Council (CGC) has
complained that the
CGC Finance Com
mittee has engaged in
District 17 represen
tative, said Tuesday that Chip Cox,
chairperson of the Rules and Judiciary Com
mittee, had confronted privately several
organizations which have budget requests
before the Finance Committee and asked the
groups to cut their requests.
Mattox, former vice chairperson of the
Association for Women Students (AWS),
said Cox met privately with AWS members
and asked the group to cut its budget ap
proximately in half.
, Mattox also said the Finance Committee
has been meeting privately in its budget
cutting sessions. She named the Orientation
Committee as another group confronted.
Mary Friday, chairperson of that group,
could not be reached for comment.
"As far as the private soliciting goes, that
was not done with anyone on the Finance
Committee's approval," Phil Searcy,
Finance Committee chairperson, said Tues
day. "I'm very upset about all this. As far at
the private meetings go, there have been a lot
of groups present. Anyone who wants to
come is welcome to come.
"What Chip Cox did, that was on his own.
1 knew nothing about it," Searcy said. "We
only found out after it happened."
Please turn to page 4.
jf I r I 1
Meal-plan discontent not limited to UNC
. By MARY GARDNER
Sixty per cent of the respondents to a
Student Consumer Action Union (SCAU)
survey question on food services at other
University system campuses rated
Servomation Inc.,. which provides food
services here, as worse than food services at
But students on other campuses are not
totally satisfied with their food services
UNC-Asheville, UNC-Greensboro and
UNC-Charlotte all have mandatory meal
plans for dorm students. UNC-A works on a
coupon system. Each dorm resident is issued
$200 worth of coupons at the first of each
semester to spend as he wants in the
University facilities. '
ARA food services provides the catering.
At least one UNC-A student is pleased with
the quality of vegetables served: "Their
cauliflower and broccoli are excellent." But
other students resent having to buy a meal
ticket in order to live in a dorm.
UNC-G food services are also catered hv
ARA. Their service contains a 14 meal-per- ? X'"''4 ''' '
mea!-per-week plan at $295 per semester.
A special feature of the UNC-G system is
the transferable mealcard. Under this plan,
the student may bring a family member or
friend to the cafeteria on his mealcard at no
extra cost, but he must forfeit the number of
extra meals from his allotment that week.
One UNC-G student's complaint is that he
doesn't always use all the meals that he pays
for each week. As for the quality of the food,
he said, "In comparison to other campuses. 1
think we are much beuer off." The biggest
problems confronting many students on the
meal plan are the long lines and lack of
Please turn to page 4.
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A recent SCAU survey shows a large percentage of students dissatisfied with
Servomation. staff photo by Bruce Clarke.
Dogs with a feel for the 1930s art deco
period flocked to Morehead Planetarium
Wednesday to try out for a part in the
Playmakers Repertory Company
production of Once in a Lifetime. Staff
photo by Rouse Wilson.
petting him, talking to him and even
allowing two of the dogs to jump into their
arms a trick the dogs had learned
especially for their auditions.
Everyone seemed to have his own favorite,
but Andy, a miniscule pug, nearly brought
the house down. Barely a foot tall, Andy was
so anxious to get back to his owner that he
pulled one of the actresses down the
sidewalk, despite her efforts to hold him
back and hiw owner's pleas of "Dignity,
But when all the strutting and tail wagging
was over, and the final group picture had
been taken, those who had watched the
proceedings still did not know which dogs
had been chosen to fill the parts. The owners
of these dogs, along with those selected as
understudies and runners-up, were to be
notified sometime Wednesday night. Ford
Gounseling eases trauma of defects
By SARA BULLARD
The first of three parts
Every child born in the United States
today faces a 2 to 3 per cent chance of being
born with a severe genetic disorder. But
some run a greater risk than others.
Children of women over 40 have a one in
50 chance of being born with Down's
syndrome. Jewish children are more likely
than non-Jewish children to be victims of
Tay Sachs disease. Children whose parents
are both carriers of the recessive gene for
cystic fibrosis have a one in four chance of
These statistics have haunted parents for
years, but only recently has there been any
hope of escaping the high risk of having
defective children. Now it is possible to
diagnose and predict more accurately the
recurrence of many genetic disorders. In
some cases, that risk can be virtually
eliminated by genetic testing in the first 1 7
weeks of pregnancy, and aborting the
affected fetus by the 20th or 22nd week.
Recognition of genetic disorders, diseases
known to have a hereditary base, is
increasing so rapidly that doctors are finding
that what they once considered a rare
occurrence is actually relatively common. It
has been estimated that one person in 14 is
born with a genetic disorder.
The success of science in being able to
detect genetic disorders by observing
chromosomes or discovering biochemical
abnormalities in human cells has
skyrocketed in the last 15 years, creating a
new medical field called genetic counseling.
Genetic counseling, considered the most
effective weapon against hereditary disease
available, is defined loosely as the diagnosis
of genetic disorders and the discussion ol
how these disorders can affect a family,
including the amount of risk involved and
the options available.
The UNC genetic-counseling program is
one of three centers in the state that provide
extensive facilities for diagnosis of genetic
disorders! Acting director Dr. A.S.
Aylsworth says the services' are used by
pregnant women over 40 who are concerned
about having a normal child and by couples
who have already had .one defective child
and want to know their chances of. having
another. Persons with a family history of
genetic disorders also use the genetic services
to estimate the risk of that disease occurring
in their children. .
Depending upon the specific disease
involved, according to Aylsworth. genetic
counseling includes a variety of functions.
One of the most significant accomplishments
of genetic counseling has been the ability to
diagnose certain disorders before birth and
to provide the mother with the option of
abortion if the fetus is affected.
Prenatal diagnosis involves a 10-minute
test call amniocentesis, where a sample of the
amniotic fluid surrounding the fetus is
drawn. This fluid contains cells from the
fetus that can be grown in a culture and then
halted in a stage of cell division where the
chromosomes can be easily o.bserved. The
process of examining and mapping the
chromosomes, call cytogenetics, can
determine if the fetus will have a
chromosome defect, such as Down's
syndrome. Some 60 inborn errors of
metabolism also can be detected by putting
this same fluid through biochemical tests.
In cases where prenatal diagnosis is not
available, the carrier state sometimes can be
detected. When a person is known to carry
the gene for a certain recessive defect, but is
not affected himself, mathematical odds can
Please turn to page 4.