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Heel in the next two days.
Serving the stuJcnt.s ami the I niversity community since 189$
Volume 85, Issue No. 8
Wednesday, September 7, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
Motorized bikes ease
parking, traffic blues
Temple: transit system
must improve night service
By KEITH HOLLAR
Increased transportation problems seem
to have spawned a form of transportation at
UNC which is relatively new to the United
States the moped.
Mopeds, or motorized bicycles, have
taken a hold on the country as perhaps the
newest form of transportation, and their
numbers are increasing at UNC.
"More people are realizing that they're
easier to drive t hrough town than a car," says
Bill Stokes of Tumbleweed Cyclery in
Carrboro. "We've sold 10 in the past three
Stokes said that when his store began
selling mopeds about two years ago, local
residents bought most of the machines. Now
he says that student customers account for
almost half of the total sales.
"A lot more students seem to be buying
this fall than last fall," he said.
The less-than-one-horsepower engines
which power the mopeds are regulated to not
exceed 20 miles per hour, in conformity with
a North Carolina law. As a result, mopeds do
not have to be licensed, and riders are not
required to wear helmets, but they have to be
at least 16 to ride on the streets.
The original cost of a moped may be as
high as $400 to $500, but their operational
cost is low. According to Stokes, mopeds
will travel approximately 150 miles on a
gallon of gasoline mixed with two ounces of
Hunt criticizes desegregation plan
RALEIGH (UPI) North Carolina's two plans to further
desegregate its universities and community colleges were mailed to
federal officials Tuesday with a letter from Gov. James B. Hunt Jr.
criticizing the official document ordering the plans.
Hunt told Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW)
Sec. Joseph A. Califano Jr. that he, the N.C. Board of Education and
the UNC Board of Governors are opposed to racial segregation in
any state institution.
"Therefore, I join those boards in rejecting the implication in the
title of your criteria and in several other places in that document that
we now maintain racially segregated institutions and therefore must
accomplish "desegregation," Hunt said in the eight-page letter
accompanying the two plans.
He said neither the 16-campus UNC system nor the 52-campus
community college system is racially segregated "either by law or in
"Therefore, the obligations assumed by the state of N orth Carolina
and its institutions in (its new desegregation plans) are not a
Cigarettes to go
By STEVE HUETTEL
Cigarette smokers on campus will need to
cough up an extra nickel to get their favorite
smoke when the price of vending-machine
cigarettes risesto50 cents per pack byOct. I.
The increase results from a wholesale price
hike of 1. 7 cents per pack announced last
month by the manufacturers, coupled with a
1.5 cent rise last January, Bob Greer, vice
president and general manager of Triangle
Coin Caterers, said Tuesday.
"We've heard from R. J. Revnolds.
American Tobacco and Liggett and Myers
about the increase," Greer said. "And once
you hear from some of them, you'll hear
from all of them, we've learned."
Before Triangle Coin Caterers alters their
machines to take 50 cents, the company will
send notices to its customers, including the
University, asking if there are any objections
to the increase.
County coalition forms to
By MARK ANDREWS
The Orange County Board of
Commissioners will meet next Tuesday
with a coalition of people and agencies
to plan opposition to the proposed 20.4
mile section of 1-40 from Hillsborough
to the Research Triangle.
A panel of state and federal highway
officials Tuesday formally approved
alternate IB, which begins at 1-85 near
Hillsborough, travels through rural
Orange and Durham counties and
connects to the existing 1-40 at the
Research Triangle Park.
The N.C. Transportation Board will
meet Friday in High Point to consider
the panel's recommendation. Richard
Whitted, county commission
chairperson, said only a "remote"
possibility exists that the board would
scrap the proposed route.
Whitted said he is opposed to any
further development of interstate
highways in Orange County at this time.
He said Orange County would benefit
"""" '-Jl' - ' I
Err, v- i 'i-V .
Energy-saving mopeds are becoming Increasingly popular in Chapel Hill, as well as
in the rest of the country, as a means of low cost transportation. An additional
incentive for UNC students is that a parking permit isn't required.
"You can get by on 50 cents or a dollar a only minor repairs, such as new spark plugs
week," he said. "They're very economical."
Mopeds also have another advantage over
some forms of transportation. Because they
are regarded as bicycles by U niversity police,
mopeds are not required to have parking
"Unless something major happens, that
will be our policy," said Lt. C. E. Mauer,
police liaison officer for University police.
Reliability seems to be another asset for
mopeds. Stokes said they generally need
consequence of any form or current or recent racial segregation or
discrimination practiced by any public institution of higher
education." Hunt said.
He acknowledged a racially-dual system exists at the state's
colleges and universities, but said it is not the same as racial
"The criteria do a disservice in confusing the two and in treating
them as if they were one and the same." Hunt said. "I trust that this
confusion will not persist."
H unt said whatever the results, students are free to choose a school
on the basis of is "historic racial identity "and added that elimination
of racial duality will require time.
