V A y
J" i r ii f
The highs today and
Thursday will be in the mid
703, and the low tonight will
be in the mid-50s. The
chance of rain is 40 percent
today, 30 percent tonight
and 10 percent Thursday.
Volume 85, Issue No. 44
niversity Laice rises
By MICHAEL WADE
After nearly two inches of rainfall that raised the level of
University Lake about 33 inches, Orange Water and Sewer Authority
(OWASA) officials were optimistic Wednesday that Chapel Hill's
water shortage may be ending.
At 5 p.m. Wednesday, the lake level was 38 inches below crest,
compared with a reading of 52 inches below crest Oct. 26, 1 976. The
lake was 7 1 inches below crest before the rainfall began early
Gene Suitt, assistant lake warden, seemed pleased with the rise in
the lake level Wednesday, but not surprised. "You must have been,
asleep during all that rain," he told a group of dumbfounded
onlookers visiting the lake.
"It'll rise another foot tonight," Suitt predicted. "Plus it's going to
rain some more."
Jonathan Howes, chairperson of OWASA's Board of Directors,
said the authority will re-cvaluate the present water situation to
determine if conservation measures can be lifted. He said OWASA
will consider lifting the measures if normal rainfall continues.
Howes said he was encouraged by weather forecasts which call for
more rain in October, adding, however, that the November rainfall is
expected to be less than normal.
Senate candidate Davis says
he would vote his conscience
By DAVID STACKS
U.S. Senate candidate E. Lawrence
Davis said Tuesday he would disregard
the wishes of his constituents and vote as
he saw fit if both he and the people of the
state had the same information but
differing opinions on an issue.
"Assuming both arguments are
soundly based, my ultimate decision
would have to come from my own
feeling on an issue," the Winston-Salem
Democrat told a group of UNC Young
Democrats. "Holding up the weather
vane or testing the waters to appease the
voters just won't do it."
The four-term General Assembly
member acknowledged that one of his
problems in the campaign is his lack of
name recognition, but said he believes
he can overcome the problem as the
By ROBERT THOMASON
The Campus Governing
Council (CGC) Tuesday sustained
a presidential veto of a bill
appropriating funds for a
newswire machine for student
radio station WXYC.
The CGC also approved
referendum to be held Nov. 16 on
the issue of a $2.50 per semester
student activity-fee increase.
A filibuster was initiated at a
CGC meeting last week in an
attempt to pressure the CGC to
override Student Body President
Bill Moss' veto of the WXYC
appropriation bill. It ended in the
Please turn to page 5.
W. A. Davis surveys his yard full of pumpkins at his home next to Foxcroft
Apartments on the 15-501 Bypass. Staff writer Sylvia Ingle talked to Mr. Davis and
sampled his cider; her report is on page 4. Staff photo by Joseph Thomas.
May primary draws near.
"There are so many candidates it's
hard for people to keep them all
straight," Davis said. "I realize that.
w But right now that's the least of our
problems. It's the raw materials you
have to campaign with and the
environment you have to campaign in
The candidate conceded that he has
no problem fighting off hordes of
admirers when he walks through
airports and bus stations, but he expects
the people will recognize his face in the
crowd as the campaign gets underway.
"This is going to be the only statewide
election next year," Davis said. "It's
going to be easier for people to keep up
with candidates if there's only one race."
Davis and a handful of other
Democrats are competing for the
Rose says 1
By MARK ANDREWS
State highway administrator Billy
Rose said Tuesday night that the
proposed location of the 1-40 corridor
through rural Orange and Durham
counties best serves the needs of the
But several panel members in a public
forum held Tuesday night in Hamilton
Hall on the 1-40 location controversy
disagreed with Rose, insisting that the
proposed location would further deplete
already dwindling water and energy
resources and transform the natural
environment, including Duke Forest.
The panel members' remarks drew
interested, and in a few instances, heated
reaction from people in the audience.
Several were concerned and even
angered that the highway's construction
would force them from their homes,
while a few showed support for the
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Serving the students and the
Thursday, October 27, 1977,
OWASA Assistant Director W. H. Cleveland said October and
November are usually dry months while December and January are
generally rainy months. He added that live inches of rain have
already fallen here in October, which is twice the usual rainfall l or t he
Although the recent increased rainfall and cooler weather may
have decreased publicity about the water problem, neither Howes
nor Cleveland said they feel people have forgotten to conserve water.
