41 1 1 i 6 Th Dally Tar Heal Friday, October 21, 1977 GREO PORTE Editor Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor Ed Rankin', Associate Editor Lou Biuonis, Associate Editor Laura Scism, University Editor Elliott Potter, City Editor Chuck Alston, State and National Editor Sara Bullard, Features Editor Cum Ewjsun, Arts Editor Gene Ukhukch. Sports Editor Allen Jernigan, Photography Editor (Jar UM 85tf) year of editorial freedom Students suffer while CGC plays game of filibuster The Campus Governing Council (CGC), it seems, has contracted a disease most persons believe is generally confined to the U.S. Congress the filibuster. But, unlike their counterparts in big-time politics, CGC members have no provisions to stop silly, detrimental wastes of time. They, and UNC students, are stuck. Council member Darius Moss decided Wednesday night to use his own brand of dilatory tactics to prevent a vote on Student Body President Bill Moss' veto of the recently approved WXYC budget. Darius Moss and other council members realized that they did not have enough votes to override the Moss veto, which was aimed specifically at a $2,800 appropriation for a newswire for the radio station. But because the president does not have item veto power, Moss was forced to veto the entire WXYC budget. Pro-override forces portray Moss as a power-hungry president who is after item veto power. They scream that since he rejected the original WXYC budget because of a single provision, the veto is actually an item veto. The fact that Moss submitted a new budget without the vetoed appropriation further angers Darius Moss and his cronies. Bill Moss, however, clearly has the right to do exactly what he did. H e was . pleased with all of the WXYC budget except the newswire, which he considered an expenditure the students could not afford. So he simply drew up a new budget without the newswire provision. Pro-override forces are right to worry about any president getting item veto power. An entire budget can be taken apart by item veto, thereby loosening the council's control over the whole student budget. But Bill Moss' move was not a power grab. He simply saw the newswire as superfluous and thus vetoed the entire budget to get rid of it. If Darius Moss and his cohorts could not muster enough votes to override the veto, they should not have originated a disruptive filibuster which monopolizes the floor. It's a sad comment that council member Moss could not find even a simple majority needed to override the veto when he knew the veto was on the agenda that night. All Darius Moss has succeeded in doing is tying up the floor and preventing the CGC from acting on other issues of much greater importance. While Moss is waiting forjiis cavalry to ride in to rescue him, other matters have been forced aside. WXYC will receive none of its appropriation because the veto is still in effect. Appointments to the student Supreme Court have been postponed. The CGC was scheduled to vote on a bill that would set a definite amount for the proposed student activity-fee increase. Now that must be delayed. Though we are happy that our campus representatives are gaining experience in the intricacies of filibusters, it's too bad that that experience comes at the expense of the students. And it's sad also that, though the CGC members can begin a filibuster, they can do absolutely nothing to stop one. They must wait until Darius Moss gets tired of playing his games with them and the rest of the student body. Maybe the spirit will move Moss next Tuesday to stop the filibuster, or perhaps he'll continue to bide his time. The filibuster disease is impossible to predict. The Daily Tar Heel publishes Monday through Friday during the academic year. Offices are at the Student Union Building. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514. Telephone numbers: 933-0245, 0246. Jet hijacking letters to the editor UNC hospitality leaves impression of pure class Editor's Note: This letter was sent to Hill Cubey, UNC's athletic director, with the request that it be forwarded to the Daily Tar Heel. Dear Mr. Cobey: J list a word from the Saddle Tramps here at Texas Tech expressing our thanks for all the help UNC gave us. and to let you know how impressed our staff of coaches and players were with the sportsmanship displayed by your team and especially your fans. Never have the Tramps who.traveled toan out-of-town game come back to Lubbock with so much to say about a school the way they did about UNC. We haven't come across a school yet who would play our fight song after we scored against them. That was pure class! And, too, we haven't come across a group of fans as friendly as yours was either. It's always a pleasure to be able to travel across the country and meet new triends. We'd like to consider UNC our triends and if you ever play in Lubbock, we hope we can be as hospitable to you as you were to us. 1 Mark Scioli Secretary. Texas Tech Saddle Tramps Succession a Hunt bill To the editor: Contrary to what Edward Adams would have you believe in his recent letter ("Gubernatorial succession proposed amendment 'larger' than Gov. Hunt," Oct. 18), the proposed succession amendment is indeed1 Hunt bill. Jim Hunt directed the bill through the legislature and now his team is leading the campaign, at public expense, to allow himself to seek reelection. Republicans don't oppose Jim Hunt's succession amendment merely because Jim Hunt is a Democrat. Republicans, along with an increasing number of Deomcrats and Independents, oppose this amendment because it is a clear display of power politics. Jim Hunt is demonstrating a clear disregard for fairness and decency. Past succession bills have always applied to the future governor, never the incumbent. First Jim Hunt had the bill changed to apply to himself. Then he set out to change the minds of the legislators on this bill. Usingall sorts of incentives and arm-twisting, he got huge numbers of the General Assembly to back the succession bill. In fact, at least 24 house members voted against succession of any sort in 1975 but supported the Jim Hunt succession bill this year. If Jim Hunt has this sort of influence, it seems odd that ERA, which he also claimed to support, failed. Next. Hunt had the referendum scheduled for 1977. an off-year when voter turnout could be expected to be low. This increases the impact which his campaign organization can have. Then, he saw to it that the amendment was buried on the ballot among a number of popular "good government" issues. Since most persons vote for or against all the items on a ballot, he increased the chances that the voters would not carefully study the succession issue. 