4 The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, September 29, 1977
Fewer college job openings
with raise in retirement age
By BETSY FLAGLER
Young people prepared to teach college
but unable to find jobs will encounter fewer
openings in their field if the mandatory
retirement age is raised from 65 to 70, two
UNC professors said in interviews Monday.
We'll lose a whole generation of young
people if the retirement age is raised," said E.
Maynard Adams, chairperson of the Faculty
The large youth group trying to enter the
academic world will be closed out, said
Adams, who has taught philosophy at UNC
for 30 years.
"In the interest of bright young people
who are well-prepared to teach college, the
retirement age should not be increased," said
James Gaskin, chairperson of the English
In a lop-sided vote last week the House of
Representatives voted 359-4 to increase from
65 to 70 the age at which employers can
require their workers to retire.
The employment of tenured faculty
members works differently from that of
employees in the federal government or in
private sectors. The UNC Board of Trustees
or Board of Governors would have to
redefine the precise arrangements of
retirement if the bill is passed by the Senate.
As it now stands, faculty members at UNC
automatically are retired at 65 unless the
chairperson or dean of the department or
school concerned recommends that the
faculty member be allowed to continue full
time service. .
Employment after 65 is authorized in
periods not exceeding one year.
Approximately 10 professors will turn 65
by July, out of a total faculty of 1,765.
according to a count done by the registrar's
office. About 30 retired last July.
Fewer than 25 faculty members, age 65 to
70. are on year-to-year appointments at
"M ost departments and schools have only
a few professors in their upper sixties,"
Considering that 75 per cent of the faculty
has been at U NC for 1 5 years or less and that
few are near retirement age, Gaskin said he
foresees the bill would have no significant
effect on the University in the next several
Dean John Adams of the School of
Journalism agreed with Gaskin. Adams, 57,
said he will be the senior faculty member
after WalterSpearman retires next year, so if
the age increase is passed it should have no
impact on the school for some time.
"As a general rule, university faculty
members tend to have a longer productive
life than people in other businesses," Adams
said. Adams said many of his faculty
members who have had to retire still had a
lot to offer.
"If we look at the retirements of the last 10
years, the first effect is a loss of quality that
must be replaced," Gaskin said.
The reputation of any good university is
based largely upon the reputation of the
tenured faculty, Gaskin said. While an
increase in retirement age might help one
part of the faculty, it will hurt another by
closing out qualified young people.
E. Maynard Adams said that even though
educators did not lobby in the House, he
expects them to speak out in the Senate
against the bill "for the good of our
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Aldermen defeat curbside pickup
By BARRY SMITH
A proposed town ordinance which
would have provided for experimental
curbside garbage service for Colonial
Heights residents was dumped by the
Chapel Hill Board of Aldermen
The 7-2 vote against the proposed
experiment came in the wake of strong
opposition to the ordinance voiced by
town residents. Thomas Heffner,
president of the Chapel Hill Board of
Realtors, presented the petition to the
aldermen expressing opposition to
curbside pickup signed by 2,300
If the ordinance had passed, residents
would roll green garbage cans to the
curb for pickup instead of leaving the
refuse in their backyards.
The aldermen did approve a
resolution allowing bi-weekly curbside
pickup in the Briarcliff and Colony
Woods areas along with the regular bi
weekly garbage pickup.
Citizens at the meeting said they felt
the presence of the green garbage cans in
front of their yards would hurt the
attractiveness of Chapel Hill. Under the
approved experiment, the green cans
will not be used in pickups.
Alderman Edward Vickery said the
curbside pickup would be an efficient
alternative but not effective in light of
the strong citien opposition. "It would
seem appropriate to take our cue from
Alderman R. D. Smith said he
favored curbside service to insure the
safety of the garbage collectors. The
garbage collectors have a dangerous
job, considering the presence of dogs in
the backyards, he said.
Smith and Alderman Shirley E.
Marshall voted for the curbside
collection plan. Vickory, Howe,
Aldermen Robert Epting, Thomas B.