"People have been doing pretty well," Howes said. "Water usage
has stayed below five million gallons per day. and normally it's
something over five millions. We think it (conservation) has been
"I don't really think it's a matter of people forgetting," Cleveland
said. "They're getting frustrated and mad and tired ol people in high
places sitting on their thumbs since l8 and not doing something
about the water problem.
"I'm quite sure that a lot of people are still putting forth an effort to
conserve water, but some have slacked off."
Student Body President Bill Moss said he felt students are
forgetting about the water problem because of recent rains and less
news coverage of the shortage. Town officials have not stressed the
problem as much because Chapel Hill's rainy season is near. Moss
said. "1 don't think we're out of it yet."
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chance to square off in the 1978 election
incumbent U.S. Sen. Jesse Helms, a
Please turn to page 2.
- B corridor
project, regarding their opponents'
views as hindering progress.
"It (Duke Forest) is a place that has
attracted scientists from all over the
world," said panel member B. B. Olive, a
Durham lawyer who is heading local
opposition to the highway. He
maintained that Duke Forest has local,
state and national significance.
Citing successful past battles to keep
industries from locating near the forest,
Olive stressed the dangers which could
come to it if the corridor, designated I
B. is constructed.
The corridor is designed to run
between the two sections of Duke
Fred White, a professor at Duke
University, said that although the
highway would probably not cause
much damage to the air or soil, it could
have harmful effects to some creeks
Please turn to page 2.
Russian refugee compares U.S.S.R. to
By KATHY HART
louri Tsariounov is a refugee a refugee
from a country he describes as brutal and
vicious, the Soviet Union. He loves the
country itself and its people, but his hate for
the system that controls it is evident when he
likens it to George Orwell's 1984.
Tsariounov, his wife and son escaped
three years ago.
"It took us eight years of planning to know
the exact procedure it would take to escape."
Tsariounov said. "You have to have
contacts, visas, false passports, airplane
tickets and a country willing to grant you
asylum. There are a lot of threats and
barriers along the way and a lot of people are
afraid to take the risk."
Tsariounov, who studied at Moscow
University for five years, received a gold
medal for academic excellence when he
received his degree. After graduation, most
students are sent to a remote area in the
Soviet provinces to work for three years, but
because of Tsariounov's academic
credentials, he and his wife were allowed to
stay in Moscow as lecturers.
After one year in Moscow, Tsariounov
and his wife were sent to Cairo University for
one year and then to Kabul University in
Afghanistan. English-speaking lecturers
were needed, so Tsariounov and his wife
lectured for two years.
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OWASA officials expressed hope that the water crunch might
be easing after a downpour raised University Lake nearly 35
inches Wednesday. Assistant Lake Warden Gene Suitt
Improvements due Nov. 9
Station granted permit
By MEREDITH CREWS
Staff W riter
Delays did not end for The Station
Restaurant & Saloon in Carrboro when
it was transformed from a train depot to
an eating establishment a few years ago.
But late-arriving trains can no longer be
Delays in physical improvements
have put the owners of The Station
dangerously close to losing its
conditional land-use permit three times
during the past two years.
On Tuesday night, owners Mike
Macomson of Hickory and Jim Stewart
ol Carrboro tasked the Carrboro Board
ol Aldermen to grant The Station a
third extension on the deadline to meet
the conditions of the permit. For the
third time, the board granted their
"It is only fair to warn vou that we will
State highway administrator Billy Rose said Tuesday that the proposed route of 1-40
through Orange County the 1-B route is the most practical. Some persons
attending the meeting in Hamilton Hall weren't so sure. Staff photo by Fred Barbour.
In Afghanistan. Tsariounov and his wife
were closely monitored by the KGB (the
Soviet secret police). The compound in
which they lived was fenced and guarded.
"We were not allowed to visit friends, go
to the embassy or go to the store for
cigarettes unless we asked for permission,"
"In every collective of people there were
two KGB informers who were not even
known to each other. We also knew if we
asked the Afghanistan officials for assistance
they would give us away to the KGB. It was
virtually impossible to escape."
Every year the Tsariounovs would return
to the U.S.S.R. fortwo months. During this
time they were paid for their work, but
always in rubles (Soviet currency).
