Looks like rain
The high temperature today
will be in the mld-80s, and
the low tonight should be
around 70. There is a 60 per
cent chance of rain today
and a 40 per cent chance
The Duke Blue Devils are the
final team reviewed by
Sports Editor Gene
Upchurch. The Dookies
have one of the tougher
schedules in the ACC this
year. See page 7.
Serving the stud'nts ami the University community since 1893
ii a it i ii
Volume 85, Issue No. 7
Tuesday, September 6, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
. .: tr j '.-
Rates for auto insurance:
men's down, women's up
WWMy'WffVntV' .... .. v,-, --).
-.wjfW'::' :"!'.':,, .. 'w. iiLVw'
Drowning at Clearwater Lake
The body of David Melvin Cogdell Jr. was found at the bottom
of Clearwater Lake late Monday afternoon ending a two-day
search for the drowned victim. Cogdell, 29, was reported
missing Sunday by his wife during a public swim at the lake.
Boulton suggests orientation
to ease Chapel Hill friction
Staff photo by Allen Jernioan
About 50 people were involved in the dredging and diving
operations. Orange County Sheriff's Deputy David Hughes
said Cogdell, an unemployed construction worker, was
apparently intoxicated at the time of the incident.
By DAVID STACKS
Single men under 25 will pay less for automobile insurance when
the insurance industry's new classification system takes effect in
December, an industry spokesperson said Monday.
But young females will be paying significantly more for their auto
insurance, according to Paul M ize, general manager of the N C. Rate
Insurance Commissioner John Ingram will meet with his staff
Tuesday to decide if the N.C. Department of Insurance will appeal
the rate bureau's plan to the N.C. Court of Appeals.
The plan is designed to reduce the high rates young single men have
been paying by requiring inexperienced drivers and drivers with bad
records to pay more, Mize said.
Ingram has criticized the industry's plan, saying it will make good
drivers' rates go up to cover lower rates charged to drivers with bad
Under the plan, single men under 25 who own their own cars and
have had a good driving record for more than two years will sec their
rates decrease from alpmost $500 to about $165 per year if they ow n
For a woman under 25 with the same type of car but with less than
two years of driving experience, the annual insurance bill will jump
from $165 to about $330. If she has received a traffic ticket within
those two years, her bill will rise from $200 to $500 per year.
Mize said the new classification plan does not increase the total
amount of premiums collected by insurers in the state.
But an insurance department official discounted Mize's claim,
saying the industry would not have proposed the new system unless it
meant greater profits for insurance companies.
"They've got to be making more money from it," said Oscar Smith,
press spokesperson for the insurance department. "They claimed
throughout the whole General Assembly session that they were
losing money in the state. So why would they not increase their
prolits now that they have the chance?
The new plan is the first apparent result of House Bill 658, the
sweeping insurance measure approved in June by the 1977 N.C.
General Assembly. Under the new law, the industry's rate plan takes
etfect Dec. 1 unless Ingram can convince the courts to stop it.
Under the old law, the insurance industry had to ask Ingram for
permission to change rates. The new law, however, requires Ingram
to challenge the rate changes in court if he opposes them.
U nder the plan, M ize said, the industry will no longer charge lower
rates to people because they took a driver's education course. Also,
drivers with energy-absorbent bumpers will no longer receive
In addition, surcharges will be put on drivers involved in
chargeable accidents costing more than $200 and for minor traffic
violations. Under the old plan, no surcharges were added for minor
accidents unless a driver was convicted of three or more.
Other changes in the rate system include:
A decrease from $120 to $70 per year for a single man under 25
with a clean record who drives his parents' car but does not drive to
school or to work.
An increase from $78 to $140 per year for a young woman with a
clean record who has less than two years driving experience but does
not drive to w ork or to school. After two years experience, her annual
rate would drop to $70.
A decrease from $78 to $77 for an adult for an adult with a clean
driving record who drives less than 10 miles to work.
