Housing department charges
$20 fine for electrical misuse
Thuibuay, October 27, 1977 The Daily Ta
ar t 3
By SHELLEY DROESCHER
To discourage dangerous electrical
misuse, the housing department
requires dorm residents to pay a $20 fine
for tripping a circuit breaker, but a local
electrical engineer says tripping a circuit
is not dangerous.
Housing department regulations state
that students may not use appliances
exceeding 1,000 watts. Also, students
may not use more than 1,800 watts at
any one time.
Wattage exceeding these limits may
trip a circuit breaker, cutting off the
current. When this happens, a resident
assistant (RA) flips a switch in the
circuit-breaker box and current passes
through the wires again.
Russell Perry, assistant housing
director, calls the $20 a punitive fine to
discourage electrical misuse. "Safety is
what the whole system (of fines) is
about," he says.
A circuit breaker grows weaker each
time it is used, Perry says, and after
several shutdowns it must be replaced,
at a cost of between $8 and $10 plus
electrician wages for a half-day of labor.
But electrical engineer Ray DuBose
says the circuit breaker would have to be
used at least 2,000 times before
replacement would be necessary, and
the cost would be $30 to $40, including
When asked about DuBose's
comments. Perry said, "I have nothing
DuBose says repeated tripping of the
circuit breaker from excess wattage
could cause wiring insulation to melt,
creating a fire hazard. But he says circuit
breakers cut off current before the
wattage becomes high enough to
overload wires, which melt when
Before 1967, students were not
allowed to cook in their rooms. But the
housing department rewired dorms,
replaced the fuse system with a circuit
breaker system and instituted the $20
fine for misuse.
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U.S. calls for embargo
against South Africans
Jesse Grtssom, a senior from Raleigh, tutors Teresa Foxx, a junior at Jordan
Matthews High School in Siler City, as part of .the Upward Bound program.
Grissom's fraternity, Omega Psi Phi, presented a $100 check to the program
Saturday. Staff photo by Joseph Thomas.
UNI1ED NATIONS (DPI) - The Dnitcd
Slates offered a proposal in the Security
Council Wednesday calling for a time
delaying arms embargo against South Africa
unless Pretoria rescinds its crackdown
against black opposition leaders.
"We have a proposal and we are discussing
it with the members of the Council." said
Tom Ollenburger, spokesman for
Ambassador Andrew Y oung. He declined to
disclose lull contents of the proposal.
Reports from Washington and D.N.
sources said the United States now favors an
arms embargo and possibly other sanctions
against South Africa, delayed to give
Pretoria time to gel its house in order.
The reports said Washington's idea is to
impose the embargo after six months if
South Africa Premier John Vorster refuses
lo rescind his Draconian new anti-black
Biko probe ordered
JOHANNESBURG. Africa (DPI) - An
official inquest will be ordered into the death
Woofer & Tweeter is having a
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426 E. Main Street, Carrboro
UNCstudents tutor Upward Bounders
By GEORGE SHADRODI
Staff W riter
Approximately 70 DNC students are
tutoring underachieving, low-income high
school students for the Dpward Bound
Their pupils are 100 high school students
selected from four counties Chatham,
Lee, Alamance and Orange to participate
in the program.
According to Elroy Lewis, director of
Dpward Bound, the program's success,
to motivate these students for success
beyond high school by helping them to
"break through the barriers that cause them
to be poor students."
Lewis said the program has been a success
in Chapel Hill.
Approximately 85 to 90 percent of the
students that have participated in Dpward
Bound have gone on to college, as compared
to the 70 percent national average.
Lewis estimated that only 10 or 12 percent
of these students would have considered
college had it not been for Dpward Bound.
A Treat Instead Of A Trick
The program is funded totally by the D.S.
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare (HEW). The DNC School of
Education hosts the program in Chapel H ill.
Before a school can sponsor an Dpward
Bound program, it must show that it can
meet the academic, social and housing needs
of the students involved.
The school also must make a financial
commitment. DNC, for example, donated
$25,000 to the program. This money is
combined wilh the money allocated by HEW
and used to finance the program.
