Today will be partly cloudy
with temperatures in the low
80s. There will be variable
cloudiness tonight and
Carolina sports are better
than ever! Both the men's
golf and tennis teams
weekend. See pages 6 and 7
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 133
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Monday, April 18, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
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The elderly, the young and all those in-between jammed
Franklin Street yesterday for the Apple Chill Fair. The fair,
which is sponsored annually by the Chapel Hill Recreation
Staff photos by Joseph Thomas
Department, featured good buys, good eats and good times.
This year's fair was the biggest and, according to many
observers, the best in the festival's history.
A proposal to extend the drop period from
four to six weeks was sent to the Educational
Policy Committee by the Faculty Council
Friday at its last regular meeting this
Prof. Richard G. Hiskey, outgoing
chairperson of the Educational Policy
Committee, said the committee probably
would not present a report on the proposal
The Faculty Council does not meet again
August 31. The earliest change, if any, in the
drop period would come in the 1978 spring
semester, Hiskey said.
The Educational Policy Committee was
established last year as an advisory unit to
the Faculty Council. The committee will
study the extension proposal and then report
its findings to the council, which will then
take any action necessary concerning the
Student Body President Bill Moss said
Student Government had anticipated the
council's action. "1 think we're following in
the right direction by working this way
(through the committee)," Moss said.
Student Government initiated efforts to
have the policy reconsidered.
The council, which cut the drop period
from 12 weeks to four weeks in April 1976,
wanted at least a year-long trial period, Moss
said, 'it would have been detrimental for us
to try to force the issue," he said.
Only three members of the council voted
against consideration of the extension
proposal, which was presented by Prof. C.
Carroll Hollis of the English Department.
Extending the drop period to six weeks
would gratify a large number of students and
professors, Hollis said. He said alter the
meeting that he thought the committee
would give the idea fair and serious
consideration before reporting to the
It seems four weeks have been tried and it
is now time to consider a change to six
weeks," Hollis said.
Diane R. Leonard, assistant professor of
Comparative Literature, said she thought it
would be better to consider the drop-period
extension next spring when the plus-and-minus
grade system is reviewed.
Two other professors spoke in favor of
considering the drop-period extension.
Joseph M. Flora, associate professor ot
English, said he believed extending the drop
period to six weeks would please students,
ease administrative paperwork and place no
additional burden on the faculty.
Apple Chill Fair: a day of sun, fun for everyone
By DON WARD
A crowd of 25,000 spring-fever victims converged on
Franklin Street Sunday to participate in Apple Chill,
the town's annual festival and street frolic.
Some came with things to sell, but most were there to
bask in the warmth of spring sunshine and to rub elbows
with neighbors in the carnival atmosphere.
Booths, displays and activity areas checkered the
sidewalks and street with curious things to watch, do,
eat and wear. Most things for sale were homemade,
homegrown or made before your very eyes.
Where else but at Apple Chill could you find
Carter not sure
on gas tax hike
grandma's homemade fudge, a haircut for charity and a
nonstop volleyball game offered as part of a town's
celebration of spring?
A little dry humor from the man at the Friends of the
' Library sale enticed the book hungry a little closer:
"Fine works of literature for only a dime. Best buy on
the midway." That didn't exactly describe Reader's
Digest Condensed Books and Popular Mechanics of
Strains of "Cripple Creek" drifted down the center of
Henderson Street from Jim Magilfs guitar as dozens of
appreciateive listeners waited for their turn to step into
the "barber shop," a raised platform in front of the
Record Bar. ForaSlOdonationtotheN.C. Association
for Retarded Children, customers got a shampoo and a
One of the most popular activities was the dunking
booth. For 50-centsyou could have three attempts to
dunk the live dummy perched over the pool of water.
Judging from the cheers of the crowd, the guy got what
One of the youngest vendors was a little girl who
carried a box of candied apples through the crowd with
evidence on her cheeks that she liked her own wares.
Not even the clowns got the respect given to a couple
of free puppies being offered to a good home. Several
pocket-sized dogs were carried away by new owners
who looked happy with their transaction.
The midday sun slipped behind a cloud now and then,
but for most of the day it shone brightly, helping
business for the snow-cone and cold-drinks stand. Snow
cones were outselling popcorn 20 to one in stands side
Community talent was evinced by the quality of the
goods offered for sale. Pottery, purses, quilts arid
sculpture reflected their makers' dedication to the
crafts. An approving group watched mime artists at
The Apple Chill Fair was begun under the leadership
of Harper Peterson in 1971. Shirley Harper Crawford
was responsible for the fair this year, which was
sponsored by the Recreation Department.