An increase from $53 to $56 for an experienced driver of a farm
The changes will affect both liability and collision insurance, Mize
said. Liability insurance covers damages and injuries to other cars
and their drivers in an accident. Collision insurance protects drivers
against damage to their own cars and injuries to passengers riding in
By HOWARD TROXLER
Chapel H ill residents have been taking out
their frustrations over the current water
crisis on UNC students, Donald A. Boulton,
vice chancellor of student affairs, said
"It's like if 1 go home in a bad mood and
yell at my kids for no reason," Boulton said.
"They get yelled at, and say.'what'dldo?"'
"I went to the Chancellor (N. Ferebee
Taylor) and told him, 'Hey, look, the
students will do their part to save water." But
it's hard to help when you're being hit over
Boulton emphasized the need for
cooperation between town residents and the
students. "What I want to do is get the people
to realize we need everybody here. We need
all of us. The solution is not to kick one half
of us out."
The water crisis, coupled with the town's
immediate enforcement of parking, noise
and drinking ordinances, has led to friction
between the town and the University,
according to Boulton. He said an
educational period for new students should
have been held before enforcement of the
"Three to five thousand people in the
student body have never been here before. Is
it not possible to have a little education,
rather than hitting us right away?
Boulton said there is no organized
campaign against students. "It's just a
buildup of a lot of little things."
Please turn to page 3.
f n r
Cite serious allegations
Senators urge Lance's resignation
WASHINGTON (UPl) Sens. Abraham
Ribicoff and Charles Percy told President Carter
Monday that serious allegations of illegal
activities had been brought against Bert Lance and
the former Georgia banker should resign as
director of the Office of Munagementand Budget.
However, Lance was described as anxious to
defend himself in an upcoming Senate hearing.
Carter cut short a Labor Day stay at his Camp
David retreat to meet at the White House with
Lance and his wife LaBelle. The President then
met with two senators, who only six weeks ago had
joined other members of the Senate G overnmental
Affairs Committee in praising the budget director.
"The reason for today's meeting." Ribicoff told
reporters, "was to bring to the President's
attention allegations of illegality of serious enough
nature that we felt an obligation to tell the
President of our findings."
Tighter water conservation methods prepared
By AMY McRARV
University water-conservation officials
have prepared tentative regulations for
campus conservation should the level of
Chapel Hill's only reservoir, University
Lake, reach 96 inches below the dam.
The lake presently is 82 inches below dam
"Some definite rules will have to be made
then if the level of the lake should reach 96
inches below the dam, which is stage four of
the water crisis," Russell Perry, assistant
director of housing and one of two water
conservation officials, said last week.
Although no definite rules or regulations
have been made at this time, Perry discussed
the following tentative regulations:
Water in residence halls may have to be
turned off during certain parts of the day,
Total water consumption, Sept. 4, 1977 4.296 million gallons
from University Lake 0.614 million gallons
from Durham ' 3.68 1 million gallons
level of University Lake 82 inches below capacity
total water consumption, Sept. 4, I976 . 3.8 million gallons
A water-use quota may have to be set
for each residence hall, and residence
directors may be put in charge of seeing that
the quota is met.
Restricters may be installed on sinks
faucets to reduce, the gallons-per-minute
flow of water.
Washers and dryers would be turned
Urinals would be turned off.
"In 1968 when things were very critical
with the water situation, we did some things
we didn't do last year and haven't this year,
but may if the lake reaches 96 inches below
the dam," Perry said . "We turned off urinals,
flushed toilets very seldom and reduced the
pressure in all fixtures.
"We ended up with some smelly
bathrooms, and there was a critical balance
between saving water and maintaining good
If the lake should reach 96 inches below
the dam level, the amount of water per
minute would be cut back in Woollen Gym,
said Gene Swecker, director of the physical
plant, "though it Would have to be a terrible
crunch before we would cut htem out
completely." Swecker is also a University
Swecker said he is not sure what steps
would be taken by the physical plant if the
water level reaches stage four, but he
mentioned some possibilities.
