Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Lou Biuonis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, dry Mor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Ch EirssuN, Arts Editor
Oene UPCHURCH. Sports Editor
Allen Jernigan, Photography Editor
85th year of editorial freedom
6 The Dally Tar Heel Friday, October 14, 1977
letters to the editor
Affirmative action is not reverse discrimination
Fall break necessary relief
Not a student, professor or administrator at this University could deny
that the fall semester is a long and oftentimes frustrating ordeal. For nearly
two-and-one-half months, from Labor Day to Thanksgiving, school is a
day-in and day-out affair, with only the weekends offering the barest respite
from academic work. And for all but the most cavalier, the two-day
weekend is too short for physical escape from the University and its
Although the spring and fall semesters are of comparable length, the
former never seems quite as long, and the reason is spring break a ten-day
leave of absence from the hallowed halls of academia for greener grass,
warmer climes and fresher air.
Developments over the past few days may do something to make the long
fall a little easier to endure. The Calendar Committee unanimously
approved Monday a proposal for a scheduled fall break in 1978. And
although the proposal still requires the approval of the Instructional
Personnel Committee and the vice chancellors before Chancellor N.
Ferebee Taylor makes the final decision, student supporters of the proposal
are optimistic of final approval by Thanksgiving.
A break in the middle of the semester will not only relieve some students'
academic pressure by give the faculty a chance to catch up on grading or
simply relax. It's a proposal that should meet little opposition when it comes
up for final approval.
BSM's sound of silence
In an era when students are criticized roundly for their lack of social
conscience, in an era when student voices are seldom heard on any issue, the
Black Student Movement (BSM) protest Wednesday was a welcome sound
of silence. The 100 students, most of them black, who lined the walls of'
Memorial Hall during the University Day convocation did not speak, but
they made an eloquent statement.
Holding placards that decried Allan Bakke's reverse discrimination
action and criticized the University's lethargy in recruiting blacks, vigilant
students made it clear that the University has yet a long way to go in
achieving its motto, "Light and Freedom." The vigil underscored the
predominance of whites in the University Day ceremony.
This University has a great history, but that history does not include
blacks. One hundred students stood in Memorial Hall Wednesday to claim
their place in the future of this University.
Ironically, the majority of students and faculty were taking advantage of
canceled classes to sleep late, work or just take it easy during the ceremony.
Very few appeared at the ceremony.
"While every one else is sleeping," BSM chairperson Byron Horton said,
"we have to march for our rights." Civil rights are no longer the cause
celebre they were in previous decades. Race relations problems have been
neatly filed away in "affirmative action" reports. Wednesday's silent protest
served as a positive and necessary reminder that upon the 184th anniversary
of this University, there is a need for much more of the progress that has
distinguished this University in the past.
To the editor:
I would like to respond to the letters of
Messrs. Bainbridge and Kania, who
commented on my column of last week
("Bakke victory would be loss for all
minoritiies," Oct. 7).
That poverty and past discrimination is
reflected in our "objective" measurements of
merit and capability is not likely to change if
college and university admissions rely solely
on the use of culturally-biased test scores.
Indeed, the use of these so-called "objective"
criteria is tantamount to an active
reinforcement of our unfortunate heritage of
racism and inequality. While in theory just
and fair, the use of these criteria alone is, in
practice, racist and reactionary in that they
make no allowances for social and economic
Witness the disproportionate small
percentage of blacks even in our own
University. To contend, that equality and
fairness pervade is to deny the facts. Special
considerations are in order for the victims of
racism. To declare whites to the victims is
pretentious and deceptive to say the least.
I have known and seen the effects of
poverty and deprivation. Growing up with
the black kids in my neighborhood, 1 have
observed that their intelligence and
capabilities are equal to those of the most
successful whites but where are they now?
Attending college? Beginning rewarding
careers? Enjoying the benefits of a wealthy
society? No, and not from a lack of
motivation or effort, but because the whole
system of white-dominated education and
employment is against them. So talent and
imagination wither and waste in the tobacco
fields and unemployment lines of eastern
Mr. Bainbridge may be assured that I am
not a "knee-jerk liberal." My thoughts on the
Bakke case represent hours of reflection and
study and are based on what I perceive to be
rational thinking, not the emotional
response of a white who feels his position
threatened by minorities. The accusation by
M r. K ania that I am a racist "ready to violate
the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits
dsicrimination" is absurd. Affirmative
action is not discrimination. I would not call
Mr. Kania a racist simply because he seems
unconcerned with the desegregation of
public schools and the extension of
educational rights to minorities.
The contention that affirmative action
and racial quotas constitute "reverse
discrimination" is a pathetic sham. Certainly
everyone opposed to special considerations
in admissions is not a right-wing extremist.
Some politically moderate whites have been
led to believe that fairness to minorities
means depriving whites. Reactionaries,
however, use the notion of "reverse
discrimination" to avoid the national
responsibility of desegregation, while racists
use it to blame their problems on minorities
(Why the complete lack of concern over
special considerations for children of alumni
and financial contributors? What about
veterans? These forms of special
consideration predate affirmative action for
women and blacks, but only the programs
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designed to help those most disadvantaged
in our society come under attack.
