Highs today and Thursday
will be about 60. The lows
each night will be near 40.
The chance of rain is 30
percent today, 20 percent
tonight and 10 percent
Volume 85, Issue No. 33
The Midshipmen of the UNC NROTC Unit celebrated the McLennan's right is Townsend Luddington, director of the
202nd birthday of the U.S. Navy with a parade on the Astroturf peace, war and defense curriculum. Staff photo by Sam
Field Tuesday. Here, the midshipmen pass in review as Maj. Fulwood III.
oen. rvennein McLennan, usmu, salutes. Standing on
Chapel Hill stops buying Durham water
By STEPHEN HARRIS
Staff W riter
Chapel Hill unexpectedly stopped
buying water from Durham Monday
afternoon, cutting off a water source
that was supplying about one-third of
the water consumed daily by the town.
The action will put a greater strain on
the town's lone remaining major water
source, University Lake, which is
Officials from the Orange Water and
Sewer Authority (OWASA)
approached the Durham City Council's
public. works committee Monday and
asked that the water pipeline from
Durham to Chapel Hill be turned off. It
was shut down at 5 p.m.
The Durham City Council defeated a
move to end water sales to Chapel Hill
last week. But OWASA officials
decided to voluntarily end the purchase
of 1.5 million gallons of water per day to
ease the load on Lake M ichie, Durham's
reservoir, according to W. H.
Cleveland, assistant director of
"It was a mutual understanding,"
Cleveland said Tuesday. Though the
cost of purchasing water from Durham,
which drained OWASA's budget, might
have been a consideration, Cleveland
said that "If (Durham's) situation had
not become dangerous, we would have
continued purchasing (Durham) water.
"I know citizens are becoming tired of
being hammered at, but we must
Adherence to Honor Code
declines as attitudes change
By HOWARD TROXLER
Editor's note: This is the second in a
four-part series dealing with the UNC
The Honor Code has been a part of
UNC life for over 100 years. it has never
been capable of controlling all student
misconduct or infractions of the honor
system, but only in the past few years
has the viability of the present honor
system been seriously questioned.
The seriousness of the problems
within the honor system are best
exemplified in a series of student survevs
conducted from 1975-77. In 1975, 79
percent of students surveyed said they
believed "most students do not report
violations of the Honor Code."
In 1976, 88 percent of surveyed
students reported that they believed the
Honor Code provisions requiring them
to report other students' violations of
the Honor Code was ineffective.
In the same survey, 58 percent of the
students said they had seen another
student cheat but had not reported it; 32
percent had been aware of another
student copying from their paper but
had not reported it; 60 percent said they
would not report violations of the
Honor Code that they observed.
In 1977, 62 percent of the student
surveyed said they had direct evidence
of cheating but had not reported it.
In light of this evidence, the
Committee on Student Conduct
(COSC), an independent committee
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NROTC celebrates Navv's
continue conserving water. If something
does not happen by Dec. 1 5, we could be
in real trouble."
Cleveland said OWASA would not
seek water from other areas, but it
would continue looking into the
possibility of drilling more wells and
constructing a water pipeline to
The Hillsborough pipeline, which
would take three months to build, is still
being considered by OWASA.
University Lake was 66 inches below
capacity Tuesday, OWASA reported.
The lake's lowest level this year was 84
Court to hear Bakke case
From UPI wire reports
WASHINGTON - Allan Bakke, the
37-year-old engineer who claims
"reverse discrimination" against whites
is keeping him out of medical school,
reaches the crucial point today in his
legal fight to enter the University of
The nine justices of the U.S. Supreme
Court have set aside an hour and 45
minutes to hear his case argued.
