Today and Wednesday will
be partly cloudy with highs
near 80. There is a 40 per
cent chance today,
decreasing to 20 per cent
tonight. The overnight low
will be in the low to mid 60s.
Committee will honor 45
outstanding students at 3:30
p.m. today in the Banquet Hall
of the Morehead Building.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, April 19, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 134
Please call us: 933-0245
Carter warns U.S.
of imminent crisis
in energy supply
WASHINGTON (U PI) President Carter grimly told
Americans Monday night that looming energy shortage
confront the United States with a crisis as serious as war and
can be met only by inconvenient and painful sacrifice.
Warning that the unbridled consumption of past years
cannot continue, Carter sought to convince a doubtful nation
that the crisis is real and to rally support for a program he will
detail to Congress Wednesday night.
"If we fail to act soon, we will face an economic, social and
political crisis that will threaten our free institutions," he said.
Never smiling, Carter spoke for 18 minutes in an address
televised nationally from the Oval Office. He sat behind his
desk, looking straight into the camera, a picture of stiff
formality in a dark pin-stripe suit and red tie.
For the first time since becoming president he called upon
the country for sacrifice.
The President's talk launched a week-long blitz intended to
sell Congress and the people on a series of stringent steps to
reduce gasoline consumption 10 per cent by 1985, slash total
energy growth by more than half to less than 2 per cent a year
and cut in half the use of imported oil.
His speech was laced with strong language terms like
"national catastrophe," "a problem unprecedented in our
history," "the moral equivalent of war."
A recent Gallup poll showed less than half the nation
considering the energy shortages "very serious." Carter,
hoping to convince a majority the crisis is real, acknowledged
the skepticism he faced.
"I know that some of you may doubt that we face real
energy shortages," he said. The 1973 gasoline lines are gone
and, with this springtime weather, our homes are warm again.
"But our energy problem is worse tonight than it was in
1973 or a few weeks ago in the dead of winter. It. . .will get
worse every day until we act."
He withheld details of what "unpopular" steps he intends to
propose Wednesday, but officials said he would seek standby
authority to raise gasoline taxes by five cents a gallon every
year for 10 years, and Carter hinted he would try to tax out of
existence cars that get low mileage.
Even before Carter spoke some members of Congress, just
back from their Easter recess, said the people had no stomach
for higher gas taxes. For example, Rep. Jim Mattox, D-Tex.,
said he found "overwhelming hostility" among his
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By ELLIOTT POTTER
City and State Editor
The Carrboro Board of Aldermen
appropriated $13,500 Monday for an
extension of the Chapel Hill bus system that
would provide transit service between the
UNC campus and Carrboro's many
The funds for the extension were
approved by the board by a 4-2 vote during a
special meeting called by Mayor Ruth West.
The decision came three referendums and
many lengthy discussions after the town of
Carrboro first began considering transit
service for its residents.
The action was taken after Carrboro
Town Manager Richard Knight had
received a letter Monday from Kurt Jenne,
Chapel Hill's town manager, which stated
that the extension could be provided to
varrooro ior jij,juu. jenne esumaiea me going 10 scnooi.
total cost of the service at $42,700 and said UNC Student Body Pres
$1 2.50 more than last year
Phone installations to cost $20
the University has agreed to pay the
The service, which is scheduled to begin
August 15, will operate during the nine
month academic year on Monday through
Friday when University classes are in
session. The extension will not be available
on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.
Three buses will be operated on the
Carrboro route during the peak service
hours from 7 to 10 a.m. and 4 to 7 p.m. A
single bus will provide the service from 10
a.m. to 4 p.m.
Proponents ot the extension said at the
meeting that the service would offer'
transportation for a large portion of the
Carrboro community the students.
Alderman Robert Drakeford said,
"Approximately 30 per cent of our populace
have no way of getting to their job which is
going to school.
UNC Student Body President Bill Moss
and Campus Governing Council
representative Phil Searcy told the board
that the service will help ease campus and
town parking squeezes. When asked why the
University will not pay all of the costs for the
service. Moss responded, "Claiborne Jones
(vice-chancellor of business and finance)
feels the University simply cannot afford to
go into the utility business. If they paid 100
per cent of the costs that would be essentially
what it would be doing."
Opponents of the bus extension said at the
meeting that the Carrboro residents had
expressed an opinion against the service by
defeating various service proposals in three
"I can't believe you would even waste your
time discussing this when it has been voted
down three times," Alderman Mary
Riggsbee said. "If the University has a
transportation problem, let them solve it.
The student is a resident, but his domicile is
The Carolina sky is not so blue when viewed from the vicinity of
the steam plan on Cameron Avenue. Staff photo by Rouse Wilson.
