Thursday, August 25, 1977 The Qajty Tar Heel A11
By STEPHEN HARRIS
Among the freshmen
one located in ?fl1 Smith n,,;u; u ; cam.i
K. Williamson. th
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Arts and Sciences.
Williamson began his f irst year as dean Aug. 1.
He is getting acquainted with a new
environment, as the student freshmen are, and is
finding his new job gratifying.
"It has been a period of adjustment for me,"
Williamson says. "But there is extraordinary
goodwill here. I have found people willing to
help me, and 1 am very appreciative of this."
The new dean is adjusting to two things. The
first is a change of location. Williamson spent
last year in England, working at Cambridge
University under a grant by the National
Endowment for the Humanities.
The second change is switching from the job of
directing the small Curriculum in Peace, War
and Defense to the job of heading UNC's largest
and mosi diverse academic college.
"The College of Arts and Sciences is so much
more complex," Williamson says. "At Peace,
War and Defense, we had to start from scratch
and build a course structure. Here, the structure
is already in place and the resources are already
Williamson hopes to use the resources soon.
He says he wants to provide more freshman
seminars next year, and he also wants to create a
committee to study problems of the college's
"One of the things I will try to do this year,"
Williamson says, "is to stimulate discussion
among the faculty on black-white relations with
Cj!) mm in V-.raawia dm
College of Arts and Sciences head gr apples with
academic complexities, diversities of new job
I iff t
Samuel R. Williamson, dean of UNC's College of Arts and Sciences.
SUM photo by L C Barbour
students and to eliminate misunderstandings and
The new dean has committed himself to
discussion and review. In a press release last
spring, Williamson outlined some of his goals.
Among them were review and revision of
curriculums in order to increase the substance
and effectiveness of a student's general
The first area of review may be the General
College. "Students now can choose so many
different subjects, and the courses have little or
no relation to each other," Williamson says.
He says he feels the choices a student has in
fulfilling course requirements should be
" I his doesn't mean there will be more required
courses," Williamson says. "It would mean that,
instead of 25 courses that could be used, there
would be instead, eight or 10."
Williamson contends that strengthening
requirements would aid rather than narrow a
student's education. A student's education
would be more structured and more
coordinated. The overall effect would be moru
relevance in a student's elective courses.
Williamson also wants to involve the faculty
more in academic affairs in the arts and sciences.
He has committed himself to seeking more
internship-type programs, to improve teaching
quality and to expand graduate programs.
"1 see no reason to change my goals,"
Williamson says. "But things are extraordinarily
complex. I've noticed that the way you change i
through a ripple effect, which is slow,"
Williamson feels that orientation has gone
very well. There have been no unexpected
problems. He visited the Campus YM-YWCA-sponsored
Freshman Camp and a Black Student
Movement-sponsored orientation session, and
enjoyed the experiences.
"There were students and parents there a little
nervous," Williamson says. "But things went
we:ll, and there was no lack of information."
Williamson was selected for the office last
spring by UNC Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor
frcm a list of 25 nominees presented by a student
fac ulty committee. He had come to UNC in 1972
as an associate professor in history. He helped
sta;rt the curriculum in Peace, War and Defense
and won an Amoco Foundation award for
I n 1970, Williamson held two government
jobs, He was a special consultant to the director
of the President's Office of Emergency
Preparedness, and he also served on a Nixon
administration panel that investigated student
Williamson will continue to teach while
hole ling his new job. He will teach H istory 327, a
grad .uate seminar, this fall and P WD History 78
Justice Dept. may enter Bakke case
WASHINGTON (UPI) - The
Carter administration is working on a
Supreme Court brief which is widely
expected to support government
"affirmative action" plans against
charges of "reverse discrimination."
However, a spokesman insisted
Tuesday the Justice Department has not
decided what position it will take.
There is growing speculation that
department lawyers will intervene as a
"friend of the court" and support the
admissions policy of the
of California school at
State courts ruled that the school
practiced "reverse discrimination" in
rejecting the application of a white
student, Allen Bakke, while accepting
minority applicants with lower grades,
Spokesman John Wilson said
although a draft brief is under study, the
Justice Department has not yet decided
what position it will take.
The draft was drawn up by the civil
rights division after a check with the
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare and other federal agencies that
might be affected.
The Chicago Sun-Times reported
Monday the decision already has been
made to support the minorities and
women, and the haggling is over details.
It said Attorney General Griffin Bell
declared during an Aug. 5 visit to
Chicago, "We haye decided to file."
Planner: Failure to activate proper plans
caused Chapel Hill area water shortage
Bj DAVID STACKS
While Chapel Hill and Carrboro are
not the only towns in North Carolina
suffering from water-short problems
this summer, they are the only two
whose predicament has come from a
failure to activate existing water
resource plans, according to a state
"Nearly all the problems like this can
be avoided with proper planning," said
John Wray, chief water resources
planner with the N.C. Department of
Natural Resources and Community
Development. "But you've got to
implement the plan before it will work
Wray said he believes it will be several
years before southern Orange County
solves its water deficiency. He said the
Cane CCreek and Jordan Dam issues
have become so controversial, it may be
several years before the water situation
is under control.
