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Today will be mostly sunny
with a high temperature in
the upper-80s. The low
tonight will be in the mid
603, and the high tomorrow
should be near 90. The
chance of rain is 20 per cent
Volume 85, Issue No. 3
The Raleigh Jayceesthrewa
beach party last Saturday.
Among the participants
were singing groups of past
years the Drifters and the
Embers were two and
DTH contributor Dee Joyce.
See page 4.
Please call us: 933-0245
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, August 30, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Town prohibited from to win
on 41 streets off-limits to students
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i ne Morrison parking lot was once designated for student use but was rezoned last
spring for use by the hospital staff. It often has vacant spaces, however, and Morrison
residents want it rezoned so they can park there again.
Morrison parking lot rezoned again for staff
By JEFF COLLINS
The rezoning of the Morrison Dorm
parking lot from student to staff use is only
the first step in an anticipated southern
migration of campus parking, Campus
Security Director Ted Marvin said Monday.
For the second consecutive year, the 150
space lot has been designated S-l for use by
hospital staff. Last year, two-thirds of the lot
was turned back over to students with S-4
permits after a survey taken by Morrison
Legislative Council members showed the lot
was sparsely used by the staff.
A similar drive is expected from Morrison
residents this year but it may be less
successful. Hospital staff members lost
approximately 120 parking spaces over the
summer due to construction near the
"Another factor that must be considered is
that the hospital has a waiting list of 100
people who have applied for S-l or S-6
permits," Marvin said. "We have not
allowed them (the hospital) to sell these
permits because we had no idea how heavy
usage of the area would be after school
About 180 spaces in the Morrison lot and
the adjoining lot presently remain vacant
throughout the day. The sight of these
nearly-empty lots and the massive towing of
students' cars which took place Thursday
have enraged Morrison residents and led to
appeals for action on the issue.
Morrison Gov. Bill Gillikin expressed
disgust at the towing episode of Thursday
and said he plans to meet with Dean of
Student Affairs Donald Boulton concerning
According to Marvin, strict patrolling of
the S-l lot began earlier in the year than
usual because the lot redesignation was
negotiated with the Morrison staff last
spring and residents were aware of the
change before returning this fall.
Carolina's campus-oriented students
By KATHY HART
To a UNC student, Chapel Hill is
campus buildings like the Old Well and
Wilson Library, and Franklin Street
establishments like Harrison's and The
To an area resident, Chapel Hill
means the Municipal Building, Finley
Golf Course, the fire station, North
Carolina Memorial Hospital (NCMH)
and University Mall.
The student's limited view of Chapel
Hill results in a psychological ghetto,
according to Bob Anderson, a
geography department graduate
"Most students don't know where the
town hall, the city library, schools or
recreational areas are located,"
Anderson said. "They have a
significantly limited view of town that is
characteristic of an ethnic ghetto.
"Their psychological ghetto is unique
because it is not forced on them by
cultural inferiority, lack of mobility or
lack of choice."
In other words, UNC students live in
their "ghetto" because they choose to.
"The University satisfies most of the
students' needs by providing housing,
food services, stores that supply student
school needs, entertainment and
recreation," Anderson said.
"The transient nature of students is
another reason why they live in this
limited environment. They know they
are only going to be here so many years
and see no need to become familiar with
facilities they will never use. Also, the
fact that a lot of students make frequent
trips home adds to the problem."
1 If 1J
The S-l designation was created several
years ago to meet the needs of the hospital,
Marvin said. "The hospital needed close-in
parking for the people who were most
important to them .those who must
respond to emergencies.
"The whole thing was brand new to us.
Two years ago, we felt the need would be so
great that we would need the additional lot.
Vertlib reflects on Russian human rights
by DOUGLAS W. CLARK
The recent trend toward an emphasis on
human rights in politics has had worldwide
impact, but particularly in the S oviet U nion,
where the question of the treatment of
dissidents has been frequently raised.
UNC instructor of Russian conversation,
Evgeny Vertlib, is one of those dissidents
who has felt this impact most intimately.
Vertlib, 34, came to this country from
Leningrad in May, 1976, to escape the
restrictions put on Soviet writers.
The dissident or democratic movement in
the Soviet Union comprises a wide diversity
of political and cultural currents, from the
nonsocialist or antisocialist dissidents, such
as Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Andrei
Sakharov, to Marxist dissidents such as
Despite the ideological difference, the
common aim of the dissidents is to broaden
the opportunities for free expression and the
exercise of democratic rights.
It is probably unwise to pick out any one
of the Soviet dissidents as representative of
the whole movement. They speak for
themselves in their novels, poems and
Evgeny Vertlib, too, speaks for himself.
As I walked into Vertlib's sparsely
Anderson based his comments on a
study he conducted for the UNC
geography department. He asked 129
undergraduate University students and
89 geographically distributed area
residents to draw a map of Chapel Hill.
"Students drew very detailed maps of
campus and Franklin Street," Anderson
said. "They included classroom
buildings and dormitories, and even
drew in paths and walkways."