If the lake reached 96 inches below the
dam, air conditioners might be turned off in
all campus buildings, except in special
laboratories and research buildings. Toilets
also might be flushed only twice daily, he
If the water shortage should continue past
the 96-inch level, more drastic measures
would be taken before there would be any
. thought of closing the University, Perry said.
"It would be a catastrophe if the University
closes down," he said.
Perry said he believes such drastic
measures would include using chemicals
rather than water in toilets, cutting off all
showers and not starting any of the steam
A presidential spokesperson later issued a brief
statement saying Carter "expressed his
appreciation" to the senators and hoped Senate
hearings on the dispute would be conducted
expeditiously to "allow all parties the opportunity
to present the facts to the American people,"
The governmental affairs committee, headed by
Ribicoff. called a special meeting for Tuesday
afternoon in which Ribicoff said the allegations
against Lance would be disclosed. The committee
opens regular hearings on the Lance dispute
"Mr. Lance is determined to make his position
known publicly and wants a hearing," Ribicoff
said. "He feels very strongly that he has been
maligned. He feels very strongly that his position
in this case has not been stated, and he wants that
However. Ribicoff said, he told Carter that "it
would be wiser for Bert l ance to resign."
"I don't think Bert Lance can be an effective
OMB director pending these hearings and the
investigation of all the allegations."
Percy, the committee's ranking minority
member, agreed with Ribicoff. He said the
committee staff had spent tw o weeks investigating
new allegations against Lance.
"As a result of that staff work, I have certainly
strongly recommended to the President that Bert
Lance resign in his own interests, or step aside,"
"!f there was a resignation," Percy said,
"perhaps these matters could better be handled by
the special prosecutor."
The two senators refused to disclose the alleged
illegalities, but they did say that committee
investigators had spoken with a jail inmate who
claimed Lance was implicated in an embezzlement
at the First National Bank of Calhoun, Ga., which
Lance once headed.
Earlier in the day the Atlanta Constitution
reported that Billy Lee Campbell, a former loan
officer in the Calhoun bank, signed an affadavit
last week telling committee investigators that
Lance was involved in the embezzlement case
which resulted in Campbell getting an eight-year
term in the federal prison in Atlanta.
"U' a total lie." Lance (aid, in a statement
issued by a Washington spokesperson. "It's
ridiculous. There were certainly no allegations like
that during the proceeding against Campbell.
And it's ridiculous to think it's true now."
Ribicoff said the report that the committee had
an affadavit from Campbell was "a lie."
Added Percy about Campbell: "Obviously
whatever he might have said, he is a convicted
person. H e is serving in jail and obviously he wants
to get out. We then would be irresponsible if we
just simply repeated what he said without
verification and we have no verification."
The new controversy came Bmid mounting
criticism of Lance for allegedly authorizing
$450,000 in overdrafts by himself and his
immediate family while headed the Calhoun bank.
Ribicoff and Percy had stayed out of the Lance
controversy since their committee held a three
hour hearing July 25 to question him about his
Phillips nominee for Circuit Court
J. Dickson Phillips, a UNC law
professor and former dean of the law
school, is one of five nominees to fill a
vacancy on the U .S. 4th Circuit Court
The position is a $57,000-a-year,
lifetime appointment to the seven
member court which serves five states.
The 55-year-old Phillips is a former
law partner of former Gov. Terry
Sanford. Phillips could not be reached
for comment on the nomination
All five nominees are North
Carolinians, at President Carter's
request; the vacant seat was held by
the late Judge J. Braxton Craven Jr.,
the only one of the seven judges from
North Carolina. AH five nominees are
Nominees were selected by an 1 1
member commission of lawyers and
laymen from the five states in the 4th
circuit. President Carter will make the
final selection, subject to confirmation
by the U. S. Senate.
Nutritionists worried about students habitually eating fast foods
By ROBERT THOMASON
In a rush period in the Carolina Union,
two or three students continuously make
their way through the chaos to the vending
machines. They deposit change and out
comes soda pop, pastries and candy bars
fast food, as some call it.