"You've got to start far enough in
advance to avoid all the legal
entanglements," Wray said. "It may be
several years from the beginning of the
court baattles to when officials finally
decide what to do about the water
Kernersville, Sparta, Henderson and
Nags Head are having water problems
too, but Wray said shortages in those
areas are caused by difficulties other
than lack of action on possible
In Kernersville, the water situation
suddenly went from plentiful to critical
when vandals broke into a chemical
plant and loosed more than 30 000
gallons of toxic waste into the town's
main reservoir. Kernersville has plenty
of water, Wray said, but the water has
not been fit for human consumption.
Mechanal problems with water
pumps in Sparta resulted when drought
conditionscaused the area's water table
to fall. The pumps were overworked
because they had to pump harder to get
the same amount of water from deeper
in the earth. .
Some of the material on the inside of a
new water pipeline in Henderson came
loose and caused the pipeline to become
blocked. Enough water would have
been available from the old pipeline for
emergency use, Wray said, but the
drought increased water demand.
The increasing tourist population on
the Outer Banks caused the main water
source in Nags Head to run low. Water
officials on Roanoke Island are digging
new wells and plan to pump water
through a nearly-completed pipeline on
the bottom of Roanoke Sound.
Cities in the Piedmont, including
Durham and Greensboro, will have to
develop new water resources in the next
10 to 15 years, according to studies
conducted by Wray's office and the U.S.
Towns and counties that take water
from rivers originating in the Piedmont
will be especially hard-hit by the year
2000. The Piedmont's population is
growing rapidly while the water
supplying capacity of the rivers remains
the same, the surveys show.
Piedmont rivers that supply water to
areas in central and coastal North
Carolina include the Cape Fear, Neuse,
Lumber and Tar rivers.
Cities that draw water from streams
and rivers that form in the mountains
are in better shape.
Although the case concerns
admissions, it may affect government
"quotas," "goals" and "affirmative
action" programs in hiring minority
groups and women.
Solicitor General Wade McCree Jr.
hopes to reach a decision and clear it
with Bell and no doubt the White
House too in time to file a brief by
Oct. I, Wilson said. If one is filed at all.
Bakke claimed he was denied
entrance to the medical school because
it had reserved 16 out of 100 admissions
for "disadvantaged applicants"
blacks, Spanish-speaking Americans
While applicants admitted in regular
competition had undergraduate grades
averaging 3.49 out of a possible 4,0, the
disadvantaged applicants averaged
2.88, Bakke said.
Bakke claimed his record would have
won him admission if the 16 places had
not been deliberately assigned on a
racial basis to applicants with a lower
grade average. Bakke won in state
courts, and the university appealed to
the Supreme Court.
President Carter strongly hinted last
month he will defend the admissions
policy in support of the minority
groups, although doing so might
"contravene the concept of merit
S C' J;-
Stiff photo by L. C. Bwtwur
There's not a whole lot that needs to be i said about this student who has found that
Drop-Add is something she'll try to avoi d next January.
Students no trouble in speed crackdown
By DAVID STACKS
UNC students returning to Chapel Hill last weekend
accounted for less than one per cent of the 132 speeding
tickets the N.C. Highway Patrol issued in Orange and
Durham counties last week. Trooper John Phillips said.
"We have had very little trouble with the students at
Carolina," Phillips said.
Last week, the first week of the Highway Patrol's
crackdown on speeders, Orange and Durham troopers issued
18 warnings. The week before, they issued 145 speeding
citations and 46 warnings.
The drop in tickets could be attributed to motorists being
more observant of the 55-mile-per-hour limit, Phillips said,
but he believes it was because five of the 24 troopers in the
two counties were off duty last week.
The trend is representative of fewer speeding tickets
statewide since Aug. 15, the dayGov. Jim Hunt and Crime
Control Secretary Phil Carlton ordered the patrol to begin
Patrol Capt. O. R. McKinney, commander of patrol
Troop D, said his troopers cited 684 speeders last week,
compared to 760 the week before. There were 655 warnings
last week and 495 two weeks ago.
"We're "We're enthusiastic over the response we've
received from the motoring public," said Mckinney, whose
troop includes Orange, Durham, Guilford, Alamance,
Guilford, Granville, Person, Caswell, Lee, Moore, Randolph
and Chatham counties.
"The response has been more voluntary than anything
else," McKinney said.
The patrol captain said his troop has not had problems
with wildcat truckers as had patrolmen in Mecklenburg and
Eight independent truckers were arrested last week and
charged with impeding the flow of traffic on Interstate 85
between Gastonia and Charlotte. Troopers said the
wildcatters, f protesting the crackdown, slowed to 35 mph and
blocked both lanni of traffic,
Wildcatter s have said the 55 mph speed limit prohibit
them travelin g at the speed their rigs were built for, thus using
more fuel th an if they traveled at higher speeds.