By BERN1E RANSBOTTOM
Students will have to pay $12.50 more in
the fall for telephone installations than they
did last fall, a Southern Bell spokesperson
Subscribers will have to pay $20 for phone
hook-ups. The Chapel Hill Telephone Co.,
which recently sold its operations to
Southern Bell, charged $7.50 for
With the increase, the cost of installing a
telephone in Chapel Hill reaches the same
level as in all other areas served by Southern
Bell, according to manager Mike Carson.
"This is the service-connection charge that
is applicable all over the state," Carson said.
"Southern Bell customers have experienced
installation-rate increases recently because
the charge we used to apply did not come
close to covering the cost of installation."
Although phones already are in dorm
rooms, Carson said it still will be necessary
to charge students the same rate as other
"There is a considerable cost in processing
the applications, processing and printing
listings and maintaining services," he said.
Another reason that costs will be higher,
Carson said, is that Southern Bell must
compensate for several costs which did not
apply to the University-owned, state
"The University as a state agency did not
have to include some articles which are very
costly to a business, such as state and federal
corporate income tax and workman's
compensation and property taxes," Carson
It may be possible for dorm residents to
choose the type of telephone they wish to
have in their room, Carson said, but the
University will have to approve such a
If the University does decide to permit Bell
to install alternate units, there will be extra
charges for such changes, Carson said.
Nobel Prize winner Katz speaks
at UNC neurobiology symposium
By KAREN MILLERS
Nobel Prize winner Sir Bernard Katz
explained his research in neuromuscular
transmission at a public symposium
Monday that recognized the 10th
anniversary of the neurobiology program
Katz, a professor of biophysics at
University College, London, won the
Nobel Prize in 1970 in physiology and
At the symposium Katz explained
slides that highlighted his work with the
quantal theory and the vesicular
hypothesis. The quantal theory states
that nerves pass messages in a series of
jump-like steps instead of in a continuous
flow. The vesicular hypothesis deals with
the way neural messages are transmitted
through the eruption of nerve vesicles.
"This is a working hypothesis that is
par excellence," Katz siad. "But there is
sill a lot of work to be done."
Sydney Brenner, head of the genetics
section in the medical research council,
Cambridge, England, followed Katz with
a discussion of the genetics of complex
"Our view of complexity is how long it
takes us to understand something,"
Brenner said. "What looks like a
disorderly mess may actually be very
' Brenner said he believes that the study
of a small and finite system is important
in understanding the structure of more
complicated systems such as the human
nervous system. He has worked with the
nervous system of a simple worm about a
millimeter in length.
Seymour Benzer, who concluded the
lectures at the symposium, also has
studied a simple nervous system, that of
the fruit fly. He has manipulated nucleic
acids in the genes of the fruit fly to see
how genetics might affect behavioral
changes. He spoke on the uses of genetics
in problems of the nervous system and
Apartment scarcity causes
prodigious fall waiting lists
By AMY McRARY
It's a first-come, first-serve situation when looking for a
Chapel Hill or Carrboro apartment for the fall semester.
Most apartments have waiting" lists for August ranging
from 20 to 115 parties. Those few complexes that can now
guarantee applicants a place to live also may have waiting
lists before exams are over.
Carolina Apartments has the longest waiting list for the
fall of the complexes surveyed. "Our list for August is about
1 15," manager Ricky Hester said. Of this number, probably
on 40 to 45 will receive apartment leases, he said.
!I am discouraging the people who are calling now for an
apartment," Hester said.
Kingswood has the next-longest waiting list. Most of the
70 persons on the waiting list will receive an apartment for
fall, manager J. Brent Bobbitt said.
The major factor determining how many students receive
apartments for the fall is the number of persons who move
before August, Bobbit said.
But students who apply for an apartment now will have a
hard time finding a complex located on a bus line, according
Planetarium offers kids
moon flights, space ants,
neat w hatch am ac all its
There is as yet no waiting list at Foxcroft Apartments, says
apartment manager Jeffrey L. Sellers. "We are still
guaranteeing two-bedroom apartments for the fall," he said.
"But that's today's situation; things may change by
"By some time this week, we will continue to take
applications, but we can make no promises to the
applicants," Sellers said.
Estes Park and Old Well also are guaranteeing spaces at
the present time. At both complexes students must place a
refundable deposit to receive a space.
"We can guarantee anyone who wants an apartment at Old
Well a place to live because we know the number of people
who are vacating," secretary Betsy Bobbitt said. Old Well can
continue to guarantee apartments until the exact turnover
number is known in the middle of May, she said.
