Helms' bill raises questions
concerning federal controls
By STEPHEN HARRIS
As the UNC system struggle with.
,e?ieral desegregation requirements, a
bll m Congress could bring such
requirements into question.
The Academic Freedom Act, now in
congressional committees, would limit
federal control over universities that do
not receive more than 5 per cent of their
funds from the federal government and
college programs that do not receive
Under the proposed act, colleges and
universities could not lose federal funds
due to noncompliance with federal
regulations without judicial review.
Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C, introduced
the bill in the Senate in April of 1977.
Rep. Jack Kemp, R-N.Y., introduced
the bill in the House. Since April, the bill
has remained in committee.
"We're still pushing action on it," Carl
Anderson, executive assistant to Helms,
The Senate Human Resources
Committee probably will not act on the
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bill soon, according to Anderson, but
the proposal does have support.
"We have about 35 to 40 votes in the
Senate now," Anderson said. "1 think
that is a good indication, when we have
one-third of the Senate on our side."
Helms's office also has received from
200 to 250 responses from universities in
the nation, and most of them were
favorable, Anderson said.
Helms has received replies from
UNC, N.C. State. UNC-Charlotte and
The UNC system has been ordered to
increase minority enrollment, a measure
UNC President William C. Friday has
called unrealistic. Anderson does not
know how the Academic Freedom Act
would affect the order.
"I've talked to attorneys about this,"
Anderson said, "and there has been a
difference of opinion."
The Department of Health,
Education and Welfare imposed
desegregation guidelines on six state
university systems under a court order,
and the act may not affect court orders.
But currently, the bill's main effect is
the issue it raises. Anderson said he sees
support for the bill increasing, and said
the discussion it is iniating may be more
important than the bill itself.
"Sen. Helms has raised an issue that
nobody else, that 1 know of, has raised
before," Anderson said. The issue is
federal intervention in higher education.
Helms has said some institutions
spend as much as 50 cents to administer
every dollar in federal aid, according to
a report by the Southern Association of
Colleges and Schools.
Helms believes that federal guidelines
interfere with academic programs,
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U.S. Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C, talks with Margaret Thatcher, leader of the
Conservative Party in Great Britain. Helms is sponsoring a bill in the Senate which
would free colleges and universities from unnecessary red tape in obtaining federal
Sharer seeks return to board seat
Carrboro Alderman Doug Sharer, a
Durham city planner, unnoticed Sunday that
he will seek a new term on the board in the
municipal election Nov. 8.
Sharer was selected by the aldermen to
replace l.acy Farrell on the Carrboro tow n
board when Farrell moved out ol town this
The candidate said he supports an
expanded tow n bus service, planned grow th,
improved recreation facilities and increased
involvement of students in town
"Buses are the most important," Sharer
said in an interview Sunday. "Our first
priority is to keep the bus system in
Sharer advocates more buses at peak
Dr. Roger E. Sturdevant dies,
first Operative Dentistry head
Dr. Roger E. Sturdevant. 83, the first
chairperson of the UNC Department of
Operative Dentistry, died Monday at North
Carolina Memorial Hospital.
Funeral services will be held at 2 p.m.
today at University Baptist Church. Burial
will be in Memorial Cemetery.
Dr. Sturdevant came to Chapel Hill in
1950 as one of the first faculty members of
the School of Dentistry. He served as the
first director of admissions and as the first
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hours and at evening hours. He said he feels a
town transportation services help repay
students for their contribution to the
Stressing proper town planning as a
campaign issue. Sharer said he was
instrumental in organizing a three-day
workshop called Growth Options for
Orange County in 1975.
"1 feel Carrboro needs good, progressive
leadership, and I can offer that." Sharer said.
Sharer. 25. was born in Ypsilanti. Mich.
He is a five-year resident of Carrboro. He
has received a bachelor's degree in political
science and a master's degree ir regional
planning from UNC.
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superintendent of clinics in the School ol
Dentistry. He retired in 1964.