During lunch, more than 50 persons will
crowd into the Hunger Hut, waiting in lines
10 or 12 persons long to buy hamburgers,
colas and french fries more fast food.
Students have plenty of opportunity to
buy fast food, and they take advantage of it.
One hundred and sixty-four vending
machines are scattered around campus and
dispense 196,000 snack items annually,
according to Triangle Coin Caterers. In
addition, the UNC Student Stores sell $1
million worth of snacks each year.
The temptation to rely on snacks instead
of nutritional meals is too great for some
students to withstand, an area nutritionist
"Students will often choose snacks instead
of more nutritious food if their eating habits
are not supervised," says Martha Mills of the
Community Diet Counseling Service.
"When students get away from home for
the first time, they have a chance to do what
they want to, without Mom and Dad telling
them they can't," Mills says. "They want to
rebel against some of the rules, and food is
one of the easiest ways tb do this."
Although no cases of malnutrition have
been documented by Student Health
Services, relying on a diet of fast foods can
have bad effects on a person, another
Deborah Patterson of the Orange County
Health Department says that soft drinks and
the grease in many snacks will inflame acne,
a condition that if not checked can result in
Dental decay is another bad effect of
excessive snacking, says Clara Lewis,
nutritionist for the UNC School of Nursing.
"Sweets with meals are not as bad as
sweets between meals," Lewis says. "When a
person is eating a meal, the salivary flow is
greater. Also the sweets are more likely to be
washed away with something and not
accumulate on the teeth."
One of the worst effects of snacking,
Patterson says, is that it will cause a poor
disposition one of the signs that a person
is not eating correctly.
Lethargy is common for those who snack
too much and eat too few good foods, she
says. When a person begins to feel "run
down," he should check his eating and
The high sugar content of many snacks
does not result in more energy, Mills says.
"Sugar in something like cola is in a very
soluble form. It is broken down too quickly
to do the person any good."
A bad diet could affect a person in later
life, especially women who someday may
become pregnant. "A deficiency of iron will
adversely affect the development of a fetus in
the first three months of pregnancy," M ills
Excessive snacking is harmful because it
contains too many unhealthy ingredients
and too few nutritious ones, Patterson says.
"Snacks are full of preservatives,"
Patterson points out. "A person will eat
snacks, and be filling his stomach and won't
be feeling -hungry." Later, this loss of
appetite will prevent the person from eating
a well-balanced meal, she says.
"Snacks have too many carbohydrates,"
Patterson says. "These carbohydrates
absorb too much water waste, so the person
begins to put on weight."
She notes that the abundant amount of
sugar in most snacks will result in an overall
"A person who eats too many snacks will
not get enough protein," Patterson says.
"Protein helps in the growth and
maintenance of bodily organs."
She says snacks also do not provide
sufficient amounts of vitamin E, vitamin D
a lack of which can cause nervousness and
irritability and calcium.
Eating snacks too fast is often another
problem, Patterson says. "In the past couple
of years some of the better restaurants have
been replaced by fast-food restaurants. A lot
of people are eating on the run these days."
As bad as snacking can be for a person, all
of the nutritionists interviewed agree that an
occasional snack, once or twice a day, will
not hurt a person, provided he eats well
Patterson suggests that students change
some of their snacking habits. "A cup of
yogurt would be better than a candy bar,"
she says, adding that fruits and cheeses are
preferable to other snacks.
P c;-V; '?$p!! I t r it
rL " -'T!!-w' M - v J. !
" h . ' r V I V iV
?U -a- Mfffsr--it. .
Ever have Hershey bars and Coke for breakfast? bating junk
ever nave nersney oars Bnaww tot oresMu ' nutritionists warn that fast food has little protein and makes for
food isabig part of college li e. Hamburgers, Ptato chsand and bad dis ition.
Cokes serve as quick meals for persons in a hurry. But