Gardner, Marvin Silver, Gerry Cohen
and Mayor Jim Wallace voted against
In other action, the board appointed
Marcia L. Dean, who was
recommended by the UNC Student
Government (SG), to the town
Transportation Board. Dean, a
' sophomore from Asheville, has been an
SG transportation official during the
UNC students find many difficulties in establishing credit
Expert to talk on 'Soviet Threat'
Maj. Gen. George Keegan Jr., one of the
top military experts on the Soviet Union,
will speak on "The Soviet Threat" at 8 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 29 in the Faculty Lounge of
the Morehead Flanetarium.
Keegan, who retired from the U.S. Air
Force in January, is well known for his
dissenting views on Soviet goals.
capabilities, new weapons development,
detente and projection of power into Third
While in active military service, Keegan
served in combat and held research and
The speech will be followed by a question
and answer period.
By SARA BLLLARD
When Bill Price graduated from Duke two years ago, he
set out to buy a mobile home. But he ran into one of the most
aggravating problems confronting college graduates: how to
establish a good credit rating.
Like most students, Price had never been in debt and had
never made a major purchase, such as buying a car, so he had
no credit references. And because he had no references, no
bank would take the chance of lending him money to buy his
"1 ended up having to go to a loan company, which was
bad news," Price said. There he got a loan of $1,000 at an
annual rate of 15 per cent. By the time he repaid the loan, he
had dished out $150 in interest alone.
Price was forced to pay the high interest rate because of a
Catch-22: To get credit, you have to have credit references,
but the only way to get credit references is to have credit.
"The way everything is set up." Price said, "it's an
encouragement to get your ass in debt. If you save money to
pay cash for things, you have nothing to show, but if you've
got a thousand dollars on loan, you've got a credit reference."
In Chapel Hill, students need credit references for
anything from renting an apartment to getting at telephone
installed or the power turned on. In many cases, however,
alternatives to the standard credit references are available.
Depending on the individual circumstances, a student can
pay from $35 to $200 or so for a telephone deposit before a
phone can be connected, said Southern Bell District
Manager Mike Carson. The only way to avoid paying the
sum is to provide letters of credit. Because students often do
not have the traditional credit references, Carson said, a
standard letter of guarantee may be signed by anyone (such
as a parent) willing to provide financial backing in case the
student does not pay the phone bill.
Area apartment realtors also said that special
accomodations are sometimes made for students who cannot
provide the three credit references usually required.
"If the money is coming from parents, we don't require
that the students have references," Andy Gaster of Roberts
Associates said. But for students who work, the company
likes to have references from a bank the student has
borrowed from or from a realtor who has rented to the
The company also checks the student's income with
employers and runs a credit check with the credit bureau. The
company legally can refuse to rent an apartment only on the
basis of what it judges to be a bad credit record or insufficient
income, Gaster said.
Southland Associates also asks for three credit references
from prospective tenants. "We would prefer to have an
established credit rating," said Southland spokesman Bill
Baucom,"but that isn't always possible. It all depends on the
individual's financial situation at the time."
Nine times out of ten, students don't have credit, said
Rusty Rainey, vice president of NCNB in Chapel Hill. The
easiest way to establish credit used to be to get a credit card,
he said. When credit cards first came into use, companies
practically gave them away at random. But banks soon found
themselves in trouble with indiscriminate users and became
more cautious about who could have a card.
Now credit cards can be refused on the basis of how the
client handles his checking account, and how much money he
makes. Most banks prefer that the applicant have a certain
income before a credit card is issued. For example, American
Express grants cards only to those college graduates who
have full-time positions relating to their field of study, and
who earn at least $10,000 a year.
NCNB has a student Visa card which doesn't carry as strict
membership criteria as the standard bank card, Rainey said.
I nstead of using credit rating, the company looks at how long
the student has been in the area, what kind of grades he is
making, and "nontraditional income" such as money in
savings accounts, and parents' incomes.
Rainey said hedid not think it wasdifficult forstudentsto
establish credit, but he warned that the way in which a credit
card is handled could make a big difference in one's
permanent credit rating.
The Porthole Picks the ACC.
A weekly feature predicting the outcome
of the week's ACC football games.
"We know more about good hod
than we do about football!"
Record last week: 5-0
Record overall: 14-4
Week of Oct. 1
Clemson over Virg. Tech
Duke over Navy
W. Virginia over Virginia
Purdue over Wake Forest
NCSU over Maryland
UNC over Texas Tech
Downtown, up the alley across from NGNB.
