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Looks like rain
It will be warmer today and
Wednesday with highs both
days near 70. Lows will be
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Linda Ronstadt's newest
album Simple Dreams is
reviewed today in the Da7y
Tar Heel. See page 4.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 85, Issue No. 42
Tuesday, October 25, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
oonor revisions meet
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The Cadet-Midshipmen Color Guard prepares to told the Stars and Stripes during
the annual Air Force-Navy Veteran's Day Ceremony Monday afternoon in Polk
Place. Strains of service tunes played by the UNC Pep Band lured passersby to stop
and watch the commemoration. Photo by John Burgess.
By JACI HUGHES
If objections raised by faculty members and students at the
Educational Policy Committee's (EPC) open hearing on the Honor
Code Monday are any indication, the proposed changes in the code
are headed for trouble.
Both students and faculty members overwhelmingly objected to
the recommendation that the so-called "rat clause," or the provision
that students report others they observe cheating, be removed.
"1 am shocked and disappointed by the proposal to remove the
requirement that students report violators," said Prof. T.'L.
Isenhour, chairperson of the chemistry department. "While this plan
does not mean to, it removes the only chance we have to make the
honor system work and that is to view the student who does not
report cheating as being in the same category as the cheaters."
Assistant Professor Thomas A. Bowers said the Committee on
Student Conduct (COSC) proposed removal of the "rat clause"
because it was ineffective and was detrimental to the entire honor
system. "The bad attitude about it (the "rat clause") is seriously
eroding the effectiveness of the rest of the system," Bowers said.
"1 believe that almost any honor system is better than almost any
proctoring system," said Professor Harvey E. Lehman, chairperson
of the zoology department.
"We're not going to a straight proctoring system in which students
are given no responsibility in the process," Student Body President
Bill Moss said in an interview after the meeting. "Modifications are
Rule discovered to end CGC filibuster
By HOWARD TROXLER
The first filibuster in the history of UNC
Student Government will end tonight at the
meeting of the Campus Governing Council
(CGC). The meeting will be held at 8:30 p.m.
in Room 209 of the Carolina Union.
The Agenda Committee, which
determines what items the council will
consider, has found a parliamentary rule
that limits to 10 minutes the time a council
member may talk, unless the council votes to
"We will try and limit debate to 10 minutes
for each person," Speaker Gordon Cureton
said Monday. "Under Robert's Rules of
Order (which determines CGC procedure),
no person, unless by unanimous consent of
the council, may talk for more than 10
minutes, thus providing a check as far as how
much one person can control the meeting."
The filibuster began last week when
council member Darius Moss assumed the
floor and refused to yield. Moss said he
filibustered in protest of Student Body
President Bill Moss' handling of the WXYC
The president had vetoed the budget,
previously approved by the CGC because of
one item a $2,800 wire machine for
WXYC. Darius Moss contended that the
president's veto was an attempt at a de facto
"Darius had his reasons for doing this, I'm
sure," Cureton said. "But now we've had
time to think about what has transpired since
the last meeting."
Even if the pro-filibuster forces decide to
contest the ruling of the Agenda Committee,
they would have to give up the floor to
challenge the ruling, effectively ending the
Speaker Pro Tempore J. B. Kelly, one of
the initiators of the filibuster, said Monday
that he formally would ask Darius Moss to
end the filibuster at the meeting.
"He's proved his point," Kelly said.
"There's no reason to further harass the
council, or the student body.
"I just hope Gordon (Cureton) doesn't
knuckle under pressure of the Executive
Branch and further make the CGC nothing
more than part of the Executive Branch."
Kelly said the president is attempting to
force his will upon the CGC through the
When the council filibuster ends,
council will proceed to consider the override
of the veto. Preliminary headcounts indicate
that the council will sustain the veto.
President Moss told the council at the last
CGC meeting that he did not oppose the
WXYC budget, except for a $2,800
appropriation for a newswire machine. M oss
and other council members say the newswire
appropriation would place an unnecessary
drain on the CGC budget.
If the veto is sustained, the council will
consider a new WXYC budget without the
When the filibuster ends, the council will
be freed to catch up on business postponed
please turn to page 2. , '
Carolina's football game at Maryland Saturday will be
televised regionally by ABC-TV, it was announced
WRAL-TV, Channel 5, will carry the game locally
beginning at 1:30 p.m. with kickoff set for 1:50 p.m.
The game is the first Carolina football game to be
televised regionally since the 1974 Carolina-Maryland
The game is a crucial contest in the race for the ACC
title. Carolina leads the conference now with two wins
and no losses while Maryland is tied for second with
Clemson with three wins and one loss.
J im Lampley is expected to do the play-by-play for the
game while Lee Grosscup is expected to do the color
being made but 1 still believe we have an honor system."
Lehman also said that the requirement for faculty proctoring
would establish an adversary relationship between students and
faculty, but Steve Perry, a student member of COSC, disagreed.