"Paying us in rubles was another way of
controlling us," Tsariounov said. "By not
giving us foreign money we had no medium
"Usually the procedure when one travels
abroad is to hold a husband, wife or child as
hostage. The Soviets know their people have
strong family ties, so they hold a member of
the family as hostage to insure our return.
"My wife and I were extremely lucky
because we were able to work together and
we agreed to escape together. Our son was
extremely young and could not yet be put in
a boarding school as a hostage. 1974 was the
last vtar he would be allowed to be with us,
take final action (Nov. 9) if 1 have
anything to do with it," Alderman
Nancy W hite said to Stewart. "We will
expect the conditions to be met in good
The owners were given until Nov. 9 to
fully comply with the conditions of the
permit. The 15 required improvements
to the property include paving a parking
lot. installing outside lights and
landscaping the grounds. Macomson
and Stewart have not completed nine of
Alderman Douglas Sharer told
Stewart the board had "bent over
backwards" to give him enough time to
complete the conditions of the permit.
Stewart said he had underestimated
the cost of the required improvements.
He told the board the construction
expenses were a financial strain on The
Station's bank account.
so we decided to make our escape then."
Alter two years in Afghanistan, the
Tsariounovs spent three and one hall years
at the University of Nigeria.
"While in Nigeria I worked under the
Rendering Assistance Program,"
Tsariounov said. "This program actually
ends up cheating the government it is set up
"It works like this: the first few months the
Soviets pay your salary, but after the initial
months you are encouraged to obtain a local
salary. Once you start drawing a local salary,
hull of it is taken away from you by the
Soviet government secretly.
"Using this system, the aid doesn't cost the
Soviets anything, and sometimes they make
a profit. They can make a profit because the
local salary you make is usually much
greater than the Soviet salary you would
"Some of the money that is taken away
from lecturers is used to finance new
lecturers to the country, but nevertheless all
personnel are encouraged to eventually get
" We met a lot ol people in Nigeria, birt the
most important thing was the fact that we
were 7(X) kilometers from the Soviet
embassy. Therefore we were not as closely
monitoied by the K.GB, which infests
"We asked some Dutch people whom we
Former intramural director
Ben McGuire last spring
changed the point system
for determining intramural
champions. How is scoring
done now? Turn to page 7.
Please call us: 933-0245
measured the lake at a hefty 37.5 inches below crest at 5 p.m.
Suitt said he's not very surprised it's happened before. Staff
photo by Fred Barbour.
"It w ouldn't have been so expensive if
you had completed it in time before
prices increased," White replied.
Conditions of the permit discussed at
the meeting included the provision of a
general entrance from the Carr Mill
Mall's access road and the construction
of a sidewalk on the property.
Stewart told the board he agreed the
sidewalk was needed. However, he said
customers w ould be forced to deal with
a hazardous traffic situation if he had to
close the Main Street entrance.
"I can't ask my customers to go
through a no-left-turn traffic light,"
Stewart said. "1 would like to work with
you (the board), but until the matter of
the traffic light is clarified, we want to
keep our entrance open."
Carrboro Planning Director Sonna
Lowenthal agreed that the traffic light at
the intersection of Main and Weaver
streets was a potential hazard for
customers leaving The Station through
the Carr Mill Mall exit.
Lowenthal told the board that efforts
to get the N.C. Department of
Transportation to change the light have
been unsuccessful. "They said a one
signal traffic light cannot control the
situation, and there is not room for two
The board voted to inquire again
about changing the light
Sharer said after the meeting that the
credibility of the Carrboro Board of
Aldermen was threatened by leniency.
"Other businesses that come into
Carrboro will see how we've been
bowled-over by those guys and not take
us seriously when applying for a
conditional land-use permit," Sharer
In other action, the board
unanimously approved a resolution
requesting the N.C. Utilities
Commission to order Southern Bell to
refund charges levied for directory
assistance charges made after Sept. I.
worked w ith to help us. They helped us in
contacting the British authorities and
arranging the technicalities necessary to
receive asylum in Britain.
An American professor helped to transfer
our savings from Nigeria to a Chicago bank.
We escaped under assumed names, false
passports and false airplane tickets.
Please turn to pa,;e 5
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