From wire reports
WASHINGTON President Carter
has been urged by key advisers to drop a
proposal to levy higher gasoline taxes,
sources said Sunday.
The proposed gasoline tax would be
part of the comprehensive energy plan
Carter will present to Congress
Wednesday night in a joint session.
Carter will outline the nation's energy
problems in a nationally televised speech tonight.
"This is going down to the wire, one aide said of the decision on whether to raise
the federal gasoline tax.
"It looks like it could go either way," he said of the proposal, which could add as
much as 50 cents to the price of a gallon of gas in 10 years.
Some Carter aides argued that the tax proposal would create a major hurdle in
trying to win Congressional support for the energy package, and they said the tax
hike would not be significant enough to reduce automobile use.
The proposal being considered would boost the present four-cents-a-gallon
federal gasoline tax by a nickel in 1979 with continued increases over the next 10
years to a possible 50 cent maximum unless gasoline consumption decreases.
Please turn to page 2.
Humanities Center launched;
gro un dbreakin g h eld Saturday
By BERNIE RANSBOTTOM
Groundbreaking ceremonies for the
National Humanities Center of the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
which will be located in the Research
Triangle Park were held Saturday.
The Center for Advanced Studies is
located on 1 20 acres of land in the park and is
jointly sponsored by UNC, Duke University
and N.C. State University. The National
Humanities Center is the first institution to
be built on the plot and will be housed in a
$2.5 million brick, wood and glass structure.
Plans for the center were made by the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
with a grant from the National Endowment
for the Humanities. Fifteen universities
offered to be the host of the center, executive
director William J. Bennett said, but North
Carolina seemed to offer the most financial,
moral and logistical support for the project.
The center will bring together humanists
of all disciplines, to work on topics such as
man and the environment, and the idea of
the individual. As many as 50 resident
. fellows will be invited to work on their own
projects, and other individuals will work in
teams on projects developed by the center.
Scientists will be brought in on
appropriate projects and it is possible that
postdoctoral scientists from the California
institute of Technology will spend half an
academic year at the center.
Charles Frankel, professor of philosophy
and public affairs at Columbia University,
was chosen as the first president of the
center, which will be administered by a 30
member board. Board members include
William Friday and Vermont Royster of
UNC, Terry Sanford of Duke, Claude
McKinney of N.C. State, John Chancellor of
NBC and William Schuman of the Lincoln
Center for the Performing Arts. C. Hugh
Holman of UNC is vice president of the
The center is scheduled to open in
September 1978. -The Center's fellowships
will be open to humanistically inclined
scholars in the natural and social sciences
and the professions as well as to scholars in
the fields conventionally identified with the
humanities,' according to a pamphlet
published by the center. Fellows will have
access to the libraries of the three sponsoring
Fellowships for 1978-80 will be available
to senior scholars pursuing individual
research; scholars who have held their
Ph.D.'s for six to nine years and are starting
on their first large-scale projects; and
scholars whose work falls in the areas of man
and nature,, history and the history of ideas,
the theory of interpretation, ideals of
education and human rights, liberty and
equality, and moral theory and democracy.
The center already is receiving letters of
interest from scholars around the country,
Frankel said at the groundbreaking
"We mean to be at home here," Frankel
said. "We mean for you to think of us as
useful and neighbors. We mean to make this
part of North Carolina a very conspicuous
part of the nation."
"1 f the humanities ever were a luxury, they
are no longer," Daniel Boorstin, librarian of
Congress, said in the keynote address. "Now
we need them desperately not only as an
antidote, but as essential nutriment for a
free, growing, fully human consciousness."
slated to speak
Nobelprize winner Sir Bernard Katz
and two internationally recognized
geneticists will speak today from 1 to 5:30
p.m. at a public symposium in Memorial
Hall. The symposium marks the 1 0th
anniversary of the neurobiology
curriculum at UNC.
The scientists will focus their
discussion on future directions in the
biology of the nervous system.