Dpward Bound consists of three
programs: a summer session that meets six to
eight weeks, a tutoring service held during
the academic year and a bridge program for
students between high school and college.
The students that participate in the
summer program come to Chapel Hill and
live on campus.
From 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. students study a
high school curriculum so they will be ahead
of or at least even with the other students
when the school year begins in Ihe fall.
The summer program also ofrvrs cultural
enrichment courses such as art, drama and
sewing. The students take trips to
surrounding areas ahd also make one major
trip. This summer they went to Washington,
Recreation includes basketball,
swimming, tennis and a variety of other
1 he tutoring sessions are held two
Saturdays per month during the academic
year. The sessions are held in Peabody Hall
and include help in any area in which a
student may be weak.
The bridge program allows graduated
high school seniors to take freshman English
for credit. The Reading Program also is
offered. This phase of Dpward Bound has
been successful: 14 of the 15 students
enrolled passed, and 1 1 were able to transfer
Summing up the goals of Dpward Bound,
Lewis said the program wants to help the
student who has been a loser to become a
winner, to help the student say "1 can"
instead of "I can't" and to help him move
from being a liability to becoming an asset.
"Therefore, in my estimation Dpward
Bound is a program that does not cost, hut
rather pays," Lewis said.
Come celebrate Halloween at Swensen's
with some very special ice cream treats.
Feel free to come dressed in your Halloween
costumes we will!
The Great Pumpkin Is Here
Watch us magically transform Swensen's homemade pumpkin
ice cream into the Great Pumpkin. Candy corn forms the
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University Square Chapel Hill
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Tar Heel Classifieds
Cost Only $1.50
Chapel Hill Alderman
i bohevo that students should actively pat ticipate in town government
U elected, i will encourage student involvement by cttculatmg memos
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hoards and commissions
VOTE NOVEMBER 8
P.1H1 F'utitil rtl Advertisement
of black leader Steve Biko based on an
autopsy which showed he died of severe
brain injuries in a Pertoria iai! cell, sources
close to the Biko family said Wednesday.
The sources said an inquest into BiRo's
death would open Friday,
The autopsy, performed the day alter Biko
became the 20th black to die while in police
custody in 1 9 months, was delivered to
Transvaal Province Attorney General
Jacobus Nothling. The sources said
Nothling had decided on the basis of the
autopsy report to order an inquiry.
Arab league request
BRDSSILS. Belgium (DPI) I he Aiab
League asked the European Common
Market Wednesday to break all tics with
Israel and recogni.e the Palestine Liberation
f alier Radwan of Saudi Arabia, speaking
on behalf of other members of the Arab
League, made the appeal at the beginning of
three days of talks between the two groups
the so-called "Euro-Arab dialogue."
But Common Market officials said the
community is sticking by its view that the
discussions should deal only with economic
matters. They said there was no chance it
would accede to the Arab political demands.
Solar energy boost
WASHINGTON (DPI) - House and
Senate negotiators agreed Wednesday on a
$IOO-million program to spur solar energy
use in American homes by providing families
with cut-rate loans of up to $8,(HH) for
equipment and installation.
WASHINGTON (DPI) - The Senate
Judiciary Committee tentatively agreed
Wednesday to decriminalize possession of
up to one ounce of marijuana - the first time
a congressional committee has ever
approved such a step.
Syria accuses Iraq
DAMASCUS, Syria (DPI) - Syria accused
Iraq Wednesday of masterminding the
attempted assassination of f oreign Minister
Abdel Halim Khaddam. Iraq charged Syrian
agents set off a bomb in Baghdad.
The escalating propaganda was between
the neighboring Arab states ruled by rival
Tactions of the Baalh Socialist party
shattered mediation efforts to heal theirfong
and bitter ideological quarrel.
Egypt rebuffs U.S.S.R.
CAIRO. Egypt (DPI) - President Anwar
Sadat said Wednesday he was retaliating for
a Soviet arms embargo by suspending the
payment of Egypt's military debts to
Moscow for 10 years.
111-' e '
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