After being deluged with 50 or more
briefs, the justices doubtless have firmly
in mind what they want to ask lawyers
for Bakke and the university, which is
fighting to keep its special admissions
charged with maintaining high
standards of student conduct, has
recommended that the Honor Code be
modified to accommodate changes in
student attitude about the honor
"The University has acted ... under
the assumption that all of its students
have been committed to the Honor
Code in all of its implications, including
the principle of self-regulation," states a
COSC report submitted to the faculty
"The Committee on Student Conduct
is persuaded that this assumption is no.
longer valid," the report states.
James O. Cansler, associate dean of
student affairs and the chairperson of
the COSC, attributes changes in student
attitudes about the honor system to
"There are several different reasons
that apply nationwide," Cansler says.
"Our situation parallels that of other
campuses across the nation."
The first factor, according to Cansler,
is the size of the student body.
"The student body is no longer small
and personal; it is no longer
homogenous," Cansler says. "Instead, it
is pluralistic and heterogenous.
"Also, there's a good percentage of
students here now who are not here as
much to learn as to get credentials to
help in their quest for later status.
"Another factor is that the University
is now large and impersonal. When the
University was smaller, everybody knew
"It's like shoplifting. People who
Serving the students and the
Wednesday, October 12, 1977,
inches below capacity on Aug. 13 and
OWASA guidelines call for "stringent
mandatory conservation" when the lake
reaches 96 inches below capacity. Water
will be rationed when the lake dips to
132 inches below capacity.
OWASA Executive Director Everett
Billingsley has estimated that the lake
will reach the rationing level in 45 days,
or around Thanksgiving.
Durham began selling Chapel Hill
water on July 12, and limited sales to 1.5
million gallons of water per day on Oct.
4. Durham will now seek to supplement
program for the disadvantaged.
U.S. Solicitor General Wade McCree
also must expect some sharp queries
about the Carter administration's stand
on consideration of race in determining
who gets into professional schools.
Attorneys equipped with a smooth
typewritten statement often end with it
in shreds as they attempt to satisfy legal
points that bother one or more members
of the court.
Numerous civil rights, labor and
other groups with an interest in
affirmative action programs for blacks
have asked for a chance to speak, but all
have been turned down.
As the final hour approached.
Student Body President Bill Moss says
the Honor Code is based on a value
system of white males 100 years ago.
"Being a Southern gentleman " Moss
says, "was a high honor to be vigorously
defended when the Honor Code was put
would not think of shoplifting from Mr.
Jones' corner drugstore have no
compunction at all about going to
Eckerd's and taking whatever they can
get away with.
"It's the same situation with the older
University. When there were only 3,000
persons in the University, if one cheated,
it was against people you knew and
loved and against your friends.
"Now, most cheating is done in large
and impersonal classes where the
professor doesn't even know your
Cansler also cites a change in moral
Please furn to page 4.
University community since 1893
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
may anect town case
By CHUCK ALSTON
Slit and National Editor
A Supreme Court ruling handed down Tuesday upholding
a community's right to restrict commuter parking on
congested neighborhood streets while issuing free parking
permits to residents there may have implications for a lawsuit
against the town of Chapel Hill.
The justices overruled the Virginia Supreme Court, w hich
struck down an Arlington County, Va., parking ordinance on
grounds that it unconstitutionally discriminated against non
residents. The case closely resembles a suit in Orange County
Superior Court in which a UNC law student claims that a
Chapel Hill parking ordinance restricting parking on 41 town
streets is unconstitutional.
The ordinance allows residents of the 41 streets to obtain
special parking permits while banning all other parking. The
ordinance grants the special permits only to residents w ho do
not have access to off-street parking.
The suit, filed by Philip E. Williams, charges that the
ordinance creates a special class of persons those w ho are
granted the special permits and that it is unconstitutional
under the U.S. and N.C. constitutions.
A preliminary injunction issued last month by Orange
County Superior Court Judge Henry A. McKinnon Jr.
its dwindling water supply by
negotiating water purchases from
Butner and by seeking to tap the Eno
Durham City Manager Harding
Hughes estimates that the city will run
out of water between Dec. 15 and 18. if
no additional sources are found. The
end of water sales to Chapel Hill will
extend that figure by only four and one
Weekend rains in Chapel Hill raised
University Lake by one-half inch,
according to Billingsley, but the increase
had been used by Monday morning.
interested onlookers continued to speak
out while Bakke himself said little.