Area residents, however, drew such
features as the high schools (only 5 per
cent of UNC students knew its location),
shopping centers, residential areas and
NCMH. The University campus was
viewed as one featureless area, with the
exception of the athletic stadiums.
Students drew the regional shopping
center on their maps, but it was of
limited importance as indicated by the
small dots they used in placing it on the
map. Anderson felt this limited
importance resulted because most
students don't use the shopping centers
to satisfy their major needs. "Students
buy most of their clothes and other
needs at home where parents know how
thieir money is being spent," he said.
"This study dispels the myth of
student involvement in the community,"
Anderson said. "College was thought to
be a time when young people began to
take the reins of public responsibility
more firmly in hand, but students arc
actually decreasing their community
The findings of the study could
influence the controversial question of
student .voting in college towns. For a
long time, residents have argued that
students should not be allowed to vote,
Temporary restraining order issued
By CHIP PEARSALL
An Orange County Superior Court
judge Monday issued a temporary
restraining order prohibiting the town
of Chapel Hill from ordering vehicles
towed that violate a new parking
. Judge Henry A. McKinnon Jr. signed
the restraining order requested by UNC
law student Philip E. Williams in a suit
filed against the town Monday morning.
Williams, a second year student, charges
in the suit that the parking ordinance,
which allows only some residents of
restricted streets to obtain special
parking permits, is unconstitutional.
Our experience last year showed us we didn't
need the lot. It was under utilized. We
negotiated with the students and gave part of
the lot back to them.
"We also found that the H inton James lot
and the Ramshead lot were under-utilized.
By taking the Morrison lot, yes, we've made
it less convenient, but the residents are still
assured a parking lot.
furnished room in Craige Dormitory, two
likenesses stared back at me from the wall,
one of Andrei Sakharov, the distinguished
Soviet physicist and dissident, and the
second, the nineteenth-century writer,
Dostoyevsky. They seemed to represent
different aspects of Vertlib's character one
the dissident, clandestinely circulating
banned writngs in "samizdat" or "self
published" form, the other, the writer and
explorer of the Russian soul in literary form.
Like Dostoyevsky, Vertlib is also deeply
religious. While riding over to my
apartment, he expressed to me the need to
have more Bibles in the Soviet Union. A
black-market Bible there costs S50.
Evgeny attended the University in
Leningrad, where his mother and brother
still live. The son of a doctor, he studied to be
a specialist in literary criticism, obtaining
degrees in various departments of the
university. His brother is a professional
historian but cannot work in that field since
he is not a party member. And Vertlib? "I'm
just a writer, not a party man," he chuckled.
The Chapel Hill dissident published his
first poem at 16 and continued to see his
material in print until the age of 22. After
that, nothing else was openly published,
although he had two novels in "samizdat"
(literally, "self-published") and about 100
poems. "My first novel, written when I was
and this study adds fuel to the argument.
"The Cane Creek issue might come to
a vote soon," Anderson said, "and most
students don't know where Cane Creek
is located. How would they influence the
The psychological ghetto also
influences the building of facilities
ft y J&m
When Bob Anderson asked UNC students to draw maps of Chapel Hill, their land
marks included individual UNC classroom buildings and downtown bars.
Town Attorney Emery Denny said
Monday night that Chapel Hill would
obey the order. Denny said he will
advise Chapel H ill Police Chief H erman
L. Stone not to order vehicles towed
from streets restricted by the ordinance
if they are parked illegally.
Stone said Monday night that he
would confer with Denny and Police
Attorney Jean Boyles Tuesday morning
to decide how to deal with illegal
parkers in the restricted areas.
Williams claimed in a proposed
restraining order submitted with the suit
that he and others are"immediately and
irreparably" damaged by the ordinance.
Judge McKinnon ruled that towing
constituted the major damage suffered
"The University has also gone to quite an
expense on lights and walkways from
Ramshead to Morrison."
Marvin said use of the lots will be checked
and if the Morrison lot is still not being used
after the remaining staff permits are sold, the
lot will be returned to students. He doesn't
expect that situation to arise, however.
17, was burned at home, since the KGB (the
Soviet secret police) was coming."
1 asked why the KGB would have found it
objectionable. He considered the question
carefully. Vertlib spoke mainly in Russian,
with an interpreter translating: "1 have my
own style of. writing ... somewhat
psychological and introspective. The content
of the novel itself was not distinctly political,
though there was a political aspect. It was
not outright 'anti-Soviet,' but neither was it
at all 'pro-Soviet.' "
Vertlib came under suspicion while being
spied upon by his brother's friend, whom he
believed to be a KGB agent.
"I was a dissident to the degree that every
writer who is original is a dissident. . . I have
my own style."