"Dr. Sturdevant exemplified and taught
professionalism." said Dr. R. J. Shankle.
director of alumni relations and
development at the dentistry school. "His
zeal for his profession was felt by his
students. He taught with enthusiasm and by
example. He was constantly striving for
perfection as a mentor."
Dr. Sturdevant's son. Dr. C. M.
Sturdevant, now serves as chairperson of the
Department of Operative Dentistry.
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Wednesday. September 28, 1977 The Daily Tar Heel 3
Second meeting in a week
Carter, Gromyko to meet
B) I nitrd Trrss Intrrnulional
WASHINGTON President Carter
Tuesday took a personal hand in the stalled
U.S. -Soviet strategic arms talks by agreeing
to his second meeting in a week with Soviet
Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. A
spokesperson called it a "positive"
Press Secretary Jody Powell said Carter
told Gromyko during then three-hour
session last Friday he would be willing to
meet again with the Soviet loreign minister if
Gromyko or the Soviet government
"thought it would be worthwhile."
Powell said the Soviets got in touch with
the White House Monday alternoon and the
meeting was set up lor S p.m. I'D 1' I uesday.
Powell called the meeting a "positive"
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance cut short
his scheduled United Nations stay by one
day and headed back to Washington late
Tuesday afternoon to take part in the
Arms negotiator Paul C. Varnke was also
called to the session w hich Powell made clear
was to deal with the strategic arms limitation
"1 think it's sale to assume that it does deal
with the arms control area." said Powell. "1
think it's sale to assume SALT will be
"We are talking about a serious
substantive discussion tonight," he said.
Gromyko lashed out at the United Stales
Tuesday for developing the cruise missile
and neutron bomb and said the aims coiuiol
talks were in a state of "stagnation."
However Powell said of the Soviet foreign
minister's suggestion for another meeting
with Carter, "1 think it is appropriate to
interpret it as positive. We were not
informed w hat the toreign minister wishes to
"I think this can be interpreted as a
positive thing... in the contest of overall
discussions," Powell said.
Powell said the timing was mutually
The SALT I agreement limiting U.S. and
Soviet strategic arms expires Oct. 1 and
efforts to reach agreement on SAL T II have
made little progress.
Abortion funding nixed
WASHINGTON The House Tuesday
voted for the third time this year to ban use
of federal funds for abortions except to save
a woman's life.
On a 252-164 vote, the House rejected
Senate language that would permit federal
funding of abortions in cases of rape, incest
or where a doctor declares it "medically
Pollution to get worse
WASHINGTON A government report
Tuesday said air pollution will get worse
we don't carry
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through the next 20 years but not because of
the increased use of coal proposed in
President Carter's energy plan.
The report said U.S. environmental
quality will deteriorate through the end of
the century because of energy production in
any case, but it will be hurt less under
President Carter's eneigy plan than under
Exxon concedes bribes
WASHINGTON Exxon Corp.
consented Tuesday to federal charges of
paying more than $56.5 million in bribes and
illegal political contributions in Italy and 15
other countries and keeping a Japanese
parliamentarian on its payroll.
1 xxon neither admitted nor denied
charged filed by the Securities and Exchange
Commission in U.S. District Court. But the
world's largest corporation consented to an
injunction which forbids the payments to
l Bl I I S SAKI. Lebanon - A U.S.
mediated cease-lire silenced guns across
south Lebanon for the first time in 10
months I uesday and diplomats said its
success or failure represented a "crucial test"
of Israeli peace intentions for President
One radical Palestinian group rocketed an
Israeli settlement in defiance of the cease-fire
but a 1 el Aviv military spokesperson said
Israeli gunners did not return the fire.
free speech film
The School of Library Science w ill present
the film. The Speaker, at 4 p.m. today in 209
Prepared by the American Library
Association, the film questions the extent to
which freedom of speech is guaranteed by
the F irst Amendment and w hether there are
instances w hen freedom of speech should be
In the film, a high school class invites a
highly controversial speaker to address an
open meeting as part of a lecture series at the
high school. The film deals with the
repercussions of this invitation and how the
problem is handled.