"I prefer to stay out of it in a personal
sense," the Vietnam veteran told
reporters. "I'm not participating in the
publicity aspect of it. 1 prefer to let the
case stand on its own merits and let the
On the other hand Merritt Weisinger,
attorney for a white registrant who won
her way into the university medical
school at Davis on the strength of
Bakke's state court victory, called on
Justice Thurgood Marshall to
disqualify himself from the case.
Please turn to page 3.
Carter's nephew UNC med student
By LAURA T. HAMMEL
He stands out in any crowd. And why not?
He is 6 feet 2 and the President's nephew.
Scott Stapleton, son of spiritual therapist
and author Ruth Carter Stapleton, is a
second-year medical student at UNC-Chapel
Hill. He remained in Chapel Hill this
summer to work as a microbiologist for the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in
Despite such credentials, Stapleton, or
"Sid" as his friends call him, looks forever
the part of a college jock. He clings to a pair
of green tennis shoes and jeans, even at work.
He once played scholarship basketball at
Syracuse University from 1970 to 1974 and
flashes a Carter smile as he recalls those
"1 was a third guard," he admits, "but I got
to play a lot. It was a real ego trip.
"My mother would not let me go to school
in the South. She said since I was from the
South, I should get exposure to other areas.
It was a real culture shock going to Syracuse.
"I did not study much in college. I was
interested in going to medical school then,
but most of the guys 1 hung around with were
not interested in anything."
After graduation and an unsuccessful
attempt to get into medical school, Stapleton
enrolled in a Master's program in
microbiology at North Carolina State
University. Two years and another degree
later, he was accepted into medical school at
Stapleton is more serious about his work
now. During the school year, he said, he did
little else but work, sleep and drink an
occasional beer at Kirkpatrick's Bar.
Medical school does not allow him much
free time to enjoy his new White House
connection either. He once had to turn down
his mother's invitation to dinner while she
was entertaining the prince of Saudi Arabia.
"1 figure that Jimmy will be re-elected in
Speeches at ceremonies
reflect passage of time
By MELINDA STOVALL
Staff W riter
A procession of robed faculty
members, speeches and glee-club singing
make University Day ceremonies a
gathering of kindred spirits.
University Day ceremoniw-s will be held
today at 1 1 a.m. in Memorial Hall after
the traditional faculty procession. Classes
will be canceled from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. to
enable students to attend.
Wanting to commemorate the laying of
the Old East cornerstone, President
Kemp P. Battle requested in 1877 that
Oct. 12 be designated as a perpetual
For the first celebration, the ladies of
the Chapel Hill "village" and some
students decorated Gerrard Hall with
wreaths of pines, other evergreens and
flowers. The words, "Virtue, Liberty,
Science," were inscribed on the arch
which stood over the rostrum.
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor will
preside at the ceremonies today, during
which five alumni will be recognized with
distinguished alumnus awards. They are:
Nathaniel P. Hayes, chairman of the
board, Carolina Steel Corp.,
Greensboro; Phillip Hettleman, a New
York City investment banker; Susie M.
Sharp, chief justice of the N.C. Supreme
Court; William Davis Snider, vice
president of the Greensboro Daily News; -and
Shepperd Strudwick, theater, movie
and television actor.
In his speech at the first University Day
three years and then I can take more
advantage of the situation," he said rather
He admits that when he first heard his
uncle was to be a Presidential candidate, he
had doubts that "Jimmy" would win the
"When 1 first heard about Jimmy running,
1 thought he was too good a man for the
American public ever to elect.
"I was also concerned about my family.
My grandmother. Miss Lillianand my Uncle
Billy answer questions frankly. That could
have hurt him in his campaign.