'Cellar Door wants contributions
Cellar Door, the undergraduate literary
magazine, is currently accepting entries for
its fall issue. Besides poetry and prose, the
magazine publishes graphics, photography,
short plays, pen and ink drawings, etchings
Manuscripts must be typed on a 60-space
line, double-spaced. For short poems, one
poem per page is requested. A cover sheet
wih the name, address and telephone
number of the author should be attached to
each manuscript. For graphic work, it is.
suggested that the work be secured in a
sturdy manilla envelope reinforced by
cardboard to insure that it does not become
M anuscripts and graphics should be left in
Box 22 at the U nion Desk, or brought to the
Cellar Door office, 205 Y building. A large
envelope is posted on the door where entries
can be dropped.
The deadline is Oct. 15.
For further information, contact Editor
Jon Sasser at the Cellar Door office. Office
hours are from 1 to 3 p.m. Monday through
found in car
'CHICAGO (UPI) - A man
looking for garage space
Wednesday found the fully clothed
skeletons of two persons sitting in a
Cadillac bearing 1975 license plates.
The remains of a male were found
in a sitting position behind the
steering wheel. A woman's remains
were in a sitting position in the front
Investigators said the bodies may
have been in the car since the winter
Homicide Sgt. Wesley Dillard
said the car was registered to a
South Side man who was last seen
Jan. 31, 1976. That man, Dillard
said, is believed to be the one whose
skeleton was found sitting behind
the steering wheel.
A woman who was reported
missing about the same time is
believed to be the other person in
the car, Dillard said. He would not
identify either missing person.
Dillard said the skeletons were
found by a man who called the real
estate firm which owns the two-car
brick garage, asking if it was
available for sale.
XEKING GARDEN restaurant
enjoy Chinese food in the depth of oriental culture
Winner ol the Franklin Street Gourmet "Choice Award"
Over 1UU aisnes
Gourmet food from all, four corners of China
Private party rooms available
Dine amid the art of China
OPEN 7 DAYS
1404 Elt Franklin Strut
Inner) 11 am to 2 p.m.
Hnnar 5 p.m. to 10 p.m.
Orxn 'til 11 p.m.
Thlt Football Saturday
It's not exactly what you ordered.
But a burned stereo is like a burned
steak. You often don't know about it
until it's too late.
Here's how it usually happens.
You hook up your receiver to a
pair of speakers. Or maybe two
pairs. Every so often you notice
that the bass sounds kind of floppy,
and your receiver maybe gets a little
hotter than it should. Then one day,
when you're wondering why some walking
bass line sounds like a flat tire, you hear a
short bvvvwvt Then silence. Smoke rises
from the back of your receiver.
We can't print what comes next.
That silent stench comes from fried out
put transistors. And it could have been
Some speakers and receivers just don't
work well together. They have to be
matched. We know how to do that. We've
fixed a lot that were done wrong.
I CAN'T 60 TO
5CH00L UNTIL I GET
ANEW Ll'NCH BOX.'
WHAT'S WRONG WITH
YOUR 0LP LUNCH BOX?
the kip who sat
Across the Aisle
from me last vear
PICKEP IT UP...
After i threw Y p
IT AT HIM, HE I s
RCKSP IT yf !
So trust us to match up your components
When it comes do repairs, we like to keep
133H East Franklin St. 942-8763 Chapel Hill
WELL, FIRST A GENU
SECESSIONIST HAD TO
BE FOUND! ONE FIN
ALLY TlimD UP IN
A DR. MANUEL
DR. AMADOR MET 8UNAU-VARJUA
AT 7MB OLD WALDORF-ASTORIA!
THERE HE IMS 6IVEN l00,OOOSEED
MONEY, A CONSTITUTION, AND THt
NEW PANAMANIAN FLA6, THOUGHT
FULLY SEWN BY MADAME
BACK HE WENT TO PANAMA !
WITH THE SIMULTANEOUS ARRI
JAL OF THE U.S.S. "NASHVILLE,''
WE PLUCKY PANAMANIANS
REALIZED A DREAM THEY
.HARDLY KNEW THEY
by Garry Trudeau
HARRIS, I WISH I
imEW YOU'RB WERE, OL'
SETTING MAKING SCH00LCHUM!
WRIN- IT ALL UP, THISIStfTAN
rWmilUNf KIWI, EASY STORY
70NK? TO TELL!