There is an 80 percent
chance of rain today, and the
high will be in the low 50s.
Tonight's low will be in the
mid 40s, and the high Friday
will be in the low 50s.
The new football ticket
distribution system ha3 been
met with mixed reactions.
See page 5.
Serving the students ami the University community since 1X93
Volume 85, Issue No. 34
Thursday, October 13, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
niversity Day commemorates start o
(flhf wi 111
By NANCY HARTIS
About 100 students, most of them black,
marched behind the robed faculty at
University Day ceremonies Wednesday,
protesting UNC's desegregation proposals
and the Allan Bakke case.
The Department of Health, Education
and Welfare (HEW) has told UNC to
increase black enrollment 1 50 percent over
five years, while the system's Board of
Governors has proposed a 32 percent
increase of the same period.
In the Allan Bakke case, the California
Supreme Court ruled Bakke, a 37-year-old
white student, was discriminated against
when he was refused admission into a state
medical school while women and blacks with
lower grades were admitted. The case was
argued Wednesday before the U.S. Supreme
Byron Horton, chairperson of the Black
Student Movement (BSM), said Wednesday
that his group planned the demonstration.
"We want people to know that on University
Day all is not well and fine for the black
students," Horton said.
Once in Memorial Hall, the protestors
lined the walls, displaying posters. They
neither spoke nor applauded during the
Some of the protesters' signs stated: "The
sky may be Carolina Blue, but N.C. is black
and white;" "Reverse Bakke, Defend
Affirmative Action;" and "UNC: You never
let us down. We always have something to
The protestors left Memorial Hall halfway
through the main address delivered by Tom
Lambeth, chairperson of the UNC Board of
Trustees. Then they lined the sidewalk and
steps of the building, displaying their posters
as the faculty left the auditorium.
In an apparent response to the protest,
Lambeth departed from his prepared text
and said, "What we have seen here today is
an exercise of freedom. And it is as
important that we respect that exercise as we
Lambeth also said the trustees "fully
support the reasonable response of the
Board of Governors and President William
C. Friday to the recent HEW guidelines."
The BSM-initiated protest was "a
catalyst" for telegrams the movement sent to
HEW and the Supreme Court, Horton said.
The telegram to HEW said black enrollment
at white universities should be increased
while black institutions are upgraded.
"It's not that we are very supportive of the
HEW guidelines, but it is better than the
University's," Horton said. He said he
believes enrollment in white institutions
could be increased while black schools
The premise of the UNC proposal is that
these two goals are incompatible, he said.
"The University has had ample time to
both integrate and to help black schools,"
By JACI HUGHES
Editor's Note: This is the third in a four
part series on the Honor Code at UNC.
"...the Honor Code should not be
abolished. Students do have an important
stake in the integrity of the University's work
and should bear partial responsibility for its
From the Sept. 1977 report of the
Committee on Student Conduct (COSC).
New arguments heard on drop
despite sparse attendance
By MEREDITH CREWS
Approximately 30 students expressed
their grievances with the present four-week
drop period period at a public hearing before
the Campus Governing Council (CGC)
They cited the lack of time for evaluating a
course and panic dropping dropping the
course at the end of the period for fear of
missing their only chance as reasons for
extending the period.
The CGC plans to present a proposal to
extend the drop period to the Faculty
Council OcL 1L The Educational Policy
Committee of the faculty has recommended
continuing the current policy.
Student Body President Bill Moss said in
spite of poor attendance, the public hearing
was beneficial to the CGC.
"The hearing was beneficial because
arguments were presented (lor the extended
drop period) that haven't been heard
- J SV
The BSM telegram to the U.S. Supreme
Court stated the Bakke case should be
overturned, Horton said. A leaflet handed
out by the protestors stated that if the Bakke
decision were upheld, it "would erase all the
gains made by civil-rights actions in the past
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor said in a
telephone interview Wednesday he believes
the protest "was an expression of opinion
expressed with dignity." Taylor would not
"BlackJ5tudents don't feel comfortable
going home and telling their brothers and
sisters to come to UNC when we have to
march for our rights," Horton said. "The
environment is just not good for black
students to learn if we have to come to
University Day to let our views be known."
Other individuals are speaking out against
the UNC desegregation plan, and like the
BSM, some are unsure that HEW's
guidelines would improve black students'
chances of getting a college education in
"The UNC plan won't help the situation,"
said Michelle Allison, a black senior. "1
think UNC is trying to run away from
minority input. They're not coming even
Allison said she thought the UNC General
Administration was not doing what was
asked of it by HEW and that HEW's
guidelines were better than UNC's plan.
"I agree that we do need quota systems
because otherwise the white establishment
will not open up to the blacks," said Kathy
Gabriel, a black junior. "There's a concern
there about the predominantly black
schools, but I don't believe that needs to be a
Please turn to page 3.
