6 The Daily Tar HprI Friday October 28. 197"
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, 'Associate Editor
Lou Bilionis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, City Editor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Chb Ensslin, Arts Editor
Gene Upchurch, Sports Editor
Allen Jernigan, Photography Editor
85th year of editorial freedom
letters to the editor
America should encourage stand against terrorism
1-40 link a Pandora's Box
Most persons fear the unknown, and perhaps the best reason local
opponents cite for not building the proposed 1-40 link through Orange
County is the distinct possibility that environmental damages outweigh the
advantages of a new interstate highway.
At a forum sponsored by Student Government Tuesday night, a state
Department of Transportation (DOT) administrator even acknowledged
the hazards involved in constructing a route through rural Orange and
Durham counties. "Alternate 1 -B (the proposed route) is the most expensive
route in terms of money and environmental impact, but we feel the benefits
derived from it offset the additional cost and additional environmental
We doubt that many local residents would trade precious water, energy
resources and damage to Duke Forest for a faster route to Raleigh or
Eastern North Carolina. That basically is the return on investment
confronting Orange County residents if the 1-40 link is constructed.
DOT has said the primary purpose of the 1-40 link is to provide service to
the people. A better way for DOT to improve the East-West corridor for this
area would be to widen highways N.C. 86 and N.C. 54. DOT already plans
to expand N.C. 54 to four lanes from the east end of Chapel H ill to a point
where it meets the proposed 1-B corridor.
The forum Tuesday night pointed out another problem with the 1-40
controversy. DOT has not held a public hearing on the 1-B route since its
proposal early in the summer. The forum here, however, clearly showed that
the costs of alternate 1-B could heavily outweigh the benefits. We don't want
to see a Pandora's Box opened in the middle of Orange County.
Racial bigotry or overspeak?
The long-awaited Senate race between Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C, and a
host of Democrats is heating up. Democratic frontrunner Luther Hodges
received his baptism of fire Tuesday, even as Helms was singed by a charge
of racial bigotry from Raleigh lawyer Hugh Cannon.
Cannon, the first Democratic to announce his intention to oppose H elms,
said at a press conference Tuesday that he.was leaving the race to support
Hodges, whom he called "the viable candidate." Hodges was present to
receive blithely Cannon's endorsement. But much to his surprise and
chagrin, the fallen candidate began to tear emotionally into Helms. The
situation got too hot for Hodges, who tried to dissociate himself from the
vituperation by joking, "I'm just a tourist here." The next day H odges called
Helms' office in Washington to make it clear he did not endorse Cannon's
The damage was done, however. Helms cleverly stayed above all the
pettiness and at the same time linked Cannon and Hodges. "1 would want
Mr. Hodges and Mr. Cannon to know that I bear them no ill will," Helms
As it turns out, the whole episode was a political lesson in semantic
derring-do. Although many Democrats may agree in heart with Cannon, all
wise politicians know they must speak cautiously like Hodges. Cannon
called Helms a "racial bigot," but Hodges said in more acceptable terms that
Helms "does not have a good record of support of poor people black or
white." Thus, all the politicians said Cannon "overspoke" himself which
means he said what he thought.
While all this brouhaha over Hugh Cannon's political faux pas arose, a
reporter for the state's most traditionally Democratic newspaper pointed
out that Helms was fighting in Congress for a measure to prohibit busing
school children to achieve racial integration. Helms lost that battle in
Congress, but he won a skirmish in North Carolina because one Democrat
broke out of the limited dictionary of politically "viable" phrases.
1 o the editor:
The West German army deserves strong
words of praise for its handling of the recent
hijacking of a Lufthansa passenger jet by
political terrorists. Following the example
set by the Israelis during the 1976 Entebbe
incident, the West Germans used u
commando-type raid to retake the Boeing
737. killing the hijackers on board and
freeing their hostages in the process.
