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f"' hi a 45 Viiimm i urinal
Books
Walter Spearman reviews
recent books every
Wednesday in the Daily Tar
Heel This week his literary
lantern is on page 3.
4
Sriim: 1 1 if iiulfni ami ; I mrrii nmuminiiv mihv IXVt
Volume 85, Issue No. 38
Wednesday, October 19, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
On UNC admissions
Pro-Bakke
could have
By NANCY HARTIS
Staff Writer
If the U.S. Supreme Court rules in favor of
Allan Bakke in his controversial "reverse
discrimination" case, the impact on
admissions policies at UNC would be
tremendous and instantaneous, according to
UNC admissions and law experts.
"1 think if the issue is decided on very
narrow grounds, it could have a large impact
on admissions offices everywhere," Richard
Cashwell, director of undergraduate
admissions, said Tuesday.
Cashwell said a "narrow" decision would
be one in which the court ruled that only
objective criteria, such as grade-point
averages and Scholastic Aptitude Test
(SAT) scores, constitutionally could be used
in accepting applicants to universities.
"I'm hoping this won't happen, or if it
does, it will be on such extremely narrow
grounds, it won't affect this office," Cashwell
said.
In the Bakke case, the University of
California at Davis medical school is
appealing a California Supreme Court
ruling striking down its special admission
program, which reserves 16 of its seats in
each entering class for disadvantaged
applicants.
Allan Bakke, a 37-year-old white
engineer, won that ruling on the argument
that he was discriminated against because of
his race and would have been admitted had it
' not been for the program.
Although UNC has no formal quota
system based on race or other
considerations, Cashwell said, there is more
to admissions decisions than grade-point
averages and SAT scores.
A person's family background, school he
or she attended and the courses it offered,
unusual talents and unusual handicaps are
Spring Preregistration
Preregistration begins next week for some students. The follow ing is the schedule
for all classes.
FRESHMEN
Nov. 2 adviser appointment books available for sign up.
Nov. 7 to 22 preregistration period.
SOPHOMORES
Oct. 19 adviser appointment books available for sign-up.
Oct. 24 to Nov. 4 preregistration period.
JUNIORS, SENIORS
Oct. 31 to Nov. 4 preregistration period.
DECEMBER GRADUATES
Oct. 31 deadline for applying for December graduation.
Experiment
By EVELYN SAHR
Staff Writer
Proponents of "pyramid power" won a
major battle Monday afternoon when it was
revealed that a banana placed under a
pyramid in Phillips Hall had remained
relatively fresh for 1 1 days.
The banana was placed under the pyramid
as part of an experiment conducted by
Dietrich Schroeer, associate professor of
physics, and David Craft, ' a junior
journalism major.
The experiment was the result of a
challenge made to Craft by Schroeer after
the student wrote an article printed in the
Daily Tar Heel which dealt with the theory
that pyramids have "great mystical forces."
Three banana slices, one in the open air, one
Experience asset to Braswell
in Toronto fund-raising drive
By PAM BELDING
Staff Writer
Raising money seems to be Ty Braswell's
specialty.
The 23-year-old graduate student in the
UNC speech department currently is
coordinating the fund-raising activities for
this year's Toronto Exchange Program, but
his unusual fund-raising background goes
back to his undergraduate days at the
University of Richmond. For instance,
Braswell will tell you about the 1,380-pound
submarine sandwich.
On a spring day in 1975, many persons
were gathered in the University of
Richmond's gymnasium to witness the
building and eating of an 800-foot
submarine sandwich.
A notary public was there to time the
whole thing; an official from Virginia's
bureau of weights and standards was there to
weigh and measure the finished product; and
the vice president of David Paradine
Productions was there to film the event for
entry in the Guiness Book of World Records.
Miss Virginia was there also, though
Susan Ford and Johnny Carson couldn't
make it. Braswell. who had organized the
court ruling
huge impact
some considerations when a person applies
for admission to UNC, Cashwell said.
"The whole thing is Iraught with
problems, even if you just concentrate on
statistics." Cashwell said. "People are
individuals and von can't make them all
alike"
Two constitutional law protessors at the
UNC School ol Law also said the court's
decision could have large impact on UNC.
but they were reluctant to predict which way
the court would rule.
"Whatever the court decision, it will have
the effect of law." Daniel Pollitt, professor of
constitutional law, said Tuesday.
"I don't think it would take long at all for
the decision to affect this school and others."
he added.
Pollitt predicted the court's decision
would go beyond education and would
influence employment standards and
affirmative-action movements for blacks
and women in the job market.
"1 will be surprised and disappointed if the
Supreme Court upholds Bakke." said
William P. Murphy, professor ol
constitutional law. Murphy said he thought
the California court decision was wrong.