The guarantee of an apartment also probably will stop by
the middle of May at Estes Park, manager John Ray said.
The smallest percentage of persons on a waiting list who
will receive an apartment in any of the complexes surveyed in
the fall is at Townhouse Apartments. Of the approximately
100 parties on the list, six or seven are guaranteed space.
A policy change has resulted in a shorter waiting list at The
V illages, according to management there. Only two persons
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will be allowed to rent an apartment. The present waiting list
at The Villages is approximately 30 to 40 persons, according
to present Villages figures.
Please turn to page 5.
-"tXV-VVWW",VS " ' .... If! .--
By CHIP PEARSALL
They'll trade their readers and arithmetic lessons for
neat whatchamacallits and giant space-ants anytime.
Diane Liles 24 second-graders from Durham
County's Hope Valley School discovered Morehead
Planetarium last week. They agreed it was pretty neat.
Along with 375 other primary grade students, Liles
class toured the planetarium building and watched the
11 o'clock "Mr. Moon" show. An average of
approximately 46,000 school children make the same
trip each year to see the planetarium and the UNC-CH
The planetarium's brochure says that "Mr. Moon"
gives primary students a chance to explore, discover
and investigate. They did.
The students arrived about a half-hour early, as the
brochure suggests. As they piled out of the standard
orange-and-black school bus, the exploration and
discovery began immediately.
There's a big sundial, and a lot of other kids here.
Inside the planetarium foyer, Liles bought tickets
for Mr. Moon." While she talked to the cashier,
moving bodies filled the foyer. Some clamored to buy
planetarium souvenirs and refreshments from patient
vendors. Others eyed posters of constellations and
whispered to their friends.
Liles and three mothers who came along as aides
lined the children up for a brief tour through the
exhibits. Friends grasped friends' hands. Most of the
chattering voices fell silent as Liles, an attractive black
woman, held up her hand.
"Excuse me. Excuse me," she called. She told the
class to stay together and led them downstairs. They
followed obediently, gazing at the glass-enclosed
exhibits lining the hallway.
Other groups crowded ahead and behind. The line
moved slowly, giving the students time to look at
specimens of meteorites, memorabilia of Apollo space
flights and other exhibits.
A lighted red button beneath an exhibit about the
sun invited touch. A bright light flashed, magically
stimulating a spinning pinwheel that demonstrated the
energy of light. The button was pushed 24 consecutive
Up the stairs, into the dark Copernican Orrery, the
students scattered, gazing up above their heads at
whirling planets slowly revolving around a yellow sun.
Several moons whizzed around the larger planets. The
students had done their homework.
"That's Mars," one boy said, pointing up at the
conspicuous red planet.
"Is that Jupiter?" another asked, carefully
pronouncing the name. "Look at all the moons." He
grabbed a classmate by the arm and pointed upward.
Jupiter was a popular planet, and a group quickly
formed beneath it.
Another student, after viewing the orrery and
apparently satisfying himself that all was right with the
universe, approached the DTH reporter
accompanying his group. With hands on hips and
head tilted quizzically, he asked, "You a Tar Heel?"
Yes. He grinned widely, raising the double "thumbs
up" seal of approval.
Liles led the group through the rest of the exhibits,
imploring them to stay together. As 11 o'clock
approached, the students joined the line waiting to
leave the exhibits and enter the planetarium. As they
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This group of school children clustered around the Morehead Planetarium the visit to the planetarium, the children sometimes sightsee around the rest
sundial is one of many who visit Chapel Hill to learn about astronomy. After of the campus. Staff photo by Rouse Wilson.
waited, the Mars expert pointed proudly at a lighted
picture of a cluster galaxy and announced, "That's the
whatchamacallit." His classmates did not disagree.
Finally, the waiting ended. The class crowded into
the planetarium, taking seats and whispering
excitedly. Orange lights at the base of the Zeiss
has to be correct, it has to be exact
Because it is, because it is
A sci-en-tif-ic fact.
The buzz of whispers ended as the "Mr. Moon"
instructor, Jim Manning, picked up his microphone.
He introduced himself and "the real star of the show, "
projector shone on upturned faces. A record extolling the Zeiss projector.
Sir Isaac Newton and his discovery ended, and "1 think it looks like a giant space ant, don't you?" he
another song followed immediately- asked. With Us metal legs and slender body, the
It's a scientific fact, a scientific fact resemblance was easy to see.
Manning switched the machine on, and the sun
appeared. He traced its path across the sky to a
"glorious planetarium sunset." Then the lights slowly
dimmed, the planetarium darkened, and the magic
Stars popped out onto the domed roof. A few at
first, then literally thousands dotted the black
Please turn to page 4.