Cloudy and humid
It will be partly cloudy and
humid today and Friday; the
highs will be in the low 80s,
lows in the upper 50s.
46 students yesterday
academic and -student-activity
awards. See page 2.
Serving the s iudenis and the University since 1893
: Thursday, April 21 , i 977; thapel Hill; NkirA Carolina
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 136
Please call us: 933-0245
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Approximately 100 BSM members attended CGC's final budget session Tuesday
night to protest a $7,850 cut in their original budget request, staff photo by Rouse
. BY NANCY HARTIS
' . : VStaTf Writer . ,
' The .Black vStudehty.Moveme
received an additional $2,845 in funds for the;.:
1977-78 academic year from the Campus
. Governing Council (CGC) Tuesday night! ".
Approximately 100 BSM. members .
attended the final CGC budget session to
; protest .a.cuj .of ..$7,850 .in their.. original.. .'
V 'biidge't : request .' V VV ' .- :.
.. The rTGC 'coticfed;.:jart
. to Black . Ink 'iand$j45.4b;t.heyBSM;4raWv-;'
' group. The additional. mojieyraised BSM's '.S.
total student-gbvernnient appropriation tov
$10,495 . ,
The council, met Tuesday nigh't to finalize
its 1977-78 budget in a meeting that lasted ,
more.than six hours. More'than $8,000 was
added to the 'overall budget from
unappropriated balance. Several organiz
ations pleaded for more funds.
Amendments on behalf of BSM were
introduced by Nancy Mattox.
"The racism problem on this campus is
just as bad as it has been for the past 15
years," Mattox said. She urged council
members to vote for the amendments
because the BSM groups could help
A lengthy hearing followed, interrupted
frequently by booing and cheering from an
audience of about 200 persons.
.Apprlrttatefy half the students represented .'
BS M , mariy. of them carry ing posters. . :
The Black IHk appropriation passed 6n'an.
.:.l i-;7...,rpll-calt; (vote: The -'' BSM dramay.
'apprdpriatio'n passed" 122. But'- two
amendments for BSM increases totaling
WXYC, the student radio station, also..
fpught for more, funds. An amendment to.
; increase, thft slat.jon;s..budget by:$500..failed.-
, ff eri; saliry if;, ifte-! .
:That';arhie'ndnWtrtp p)iss'eiaby;-'Wnseht:'9 y- V. . '
Marc VSa.ndini-vfof'MepMdw;;. fitdani-' .'
' chalf.petsnv'ip'dkeVoitehalf..' of" "WX YCv
"WXYC. cartnot be ;cut by the CGC just,
because the. CQC isn't. interested in it. he
said. . .: ' '- - . ' v ."
He said 'WXYC received more: student
votes. in its referendum four years ago than
any member of the CGC except Student
Body President Bill Moss. UNC students
had rather have a radio station than a CGC,M
Three publications lobbied for more
money: the Yackety Yack, Cellar Door, and
The Alchemist. All three received additional
funds; the Yack received $2,900 more and
Cellar Door and 77je Alchemist each were
granted an additonal $500.
More controversy arose when CGC
member Sonya Lewis introduced an
amendment to delete the Student
I f s s CT3
1 A S ?
N -s ' .
S. v II' 111 I I II I II 111! .Ill Till
BSM Chairperson Byrcn Horton pleads his organization's case for a larger
appropriation before the full gathering of the CGC Tuesday night. Finance
Committee Chairperson Phil Searcy is second from left, staff photo by Rouse Wilson.
Government appropriation to the Carolina
Gay Association (CGA).
"The CGC should not kowtow to the
bigotry ,of the undergraduate population at
UNC," said CGC member Jay Clark. The
amendment failed, 15-3.
An amendment to cut $4,000 from the
Graduate and Professional Student
Federation, introduced by speaker pro tern
J. B. Kelly, was defeated by voice vote.-
Other organizations receiving increases
were the Association of International
Students, which received $750 more for its
publication, Agora', Sports Club Council,
which received $500 more; and the
Individual Events Team, which received
A chart on page three outlines the final
Theft ring suspected
More bikes stolen from college campuses
By BETH PARSONS
. Staff Writer
' With the increase of campus bicycle thefts
over the last two weeks, questions have
'a-cWW r htt 4 Via rhonA 14 ill mH f om1C
Police departments as to the existence of a
proiessipnai oicycie ineii ring. unougn ;
no .sona evidence supports tms tneory, ..
bicycles' are being stolen at ah increasing,
fate, and officials here and at other campuses. :
across the state are becoming -increasingly ; :
anxious over the situation.
Bicycle thefts are common on large
university campuses and Lt. William E.
Frick of the Chapel Hill Police Department
said there has been a definite increase in the
last three months. While there were two
bicycle thefts in January 1977 and four in
February, there were 22 reported bicycle
thefts in March alone. So far in April there
have "been T4: . . .. . "'
Frick gave some history of theft, rings in
Chapel Hill. Two years ago, three men were
convicted of larceny when their van,
containing eight stolen bicycles, was seized
by authorities. There also have been other
cases where vans and carry-alls have been
used. Frick said the suspects, were usually
semiprofessional thieves who had a local
outlet for stolen bicycles.