He also told Califano that state officials were handicapped in
drawing up new desegregation plans because federal officials failed
to specify why the state's I974 desegregation plan was unacceptable.
The five-year plans, one for the UNC system and the other for the
community college system, were drawn up under guidelines set forth
by HEW, which acted under court order.
up a nickel
The price hike came as no surprise to the
vending machine company, Greer said. "In
our budget for this year we projected a price
change in July, but it just came a month
The tobacco companies usually increase
their wholesale prices at the beginning of the ,
year and again in the sixth or seventh month,
Vending-machine cigarette prices were
last hiked in March 1976 from 40 to 45 cents,
an increase which Greer said "came long
after the need.
"We dislike most to increase retail prices,"
G reer said . "I t's a last resort measure sales '
always take a fall afterwards and it takes
three to six months to recover.
"We've had a downward trend in cigarette
sales in the past several years at the
University, although sales of all other goods
most from upgrading N.C. 86 and
widening N.C. 54 between Chapel Hill
and the Research Triangle from two to
Maintaining that the proposed
alternate route is not needed, Whitted
cited state studies which show that
primarily local traffic will use the new
Whitted said the IB route conflicts
with Orange County's land-use plan for
the area. He said the county wants to
maintain, a greenbelt between the
sections of Duke Forest where the
highway would run, and there would be
only "very, very, light development."
Whitted maintained that if IB is
constructed, interchanges would also be
constructed and there would
unavoidably be some development in
"It (route IB) would tremendously
change the character of the area,"
Whitted said the opponents' first
course of action is likely to be political
pressure. Federal transportation
officials must approve the proposed
Slall pholo by f icd Bathoui
and carburetor adjustments
"A couple have 1 0.000 miles on them
Mopeds first became popular in Europe
after World War II. when fuel was expensive
and hard to get. They have caught on in the
United States only in recent years, following
in the tire tracks of the bicycle boom.
"Motorists have accepted them easier than
they did bicycles." Stokes said. "Bicycles
have laid the groundwork."
i i n l i f i i I i F i
I f I
voice opposition to proposed 1-40 construction
alternate route, and Orange County will
probably appeal to them.
The county had proposed that
alternate route 4 be approved instead of
IB. Route 4 begins at the existing 1-85
and U.S. 70 interchange in Durham,
follows U.S. 70 and then cuts through
Bethesda before linking up with 1-40 at
Research Triangle Park.
The commissioners, though, are
presently concentrating their efforts
only on halting route IB, Whitted said.
Whitted said alternate route 4 is the
least expensive, would require the least
new construction and is the least
damaging to the environment.
State highway administrator Billy
Rose said state and federal officials
evaluated the effects of each of the
proposed alternatives on the
surrounding areas and found that IB
was the most advisable.
"We're going to crank up and fight,"
said Durham attorney B. B. Olive,
coordinator of the local opposition to
the proposed alternate route. He said
they will consider legal action as well as
a public relations campaign in trying to
University will not
B ELLIOTT POTTER
The University will not sign a
previously agreed upon contract lor bus
service with the town of Chapel Hill
until it can obtain more service lor
students and - faculty, a University
administrator said Tuesday.
John Temple. UNC vice chancellor
lor business and finance, said the service
outlined in the final contract proposal
made by the town "was not the same as
what we had agreed to earlier." The
present transit system provides lor no
fixed-route night service, which is a
necessity lor students w ho wish to travel
to and Irom campus, he said.
I he Chapel Hill Transit System has
replaced night bus service w ith a shared
ride taxi service. Under the present
night-time transit system, taxis
transport riders in areas within one-
Glass, aluminum to be recycled
By DAVH) WATTERS
After a delay of almost a year.
Student Government's Environmental
Awareness Program (EAP) is
completing arrangements for a
campuswide glass and aluminum
The Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen
authorized $150 on Sept. 25. 1976. at
Student Government's request to
purchase 100 55-gallon metal drums Cor
the project. The drums are to be placed
in dormitories and on campus as
collection containers for the program.
The project has been delayed by the
unavailability of a glass crusher in the
Chapel Hill area and the absence of a
response from the University's Building
and Grounds Committee on EAP's
request for permission to place the cans
around the dorms.
EAP Chairperson Barbara High met
Friday with Maurice Lee, chairperson
of the Building and Grounds
Committee. Lee told High she would
have to wait and address the entire
committee at its October meeting before
she could receive its permission.
High said she hopes the series of
setbacks for the project will end at the
However, the EAP still will have to
wait for the completion of the
construction of a glass crusher by a local
Boy Scout troop and the delivery of the
High said her group was unable to
locate a glass crusher with the capacity it
desired, so Boy Scout Troop 39, which is
constructing a 30-ton capacity crusher,
was contacted last fall.
A glass crusher is critical to the
recycling project because the material is
to be transported to a Henderson plant.