The COSC's proposals for amendment to
the Instrument of Student Judicial
Governance leave students with a partial
responsibility for academic honesty, but
place most of the burden on the feculty.
COSC's recommendations currently are
being studied by the Faculty Council's
Educational Policy Committee (EPC). The
basic proposals of COSC are:
Retention of the Honor Code but
removal of the requirement that students
report the violations of other students.
A system of faculty proctoring.
before," he said.
"There really is no way to judge a course in
four weeks, especially for a freshman,"
freshman Carter Worthy said. "The math
course I'm taking is above my level and 1 had
no real guidance from an adviser."
Emily Seelbinder, CGC District VI
representative, agreed that the inadequate
advising system added to the problems of a
four-week drop period.
"The load makes it impossible for the
faculty to have the time to adequately advise
students," she said. "The blame cannot be
totally placed on the advisers."
Seelbinder also said faculty should be
required to return graded work before the
end of the drop period. "A student needs a
way to judge his performance in a course,"
One student said the four-week drop
period encouraged panic dropping.
"The faculty wants to decrease frivolous
Please turn to pa.e 4.
I llllll i
The cold, drizzly day didn't dampen spirits at
University Day, which commemorated the 184th
anniversary of the laying of the cornerstone of Old
East, the first state university building. At left,
University faculty, clad in robes of their alma maters,
march in procession past Old East to Memorial Hall.
Will intervene in rate case
Aldermen level blast at Ma Bell
By DAVID WATTERS
The Carrboro Board of Aldermen leveled
a double-barreled blast at Southern Bell
Tuesday. It voted to intervene in the
telephone company's request to the N.C.
Utilities Commission for an installation rate
hike and approved a resolution challenging
Southern Bell's right to charge local
customers for directory-assistance calls.
With only one dissenting vote, the board
passed Alderman Ernie Patterson's
resolution to have Town Attorney Michael
Brough intervene in the rate case. A similar
resolution was passed by the Chapel Hill
Board of Aldermen Monday.
Southern Bell wants to charge $49 for a
hookup and $72 for a hookup plus installing
a phone. It currently charges $20 and $24,
respectively, for those services.
Patterson said cities must represent the
interests of its citizens in rate cases. "If the
utilities commission sees communities are
challenging rate increases, they will pay close
attention to the requests and not just give
them rubber-stamp approval."
The lone dissenting vote was cast by John
Boone, who said the board should not spend
the town's money for an attorney to
intervene. He said the protests should come
requiring the presence of a professor or his
authorized representative in theexamination
room and his cooperation with the Honor
Court if needed.
An increase in the severity of sanctions
meted out by the courts for all academically
The creation of the position of an
Honor Code counselor who would hold
mandatory conferences with all students
placed on probation by the courts.
The committee report states that support
for the present Honor Code provision
requiring students to monitor the academic
conduct of their peers is so low that the
provision is ineffective. That statement was
based on the results of polls on the Honor
Code taken from 1975 to 1977. The surveys
indicated that the majority of students do
not report, nor do they think others report,
violations of the Honor Code.
Members of the Educational Policy
Committee have said they expect the
proposal requires faculty proctoring to run
into stiff opposition from faculty members
who do not wish to "act as a police force."
The portion of the proposal in question
requires faculty members "to exercise
supervision of the class during an
examination, both to discourage cheating
and to detect any which may occur.
Supervision includes proper security in the
distribution and collection of examination
papers and presence in the classroom by the
instructor or an authorized substitute."
Faculty members also are asked to report
any instance of cheating to the student
attorney general and to cooperate in the
investigation and trial of any alleged
A memo from EPC member William S.
Polliter, which was presented at the joint
meeting, stated "Section seven virtually asks
the faculty member to become a police
University Day Festivities
from individuals, not the town.
I he proposal to ask the utilities
commission to force Southern Bell to refund
charges made on directory-assistance calls
was passed unanimously,
Alderman Robert Drakelord. who
entered the motion, said the Chapel Hill
phone book is more than 40 percent
inaccurate. Drakelord said the company
should not charge lor the calls until it has at
least provided an updated directory. One
reason the phone books are not accurate is
the high turnover of students in apartments
and dormitories between academic years, he
Southern Bell District Manager M. W.
Carson said new directories w ill be available
in December. He said the books would have
been available sooner if Southern Bell had
not inherited the University's printing
schedule when it acquired the system last
In this area, customers are allowed to
make five calls to directory assistance per
billing period without charge but must pay
20 cents for each additional call.
Carson said that charges on calls to
directory assistance are justified: "The
people who use the system should pay for it."
Approximately three percent of Southern
Bell's customers will be charged for calls over
officer...To require such reporting questions
the integrity of the students and establishes
an adversary relationship between faculty
But student members of COSC disagreed.
"I think the honest student would welcome
help from the faculty." said M ary C. Sherrill,
one of the six student members of the
"It seems to me the faculty roll is
fundamentally increased, and that is what
you are counting on to make it work," said
Prof. Andrew M. Scott, an EPC member.