This action by the West Germans is no
longer atypical of the reception terrorists
receive in many nations. Despite their
idealistic claims of striving for an Utopian
society, terrorist groups are recognized '
worldwide as little more than modern day
barbarians. The children on board the
Lufthansa jet were taken from their parents
and forced to watch the plane's pilot as he
was murdered brutally while begging on his
hands and knees for his life.
t he commando style of anti-terrorist
action taken by the West Germans is
discounted by many authorities as being
potentially dangerous to hostages if handled
by an inept attack force. Clearly, there is
validity to this statement, yet the danger of
taking aggressive action against terrorists
vastly is outweighed by the danger of taking
no action against them. We should realize
that giving in to terrorists' demands will not
stop these people. Rather, it will breed more
of their sick species.
The United States, through its role in the
United Nations as well as other dip'omatic
circles, needs to maintain a leadership
position in the fight to eradicate political
terrorism. The U.S. should help to train
police and military forces throughout the
world to deal aggressively with various types
of terrorism. American diplomatic policy
needs to be more forceful concerning
international anti-terrorism laws to help
preclude the escape of known felons such as
Abu Daoud to countries that welcome
terrorists with open arms as can be seen in
Algeria and Libya. In addition, an
international capital punishment agreement
should be drawn up to deal with terrorists as
coldly and efficiently as they deal with their
We should hope that many other nations
will follow the examples set by Israel, West
Germany. Japan and the Netherlands in
dealing with terrorists. Nations should not
only refuse to deal with terrorists but actively
should use military tactics against them.
Political terrorism is a threat to the freedom
of all men and forcefully must be stopped
Bring back editorial freedom
To the editor:
To call your rebuttal of Elliot Cramer's
letter ("Professor demands 'no more bullshit'
on drop policy," Oct. 26) childish would be to
give it undue credit. It is one thing to disagree
with a reader in a formal editorial column,
but to use an "Editor's Note" as a guise for
debate with a reader is a shameless abuse of
the editor's position.
Editorial freedom is something which the
DTH proudly boasts and rightly so. But Mr.
Porter apparently has misunderstood its
meaning. Editorial freedom allows not only
the editor to give his opinions freely, but also
gives the readers a forum for expression
which is not subject to the whim of an editor
'AWtCHrTO tt MlfflNS, WE ANY FIND' IWCWm D VOLUMES lfoSm,aMm SMLMAKIN6
GOMfiWY HASNT DELIVERED, W M SH MEMBERS Of THE CiW HAVE MUTINIED, SIR."
no nappcns to disagree with the point being
Also, one must wonder whether Mr.
Porter believes that the readers of the DTH
are capable of discerning fact from
"bullshit." The matronly way in which the
"Editor's Note" was written seemed to
indicate that Mr. Porter feels all of us need
remedial help in formulating opinions about
letters to the editor in the DTH. If each letter
is to be accompanied by an equally lengthy
rebuttal from the editor, then the editorial
page of the DTH has become nothing but a
Finally, when will Mr. Porter stop his
name-calling and mudslinging and stick to
the real issues? His attitude that those who
disagree with him must be stupid is
analogous to the little boy who decides to
take his ball and go home. Unfortunately,
one has to wade through all this to see that,
on the issue of an extended drop period, Mr.
Porter is right in his advocation of one.
Please Mr Porter, clean up your act and
allow editorial freedom to exist once again at
Department of Biochemistry
To the editor:
Having spent four years at a liberal
northeastern institution of higher learning I
am accustomed to the flow ol liberal diatribe
emanating from the sheltered halls of
academe. Consequently, it was with
nostalgic interest that 1 read the article by
Roger Lancaster ("Bakke victory would be
loss for all minorities") in the Oct. 7 issue of
the Daily Tar Heel. Mr. Lancaster's very
pointed remarks about the impact of the
Bakke case on blacks, women and gays left
me feeling rather nauseous; even though I
tried very hard to convince myself that it did
not warrant a reply my better judgment
overcame my initial tendency toward
Mr. Lancaster seems to be overly
concerned about the failure by supporters of
reverse discrimination to define this "racist
and reactionary" concept. How is it that the
liberal thinkers in this country, who are
capable of conceptualizing something as
nebulous as "affirmative action," are unable
to understand a term as "complex" as reverse
discrimination? Why is so much time spent
attacking reverse discrimination and its
supporters? Could it be that our well
meaning liberal supporters of affirmative
action have failed to take the time to define
clearly the concept which they support?