1 trust the voters of North Carolina will not be misled by such shenanigans. The succession amendment is like a poisoned apple: while the outside appearance may be pleasing, the ins ides are just as distasteful as the motives of those who offer it to us. Doug Markham 1212 Granville West 5 HISRfck : Mk f dr mvsa uvnurrzt -r2 . .eJL Close the gap To the editor: Although one may appreciate the logic and concern expressed in Greg Huskey's letter ("Stop the resentment." Oct. 20), it should be noted that attitudes such as these serve to perpetuate the systematic exclusion of blacks and other disadvantaged groups from full participation in our society Affirmative action programs which seek to close the gap between black and white opportunities do not constitute invidious discrimination (no more than programs tor the physically handicapped discriminate against healthy persons). It is easy to say that simply by trying a little harder, blacks will enjoy the opportunities and priviliges of whites. The fact is it takes tremendous effort to rise above the poverty, turmoil and helplessness of the ghetto just to achieve the economic and cultural level of opportunity with which many whites begin life. Racism is a fact of life in the United States and is in no way comparable to the "prejudice" Mr. Huskey may have suffered as a white Marine. True, things are getting better; progress has been made since the dark days of the 1950s, but this has been the result of determined and continued struggle. Without this effort, the inherent forces in our economy would widen the gap between the powerful and the powerless. Therefore, it is the responsibility of academic institutions, community groups and government agencies to extend economic opportunities to those to wl.vm they have traditionally been denied. Paul-Henri Gurian 108 Pinegate No. 5 Rational stance? To the editor: Mr. Lancaster has reiterated his support for reverse discrimination without really adding anything new to his initial statement ("Affirmative action is not reverse discrimination," Letters. Oct. 14), except for his personal assurance that he is not guilty of dilettantism. However, throughout his letter, Mr. Lancaster demonstrates shallow thought and ignorance on many aspects of the issue, all of which lead to doubts about his "rational" stance. Despite his "hours of reflection and study" on the subject. Mr. Lancaster has not yet realized that affirmative action involves discrimination. Clearly, the very act of setting up racial quotas is an active distinction between races. This becomes more obvious when, in striving to fill a minority quota, administrators or employers consider only minority applicants and summarily reject white applicants. The reality in such cases is that whites need not apply. Apparently, Mr. Lancaster would have us take comfort in the fact that we are fulfilling his pitiful notion of social good. My accusation that Mr. Lancaster would violate the 1964 Civil Rights Act by employing "affirmative action" is dismissed as "absurd." As a self proclaimed member of the illuminati, Mr. Lancaster should bother to learn the basics of the subject. The act of '64 states that "no person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under the program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." (Tit le VI. Section 60 1 ). Reading the.text of the act might prove to be enlightening. The contention that the use of racial quotas is to be a temporary measure is equally incredible. Who will decide when we . have had enough? The President? Congress? The courts? Or perhaps omniscient sages such as Mr. Lancaster? There is no agreement between people now about ut ilizing reverse discrimination; how can one reasonably expect consensus on itscessatiop in the future? In the past, members of minorities were judged by their color, rather than their qualities. To do the same today, ostensibily for the attainment of racial equality does not in any way decrease injustice. Mr. Lancaster, I would challenge your assertion that we will n& ft 0. have racial equality only through preferential treatment of minorities. They are more intelligent and able than you seem to give them credit for. If there is ever to be racial equality, it will occur only when people are treated and tested in accordance with an equally applied set of criteria. Rick Kania 425 Avery Prejudicial feelings To the editor: Before coming to this University, I had few if any prejudicial feelings. I'm sorry to say that this no longer is the case. It appears to me that the black students at this University are a segregative group. Granted the Black Student Movement has its purposes, but are not many of their functions segregative in nature and purpose? Why must black students lower University functions such as "University Day?" Why must black students portray slogans such as "$10,495 or else?" And why must a Upendo Lounge exist when a South Campus Student U nion would suffice the needs of both blacks and whites? Are black students at this University so discriminated against that carrying on these types of actions is just? ; My high school was 40 percent black and 60 percent white. If you made the grades, black or white, you were accepted at universities. 1 competed equally in high school to attend this University. I feel I ought to be able to compete on the same grounds to get into graduate school. 