"It is one thing to use a racial criterion to
disadvantage the race." Murphy said. "That
is clearly unconstitutional; but the Davis
admissions policy was not adopted to
disadvantage whites.
"It is another thing to use a racial criterion
to overcome past discrimination against the
race, which is what Davis did."
UNC President William C. Friday also
has been looking at the Bakke case carefully.
"I've followed every word of it because the
outcome of it affects us all," he said.
Friday speculated that the outcome would
be a limited and narrow view, but said he
never would try to guess what a court of law
is going to do.
leaves prof with banana
under a shoe box and one under a pyramid
were left in their positions from Oct. 6 until
Oct. 17.
Willie Koch, associate professor of
botany, evaluated the freshness of the
banana slices and determined Schroeer the
loser. Under the terms of the challenge,
Schroeer will have to eat the remnants of the
experiment in a banana cake.
When the bananas were revealed,
according to Craft, the two slices not placed
under the pyramid were brown and had
shrunk to the size of his little finger. The
banana under the pyramid was its normal
size, just slightly brown and sweet and juicy.
"I still don't believe it," Schroeer said. "1
will admit I was surprised, though. 1 didn't
believe that there would have been that much
project, said, "She didn't eat any of the
sandwich, and it cost us $175."
The lettuce, cheese and meat committees
worked non-stop for 24 hours to put the
2,000 pounds of ingredients into the
sandwich. But it ended up weighing only
1,380 pounds, Braswell said, because the
workers had gotten hungry.
The security guards fought back the 1,400
people who had paid to eat the sandwich.
"We almost had a riot," Braswell said.
"People thought they weren't going to get
into the gym to eat it."
Basically, the crowd was a bunch of
persons with acute cases of the munchies, he
said. Once they were let into the gym, they
ate the 796-foot-6 inch sandwich in 7
minutes and 22 seconds.
"We fed one group of people who had paid
to eat the sandwich, and that money paid for
people who couldn't afford food," Braswell
said.
The sandwich never made it into the
Guinness book, however. Merv Minoff, vice
president of David Paradine Productions
which produced the David Frost show about
Guinness, told Braswell the film wasn't of
good quality. "He just didn't want to do it,"
Braswell said, for reasons still unknown to
r A I v 't
rv' v I!
V' I 1 1 lit !?
(I V i -
Tuesday was a warm day, so Vernon Elmore and Ronnie Tudor took to the streets to
play Fli-Back, a toy that some college students would blush to admit they can't
master. Staff photo by Fred Barbour.
Majority-rule proponent speaks at UNC
Zimbabwean advises U.S. to stay out of conflict
By BETSY FLAGLER
Staff W riter
Stay out of Rhodesia.
That is the message to the U.S.
'government from Tirivafi Kangai. a
representative of Rhodesia's largest
liberation organization, the Zimbabwe
African National Union (ZANU), who
spoke in Upendo Lounge Monday evening.
"We can remove Ian Smith on our own,"
Kangai said, as he stood in front of a red and
white banner that read "Africa Must Be
Free."
Rhodesia, called Zimbabwe by its 6
million African inhabitants, is ruled by a
minority regime of 250,000 whites led by
Prime Minister lan Smith.
The visit by the ZANU representative is
leading up to Zimbabwe Liberation Day
Nov. 12, the day in 1965 when the United
Nations called the Rhodesian government
of a difference in the freshness of the three
bananas.
"I expected to be able to say that there was
no pyramid power and to show that it was
nonsense. Now I know that a much more
carefully controlled experiment needs to be
conducted."
Although Schroeer plans to eat the
banana in a cake on Thursday in his Physics
37 class, he said the experiment still does not
prove the existence of pyramid power. He
said many explanations exist that could
account for the difference in freshness of the
bananas not connected with the "mystical
forces" cited in Craft's article.
"I don't mind saying I was surprised,"
Craft said. "It was a big thrill. He(Schroeer)
just stood there with hisjawhangingdown.
Bill f m M$MmMW.
ilIilil91Plilllf SSK
iiipftiiiii .1 i ,a '
Ty Braswell, currently coordinating the fund-raising activities for the Toronto
Exchange Program, made the Guinness Book of World Records with his 800-foot
submarine sandwich. Staff photo by Allen Jernigan.
him.
The submarine sandwich was the second
of two fund-raising projects that Braswell
organized as head of the Richmond student
union's Special Events Committee.
He transferred to the University of
Richmond his sophomore year alter
illegal because the Smith regime declared
independence from Great Britain to avoid
majority rule.
"By our own confrontation, we are own
liberators." Kangai said. "Other people can
help us w ith the lunds. ol course: but we are
going to do the actual lighting on our own."
Kangai began his talk, one in a series
sponsored by the Zimbabwe Liberation Day
Coalition, which includes the Black Student
Movement ol UNC. by having his audience
chant alter him in Zimbabwean. "Forward
with the revolution" and "Down with the
oppressors."