"The honest student is looking to the faculty to help him he
doesn't view it as an adversary relationship," Perry said.
"I think there is a real question as to the level of real integrity that
has existed in student bodies in recent times," said Director of
Student Activities, Frederic W. Schroeder. "1 don't question the
representative accuracy of those surveys (surveys conducted by
COSC which indicated students do not report other student's
violations), but we don't have a 1961 or 1950 survey to compare those
results to," Schroder said. "
"I am not aware of any gross changes in the standards of honesty
for this generation of students than any in the past," Lehman said.
"The thing we need to do now is to educate students and faculty
about the honor system," said Gary Jones, a sophomore member of
the Honor Court. Jones said that more emphasis should be placed on
the honor system at Freshman Convocation, and that students
should be required to sign a pledge on all graded work. "It (the
pledge) is not consistently required and no one really understands
what honor is," Jones said.
"It seems clear that everyone has a different definition of what
honor is," said Ben Rollins, a student affairs administrator on
COSC. "The individual obligations of students will not be removed.
The proposal will not remove the opportunity for a student who
wants to turn a studnet in."
Rollins said that the current system deters students from reporting
the violations of others because many students are afraid to get
involved by turning in another student for fear of being prosecuted
"I don't think students who have reported other students would
have reacted any differently if it had been a moral obligation rather
than an Honor Code offense," Moss said.
"The problem is not just a student problem, it is very much a
common problem and the proposals of COSC reflect a philosophical
shift," Moss said. "The end result is meant to be the increased
involvement of all parts of the community in the process of insuring
"The feeling that is coming through (from faculty members) is that
of a police state with a faculty-student adversary relationship," said
EPC chairperson Vaida Thompson.
Thompson said the committee will consider the Honor Code
proposals further at its next meeting, 3:30 p.m. in 310 Davie Hall.
Interested students and faculty members are invited to attend.
Unlocked campus buildings aid burglaries
TVs, stereos in apartments
prime target for pro thieves
By MICHAEL WADE
Professional burglars are not confined to
television crime shows. And Chapel Hill
apartment dwellers should keep that in mind
if they want to continue watching those
shows on their own TVs, said Capt. Lindy
Pendergrass of the Chapel Hill Police
Television sets, as well as stereo
equipment, calculators and other valuables,
are frequent targets for apartment-watching
professional thieves in Chapel Hill, said
Pendergrass, head of the department's
detective division. And while they're not the
type of criminals usually sought by Kojak,
they may be just as hard to catch.
"We do have professional burglar rings
operating in the apartment complexes,"
Pendergrass said Monday. He said most of
the burglars are youths, aged 16 to 20. But
stopping them is definitely not child's play.
Some thefts in Chapel Hill around
Christmas in 1975 and 1976 have resembled
professional operations described by a
Baltimore man charged recently with leading
a theft ring. After the report from Baltimore,
local police officials have tried to make
residents more aware of theft-prevention
"They're pros," Pendergrass said. "They
know when to hit. They know that students
are in class every day from nine to five."
Their methods, whether operating singly
or in groups, is generally about the same:
making sure the apartment is empty, quickly
breaking in and stealing valuables (especially
untraceable valuables) and stashing them
someplace where they can be picked up by
Pendergrass said the most inviting targets
are the more secluded ones, like apartments
at the end of a building or basement
The thieves usually wait until the
apartment owner is in class or out to dinner
when they are sure he will not return
unexpectedly. They knock on doors or even
call potential victims to find out if they are
gone, Pendergrass said.
Please turn to page 4.
By LOU HARNED
Which is more important: flexibility
That is the question facing University
Police officials concerned with thefts
from unlocked campus buildings.
Though unlocked doors allow students
to enter classrooms at night, they also
lead to more thefts.
"It is interesting to deal with security
problems in a community that doesn't
want it," Director of Security Services
T. W. Marvin said Monday. "It is hard
to keep buildings accessible to those
who need them for valid reasons and to
keep the others out."
Most larceny occurs in buildings left
open for studying or for meeting
purposes, according to Marvin.
A security program for dorm
residents was initiated last year,
resulting in a decrease in the number of
thefts reported during the 1977 fiscal
But according to the UNC
Department of Security Services
Summary of Criminal Incidents, class
and office-building thefts increased
during the same period.
The 1977 fiscal year ran from July 1,
1976 to June 30, 1977. The 1976 fiscal
year ran from July 1, 1975 to June 30,
The summary of campus incident
statistics shows that while incidents of
dorm larceny over $200 fell from 18 in
fiscal 1976 to 13 in 1977, the same type
of larceny for other buildings rose from
31 to 44.
Larceny under $200 in dorms rose by
only two, from 125 incidents in fiscal
1976 to 127 in 1977, while this type of
larceny in other buildings rose from 278
Of the 278 buildings, 231 were
unlocked at the time of the theft,
according to the fiscal 1976 statistics.