Messrs. Bainbridge and Kania, if you
reject the notion of special considerations for
the victims of prejudice, then how do you
propose to overcome the terrible burden of
our past? Or do you shirk this responsibility
altogether with the declaration that you are
not to blame fo the past and hence the
present? Surely you don't imagine America
to be a fun-for-all Disneyland of equality
and justice. Such a viewpoint ignores the
reality of various social, economic and racial
factors that handicap non-whites and
women. Such naivete (or is it pretension?)
has no place in a serious discussion of how to
eliminate racism and discrimination.
Finally, it should be remembered that the
use of affirmative action (or racial quotas) is
a temporary measure. To declare a
university "open to everyone" and "non
discriminatory" is a farce if allowances are
not made for the reality of past racism and
present inequities. In recruiting, educating
and hiring minorities now, we insure more
equality of opportunity tomorrow. The
awesome weight of centuries of repression
can and must be overcome. This transition
will occur neither magically nor of its own
volition; it must be aided and actively
encouraged. Sexual and racial quotas will
become unnecessary and can be abandoned
when minorities obtain equal social and
economic status with their white brothers.
And if such a situation excludes more whites,
then it is apparent that educational facilities
should be expanded.
Rather than blame minorities for one's
exclusion, one should condemn the tight
money policies that reduce every one's
opportunities and provoke brawling
between races. Rather than fight among
ourselves over a trumped-up and divisive
notion like "reverse discrimination," whites
and blacks and men and women should join
together to renounce educational cutbacks
and fight for more educational funding.
To the editor:
There have been several letters
complaining about Southern Bell's charge
for directory assistance. Most of them
appeal to Southern Bell's sense of virtue or
its duty to the students. That is ridiculous;
Southern Bell has us where it wants us and
thinks that there is nothing we can do. There
is, however, something we can do. By calling
long distance directory assistance and asking
for Chapel Hill, you can get your number
without being charged.
As for you people who wrote nice letters,
haven't you learned anything from Kennedy,
Daley, Johnson or Nixon? I learned my
lesson well. If you can't beat the system,
legally, use whatever means you have
available. It is about time we took advantage
of Southern Bell for a change.
Out of bread
Monday night they ran out of bread. Of
course, I wasn't too surprised, because the"
bread they ran out of was for the free
Shoney's Big Boy hamburger for which the
Daily Tar Heel had carried a coupon that
day. A similar event occurred just a few short
weeks ago at this same "well stocked"
restaurant. They ran out of ice cream for a
special 25-cent chocolate sundae.
The irony of this latest situation is that in
order to get a free hamburger you had to fill
out a questionnaire designed to improve the
quality of the restaurant. The only question
thet forgot to ask on the questionnaire was,
"What do you think of Shoney's
management?" Of course that is not much of
a question; it is more of a joke.
Editor's Note: Shoney's had 1,500 people
respond to the offer this week.
To the editor:
A funny thing
happened at Shoney's
Student Legal Services apologizes for
failing to note North Carolina General
Statute 90-21-14 in yesterday's column
("You may be liable for aid given after
injury") on rendering first aid. This
legislation further limits the liability of
any person rendering first aid unless there
is a showing of gross negligence, wanton
conduct or intentional wrongdoing on
the part of the person rendering the
Approval of Carter formula brightens hopes for Geneva peace conference
American hopes for a resumption of the
Geneva conference before the end of the year
were bolstered Wednesday when Israel approved
Pesident Carter's peace-conference formula.
But Carter also warned that the Israeli
cabinet's unanimous approval of his plan was
"not a final decision" and noted that "private
. concerns" of the Israelis and Arabs had to be
satisfied. Jordan and Egypt may also join Israel
in accepting the U.S. conference formula, but
Syrian approval is less certain, according to
State Department officials.
Though the Israeli cabinet did not hedge or
add qualifications when it declared the U.S. plan
acceptable, most observers feel that Israel's
"private concerns" may center on the precise
form of Palestinian representation at the
conference, which is rather vague in the still
secret U.S. plan.
According to diplomatic sources, the U.S.
proposal would have the Israelis and one Arab
delegation, including the Palestinians, attend the
ceremonial opening session of the conference.
The Israelis have agreed to bargain with
Palestinians from the occupied West Bank and
Sinai territories, as long as they don't formally
represent the Palestinian Liberation
Organization (PLOJ. The Arabs demand PLO
President Carter expressed guarded optimism
about the possibilities of a Geneva conference. "I
think they're all beginning to see it's not
something they need to fear. It's a first step
toward a possible peace settlement. But it's
extremely sensitive and extremely complicated."
In other Middle East developments, renewed
fighting between Christian rightists and
Palestinian leftists threatened to delay the
dispatch of Lebanese Army regulars to patrol the
border with Israel and enforce a U.S.-mediated
Ratification of the Panama Canal treaties
remained a highly charged issue in Washington
political circles this week.