But Tom 'Outlaw, executive director of the N.C. Motor
Carriers Ass ociation, said most of the trucking industry
supports the crackdown.
He said ne wer trucks equipped with a high torque engine
built to cons umc less fuel are not having the same problems
as the wildci itters.
Rigs with a high torque engine, radial tires and air
deflectors or i top of the cab consume 20 per cent less fuel,
Statistics lathered last year showed more than 80 per cent
of the state's motorists broke the speed limit, The average
speed on int erstate highways in 1976 was 58.8 mph. Two
Please turn to page 1 7-
Top summer stories: Desegregation, tuition,water shortage
Students returning to the University may find
a few changes since they left in the spring.
Desegregation, tuition increases and campus
politics were in the news as Chapel Hill faced yet
another water shortage. The summer's top
The University of North Carolina, along
with five other states, was ordered by the U.S.
Department of Health, Education and Welfare
(HEW) to step up its DESEGREGATION
EFFORTS, with the goal of eliminating UNC's
racially dual system of higher education.
HEW ordered the University to submit a new
desegregation plan after the 1974 plan was ruled
inadequate by a federal court. The ruling came
from the court on a suit filed against HEW by
the NAACP Legal Defense and Education
Fund, charging that HEW was not working
toward desegregation of higher education in the
nation. UNC officials expressed a desire for
cooperation with HEW in the first few weeks
after the order for a new plan. But last week UNC
President William C. Friday blasted the HEW
order, claiming that some of its provisions were
The University submitted a new desegregation
plan on time, and HEW has three months to
accept or reject the plan. If the University does
not eventually meet the HEW goals, it may lose
$100 million annually in federal funds. Please see
relates -story on page A-l.
Over protests from University
administrators, the N.C. General Assembly
voted to INCREASE TUITION for all UNC
students. In-state tuition was increased 10 per
cent, and out-of-state tuition was increased a flat
The $3.5 million raised by the tuition increase
will go into financial aid programs and help pay
the cost of running the University.
"Right now the town's in good shape with
ENOUGH WATER," Everett Billingsley,
Orange Water and Sewer Authority (OWASA)
executive director, said in late May. "But we are
aware that we could have a period of subnormal
rainfall where the reservoir at University Lake
won't be at a safe level."
Billings ley's words became fact curing the
summer, and Chapel Hillians now face a more
serious version of the town's recurrent water
crisis. A five-stage conservation program has
been put into effect by the city, and University
officials are busy denying rumors that the
University will close because of a lack of water.
If the summer-long drought continues, Chapel
Hill residents and students will face water
rationing along with the existing ban on outdoor
use of water.
Please see related story on page A-l.
A struggle to dissolve STUDENT
GRAPHICS INC., a student-owned printing
corporation, ended in July when the thrid
dissolution attempt failed to muster the eight
required, votes of the 1 4-member G raphics Board
Two earlier votes had been taken on the
motion to dissolve: The Media Board voted in
May to suspend Graphics' budget, and the Board
of Directors itself voted in mid-June to dissolve
the corporation. Both votes were ruled invalid
when a new set of Graphics bylaws was found.
The pro-dissolution forces argued that
Graphics had outlived its usefulness and was no
longer worth the trouble required to maintain
the corporation. But general manager Steve
Gould termed the dissolution efforts "political,
rather than economic."
A lack of summer jobs, along with an
increased number of out-of-state students, led to
the highest SUMMER SCHOOL
ENROLLMENT in six years, according to Dr.
Donald Tarbet, director of the summer session.
Tarbet said summer school enrollment was lower
nationwide and UNC may be returning to a
pattern of gradual increases.
Most of the summer students were business
administration and accounting majors. Almost
7,000 students attended the summer sessions.
The UNC STUDENT LEGAL SERVICE
won a court suit this summer that freed $ 1 ,750 of
its funds for use, after the service's attorney,
Dorothy Bernholtz, former Student Body
President Billy Richardson, Student
Government and UNC student L. C. Barbour
brought suit against the N.C. Bar Council.
Declared unconstitutional was a council statute
requiring the legal service to help pay legal fees of
students who opted lo use private attorney
instead c f the legal service. Bernholtz hopes to
use the n noney freed by Federal District Court
Judge Ja mes B. McMillian's decision to begin
legal wor kshops for students this year.
The 1 Jniversity and the town of Chapel Hill
reached a : compromise this summer over the
budget foi r the BUS SYSTEM in 1977-78. The
U niversity will pay $366,200 of the system's near
$1 million i budget. The figure represented a
compromii ie which Chapel Hill mayor James C.
Wallace fir st offered to the University July 18.
The Univ. ersity had originally offered to pay
only $338,00 0, the same percentage of the budget
it payed last year. Town officials had hoped the
University w. ould pay $400,000. The University
refused to me et this figure, maintaining that it is
not a partne r in the bus system, but only a
Vice Chat 'icellor for Business and Finance
CI MBORNE JONES was named executive
assistant to the chancellor effective Sept. I.John
Temple, assista nt vice chancellor for business,
was rumeJ to f ill ihe position held by Jones.