Crushed glass is more practical to
H igh said she received a letter from
Town Manager Kurt Jenne that month
informing the group the drums were
get the proposed route changed.
Olive maintained that nothing should
be done for at least three to five years
while effects of related energy and water
problems are studied.
"The fundamental questions are of
energy and water," Olive said. "Orange
County is in a desperate water situation
and it's getting worse."
Olive said that new highways place
substantial new demands for water on
the area with restaurants, service
stations and other establishments
"It's a basic piece of homework,"
Olive said. "How should highways be
placed in relation to water."
Olive also said that with forecasts of
major gas crises in the not too distant
future, planners must use more restraint
in road expansion.
Olive is also worried about the
possible effects on Duke Forest. He said
he is concerned about how the highway
construction might affect academic
research there, and many faculty
members from UNC. Duke an J N.C.
State are therefore opposed
sign bus contract
fourth of a mile ol any bus route except
in Carrboro and the core ol the campus.
Town olficials said last week the
night-time taxi service has gotten off to
a slow start.
Temple said University officials did
not understand night bus service would
be eliminated when they agreed to sign
the contract this summer. The contract
agreement was reached under a
compromise, spearheaded hv Mavor
James C. Wallace, in which UNC would
pay the tow n a $400,000 subsidy lor the
"We have received some complaints
about the service shutting down on
some routes alter 5 p.m.." Temple said.
Transit system officials announced
Aug. 29 thvi service on some routes
would be expanded.
"That w as a result of our concern that
people weren't able to get a bus from
available lor pick-up. But when she
inspected the drums more than a month
later. High said she found they were not
suitable for use because of sharp edges
and rusty spots.
She said the only preparations of the
cans made by the town was cutting off
the tops. Because the total purchase of
the drums amounts to $37.50. less than a
third of the Board of Aldermen's
promised appropriation had been spent
for the project when EAP received
High saiii she expects the remainder
of the $150 to be spent on painting the
Chapel H ill Mayor James C. Wallace,
a self-acclaimed supporter of the
recycling project, said last week he told
High the town will arrange for the final
preparation, or the painting, of the
But the mayoi said the arrangements
will be delayed until the Building and
Grounds Committee okays the program
a position the town has maintained
since last spring.
High said she tried several times this
summer to contact Lee about getting
permission to put the drums on campus,
but could not reach him.
Because 300 to 400 more students
applied for on-campus parking this
semester than last. 1 10 applicants do not
have a place to park! In addition, heavy
usage parking ones have been oversold
by as much as 20 per cent.
William Locke, director of traffic and
motor-vehicle registration, said Tuesday
the Chapel Hill zoning ordinance that
prohibits parking on public streets has
cut out some 500 spaces, forcing more
students to seek on-campus parking.
y (Quo nut i
Construction of a state-approved 20.4-mile section of 1-40 would follow trie dotted
line from Hillsborough to Research Triangle ParK. County officials hope to clock th
project and improve existing highways.
work and go home." Temple said.
But the expansion did not resolve the
conflict between town and University
views on night service. "Our preference
would be that we have some fixed-route
service, even if it were spaced
throughout the night." Temple said.
Temple's position is supported by
Student Body President Bill Moss and
student transportation Paul Arne.
"1 can't blame the U niversity for what
they are doing." Moss said Tuesday.
Arne said. "It has gotten to the point I
don't care what we do to solve the
problem. Just go down to Ramshead
parking lot and you can see why."
The Ramshead lot has been
overflowing with vehicles since the
opening of school,
An agreement on the level of night
service and the subsequent contract
signing by the University may ensue by
Friday, Temple said. "I have indicated
to the town we would like to get this
High said her group did not consider
pushing for the initiation of the
aluminum recycling project while the
glass crusher was being built.
The Reynolds Aluminum Co. sends a
truck to Chapel Hill once a week to
Money received for recycled glass and
aluminum would be funneled back to
the dormitories that collected the
material. High estimated that a
dormitory with 100 residents could
recycle as much as $60 worth of glass per
She said that while the main purpose
of the program was to clean up the
campus by collecting recyclable
material, the money would serve as an
incentive for dormitories to participate.
Reynolds Aluminum Co. j?ays 15
cents for a pound of aluminum, which is
about 20 cans, and the glass recycling
company in Henderson pays 75 cents
per 100 pounds of glass.
The town of Chapel Hill also has
played a part in the project delay,
according to High.
Of the 1 00 collection drums promised
to the EAP, only 75 were purchased and
delivered to the construction site of the
Boy Scout's glass crusher in February.
ban reduce space
Also, the parking area at Morrison
Dorm has been given to hospital
employees, causing the S-5 Ramshead
zone to be oversold by 20 per cent as
opposed to 15 per cent last semester.
"Last semester we oversold Ramshead
by 15 per cent, and it was never
completely occupied," Locke said. "This
year the lot will be occupied by dormitory
students as well as commuting students.
The zone has 654 spaces, and we sold 785
Mp by Jocdyn Ptltibon