Duke University has a history of
continuous bicycle thefts. Dom Browski of
the Public Safety Department at Duke, said
the majority of bicycle thefts committed on
campus are by juveniles, under 16, who,
when caught, usually return to the street in a
matter of hours.
they once owned
BY KATHY HART
Indians in the eastern United States are in
the process of reclaiming lands that once
belonged to them, Indian author Vine
Deloria said in a speech in Memorial Hall
He urged North Carolina Indians to
search the state archives for evidence of land
that might rightfully belong to them.
"North Carolinians better get to be friends
with the Indians now because the federal
government may soon move you to Georgia
to grow peanust when the Indians reclaim1,
the land they rightfully own in this state,"
Deloria, a Sioux Indian, is author of
"Custer Died for Your Sins" and "God is
Red." His speech was part of the cultural
week sponsored by the Carolina Indian
Deloria said that according to a 1790 law,
all land belongs to Indians unless a
representative of the federal government
approved the transfer of the land.
It is a simple question of whether the
federal government approved it or a federal
representative was present," he said.
"Indians have the rights to a large part of the
land in the original colonies because the
government has no document, statute or act
to prove ownership of the land."
Indians in. Maine are fighting in court to
: reclaim land now ahd may receive as much as .
$25 billion . in compensation. "The
There is ,one recent case indicating
professionalism that involved two men from
Louisburg. They walked across the Duke
campus during the day, chose the bicycles
they liked, and ' returned that night .ith
wirecutter"to collect them.vliey ?wcreVv."
arrested while packing the . biCyjeles iaf o a '
concerned with students' indifference to the
situation. Less than 5 per cent of Duke's
students have their bicycles engraved during
the initial registration period each year. The
service is free, both at Duke and in Chapel
;. Hill.- and;.-. without proper identification,
:.p61ic'e:offidaiiare powerless against bicycle
Although indifference is not a problem
with authorities, time is. Priorities reign in
any department, and policemen usually
cannot spare the time to track down stolen
bicycles unless they have a positive lead. And
. Without ' , an - identification ; number, the
chances of -bicycle's being recovered are
' . pract ically 'Zero.
. Rrovcfci said hievcle thefts flresMTeOQent Browski Said' thieves! also :ate: aware; . Of
Ithat-a'ftvW indtffcrehceVbecause.:-man'y-- stolen;:;.-';..;As.Brpw
; possible that ma:hy ;
commit the thefts rhay be ' wbrkifigfor
someone or just out for a new bicycle.
While bicycle theft is the main problem,
Browski and other detectives also are
bicycles .are res old., with qhly; ?. hew coat - of . '
paiiu iiruiaguiac mem? 11 nit uijmk uum
have an identification number, thieves
seldom bother to file them off because they
realize the chances of their being traced are
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Even locks may not thwart the efforts of determined bike thieves.
te' list.he.'rr-f Veifigations-' of- tapes' or
murders' must be. inclu'ded:He' pointed out',
however, that bicycle dealerships and repair
shops often are helpful in watching for stolen
bicycles. Many shops in Chapel Hill and
Durham have a policy of taking descriptions
of stolen bikes that might be identified if
brought in for repairs. But Dave Witten of
the Chapel Hill Cycle Shop said few ever
Browski suggested several precautions for
bicycle owners t'p ;help prevent thefts.
.. Firit, every, bicycle, should be registered
with the campus police and the town police.
Second, bikes should be locked up with a
secure system. The system least vulnerable to
theft is a horseshoe lock. Detective William
Boten, also of Duke, demonstrated the ease
with which a. tumbler lock can.be broken
into. Cables are useless when wire cutters are
A third precaution is to park the bicycle in
a lighted irea, away from large shrubbery or
dark buildings. "1 feel that we could reduce
bike thefts 30 per cent or even more if bike
racks were moved to well-lighted areas," ;
Jennings submits plan barring
residential parking near campus
By BEVERLY MILLS
The Chapel H ill Transportation Board
received Tuesday night a plan to prohibit
parking on residential streets
surrounding the UNC campus.
Mike Jennings, Chapel Hill planning
director, submitted the plan which would
stop parking on substandard-width
residential streets within a mile radius of
. central campus . and N.C. Memorial
;". Hospital fro'rri 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. This action
''would remove approximately 1,200
In recent years, several of Chapel Hill's
central residential and commercial areas
have absorbed overflow parking from the
University and hospital onto streets that
were not designed to accommodate on
street parking. According to the plan,
traffic flow on these streets has become
hazardous, and access for residents and
service vehicles has become difficult
because of the parked cars.
Chapel Hill has received petitions from
residents to restrict parking on
Westwood Drive, Dogwood Drive,
Please turn to page 8.
Carter presents proposals
to Congress for reduction
of errergy consumption
WASHINGTON (UPl)-President Carter
asked Congress Wednesday to put the
United States on a painful energy
conservation diet, including taxes that could
boost gasoline prices to over $ 1 a gallon and
add $2,488 to the cost of gas-guzzling cars
within 10 years.