Tell me, Mr. .Lancaster, What is
affirmative action? How do we put such a
plan into operation without violating the
constitutional rights of other U.S. citizens? I
am curious as to the mechanics of such a
Desegregation and the racial problem in
general have been brought further along
during the last 30 years than would have
seemed possible prior to 1950. Steps, but no
great leaps, were taken to ensure that the
constitutional rights of blacks and other
minorities were not violated. But not content
to stop there, our judiciary proceeded to
hand down a series of rulings which on the
surface appeared aimed at making up for
"two centuries of slavery and racial
discrimination." In reality, however, the
courts were playing a game of discrimination
bingo. All that was changed was the group
being discriminated against, white anglos for
If this is progress then I want no part of it.
Anytime the law of the land is not
administered impartially individual rights
are violated and there is legitimate cause for
concern. In Mr. Bakke's case the law is not
being administered impartially, and unless
the supporters of "affirmative action" are
prepared to amend or rewrite the U.S.
Constitution, their concept and programs
are in direct violation of the law.
Really, Mr. Lancaster, have the decency
not to insult my intelligence by calling the
concept you support "affirmative action."
"Affirmative discrimination" would be
much more appropriate.
Jack E. Karns
Class of '73
To the editor:
At the CGC budget hearings last semester,
the Yackety Yack, along with other
publications, lamented over the rising costs
of printing. 1 sympathize with their
budgeting problems problems common to
every campus organization as well as every
individual. What 1 don't understand is why
the Yack spent its funds paying postage to
send out printed letters with stationery-type
return envelopes to all students soliciting
buyers for next year's yearbook.
First, most students know where they can
order a yearbook if they want to. Secondly,
the portraits being taken this week have been
publicized adequately so, if students want
their pictures taken, they'll get their pictures
taken. Lastly, a question that I've often
heard echoed is: why should I buy next year's
yearbook when I haven't gotten this year's
The Daily Tar Heel welcomes
contributions and letters to the editor,
l etters must be signed, typed on a 60
space line, double-spaced and must be
accompanied by a return address,
l etters chosen for publication are
subject to editing.
'Happy Warrior Hubert Humphrey returns to his favorite battleground
The Happy Warrior returned to the Capitol
City this week.
After undergoing a two-month battle against
inoperable pelvic cancer, Sen. Hubert
Humphrey, D-Minn., came back Sunday to the
place he loves most Washington.
President Carter, who was on his way back
from a three-day western tour, stopped in
M inneapolis, just long enough to provide the Air
Force One taxi service for Humphrey.
Carter, who called Humphrey "the greatest.
American 1 know," said later that. as a "small
gesture" he would sign a bill naming the
headquarters of the Health, Education and
Welfare Department after Humphrey.
Humphrey had not been in Washington since
undergoing an operation in August which
disclosed an inoperable cancer tumor.
But H umphrey, never one to turn in the face of
battle, told an airport crowd, "1 feel mighty
good," despite his pale appearance from chemo
And amid the emotional displays of a welcome
home, Humphrey returned to the Senate
Tuesday, the battleground he knows the best.
"Today is a very special day in my life," he told
his colleagues. "The greatest gift in life is the gift
of friendship and 1 have received it, and the
greatest healer there is is the friendship of love."
Humphrey, 66, vowed that he would help
Carter ratify the Panama Canal treaty and pass
A proposal to put an end to "double dipping,"
the practice by which federal employees who
have worked other jobs accrue both Social
Security and federal retirement benefits, failed
Wednesday on the House floor.
As part of a bill designed to shore up the
financially frail Social Security system, the
proposal would have required six million
federal, state and local government employees
and employees of non-profit organizations to
join the Social Security system in 1982.
While most state and local government
employees are already under Social Security,
almost all federal employees are outside the
system unless they have worked another job.
Supporters argued that the additional revenue
was needed to finance the system, that many
local pension plans are underfunded and
unreliable and that the bill would eliminate
Instead, the House passed an amendment to
the bill calling for a feasibility study, thus
postponing any further action until the study is
completed in 1980.