Joining Katz will be Sydney Brenner,
head of the genetics section in the medical
research council unit at the University
Postgraduate Medical School,
Cambridge, England; and Seymour
Benzer, professor of neuroscience at the
California Institute of Technology,
Katz is a professor of biophysics at
University College, London. He won the
Nobel Prize in 1970 in physiology and
medicine for his studies of the way nerves
transmit messages. He found that nerves
pass messages in a series of jump-like
steps rather than in a continuous flow.
The concept is called the quantal theory.
Katz will talk on the past and future of
the quantal theory. "He explains
complicated things in a very simple way,"
said Edward Perl, director of the
neurobiology program and chairperson
of the department of physiology.
Brenner and Benzer have conducted
extensive research in manipulating
genetic material in the nervous systems of
simple animals. They are working toward
applying the results of their studies to the
human nervous system.
"It (the symposium) is to call attention
to a small, but alive-and-kicking part of
the University," he said.
Voice of Bugs, Porky, and others tells of his beginning
By DAN FESPERMAN
In 1961 the Looney Tunes era apparently was over
for Warner Brothers, and Fred Flintstone seemed sure
to lose his next-door neighbor and pet dinosaur. Mel
Blanc was dying, and with him the voices of Bugs '
Bunny, Daffy Duck, Tweety, Sylvester, Foghorn
Leghorn, Yosemite Sam, the Road Runner, Speedy
Gonzales, Pepe Le Pew, the Tasmanian Devil, Barney
Rubble and Dino.
Mel had been in a car accident, and things looked
grim. A Honolulu newspaper even ran his obituary.
The hospital patched him with seven pints of blood
and a full-body cast, but for 20 days there was no
answer when a doctor would ask, "How are you today,
In desperation, the doctor changed his tactics.
"How are you today, Bugs Bunny?" he asked.
From an opening in the plaster hulk came the voice
of a rabbit with a Bronx-Brooklynese accent. "Ehhh,
pretty good Doc."
"I don't remember thinking that," Blanc says these
days, "but the characters were alive, and 1 was dead."
In a way, it's still true. Blanc hasn't done the voices
for a Warner Brothers cartoon in 16. years, yet Bugs
and Daffy and gang show up on television almost
every weekday afternoon and Saturday morning, and
Barney still lives next door to Fred, Wilma, Pebbles
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Mel Blanc talked to a receptive audience in Page
Auditorium at Duke Friday about cartoon
characters, the voices to fit them and the trouble
he had getting into the business.
Staff photos by Joseph Thomas
Along with these reruns are reruns of The Jet sons
(Mel does the voice of Mr. Spacely), a Papermate pen
commercial and an ad for American Express credit
What all this amounts to is 100 million persons a
day that hear some form of Mel Blanc's voice.
But none of his more than 3,000 cartoons would
have been possible without a lucky break in 1937.
"I tried to get into the cartoons for a year and a
half," Blanc says, "and this guy kept saying to me, 'I'm
sorry, we have all the voices we need.'
"I'd go back every two weeks and he'd say 'Sorry, we
have all we need,' every time. That went on for a year
and a half. Finally, this guy died."
So Mel auditioned and landed his first job. His
director told him to do the voice of a drunken bull.
How would a drunken bull sound? .
"Well, 1 had to think for a minute, and then I figured
he would soun' like he wuz a lil', a lil', 1-loaded, and he
wuz (hiccup) 1-lookin' for th' sour mash.
"I started in radio in 1927. I was just getting out of
high school, and I used to entertain the kids in
assemblies. The kids would laugh, the teachers would
laugh, they'd give me lousy marks.
"But I always loved vaudeville, and I'd always go
when Jack Benny came on the vaudeville circuit. I'd go
maybe twice a week to see him. I'd never think that I'd
eventually work with him."
Work with Benny was full of surprises. The writers
were always testing his limits, resulting in scripts that
called for horse whinnies in British accents and
Then came Warner Brothers. The firstborn of the
Looney Tunes family was Porky Pig, who stuttered to
life in 1937.
Before Blanc created a voice, he said, "They
(Warner Brothers) would show me a picture of each
character, and they'd tell me what the story was going
to be. -
"Porky Pig was a timid little character, they said, so
I wanted to learn how a timid pig would talk. I knew
that he would talk with a grunt like 'oink, oink, oink,
oink, woink, woink, wink, wink, weeb, bu-weeb, bu
weeb, bu, bu, that's, bu, that's where I got the voice for
Porky Pig. Hee-hee-hce-hee. "
Bugs followed in 1931, but not without a few kinks.
Please turn to page 4