In a nationally.televised address to a joint
session of Congress, Carter said Americans
must be forced in some cases to save energy
because they are not likely to give up
photo by Rouse Wilson
government may have to pay an incredible
price to keep the white people on the land,"
Reclaiming land is an issue only with
Indians in the eastern United States. The
federal government made treaties and
settlements with most of the western tribes.
Many western tribes, however, are filing
claims with the Indian Claims Commission
for inadequate compensation.
Deloria said he feels both the Indian
Claims Commission and the- Bureau of
Indian Affairs have been discriminatory in
Pleaso turn to p'ge lj. ' ' "
By AMY McRARY
. More, students use the Mental Health
Service during the last weeks of class than
during any other time, according to
, psychologist Bruce Baldwin of the Student
.'. Health Service. :
'. "There is no question about it; more
students definitely use the service during this
time," Baldwin. said. "ril estimate there is. a -25
per cent incf ease in students coming to us" .
' during the last.weeks of ;clas&'-. . -. ... .
The problems-studehtshririg'to the service':.'.
' 'during this time' ire more intense,' Baldwin "
said. More students also come to the mental
health division after regular hours, he said.
Contrary to popular belief, fewer students
use the Mental Health Service during exams
than during the last weeks of class. "There is
more pressure during the last weeks of class,"
"Professors require that papers be in by
the last day of class, and many give final
exams then," he said. "When classes are over
and the pressure decreases, students have a
chance to rest.
"Students have more time to study during
the exam period than during the last days of
class. When classes are over, students feel the
worst of the semester is over, also.
There are two major causes- of .student
depression during this time.- Baldwin said.
relating to grades and the pressure to get
everything done with too little time,
according to Baldwin.
Many students who come into the Mental
Health Service concerned with grades are
those on the extremes of the grading scale,
Baldwin said. "Students have either very,
very high grade averages or very low ones,"
. "Those . students . with high QP. . are
freaking out because they may get a B or a C.
which could mean the difference between
graduate school or a job," he said.
There are also marginal students to whom
a B or C could mean the difference in
remaining in school. Baldwin said.
The other group of students who come to
the Mental Health Service are ones who
. Please turn to page 3.
wasteful habits voluntarily.
The alternative, he said, is that "crisis . . .
could overwhelm us."
Making the first speech to Congress of his
Presidency, Carter presented a grand design
for a national energy policy officially made
public for the first time early Wednesday. Its
Gas pump taxes geared to add five cents to
the price of a gallon every year for 10 years, if
Hefty taxes on "gas guzzling" cars, starting
with the 1978 models due this year but with
rebates for gas efficient cars.
Taxes on domestic oil designed to drive the
prices gradually up to wdrld market levels,
and boost consumer prices further.
Tax credits, for insulating homes and
businesses. The same for converting to solar
Standby gasoline rationing authority for
emergency use. Members of Congress
predicted the gas pump tax would draw
especially fierce opposition both on Capitol
Hill and among consumers.
The President admitted his plan would
drive up inflation, but he said it would also
generate jobs and have "generally positive"
effects on the economy.
He said all the money collected through
the new energy taxes would be returned to
consumers through income tax rebates.
Please turn to page 4
WSmti&rs di : BSM receive KKK threats
BY AMY McRARY
Two members of the Black Student
Movement (BSM) have received threatening
letters from persons purporting to be from
the "KKK of UNC."
The letter is one of several these BSM
members have received during the year,
according to BSM Chairperson Byron
The letter reads in part:
"We hope you are presently doing fine,
because in the next few weeks you will be
beat.en on, raped, cut up, and other nice
things. We would like to congradulate (sic)
you on your selection by our outstanding
organization 10 receive inesc nonur. nc
One group of students has problems directljf ;:V: remaiwier' of .t.he letter contained various.
At first, the BSM thought this was all a
joke, . Horton said. But feelings have
changed he said.
"Besides the outrage we feel, the BSM
feels this is net the action of one or two
people, but of a definite organization," said
Phyllis Pickett, vice chairperson of BSM.
BSM member and Black Ink Editor Allen
Johnson agreed with Pickett. "Whether this
organization is unofficial or not, we do think
that it exists," he said.
"This is just one thing that happens to
black students that does not happen to white
students," Horton said.
"Because- these incidents, have been
occurring all year, we feel it is time to let all
students know theVe is severe racism on this
campus, he saidV ; :-.:' '.' ''
Pickett said three different groups of black
students also were hit by bags of water as
they walked past Avery Dorm after the
Campus Coverning Council meeting
The first assault was on one male black
student, BSM members said. He was hit with
bags of water and called "nigger." Then five
black girls were hit with the water bap
Obscenities also were directed to them.
The third group of black students and
Avery resident advisers tried to find wh0
threw the water bags. As the black students
started to leave the dorm, rocks were thrown
at them, Pickett said. '
"1 would like to add that the incidents like
the Avery one have been happening u
Johnson said. "Water is thrown af DJ?c,t
students from cars and from balconies.