"Our struggle is not racial." Kangai said.
"It is a struggle to overthrown the lew who
are exploiting the majority."
ZANU is part of the Patriotic Front, a
group of nationalist organizations in
Rhodesia that seek a transfer of power from
the current government to the majority rule.
on face
"I never said in the first place that 1
believed in it (pyramid power). I just wanted
the thing to work out of pride alone. I've
taken a lot of grief from a lot of people about
this."
Schroeer said he challenged Craft only
because he wanted people to realize that the
reasons for this occurrence were pure
nonsense.
Ctuft. who accepted the challenge "more
or less in fun," said his credibility as a
journalist had been attacked.
Schroeer invited Craft to come to his
physics class on Thursday to watch him eat
the banana cake. Craft plans to wear a black
T-shirt with the words "Pyramid Power Be
With You" printed on it when he appears in
the class.
spending his freshman year at University
College, the extension division of
Richmond. He didn't get into Richmond
right aw ay, he said, because of "running my
big mouth in high school and grades that
weren't good enough."
Please turn to page 3.
Drop-period proposal
still not prepared
by student officials
No member found to present
recommendations to council
B J AC 1 III CMLS
Muff N riler
With two days to go heioie the faculty
Council meeting Friday, the Campus
Governing Council (CCiC) and the
'Executive Branch of Student Government
have yet to prepare a proposal lor extending
the drop period.
Also. Student Government (SG) has not
found a Faculn Council member to present
the proposal to the council at the 3 p.m.
meeting Friday in KM) Hamilton Hall.
Only a Faculty Council member can
present the proposal to the council in the
torm of a motion. Otherwise, the council
cannot consider the proposal.
. CGC representative Sonya Lewis, who is
on the CGC committee researching the
proposal, said she had asked Prof. Henry II.
Dearman to present the proposal, but in a
telephone interview Tuesday. Dearman
denied that he had been approached about
presenting it.
"I haven't heard anything about it." he
said. Dearman said he would not consider
presenting the proposal it it were brought to
"Fighting will save the interests of our
people." Kangai said. "We tried civil
disobedience, constitutional reforms, but
nothing changed. We had to change our
peacelul . methods and move towards
revolutionarv violence to obtain majority
rule."
Kangai said that in April l6. theZANU
faced the Smith regime with weapons.
"We caught lan Smith taking a nap,"
Kangai said ith a smile. "He never thought
an African could use a weapon."
ZANU agreed to negotiate with Smith at
the end of 1974. a move which resulted in no
more control for the majority. According to
Kangai. Smith said at the time. "There will
never be independence in a thousand years.
Do you think I would negotiate myself right
out of power?"
He has not. And the power he asserts
today is called a terrorist regime by Kangai.
"I can't go in to see my family," he said. "I
left Zimbabwe seven years ago. If I were to
return today I would be arrested."
Some 2 to 3 million persons have been
forcibly resettled in villages guarded by
soldiers. Rhodesian officials call the villages
hamlets for the defenseless blacks.
Kangai called the villages concentration
camps that have no electrical or sanitary
facilities.
"I f anyone is out of his hut after 6 p.m., he
is shot on sight." Kangai said. "I heard in one
camp that 300 people are using 30 blankets.
"This is not propaganda. This is reality." he
added.
"The days of lan Smith are numbered. If
1
lift
I .'( '
k a 1
1 ..
f the ;
s
him. "I am in lavor ol the current policy." he
said.
Bob long, who also has worked on
preparing the proposal, said he believed
Dearman would present the proposal to the
faculty Council after seeing it. "1 feel that if
he doesn't want to present it, there will be
someone else." Long said.
Student Body President Bill Moss said SG
was Inning dilficulty finding a professor to
present the proposal at the Faculty Council
meeting. "We haven't had anything definite
to show them." he said. Moss said it would
have been better to have the proposal
prepared now, rather than having a
committee still working on it.
A telephone survey of 1(H) students on the
drop period, conuueted over a two-day
period, w as to have been completed Tuesday
night.
I he survey asks students whether they
lav or a short or a long drop period, whether
they had ever dropped a course because of
fear of receiving a bad grade, what length
drop period they would recommend and
Please turn to page 3
Tirivafi Kangai
fighting is the only way to achieve peace and
justice we have no alternative.
"We're more defined than ever before,
because of the violence. Because of the gun."
Kangai criticized the U.S. government for
supporting the Smith regime (the United
States is one of only a few countries,
including South Africa and Japan, that still
have ties with Rhodesia) and the United
Nations for negotiating to recolonie
Zimbabwe, write a new constitution and
dismantle Patriotic Front forces.
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hers arc- also on. the program, helping to
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t.f the Hitler regime, looms. large.- A
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