In his work of literary criticism, questions
of style are very important to Vertlib. He
once wrote a comparative analysis of
Solzhenitsyn's First Circle and a work of the
nineteenth-century writer Saltykov
Shchedrin, in which the aspects of the
former's literary style were viewed somewhat
critically. Ironically, even though
Solzhenitsyn and his writing are looked
upon with disfavor by Soviet officals,
Vertlib's critical analysis could not be
published since no discussion of
Solzhenitsyn's work is permitted at all.
Please turn to page 3
living in psychological ghetto
aimed at attracting student business.
"Why should a business interested in
drawing students open a shop at the
mall which students don't view in their
perceptual scope?" Anderson asked.
"Franklin Street is a much better
Merchants are aware of Franklin
fiml iMpita it
by the plaintiff, and has allowed the
town the option of other enforcement
methods while the suit is pending.
The order took effect with
McKinnon's signature Monday at 4:35
p.m. It will continue until Sept. 12, when
town lawyers can appear in court to
show why it should be lifted.
Denny said the town will seek to have
the order rescinded.
Parking on 41 streets (containing
approximately 500 parking spaces) near
campus is prohibited by the ordinance
between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday
through Friday. Violators face a $27
traffic citation, or a SI parking ticket
and towing costs.
Chapel H ill Mayor James C. Wallace
said Monday night that he thought the
Board of Aldermen, which enacted the
ordinance July 11, would not react to
the judge's order before its next meeting.
That meeting falls on Sept. 12, the
same day as the court hearing on the
"It's my guess that it is unlikely that
Bakke discrimination suit
Calif ano okays
WASHINGTON (UPI) - HEW
Secretary Joseph Califano Jr. is endorsing
the University of California's use of a racial
quota aimed at assuring the entrance of more
An HEW spokesperson said Monday that
Califano has recommended that the Justice
Department support the University in its
court fight against a charge of "reverse
The case involves a challenge by Allan
Bakke, a white, to a special admissions
program for minority applicants at the
University of California Medical School.
Bakke, who scored well on admissions
tests, claimed he would have been accepted if
the school had not set aside 16 of the 100
places in its freshmen class for
President Carter at a July 28 news
conference said it was appropriate for
employers and universities to try to
compensate "as well as possible" in hiring
and admissions programs for past
discrimination against minorities.
But Carter said the question was "not as
easy one." The administration has not
announced the position it will take in the
The Supreme Court plans to hear
arguments in the case in the term beginning
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce has
entered the case on behalf of Bakke, arguing
that "reverse discrimination such as that
practiced in the Bakke case is the opposite of
equal employment opportunity."
Members of the Chamber of Commerce
are employers with a direct interest in the
Constitutional issue presented by the case,
Street's attraction, said Mel Rashkis of
Mel Rashkis and Associates Real
Estate. Rents are higher on Franklin
Street than elsewhere in Chapel Hill,
and in most cases it is higher than
elsewhere in the state.
"In reverse, if a group didn't want
students to use a facility, they need only
Townspeople, on the other hand, viewed
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the board would consider the matter
until after the hearing," Wallace said.
"We would have nothing to consider
until the court decision."
No action by the board on the
restraining order before Sept. 12 is
necessary, Denny said.
Since August 15, when the ordinance
went into effect, Chapel H ill police have
ordered 312 cars towed from parking
spaces in Chapel Hill. Of those, police
estimate that 95 per cent were parked in
newly restricted areas.
Residents on the 41 streets can apply
to the Board of Aldermen for free
special parking permits if off-street
parking is not available at their homes.
The aldermen added that provision so
residents could park near their homes.
But the suit filed by Williams claims that
the Aldermen created a special class of
persons with the ordinance.
The suit contends that the ordinance
discriminates against those unable to get
permits and denies citizens' rights to free
use of public streets.
said Harold Coxson, director of the
chamber's labor law section.
"It is the position of the chamber that
employment practices and admission
policies based on racial classifications,
including the establishment of a racial
numerical quota, is contrary to the
fundamental- principle of
nondiscrimination," Coxson said.
Today it the last day of the fall semester
students may drop a course without receiving a
"W on their transcripts.
A "W" on a student's transcript means he
withdrew from the course with a passing grade
Ina Darden, who works in the Office of
Records and Registration, said after today all
"W's" will be given at the discretion of
individual professors and deans.
The Office of Records and Registration also
will accept drop forms after the official drop
period ends Sept. 22 if a student has the proper
forms from his dean, Darden said. "We take
them through the lastdayofclasses,"shesaid.
Darden outlined the procedure for dropping
or adding a course:
"The student should start at his dean s oil ice
and get the drop form signed by someone in
that office. Next he should go to the
department for the class he wants to drop and
get the orange drop card. Then he should bring
both the card and the form to the basement of
Hanes Hall. The procedure for addingacourse
is the same."
Sept. 22 is also the last day a student may
declare a course pass-fail.
build the facility outside of the student's
perceptual scope," Anderson said. "Say
Chapel Hill residents didn't want
students using the YMCA because they
felt students should use University
facilities. They need only build it away
from campus of Franklin Street to
insure little use by students."
the campus as a single entity.