Retired Adm. EhioZumwalt, testfying before
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Monday, predicted that the Soviet Union may
someday control the Panama Canal but said "it
will take them longer," if the new treaties are
"Even if the treaties are ratified," he said, "the
canal can be put out of action. But the significant
difference is the government of Panama will be
working with us."
Gen. Maxwell Taylor, former chairperson of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, also said he was in favor
of the controversial accords.
Meanwhile Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho,
suggested that the entire Foreign Relations
Committee visit Panama to clear up some
concerns about the recently negotiated treaty.
He said the lawmakers would then get a
"firsthand view" of canal-zone defenses and
could "get some feel of the political climate" in
Panama and also the attitude of the countries in
"We're discussing now a treaty not limited to
Panama but one in which the whole hemisphere
takes a great interest," he said.
President Carter is expected to meet today
with Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos to
discuss the treaties and the "public debate'about
them. Torrijos is passing through Washington en
route to Panama after a three-week trip through
the Middle East and Europe.
Torrijos said earlier in the week that he felt his
country got much less than he had expected in
the treaties. "As a citizen, I admit that the new
treaty is far below what I expected," he said. "As
chief of state, I know that the present
circumstances prevented us from getting more."
By LOU BIUONIS AND ED RANKIN
Asked what would happen if the U.S. Senate
refused to approve the treaty, Torrijos said,
"God save me from that; I prefer to make the sign
of the cross and go to Rome to get the
benediction of the Pope."
A stalemate in the Congress over federal
funding of abortions this week which saw
rejections of compromise proposals by both
chambers threatened to hold up paychecks for
thousands of government workers and benefits
for millions of unemployed, disabled and poor
The dispute over abortion subsidies stalled
consideration on a $60.1 -billion appropriation
for the departments of Labor and Health,
Education and Welfare (HEW). On Sept. 30 the
departments lost their spending authority, and
only a resolution on Thursday assured that the
pay and benefits could be issued.
The House and Senate are quibbling over the
language of the abortion bill, with the lower
chamber maintaining that the Medicaid
program should not cover abortions except
where the life of the mother would otherwise be
endangered. The Senate said cases of rape, incest
and where a doctor deems an abortion
"medically necessary" should qualify for federal
The Republican Governors Association a
group which some observers have tagged "an
exclusive club" convened m Breton Woods,
N.H. this week.
The conference's highlights were addresses by
former Texas Gov. John Connally and Gov. Jim
Thompson of Illinois. Connally said the GOP
should learn the lessons of the past and try to
elect governors and congressmen instead of
presidents. He moved Tuesday to require the
party's national committee to reserve one-fourth
of its campaign funds to finance gubernatorial
"Too long we have assumed that as long as we
engage in the Chinese fire drill every four years of
electing a president of the United States, that is
what it's all about," said Connally.
"One of the reasons we have not been able to
change things is because we have not been able to
control the governorships and not been able to
control the Congress."
Thompson, speaking before the governors on
Monday, said if the GOP wants to increase its
numbers it should stop attacking the Democratic
Party. The freshman governor, frequently
mentioned as a potential Republican
presidential candidate in 1980, noted that party
identification and party loyalty are not the most
important things to American voters.
"More and more people are taking a lookaLa
candidate and saying, 'Do I trust that candidate
to handlethe problems that will arise in the next
four years?' "
Ten of the country's 12 Republican governors
attended the conference, which included a
workshop for 28 gubernatorial candidates form
President Carter's tax and energy reforms
once again drew interest this week.
According to sources in the administration,
Carter's long-awaited tax package will "most
likely", include a tax cut totaling $22 billion for
individuals and businesses.
Carter spent the Columbus Day weekend at
Camp David working on the tax reforms
promised when he was running for office.
The tax reduction is expected to be $15 billion
for the public and $7 billion for businesses.
But Treasury Secretary Michael Blumenthal
said last week the tax cut would be the
"sweetener" in the package, with a reduction in
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pregnancy test kit may make its way to the
nation's drugstore shelves, according to a
spokesman for Warner-Lambert, a
pharmaceutical firm headquartered in Morris
The spokesperson said the test, which will sell
for around $10, "is as easy to use as a home
permanent." The test has been found to be 97
percent accurate in detecting pregnancy
following the first missed menstrual period.
The plexiglasfc kits, about the size of a package
of cigarettes, will be available without
prescription only in pharmacies.1-
benefits used by many middle-class taxpayers
The President is also expected to take steps to
limit loopholes used by the nation's business
On Wednesday, the President told the
Congressional leaders he planned to intensify his
efforts to support the energy reform package,
which took a heavy beating at the hands of the
legislators over the past months.
"The inevitability of an energy crisis that can
be devastating to us and the world is becoming'
more obvious," said Carter.
The issue is of such great concern to Carter
that he says he plans to go "back to the country"
to promote his energy proposals.
Sometime next year, the first do-it-yourself
Lou Bilionis, a junior economics and
English major from Fitchburg, Mass., and Ed
Rankin, a senior history major from Concord,
N.C., are associate-editors for the Daily Tar