"A reporter once asked my grandmother
about her Peace Corps days and about the
beautiful buildings in India. She said she was
too busy watching where she was stepping in
the streets to look at any buildings."
He shrugs his shoulders and smiles. "I am
basically apolitical," he said.
"I do not read newspapers or watch TV
much so I do not hear much criticism about
Jimmy. Most people do not bring him up
when they are around me.
"Before he was elected, people that did not
know who I was would say, '1 would not vote
for Jimmy Carter in a million years.' But I
was not offended by it."
His blue eyes light up when he is asked
how he thinks his uncle's proposed health
care reforms will affect his own career and
"That is not a fair question," he protests
with wide smiles.
"1 just do not know. On the one hand, I'll
finish medical school and my residency
owing $120,000. Some people do not realize
that they are paying for a doctor's knowledge
and training, and not necessarily what he
"People complain if they are told to go
home and take two aspirin and then are
charged $40. But they are paying for the
doctor's knowledge that what they have is
Although Supkion i puuid of his uncle's
UNC's women's volleyball
team won a grudge match
over N.C. State Tuesday
night 15-3, 15-10, 15-9. See
details in Thursday's DTH.
Please call us: 933-0245
invalidates the special permits until he rules on the
constitutionality of the ordinance.
In its three-page unsigned opinion issued Tuesday, the
Supreme Court said, "To reduce air pollution and other
environmental effects of automobile commuting, a
community reasonably may restrict on-street parking
available to commuters, thus encouraging reliance on car
pools and mass transit.
"The same goal is served by assuring convenient parking to
residents who leave their cars at home during the day," the
The opinion further stated, "The Constitution does not
outlaw these social and environmental objectives, nor does it
presume distinctions between residents and non-residents of a
local neighborhood to be invidious."
Chapel Hill Town attorney Emery Denny said he has not
determined as yet w hat effect the ruling may have on the town
"We don't know the facts as the court (Supreme Court)
interpreted them," Denny said. "1 assume the problem (that
ruled on by the Supreme Court) is somewhat similar to ours."
Denny said he has already taken steps to obtain a copy of
the Supreme Court ruling. "We have to have the whole picture
to determine the factual relevance of this case," he said.
celebration, President Battle spoke of the
incidents connected with granting the
charter, the laying of the cornerstone and
men who had put the University on its
Tom Lamberth, chairperson of the
UNC Board of Trustees, will be the
featured speaker today.
In years past, featured speakers have
made remarks which have characterized
each University Day ceremony and have
shown that times do change.
Dr. F. M. Manes, a Winston-Salem
physician, said in 1927, "The candidate
for college training should be investigated
by every kind of psychological test. I
believe indeed that the human mind can
be classified as easily as horses at a horse
In 1937 Robert H. Jackson, assistant
U.S. attorney general, said, "Education
will protect our rights and our
institutions better than litigation."
Calling the College of Arts and
Sciences the "youthful heart of the
University," Chancellor , William B.
Aycock said in 1957, "The scientific
laboratories in our universities produced
the atomic age. The liberal arts
classrooms must produce the leadership
to make it an age of peace."
In 1967, newly installed Chancellor J.
Carlyle Sitterson said, "The fact that the
modern university is not a unified and
simple institution should not confuse us
or lead us to conclude that there is no
central spirit or character to this vast
Scott Stapleton, son of faith healer Ruth
Carter Stapleton and nephew of
President Carter, worried that his uncle
was "too good a man for the American
public ever to elect." Staff photo by Sam
success, he has taken precautions to
safeguard his own privacy.
After a reporter woke him up one morning
with a phone call, he changed his phone to an
unlisted number. Later, when several of his
friends from Syracuse had driven through
town and were unable to reach him, he
reluctantly returned his name to the list.
As an extra me. welcome
visitors, he listed his nome iou aJdress in
Please turn to ca;e 2