1 ask the question, "Do blacks want equal rights or more rights than whites?" Jeffrey Butscher Townhouse Apartments The Daily Tar Heel welcomes contributions and letters to the editor. Letters must be signed, typed on a 60 space line, double-spaced and must be accompanied by a return address. Letters chosen for publication are subject to editing. Commandos put an end to five-day, 7,000-mile ordeal; hostages saved, three terrorists dead It began Thursday a week ago with the hijacking of a Lufthansa jet en route between Palma de Majorca and Frankfurt, West Germany with 87 passengers and crew members aboard as hostages. It ended Monday night with an announcement by the West German government that an anti terrorist commando team of border guards had freed the 86 remaining hostages, leaving three of the four terrorists dead. And in between, five days and 7,000 miles of terror left the world aghast, the jet's pilot dead and 86 hostages with little hope of survival. The West German and Turkish governments remained firm throughout the ordeal, refusing to comply with demands for the release of 13 jailed terrorists and $15.5 million in ransom for the release of the hostages. The terrorists, affiliated with a German urban guerilla group sometimes known as the Baader Meinhof gang, took the plane across three continents while repeatedly extending the deadline on the hostages' death. In the aftermath, praise for West Germany's handling of the situation came rolling in from leaders around the world including President Carter while talk of an international agreement on terrorism was renewed. On Wednesday French police found the dead body of West German industrialist Hans Martin Schleyer in the trunk of a car with his throat cut. Schleyer's body was discovered one day after the West German government announced that three members of the Baader-Meinhof group, including Baader, had committed suicide in jail upon learning of the hijackers' failure to win their release. Meanwhile, the International Federation of Airline Pilots Association announced that beginning next Tuesday at noon, a 48-hour strike will be held to pressure the United Nations into action against hijackings. A House-Senate conference committee began work Tuesday on a compromise energy bill. under warnings from President Carter that public opinion of Congress' accomplishments this year would center around the final energy legislation. The panel is charged with putting the energy legislation together from the House bill, which contains most of what Carter wanted, and the Senate bill, which bears little resemblance to the Carter proposals. Work began on conservation measures, leaving plans for industrial conversion to coal, utilities' rate reforms, natural gas pricing and energy taxes until later. The first compromise came Wednesday, when a measure allowing consumers to pay off insulation loans through their monthly utility bills was adopted. In New Orleans, the nation's second largest port, dock workers went back to work Monday, abandoning their 16-day general strike. The members of the International Longshoreman's Association local had voted to strike against the wishes of the national union. THE WEEK By CHUCK ALSTON AND REID TUV1M The strike, estimated to have cost $2 million per day, ended under pressure from the national union and threats of federal intervention by implementation of the Taft-Hartley Act. The New York Yankees, powered in the sixth and final game by three home runs from Reggie Jackson, took home the 1977 World Series championship Tuesday night with an 8-4 victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers. Jackson, who was named the most valuable player in the series, slugged five home runs during the series and tied numerous records w ith his efforts. The World Series victory, 4 games to 2, capped a season of Yankee controversy involving players, manager Billy Martin and owner George Steinbrenner. The South African government, in a series of moves to cut off vocal opposition, shut down three newspapers, banned others from publishing and arrested over 70 black leaders early this week. Armed riot police continued the crackdown Wednesday, arresting over 100 white university students protesting the moves. The arrests and bans brought worldwide criticism for the all-white government, which said the crackdown came because the black leaders and newspapers were "calculated to endanger maintenance of public order." A 19-month-long battle of court suits and public protests ended Wednesday when the Anglo-French Concorde supersonic jetliner landed for the first time at New York's Kennedy Airport, only the second U.S. airport to allow the Concorde to land. Protestors were conspicuously absent. The landing marked the beginning of a series of month-long test flights to determine if the Concorde is too noisy to be permitted to service Kennedy. The first flight, however, made little more noise than most of the subsonic jets landing at Kennedy. The plane is not out of trouble yet, though. Anti-Concorde groups, while accepting the test flights, plan to file suit within the week to prevent the federal government from allowing the Concorde to land at other U.S. airports. And the big news this week from 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. was Amy Carter's 10th birthday. (Everyone on the down beat. . . Happy Birthday to you. . .) Little Amy woke up Wednesday, saying "this is a special day." Before the day was over, she had a new 54-inch sled from her parents and books, money and a bicycle pump from other persons. The highlight of the day was a Halloween-style party in the afternoon after school. Amy and 14 friends carved pumpkins, saw horror movies (including the original "Frankenstein") and dined on punch and sour cream and onion- flavored potato chips. Amy's birthday cake was in the shape of a pumpkin and had chocolate icing. Chuck Alston, a junior political science major from Greensboro, N.C, is state and national editor for the Daily Tar Heel. Reid Tuvin, a sophomore journalism major from Atlanta, Gk. is assistant managing editor for the Daily Tar Heel.