Testifying before a House subcommittee on
the environment, a spokesperson for the New
York Port Authority (NY PA) said Wednesday
that the supersonic Concorde has stayed well
within permissible noise levels while landing at
BY CHUCK ALSTON
But Joseph Lesser, the NYPA's assistant
general counsel, said that new noise levels may be
established, making it tougher on the Concorde.
In addition. Lesser testified that vibrations have
been a major problem with the experimental
Lesser said the vibration levels of the
Concorde are five times greater than any other
commercial aircraft, thus rattling dishes in
homes surrounding the airport.
While no vibration levels have been set, Lesser
said the NYPA may set vibration standards
when it rewrites its regulations.
I he Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was
plunged into further controversy this week as the
House judiciary subcommittee began moves to
determine if the time allowed for ratification can
be extended by seven years.
Seeking to clarify the issue, the subcommittee
began moves to determine if the time allowed for
ratification can be extended by seven years.
Seeking to clarify the issue, the subcommittee
scheduled hearings for next week and invited the
Justice Department and legal experts to give
The issue arose as the result of a bill
introduced last week by Rep. Elizabeth
Holt7man, D-N.Y., who complained of "stalling
strategics" by opponents.
The study being prepared by the Justice
Department has been underway for sometime.
though, as President Carter previously ordered
The deadline for ratification of the ERA is
March 22, 1979, and there is no precedent as to
whether an extension on the seven-year limit
may be granted. Thus far, 35 of the needed 38
states have ratitied the amendment, which would
become the 27th amendment to the Constitution.
Remember 30-year-old Buddy Cochran, the
Americus, Ga., mechanic who smashed his
sports car into & Ku Klux Klan rally on July 2?
His name made its way into the headlines once
i.gain on Tuesday when a Sumter County, Ga.,
jury convicted him of eight counts of aggravated
Cochran, who injured about 30 persons when
he slammed his car into the speaker's stand at the
KKK rally, faces sentences totaling up to 80
Cochran's defense centered around arguments
that an intense hatred for racism and the KKK,
which grew out of his Vietnam War experiences,
had resulted in his action. The prosecution
countered that Cochran was drunk when he went
to the rally and "was looking for trouble, and
when he couldn't find any, he created it himself."
But Cochran's troubles are not over. Several
of the injured spectators at the rally have filed
civil suits against him, asking over S 1 .2 million in
Representatives of organized labor began
mapping out strategy Tuesday to shorten the
work week for the first time since the New Deal.
Officials of the United Steelworkers, United
Mine Workers, Retail Workers, Electrical
Workers and Longshoremen unions were among
those present at the meeting in Detroit, Mich.,
which was sponsored by the United Auto
Workers local. The representatives listened to
the local president, Frank Runnels, describe the
shorter work week as a necessity due to the
failure of government unemployment
compensation, food stamps and welfare to stem
"It is our position that it would be cheaper to
employ these people than to pay for their
unemployment," Runnels said.
The 40-hour w ork week was established w ith
the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act of
1938. which also established the minimum wane.
not mowing Anv eemfc, ?itTct& Always
VOLUHTWj) to gather the mail rdr the
rtPTEOflfXOGICAl, FORECAST CNTR . . .
If folklore is to be believed, the woolly worm
can predict the severity of an oncoming winter.
While the woolly worm doesn't issue up-to-the-minute
bulletins, the careful observer, as the
legend has it, can predict the winter's severity by
studying the colored bands on the worm.
Students at Appalachian State University arc
doing just that for the third year in a row, it was
announced this week. In a massive effort to
further scientific knowledge, ASU said that they
want people to send the woollies to them to aid in
The woolly worm, which is the caterpillar
stage of the tiger moth, is said to be affected by
temperature, humidity and rainfall. The students
want to find out if the factors which are said to
relate the worm's color also affect the severity of
After studying 623 of the worms last year, the
school issued a prediction that was somewhat
off. But you can bet that soon enough the
students will be looking to see if the bands are a
dark brown the sign of a mild winter.
C huck Alston, a junior political science major
from Greensboro, N.C, is state and national
editor for the Dailv Tar Heel.