Middle East talks planned
WASHINGTON MiPn tk- r
vi i; iiv IVI Vigil
ministers of Israel, Syria, Egypt and Jordan
will come to Washington next month for a
resumption of the Middle East talks,
diplomatic sources said Monday, with the
White House taking direct part in attempts
to break the deadlock over reconvening the
Geneva Middle East conference.
Concorde flight delayed
NEW YORK (UPI) - Test flights of the
Concorde supersonic jetliner at Kennedy
Airport, expected to beginearly next month,
were put off Monday until late September at
NAIROBI, Kenya (UPI) - Coffee
producers appealed Monday for steps to
stabilize wildly fluctuating prices on the
world market. Consumer nations indicated
agreement on such measures was months
Arsenic controls asked
WASHINGTON (UPI) - The
Environmental Defense Fund petitioned the
government Monday to crack down on the
amount of arsenic in smoke from factories
and smelters, saying studies continue to
indicate it as a cause of both lung and skin
ii ii. inn Wfcin tfnlOlSJm n irnm,-- in mmx imiumiiimik.Cw mi) , , i ia
Tuesday, August 30, 1977 The Daily Hel 3
Continued from page 1
Staff photo by Joseph Thomas
Yevgeny Vertlib, UNC instructor and Soviet dissident, discusses Russian
literature with friend Barbara Cowles.
The dissident movement in the Soviet
U nion actually dates back to the 1 920s when
different opposition groups were struggling
against the bureaucratic tendencies led by
Stalin. After the followers of the Communist
militants such as Trotsky were w iped out by
Stalin, the dissident movement did not
resurface until the mid-1950s, when
Krushchev made his famous speech
denouncing the crimes of Stalin.
Vertlib reflected on that period. "I was a
very little boy when Stalin died in 1953.
Everybody cried at that time, everybody. In
the generation after Lenin there were far
fewer skeptics than now in the Soviet Union.
Patriotism was still strong. Stalin was a
symbol of the country and the party, and
everyone was still for the party. Also, Stalin
lowered prices on many things after the war,
which was very popular.
"With the public denunciation of Stalin,
comes down toSftfl
Crowded office, lack of money don't deter
enthusiasm, success of UNC speech team
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129 E. Franklin 929-9553
By MARY GARDNER
Up on the second floor of Bingham,
there's a room about the sie of a walk-in
closet. A deflated innertube hangs from the
coat rack behind the door. A box on a shelf
inside reads "bitchbitchbitchbitch
bitchbitch." A sign on the door implores "wipe your
feet, this room is neat," and another sign
admits that the room belongs to the UNC
Individual Events Speech Team.
The team, commonly known as the I.E.
Team, reflects the hodgepodge of the office.
It consists of about 30 undergrads from
various majors who have a common interest
in speechmaking. But only three or four
members last year were speech majors, said
David Hopkins, a sophomore member, and
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joining the team requires no previous
experience. "I did individual events in high
school, but a lot of our people have no
experience prior to competing in college."
Hopkins said. '
"Individual events" refers to the various
categories that a member may compete in
during a tournament. These categories
include oral interpretation of prose or
poetry, impromptu speeches, persuasive
speeches, informative speeches,
extemporaneous speeches and after-dinner
speeches, said Ralph Thompson, another
I.E. learn member.
Team members are coached by graduate
assistants, speech professors and other
members. Director of Forensics Bill
Balthrop said, l ast year, the team attended
six tournaments. At the nationals, held at
George Mason University in Washington,
D.C.. four UNC students qualified for the
1 l '
the Russian people thought this to be a sign
of better times and liberalization. But they
were decieved and it all got turned around
eventually. But before that, Krushchev gave
Sol7henitsyn access to the public archives on
the Stalin period."
Krushchev, Vertlib said, "was a stock
character typical of many to be found in
the Soviet bureaucracy, and in Russian
literature, for that matter."
Access to diverse sources of information ii
obviously restricted within theSoviet Union,
even for dissidents, through many
proscribed works are circulated secretly, in
sambdat. Thus it seems to some people that
dissidents have been much more concerned
with internal conditions of the Soviet Union
than with events in the world at large, even
when they analy?e such external events.
Vertlib disagreed with this point of view:
"No. They are concerned with all humanity,
with problems all over the world. For
example with Chile, the Soviet people were
concerned with Allendc's government being
overthrown. They were very much against
the post-Allende government of Pinochet,
because they were told that it represents
fascism.... I don't know whether it represents
fascism or not. That's not my business."
I asked Vertlib if he thought the majority
of the Soviet people supported the existing
system. He took a swallow of beer and
mulled over the problem.
"Well, not really. They put up with it more
or less, but the difference comes when there'
a major crisis like war or an invasion when
it's necessary to defend the homeland
then, it doesn't matter. Dissidents, party
members, everybody, they go to fight the
enemy. They do follow the government if
Russia is threatened. There is one big
Russian heart, and everybody has a Russian
"Nietsche said something to the effect
that war is the hygiene of mankind it
clears out the weak, the crippled, the
dcadwood, etc. Dissidcnce is acceptable in
peacetime, but in time of war it becomes a
threat, a weakness, and so it desapnears
during the way and resurfaces later in
We concluded the interview and 1
prepared to take Vertlib back to his dorm
room. As we drove back, Vertbh's religious
inclination reappeared. He asked me if I
believed in a Supreme Being, and I replied in
the negative. "But you believe in something,
don't you?" he persisted.
"Yes, of course," 1 said.
He seemed satisfied. "That's good.
Everyone needs to believe in something,"
mr . w
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