During fiscal 1977, only 276 of the 333
buildings were locked at the time of the
"People can't leave office buildings at
5 p.m. and expect officers to keep
buildings secure, so we have to work
together," Marvin said.
"It would help if employees would
lock doors after work," said Maj. E. B.
Rigsbee. University Police security
officer. "Even if professors lock the
doors, we have to check the windows."
Rigsbee said more officers would help
with security, but the budget limitthe
number of officers allowed.
"Although more officers would help,
an increased sensitivity on the part of
University employees would be even
more effective," Marvin said.
Marvin said as a future solution to
campus larceny, UNC might us
electronic security. He said Duke uses
coded cards for admittance into some
buildings. However, coded cards do not
control the number of persons entering
on one card.
"There's always a way to beat the
system," Marvin said.
A WS, economics prof clash
on female job discrimination
By GEORGE JETER
A new report on women and the job
market has created a small controversy
between the Association for Women
Students (AWS) and the report's author, a
UNC economics professor.
Solomon W. Polachek, author of the
study, maintains that even without hiring
discrimination women would hold lower
level and lower-paying jobs.
Ackland: UNC's art museum
By PAM BELDING
At the opening of the Ackland Museum in
September 1958, Joseph C. Sloane, the
incoming director, said, "The unique thing is
that we have an elegant building and nothing
to put in it. The University. . . does not have
a collection per se. It takes time to acquire a
Today, only one year before Ackland's
20th anniversary, the collection has grown to
include about 220 paintings, 170 sculptures
and about 3,000 prints and drawings. "The
problem now is housing it," said Sloane, still
director of the museum.
The museum is only one part of the
William Hayes Ackland Memorial Art
Center. The red-brick building, owned by
the University also houses art history offices,
classrooms, a library and the marble tomb of
William H. Ackland.
On the wall above Ackland's tomb are the
words, "He wanted the people of his native
South to know and love the fine arts." The
trust which Ackland set up in his last will
paid for the building of the art center and
continues to provide funds for acquiring
works of art. However, the history of his will
is an unusual one and is unfamiliar to most
Ackland spent most of his adult life in
Washington, D.C., but he was born, raised
and educated in Tennessee. He was aware of
the lack of art facilities in the South, so he
decided to endow an outstanding Southern
university for the purpose of establishing an
art center like the one eventually built in
When he died in 1940, his last will named
Duke University as recipient of a trust of
about $1.4 million for a memorial art center.
Duke refused the conditions of the will,
which included Ackland's burial in the art
center. In 1941, Ackland's only heirs, his
nieces and nephews, tried in court to claim
the refused trust fund as their inheritance.
At this point, UNC and Rollins College in
Winter Park, Fla. also went to court. In an
earlier will, Ackland had named both
schools as alternate recipients of the trust if
In 1943, the court assigned the trustees of
Ackland's estate the task of determining
which school should receive the endowment.
After a two-year investigation, the trustees
decided in favor of UNC.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District
of Columbia said it was the duty of the
trustees to select a "great university" as the
site and that "the record overwhelmingly
shows the University of North Carolina to be
such an institution." Sloane said simply,
"Chapel Hill was a greater place. . .1 think
they realized that Rollins wouldn't have the
Ackland attached specific terms to his
trust fund which included: his burial in the
art museum, the housing of his art and
literary collection in the museum and the
control of the money by outside trustees.
Unlike Duke, UNC accepted all the terms of
the will. Sloane said he thought Duke
University felt only members of the Duke
family should be buried on University
property and that the art center "was going
Please turn to page 4.
Polachek contends in his report that
women receive lower-paying jobs than men
because they probably will work during only
some of their working years.
Society and the marriage structure largely
have been ignored in explaining women's job
troubles, Polachek says.
"The average married woman takes about
10 years off to raise children," he says. This
interrupts a woman's career plans, he says,
and also forces those who expect to drop out
of the job market to choose the more menial
occupations, where seniority does not affect
Polachek also noted in his study that a
woman is expected to quit her job and move
with a husband who is transferred, but the
husband usually is not under a similar
But AWS Chairperson Betty Ausherman
criticizes the study. "He is not taking the
whole process into account," Ausherman
She is skeptical of Polachek's statistics.
Specifically, Ausherman questions whether
t he average woman takes off 1 0 years to raise
a child and whether only 17 percent of all
women between 30 and 44 years of age work
Both Polachek and Ausherman agree that
women are discriminated against in the job
market. But Polachek says the
discrimination is subtle "the kind of
thinking implicit in our society."
Ausherman agrees that subtle
discrimination exists. But she says there is
also blatant discrimination against women,
and that this discrimination, purposely
practiced against women, is a much more
important problem than Polachek indicates
in his study. "He is downplaying
discrimination," she says.
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If you would like some fall flowers to brighten your drab dorm room go visit the
flower lady who vends her wares on Franklin Street. It flowers can do th is much for an
old alley, just think what they could do in your dorm. Staff photo by Allen Jernlgan.