Cansler said COSC was counting on three
things to make the new plan work: an
understanding throughout the University
community that something has to be done to
improve the system, specific listing of the
responsibilities of both students and faculty
members and orientation of students to
expected standards of behavior.
"We have continued under the blithe
assumption that students know what honor
is and will uphold it," Cansler said. "We
must find some way to help students with
some specific understandings of what
abiding by the Honor Code is."
A 1976 survey conducted by COSC
indicated that 65 percent of students
responding favored retention of the Honor
Code but in a modified form, and 24 percent
favored combining the present system with
In a survey of the faculty, 31 percent of
those responding said the Honor Code
should be retained and combined with a
system of faculty proctoring. Only 4 percent
favored retention of the code in its present
form, and 10 percent said they thought it
should be abolished entirely.
Other responsibilities of the faculty under
the proposed changes include: informing
students at the beginning of class and before
Please turn to page 4.
Above, glee club members listen to convocation
speeches and presentation of distinguished alumni
awards, and Black Student Movement members line
the walls in silent protest of UNC desegregation
procedures. Staff photos by Allen Jernigan.
the five-call limit. Carson said. When asked
whether that percentage would probably be
higher in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro area
because of the outdated phone book he said
he had not seen anv such statistics.
Original Siamese twins chose
privacy of North Carolina life
By STEPHEN HARRIS
Staff W riter
Editor's h'ote: This is the first of a two-part
series on Chang and Eng Bunker, Siamese
twins w ho lived in North Carolina in the late
1800s. Most of the material for the story
comes from the book, Duet for a Lifetime,
by Kay Hunter.
The Siamese Twins accepted the stares
They chose to travel and if they traveled,
they would have to put themselves on
display. It was part of the deal, a part of their
Chang and Eng left Siam in 1829. They
developed a road show and took it across
Europe and America. The show was popular
and the twins earned a small fortune. But it
also meant facing all the gawking, crowding,
examining, talking, poking, punching and
questioning of the crowds. And it meant
persevering through it all with a smile.
From this, the world remembers the
Siamese Twins, the ones who were joined
together, one of the world's great freak
shows "The Monster," as one handbill in
But only a small part of the story of Chang
and Eng Bunker, the "original" Siamese
Twins, consists of freak shows. The two men,
permanently connected below the sternum,
spent most of their lives farming and raising
The 8unker's grave overlooks the Blue Ridge Mountains, whsre the twins lived most
of their lives. Photo by Steven Hams.
By AMY McRARY
Although cloudy skies threatened to make
Wednesday the first rainy University Day in
Carolina history. God remained a T ar Heel,
as only a noon drizzle dampened the
Memorial flail convocation that has become
a traditional part of UNC.
About 100 students, most of them
members of the Black Student Movement
(BSM) attended the ceremonies in a silent
demonstration (see accompanying story).
A large procession of faculty, students,
guests and the University's oldest living
alumnus. Louis Round Wilson, came out on
the overcast and chilly day for the 184th
anniversary of the laying of the Old East
Old East, the nation's first stale university
building, served as a starting point for what
is now the largest North Carolina university.
The procession of faculty, garbed in the
robes of their alma maters, stretched to
Davie Hall and was a marked contrast to last
year's participation in University Day. The
robed professors marched past Old Well,
where students once drew their water, and
Old East before entering Memorial Hall.
After the combined voices of the men's
and women's glee clubs and the Carolina
Choir sang "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God,"
the chairperson of the UNC-CH Board of
Trustees, Thomas W. Lambeth, addressed
Lambeth said he believed it was "very
uncomfortable to be asked to fight the
expansion of state support for private
However, Lambeth said that while there
should be greater "accountability of state
funds which benefit private institutions" and
that this support should be limited, "there u
nothing incompatible between our
Please turn to page 3,
families at the foot of North Carolina's Blue
They had performed in London and Paris.
They had traveled throughout Europe and
Canada. They visited each of the states in the
Union. They even visited a little village
named Chapel Hill.
But of all the places they could1 have
settled, they chose an isolated community
called Traphill, located 50 miles northw est of
The Siamese twins lived in western N orth
Carolina for 36 years. They married sisters in
Traphill, raised children (Chang had 10
children, Eng had 12) and lived as norma Uy
The life of Chang and Eng has beconoe
world folklore. The many stories about then!
often makes separating fact from fiction'
It is said that Chang liked to drink, but
Eng was a teetotaler. Eng liked late night
poker games, much to Chang's dismay.
Chang often slept through them. They both
loved chess, but refused to play each other.
They loved music, were excellent flute
players and apparently were quite charming.
There are two favorite stories told about
the Siamese twins. Once, they were on top of
a hay wagon, got into an argument and
started fighting, They knocked each ether
Please (urn to page 4.